Disaster impact & drr in nepal a concern july2k10

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  • Disaster impact & drr in nepal a concern july2k10

    1. 1. g]kfndf ljkb hf]lvd sf] cj:yf tyf Go"gLs/0f Pj+ k'j{tof/L sf] cfjZostf
    2. 2. 5nkmnsf a¬“bfx? <ul><li>ljutdf ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ Pj+ Iflt </li></ul><ul><li>g]kfndf ljkb hf]lvdsf] cj:yf </li></ul><ul><li>Go&quot;gLs/0f Pj+ k'j{tof/L </li></ul>
    3. 3. lxdfnL d'n's g]kfn <ul><li>cGbfhL % s/f]8 jif{ cl3jf6 z'? </li></ul><ul><li>e&quot;;txx?sf] ult;Lntf </li></ul>
    4. 4. lxdfnsf] pTkQL / g]kfn <ul><li>ef/lto Kn]6 / ltAatL Kn]6sf] ;+sif{0f </li></ul><ul><li>lxdfnsf] pTktL / g]kfnL e&quot;efu sf] ljsf; </li></ul>
    5. 5. g]kfnsf] ef}uf]nLs w/ftn
    6. 6. g]kfnsf] hnfwf/ vf]nf gfnf ;+hfn
    7. 7. <ul><li>Debris flow 1993 e.g. Debris flow at Phedigaon, Palung </li></ul>
    8. 8. Koshi Flood 2008 <ul><li>80 % Flood Flow </li></ul><ul><li>20 % Flood Flow </li></ul>
    9. 9. g]kfnsf] e&quot;sDkLo hf]lvd gSzf ;f}hGo M vfgL tyf e &quot;ue{ ljefu, n}grf}/, sf7df08f}+   ljutdf g]kfndf uPsf e&quot;sDkx?
    10. 10. e&quot;O{+rfnf] uO/xg] If]qx?
    11. 11. ljkbaf6 ePsf] Ifltsf] km}nfj6 <ul><li>ljleGg lhNnfx?df d[To'sf] ;+Vof </li></ul>
    12. 12. g]kfnsf] ljkb–hf]lvd cj:yf <ul><li>g]kfndf x/]s jif{ ljkbdf k/L Ps xhf/eGbf a9L dflg;sf] d[To' x'g] u/]sf] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>ljut #% jif{sf] tYofªscg';f/ ljkbsf 36gfaf6 jflif{s Ps nfv #% xhf/ dflg; k|efljt x'g] u/]sf 5g . </li></ul><ul><li>k|fKt tYofªscg';f/ x/]s jif{ !^ xhf/ kl/jf/ ljkbsf sf/0f cfˆgf 3/jf; u'dfP/ lj:yflkt x'g] u/sf 5g . </li></ul><ul><li>g]kfn ljZjsf !(* dn's dWo] e&quot;sDkLo hfl]vdsf] lx;fan] !! cf }+}, kfgLhGo k|sf]k af6 x'g] Ifltsf lx;fan] #) cf}+ / hnjfo&quot; kl/jt{g k|efjsf lx;fan] 5}7f}+ :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 eg] ljsf;sf] ;'rsf+sdf clGtd !$$ cf}+ :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>ljkbsf sf/0f jflif{s cf};t ! ca{ @) s/f]8 *) nfv ?k}o+f a/fa/sf] cfly{s Iflt eO/x]sf] 5 . h; dWo] %# s/f]8 #% nfv a/fa/sf] cfly{s Iflt hn pTkGg k|sf]ksf sf/0fn] dfq x'g] u/]sf] 5 . </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>;g @))* df sf]zL If]q, dWoklZrd / ;'b&quot;/klZrd If]qdf uPsf] af9Laf6 dfq k|ToIf ?kdf @( ca{ !# s/f]8 / ck|ToIf ?kdf %^ ca{ ^) s/f]8 u/L s'n *& ca{ &# s/f]8 a/fa/sf] Iflt ePsf] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>O{lkl8ldof]nf]hL /f]u lgoGq0f dfxfzfvfsf] tYofÍ cg';f/ @)^^ j}zfv b]lv efb| dlxgf ;Dddf dWoklZrd, ;'b&quot;'/klZrd nufot b]zsf ljleGg efudf km}lnPsf] emf8fkvfnf /f]un] dfxfdf/Lsf] ?k lnO{ @@ lhNnfsf #^% hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] eg] ^@ xhf/ * ;o @) AolQm k|ToIf ?kdf k|efljt ePsf lyP . </li></ul>
    14. 14. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ ljkb tYof+s ;+Vof d[To' a]kQf 3fOt] k|efljt b'3{6gf 97 112 3 - 5 lxpF klx/f] 90 217 33 - 1,012 h}ljs b'3{6gf 12 - - - - 8'+uf kN6fO 103 240 421 - 354 zLt nx/ 192 298 - - 1,453 v8]/L 152 - - - 1,512 e'O{+rfnf] 94 873 - - 4,539 dxfdf/L 2,791 15,730 - 4,582 460,902 ljikmf]6 40 32 - - 19 clgsfn 20 2 - - 83,902 cfunfuL 3,880 1,101 186 - 218,278 af9L 2,720 2,936 578 - 3,367,974 jg 89]nf] 98 24 403 - 10,178
    15. 15. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ ljkb tYof+s ;+Vof d[To' a]kQf 3fOt] k|efljt cl;gf 597 57 2 - 197,843 n' 31 25 - 210 261 klx/f] 2,184 3,987 517 - 479,972 8/ qf; Pj+ lg:;fl;P/ 2 85 - - - Kn]u 326 11 - - 50 k|b'if0f 12 - - - 1,000 clws jiff{ 187 82 3 - 62,431 lxpF cfFwL 174 69 828 - 7,600 cfFwL 109 50 2 - 1,817 x'/L atf; 292 140 - - 6,161 ejg–;+/rgf eTs]/ 324 340 7 - 1,508 r6of+u 764 768 1 - 5,809 cGo 97 77 11 - 11,982 hDdf 15,388 27,256 2,995 4,792 4,926,562
    16. 16. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ >f]tM Pg;]6 cfly{s Iflt clxn]sf] efpdf -?k}+ofdf_ jif{ ejg Wj:t ejg Ifltu|:t ;8s v]ltof]Uo hdLg kz'k+IfL s&quot;n cfly{s Iflt !(&!–!(&% !,%$,&),(&,%)) #,$$,#$,#%) ^$,$%,))) !,$(,!@,)),@$,))) @,#@,%%,))) !,%!,)&,&#,*@,%$& !(&^–!(*) %,&%,^&,^$,%)) #*,#),^(,*%) &!,^$,!^,))) @,^@,)*,&),%!,))) &,^),@),))) @,&@,!*,$%,!),@%% !(*!–!(*% !,@*,!%,)%,%)) ^,$#,&*,^%) !),#@,&),*)) &!,#$,^(,@%,!)) %,(^,(%,))) &#,&(,)@,*),!($ !(*^–!(() ^,$),!&,&$,))) !,)&,&$,@$,()) $,!@,%),))) %!,%$,&@,^&,^)) #,&),(%,))) ^),*$,@(,)@,!!) !((!–!((% ^,!),@*,!%,))) &),%^,*&,))) *%,!$,$),))) !!,&$,(),&@,&*,$$) !$,$$,#),))) !!,*(,**,@(,&%,%(# !((^–@))) !),(%,!(,$(,))) $$,!@,$^,$)) *&,#&,))) %,!^,)$,!!,%!,@%) !^,$),!%,))) %,#),(#,&%,(&,$)% @))!–@))# @,&#,$!,^#,))) !#,^#,)$,%)) !,)$,@$,(*,@)) $,#%,(&,((,^),^!) !&,*#,#),))) $,$%,##,(#,(#,*@! hDdf #,$&,&^,)^,*%,))) @,*$,@(,)%,^%) @,&&,)),%&,))) @^,^!,)@,(^,%*,))) ^*,@*,$),))) @&,@$,)%,%),$!,(@%
    17. 17. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ <ul><li>ljleGg k|sf]kx?af6 ;g !()) b]lv @))* ;Dd dfgj d[To'sf] cj:yf </li></ul><ul><li>-s&quot;n @!,*@* d[To'_ </li></ul>
    18. 18. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ <ul><li>;g !()) b]lv @))* ;Dd ljleGg k|sf]kx?af6 k|efljt dfgj ;+Vof </li></ul><ul><li>-s&quot;n **,##,@^$ k|efljt_ </li></ul>
    19. 19. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ <ul><li>cfly{s Iflt !,#)#,)!#,))) xhf/ -8n/_ </li></ul>
    20. 20. ljsf; vr{, ufx:y{ pTkfbg / ljkb Ifltsf] t'ngf
    21. 21. t'ngfTds cj:yf Total Amount of Disaster Damage (1991-2000) in million US$ (Source: Global Disaster Report – UNDP, 2004)
    22. 22. t'ngfTds cj:yf Total number of people Killed in Asian and SAARC Countries by Disaster (1992-2001) Asian Countries Other than SAARC, 227,619; 49% India 16% SAARC Contries, 236,062; 51% Maldives 0% Nepal 1% Pakistan 2% Sri Lanka 0% Bangladesh 32% Bhutan 0% (Source: Global Disaster Report – UNDP, 2004)
    23. 23. t'ngfTds hf]lvd <ul><li>ljZjsf cGo d'n'sx?sf] bf+hf]df g]kfnsf] t'ngfTds hf]lvd </li></ul><ul><ul><li>af9L – #! cf}+ :yfgdf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e&quot;sDk – !! cf}+ :yfgdf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sf7df08f}+ zx/ e&quot;sDksf] nflu ;a}eGbf hf]lvdk&quot;0f{ zx/ </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. sf7df08f}+ pkTosfsf] e&quot;sDkLo hf]lvd
    25. 25. <ul><li>c;/ kl/df0f </li></ul><ul><li>d[To' > $),))) </li></ul><ul><li>3fOt] > (%,))) </li></ul><ul><li>ejgsf] Iflt > ^) % </li></ul><ul><li>3/af/ laxLg > &)),))) </li></ul><ul><li>k'nsf] Iflt > %) % </li></ul><ul><li>af6f]sf] Iflt > !) % </li></ul><ul><li>vfg]kfgL kfOksf] Iflt > (% % </li></ul><ul><li>6]lnkmf]g nfOgsf] Iflt > ^) % </li></ul><ul><li>ljB't nfOgsf] Iflt > $) % </li></ul>sf7df08f}+ pkTosfsf] e&quot;sDkLo kl/b[Zo -gAa] ;fnsf] hqf] e&quot;sDk uPdf_
    26. 26. s]xL cfwf/e&quot;t zAbx? <ul><li>k|sf]k (Hazard) </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb (Disaster) </li></ul><ul><li>hf]lvd (Risk) </li></ul><ul><li>;+s6f;Ggtf (Vulnerability) </li></ul><ul><li>Go&quot;gLs/0f (Reduction) </li></ul>
    27. 27. /f]syfd, cNkLs/0f / k&quot;j{tof/L
    28. 28. Go&quot;gLs/0f (Reduction) <ul><li>cNkLs/0f (Mitigation) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cGtlg{lxt sdhf]/L 36fpg] sfd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>;+/rgfx?sf] ;'b[9Ls/0f, alnof] lgdf{0f OToflb </li></ul></ul><ul><li>k&quot;j{tof/L -;Ifdtf_ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>k|sf]ksf] ;fdgf ug{ tof/L cj:yfdf /xg] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>;'/lIft /xg] pkfox?sf] af/]df hfGg], l;Sg], cfktsflng cj:yfsf] nflu ;fdfgx?sf] hf]xf] ul//fVg], p¢f/ tyf /fxt Ifdtf j[l¢ OToflb </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. cGt;{DaGw ljkb hf]lvd—;+s6f;Ggtf—;Ifdtf <ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd ≈ </li></ul>k|sf]ksf] ;+efjgf x ;+s6f;Ggtf k&quot;j{tof/L -;Ifdtf_
    30. 30. ljkb Joj:yfkg rqm (Disaster Management Cycle) DPP DRR ljkb Disaster k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf Early Warning p2f/ tyf /fxt Rescue & Relief /f]syfd Prevention Go&quot;lgs/0f Mitigation k&quot;j{ tof/L Preparedness ljkb k&quot;j{ Pre Disaster ljkb kZrft Post Disaster k'g:yf{kg / k'glg{df{0f Reconstruction & Rehabilitation
    31. 31. ljut b''O{ bzsdf ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] cjwf/0ffdf u'0ffTds kl/jt{g ePsf] 5 . cjwf/0ffn] k/Dk/fut “p4f/ /fxt” af6 “ljkb /lxt ljsf;” df km8sf ] dfl/;s]sf] 5 . p¢f/ /fxt ljkb Joj:yfkgsf] cjwf/0ffut ljsf; @)!) rLnL @))( xfO{6L ] @))* rLg @))% kfls:tfg] @))$ PzLofnL ;'gfdL @))@ O/fg jfd ] ljkb /lxt ljsf; Go&quot;gLs/0f / k&quot;j{tof/L p¢f/ /fxtsf] k&quot;j{tof/L !(&! ;g kmgf{08f] e&quot;sDk !(*% d]lS;sf] e&quot;sDk @))! u'h/ft e&quot;sDk
    32. 32. ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f ljsf;qmd ;g !(*( sf] ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3sf] ;fwf/0f ;efn] ()sf] bzsnfO{ k|fs[lts ljkb Go&quot;gLs/0f bzs dgfpg] lg0f{o ;g !(($ df Kf|fs[lts ljkb Go&quot;gLs/0f ljZj ;Dd]ng of]sf]xfdfdf ;DkGGf . o; sfo{of]hgfn] ljkb /f]syfd, cNkLs/0f / k&quot;j{tof/Ldf hf]8 lbPsf] . ;g !((( df o'PgcfOP;l8cf/sf] :yfkgf . ;g @))% hgj/L !* b]lv @@ ;DDf hfkfgsf] sf]a] zx/df ePsf] ljZj ;Dd]ngaf6 xof]uf] sfo{of]hgf @))%–@)!% tof/ ul/Psf] .
    33. 33. ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f s] xf] t < <ul><li>ljkbsf sf/stTjx?nfO{ ljZn]if0f u/L ;d'bfosf ;Defljt ljkbsf vt/fx?, tyf ;+s6fled'vtf sd ug]{, jftfj/0f tyf e&quot;pkof]u plrt tl/sfn] ug]{ / ljkb ;fdgfsf nflu k&quot;j{tof/L ug]{ Ps Jojl:yt cjwf/0ff tyf cEof; ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f xf] . of] ljkb /lxt ljsf; jf lbuf] ljsf;sf] ;Gbe{df ;d]l6Psf] cjwf/0ff xf] . </li></ul><ul><li></li></ul>
    34. 34. ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f :yfgLo cEof;=== <ul><li>tkfO{+x? klg ljkb hf]lvd k|ltsfo{ tyf Go&quot;gLs/0f sfo{df ;+nUg x'g'x'G5 . s[kof cfkmgf cg'ejx?nfO{ af+8g' xf]nf . </li></ul>
    35. 35. ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f g]kfnsf] lbuf] ljsf;sf nflu clgjfo{ zt{ xf], h;af6 ljsf;df ul/Psf] nufgLnfO{ ljgfz x'gaf6 /f]Sg ;lsG5 . ljsf;sf sfo{x?n] yk ljkb fO{ glgDTofcf]; eGg] s'/fdf ;'lglZrt aGg ;lsG5 . Hfnjfo' kl/jt{gaf6 kg]{ gsf/fTds c;/af6 aRg jf cg&quot;s'ng aGg ;lsG5 . ;+s6f;Gg tyf Kf|sf]k k|efljtx?sf] clwsf/ ;'lglZrt ug{ ;lsG5 . ;d'bfonfO{ ;'/lIft cyf{t ljkb pTyfgzLn agfpg ;lsG5 .
    36. 36. d:of}bf /fli6«o /0fgLltsf s]xL k|d¬v a¬“bfx? <ul><li>ljBdfg sdL sdhf]/Lx?sf] klxrfg </li></ul><ul><li>@( j6f /0fgLlts ultljlw (Strategic Activity) x?sf] k|:tfj </li></ul><ul><li>If]qut (Sectoral) sdL–sdhf]/Lx¿sf] klxrfg Pj+ k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfkx?sf] k|:tfj </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgnfO{ /fHosf] k|d'v bfloTjsf] ?kdf /fVg] u/L gofF ;+:yfut ;+/rgfsf] k|:tfj </li></ul>
    37. 37. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] nflu ljBdfg sfg&quot;gL Pj+ ;+:yfut Joj:yf <ul><li>b}jL k|sf]k p¢f/ tyf /fxt P]g @)#( </li></ul><ul><ul><li>d&quot;ntM p¢f/ / /fxt ljt/0fdf s]lGb|t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tTsfnLg ;dodf cToGt cu|ufdL Pj+ ;fs{ If]qd} klxnf] k|oTg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>t/ hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L Pj+ jt{dfgdf ;j{ :jLs[t dfGotfsf] ?kdf km}nFbf] “ljkb /lxt ljsf;” (Disaster Free Development) jf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ ljkb yfDg ;Sg] ljsf;” (Disaster Resilient Development) sf] cjwf/0ff g;d]l6Psf] </li></ul></ul>
    38. 38. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] ljBdfg Joj:yfdf kl/jt{gsf nflu eO/x]sf k|oTgx? <ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg ;DaGwL ljZj ;Dd]ngx?df g]kfnsf] pkl:ylt -;/sf/L, u}/ ;/sf/L_ Pj+ k|lta4tf </li></ul><ul><ul><li>;g !(($ of]sf]xfdf / ;g @))% sf]a] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sf]a] ;Dd]ngaf6 “xof]uf] sfo{of]hgf M@))%–@)!%” sf] th'{df </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>xof]uf] sfo{of]hgf clxn]sf] ljZjJofkL d&quot;ndGq </li></ul></ul><ul><li>u[x dGqfnoaf6 ;'wf/sf s]xL k|oTgx? ePsf </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sfo{/t ljleGg ;+3 ;+:yfx?;Fu lg/Gt/ ;dGjo q}dfl;s j]7s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o d~r (National Platform on DRR) sf] kxnsbdL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focal desk sf] Joj:yf </li></ul></ul>
    39. 39. !?!
    40. 40. k|:tfljt /0fgLlts ultljlwx? <ul><li>k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfk !M ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf] sfof{Gjogsf nflu ;zQm ;+:yfut cfwf/;lxt /fli6«o tyf :yfgLo k|fyldstf x'g]5 eGg] s'/f ;'lglZrt ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw ! M ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf nflu ;+:yfut k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw @ M lj:t[t ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DaGwL cjwf/0ff ;dfj]z ug{sf nflu gLlt, lgod, lgodfjnLx¿sf] th'{df÷ltgdf ;+zf]wg </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw # M /fli6«o ljsf;df ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg Go&quot;gLs/0fnfO{ d&quot;nk|jfxdf Nofpg] sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw $ M pTs[i6 ;xof]usf nflu ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f tyf k&quot;j{–tof/L sfo{qmdnfO{ ljsf; of]hgf, sfo{qmd tyf :yfgLo ljsf;sf lgsfox¿ -lhlj;, uflj;, gu/kflnsf cflb_ sf lgoldt ultljlwx¿df PsLs/0f </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw % M ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu ljleGg gLlt tyf lgodfjnL, dfkb08, lgb]{lzsf, vf; k|sf]k;Fu ;DalGwt :t/Lo sfo{;~rfng sfo{ljlw, vf; k|sf]k;Fu ;DalGwt ljz]if /fli6«o sfo{qmdx¿ tof/ kfg]{ tyf qmdzM ltgsf] sfof{Gjog </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw ^ M cfkTsfnLg sfo{;~rfng s]Gb|x¿ (Emergency Operation Centres - EOCs) sf] ;~hfnsf] u7g, s]Gb|Lo txdf Pp6f / lhNnf tyf gu/kflnsf txdf c¿ s]Gb|x¿ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw & M ;|f]tx¿sf] ljlgof]hg ug]{ tyf lbuf] cfly{s ;|f]tsf nflu ;+oGqsf] ljsf; ug]{ </li></ul>
    41. 41. <ul><li>k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfk @ M ljkbsf hf]lvdx¿sf] klxrfg, lgwf{/0f tyf cg'udg tyf k&quot;j{–r]tfjgL lbg] Joj:yfsf] clej[l4 </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw *M ljleGg tx tyf ljleGg :s]ndf ljleGg k|fs[lts k|sf]k tyf ;Í6f;Ggtfsf] lgwf{/0f ug]{, cfjlws ¿kdf ltgnfO{ cBfjlws ug]{ k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug]{ tyf o;nfO{ ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf pknAw u/fpg] </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw ( M ljkb;Fu ;DalGwt ;a} hfgsf/L ;dfj]z x'g] u/L s]Gb|, lhNnf tyf gu/kflnsf txdf cflwsfl/s, v'nf, ef}uf]lns ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnLdf cfwfl/t ljkb ;&quot;rgf Joj:yfkg k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf tyf To;nfO{ ;+:yfut ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw !) M k|sf]k÷hf]lvdsf] cg'udg tyf ;fGble{s k|sf]kx¿sf nflu k&quot;j{–r]tfjgL lbg] /fli6«o k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf ug sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw !! M zx/L tyf zx/–pGd'v If]qx¿df s]lGb|t eO{ e&quot;–pkof]u gS;f tof/ kfg]{ tyf cfjlws ¿kdf o;nfO{ cBfjlws ug]{ / e&quot;–pkof]usf] of]hgf th'{dfsf nflu o;sf] k|of]u ug]{ k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul>
    42. 42. <ul><li>k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfk #M ;'/Iffsf] ;+:sf/sf] ljsf; ug{sf nflu 1fgsf] pTs[i6 Joj:yfkg </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw !@ M /fli6«o z}lIfs gLltsf] ljsf;÷;+zf]wg ug]{ tyf To;sf] sfof{Gjog ug]{ h;n] ubf{ o; gLltdf ljkb;DaGwL r]tgf pTkGg ug{sf nflu ljBfnox¿ dxTjk&quot;0f{ s]Gb| x'g ;s&quot;g . </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw !# M ljkb;DaGwL lzIffsf] sfof{Gjog ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw !$ MljleGg nlIft ;d&quot;xx¿sf nflu ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL kf7oqmdsf] ljsf; ug]{ tyf ;Dk&quot;0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿sf nflu k|lzIf0f sfo{qmdsf] sfof{Gjog ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw !% M ljkb;DaGwL r]tgf tyf k|lzIf0fsf nflu lj:t[t /fli6«o sfo{qmdsf] ljsf; tyf sfof{Gjog ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw !^ M ljkb hf]lvd tyf hf]lvdsf] Go&quot;gLs/0fsf ;DaGwdf hfgsf/Lsf] k|rf/–k|;f/ ug{sf nflu cfd ;~rf/sf dfWodx¿sf] k|of]usf nflu of]hgf tyf sfo{qmdsf] ljsf; ug]{ tyf ltgsf] ;xhLs/0f ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw !& M:yfgLo txdf ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DaGwL ;r]tgf hufpg] sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf;÷;'b[9Ls/0f÷k|f]T;fxg ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw !* M ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f tyf k&quot;j{–tof/Lsf ;DaGwdf ;r]tgf pTkGg ug]{ sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; tyf sfof{Gjog ug{sf nflu ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t ;Ë7g, u}/–;/sf/L ;Ë7g tyf cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿nfO{ k|f]T;fxg tyf ;xof]u pknAw u/fpg] sfo{ </li></ul>
    43. 43. <ul><li>k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfk $ M hf]lvdsf cGtlg{lxt sf/s tTjx¿sf] Go&quot;gLs/0f ug]{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw !( Mk&quot;jf{wf/x¿sf] ljsf;;DaGwL of]hgf th'{df tyf sfof{Gjogdf ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f ;DaGwL wf/0ffnfO{ PsLs[t ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw @) M dxTjk&quot;0f{ ;fj{hlgs ;'ljwf, hLjgsf nflu geO{ gx'g] ;fwg tyf ef}lts k&quot;jf{wf/x¿sf] lgwf{/0f, ltgsf] ;+/If0f tyf ;'b[9Ls/0f ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw @! M ;LdfGtLs[t tyf blnt ;d&quot;x, dlxnf ;d&quot;x, ckfË tyf ;'ljwfaf6 jl~rt ;d&quot;x, afn–aflnsf tyf j[4–j[4fx¿sf] ;d&quot;xh:tf ;dfhsf clt;Í6f;Gg ;d&quot;xx¿sf nflu k|fyldstfsf cfwf/df ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL ljz]if sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; tyf sfof{Gjog ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw @@ M ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL sbdx¿nfO{ ljkbkl5sf] k'gnf{e (Recovery) tyf k'gM:yfkg sfo{qmdsf] k|lqmofdf ;dfj]z ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw @# M ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fnfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{sf nflu j}slNks tyf gofF–gofF cfly{s ;fwgx¿sf] ljsf; tyf k|jw{g ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul>
    44. 44. <ul><li>k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfk %M k|efjsf/L ;xof]usf nflu k&quot;j{–tof/Lsf] clej[l4 ug]{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw @$ M /fli6«o ¿kdf PsLs[t ljkb ;xof]u k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug]{ tyf To;nfO{ nfu&quot; ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw @% Md'n'se/ cfkTsfnLg sfo{;~rfng s]Gb| (EOCs) sf] Joj:yfnufot cfkTsfnLg ;xof]u tyf k&quot;j{–tof/Lsf] ljsf; tyf sfof{Gjog ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw @^ M vfBfGg, cf}iflw, cGo p4f/ ;fdu|L tyf p4f/sf cf}hf/ tyf pks/0fsf] e08f/0fsf nflu dxTjk&quot;0f{ :yfgx¿ -s]Gb|Lo, lhNnf, gu/kflnsf tyf ufpF txdf_ uf]bfd3/ tyf klxn] g} ;fdfg e08f/0f ug]{ Ifdtfsf] :yfkgf cyjf ;[b[9Ls/0f ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw @& M cfkTsfnLg kl/l:yltsf ;fy} k&quot;j{–tof/Lsf r/0fdf k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] ;'b[9 ;~rf/ k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw @* M bIf oftfoft tyf k|aGwut Joj:yfkg ;+oGqsf] :yfkgf ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul><ul><li>/0fgLlts ultljlw @( M uflj; txsf ;d'bfox¿sf] cfkTsfnLg ;dodf ;xof]u ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtfsf] clej[l4 ug]{ sfo{ </li></ul>
    45. 45. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o /0fgLlt, @)^^ n] s] eG5
    46. 46. :jLs[t ldltM @)^^.^.@% of] k|fs[lts ;Dkbf tyf ef}lts ;+/rgfx¿sf] ;+/If0f, ;+j4{g Pj+ k|j4{g ug{ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] k|lta4tf;lxtsf] Ps /fli6«o b:tfj]h (National Framework) xf] . cfwf/M ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3sf] ;g @))% sf] ljZjJofkL ;femf cjwf/0ffkq Xof]uf] sfo{ ;+/rgf (Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015)
    47. 47. <ul><li>  bL3{sfnLg ;f]r </li></ul><ul><li>g]kfnnfO{ ljkbaf6 pTyfgzLn ;dfh (Disaster–resilient community) sf] ¿kdf :yflkt ug]{ o; /0fgLltsf] bL3{sfnLg ;f]r (long-term vision) /x]sf] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>  bL3{sfnLg nIo </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]ksf] hf]lvd tyf ljkbsf] 36gfsf] c;/nfO{ sd ug{ cNkLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L, ;r]tgf clej[l4sf pkfox¿nfO{ k|efjsf/L ¿kdf cufl8 a9fpg] / ;a} txdf k|efjsf/L k&quot;j{–tof/Lsf lqmofsnfkx¿ ljsf; u/L ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ d&quot;nk|jfxLs/0f (Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into Development) ug{ cfjZos dfu{bz{g Pj+ k|f]T;fxg lbg] </li></ul>
    48. 48. <ul><li>;xfos nIox¿ M– </li></ul><ul><li>;+:yfut ;+/rgfx¿sf] kg' M;+/rgf / ljsf; ug]{ </li></ul><ul><li>PsLs[t gLlt tyf ljs]lGb|t sfof{Gjog k|lqmofsf];'lglZrt ug]{ </li></ul><ul><li>gLltut tyf sfg'gL Joj:yfsf] ;'b[9Ls/0f ug{] </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL /0fgLltnfO{ d&quot;nk|jfxLs/0f ug]{ </li></ul>
    49. 49. dfu{lgb]{zs l;4fGtx¿ <ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ ljsf; of]hgfx¿df d&quot;nk|jfxLs/0f ug]{ </li></ul><ul><li>;'/lIft hLjg / ;fdflhs ;'/Iffsf] k|Tofe&quot;lt lbg], </li></ul><ul><li>n}lËs tyf ;fdflhs ;dfj]zLs/0fnfO{ hf]8 lbg], </li></ul><ul><li>ljs]lGb|t sfof{Gjog k|lqmof cjnDag ug{], </li></ul><ul><li>PsLs[t k|0ffnL ckgfpg], </li></ul><ul><li>sd{rf/Lx¿sf] ;'/IffnfO{ k|fyldstfsf ¿kdf lng], </li></ul><ul><li>Psåf/ gLlt / ;d&quot;xut cjwf/0ffsf] cfwf/df sfo{;+rfng ug]{ / </li></ul><ul><li>;xeflutfd&quot;ns, cGt/lqmofTds / ;dGjofTds k|of;sf] efjgfg'¿k sfo{ ug]{ . </li></ul>
    50. 50. <ul><li>Xof]uf] sfo{ ;+/rgf ;g @))%—@)!% n] lglb{i6 u/]sf d&quot;n nIox¿ </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fnfO{ lbuf] ljsf;sf /0fgLltx¿ tyf of]hgf th{'df df PsLs/0f ug{] </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]kx¿af6 pTyfgzLntf (resilience) sf] ljsf; ug{sf nflu ;+:yf, ;+oGq tyf Ifdtfx¿sf] ljsf; tyf ;'b[9Ls/0f ug]{, / hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL cjwf/0ffx¿nfO{ cfkTsfnLg k&quot;j{–tof/L (Preparedness), k|ltsfo{ (Response) tyf k'gnf{e (Recovery) ;DaGwL sfo{qmddf Jojl:yt ¿kdf ;dfj]z ug]{ . </li></ul>
    51. 51. k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfkx? <ul><li>! M ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f /fli6«o tyf :yfgLo k|fyldstf x'g] / o;sf] sfof{Gjogsf nflu ;zQm ;+:yfut Joj:Yff ;'lglZrt ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>@ M ljkbsf ;DefJo hf]lvdsf] n]vfhf]vf, klxrfg, cg'udg / k&quot;j{–r]tfjgL k|0ffnL ;'b[9 ug{]. </li></ul><ul><li>#M ;a} txdf ;'/lIft ;+:s[lt Pj+ pTyfgzLntfsf] ljsf; ug{ 1fg,gjLgtd ;f]r / lzIffsf] pkof]u ug]{. </li></ul><ul><li>$M JofKt hf]lvdsf sf/s tTjx¿nfO{ Go&quot;g ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>%M k|efjsf/L k|ltsfo{sf nflu ljkb k&quot;j{tof/LnfO{ ;zQm agfpg] . </li></ul>
    52. 52. /0fgLlts lqmofsnfkx? <ul><li>!= ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf nflu ;+:yfut k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf Pj+ ;'b[9Ls/0f ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>@= lj:t[t ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DaGwL cjwf/0ff ;dfj]z ug{ gLlt tyf sfg'gx¿sf] th'{df÷;+zf]wg ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>#= /fli6«o ljsf; k|lqmofdf ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fnfO{ d&quot;nk|jfxdf Nofpg]. </li></ul><ul><li>$= :yfgLo lgsfon] k|efjsf/L k|ltsfo{sf nflu ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f tyf k&quot;j{–tof/Lsf sfo{qmdnfO{ ljsf; of]hgf, sfo{qmd tyf ;a} lgoldt ljsf; lqmofsnfkx¿df PsLs/0f ug]{ </li></ul><ul><li>%= ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu cfjZos gLlt tyf dfkb08, lgb]{lzsf, :t/Lo sfo{;~rfng sfo{ljlw (Standard Operating Procedures) tyf ljz]if lsl;dsf /fli6«o sfoq{mdx¿ tof/ kfg]{ / qmdzM sfof{Gjog ug {]. </li></ul>
    53. 53. s|dzM <ul><li>^= cfktsfnLg sfo{;~rfng s]Gb|x¿ (Emergency Operation Centers) sf] :yfkgf / ;~rfng ug]{ -s]Gb|Lo txdf Pp6f / lhNnf tyf gu/kflnsf txdf klg yk s]Gb|x¿ qmdzM :Yffkgf ug]{_ . </li></ul><ul><li>&= ;|f]tx¿sf] ;+sng, ljlgof]hg tyf lbuf] cfly{s ;|f]t Joj:yfkgsf nflu Psåf/ (One-Window) ;+oGqsf] ljsf; ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>*= ljleGg tx tyf ljleGg :s]ndf k|fs[lts k|sf]k tyf ;Í6f;Ggtfsf] lgwf{/0f ug]{, cfjlws ¿kdf ltgnfO { cBfjlws ug {]k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug] { / ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf pknAw u/fpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>(= ljkb ;Fu ;DalGwt ;a} hfgsf/L ;dfj]z x'g] u/L s]Gb|, lhNnf tyf gu/kflnsf txdf cflwsfl/s, v'nf, ef}uf]lns ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL (GIS) df cfwfl/t ljkb ;&quot;rgf Joj:yfkg k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf tyf To;nfO{ ;+:yfut ug]{ . </li></ul>
    54. 54. <ul><li>!)= k|sf]k÷hf]lvdsf] cg'udg tyf ;+efljt k|sf]ksf nflu k&quot;j{–r]tfjgL lbg] /fli6«o k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>!!= zx/L tyf zx/ pGd'v If]qx¿df s]lGb|t eO{ e&quot;–pkof]u gS;f tof/ kfg]{ tyf cfjlws ¿kdf o;nfO{ cBfjlws ug]{ / e&quot;–pkof]usf] of]hgf th'{dfsf nflu e&quot;pkof]u gS;fsf] ko|f]u ug]{ ;+:yfut k|0ffnL ;'lglZrt ug{]. </li></ul><ul><li>!@= ljkb;DaGwL r]tgf hufpg lzIffnoox¿ dxTjk&quot;0f{ s]Gb| x'g ;s&quot;g egL /fli6«o z}lIfs gLltdf ;+zf]wg tyf kl/dfhg{ ug{] / To;sf] sfof{Gjog kIf bl/nf] agfpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>!#= ljkb ;Da4 lzIffsf] cWofkg u/fpg] Joj:yf ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>!$= ljleGg nlIot ;d&quot;xx¿sf nflu ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL kf7oqmdsf] ljsf; ug{] tyf ;Dk&quot;0f{ ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿sf nflu ;d]t kl|zIf0f sfo{qmdx¿ ;+rfng ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>!%= ljkb;DaGwL r]tgf tyf k|lzIf0fsf nflu lj:t[t /fli6«o sfo{qmdsf] ljsf; u/L ;+rfng ug]{ . </li></ul>s|dzM
    55. 55. s|dzM <ul><li>!^= ljkb hf]lvd tyf hf]lvdsf] Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL hfgsf/Lsf] k|rf/–k|;f/ ug{sf nflu cfd ;~rf/sf dfWodx¿sf] pkof]u ug {]of]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; tyf ltgsf] ;xhLs/0f ug{]. </li></ul><ul><li>!&= :yfgLo txdf ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg;DaGwL ;r]tgf hufpg] sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; ÷ ;'b[9Ls/0f ÷ k|f]T;fxg ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>!*= ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f tyf k&quot;j{–tof/Lsf ;DaGwdf ;r]tgf hufpg] sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; tyf ;+rfng ug{sf nflu ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t ;+3 ;+:yf, u}/;/sf/L ;Ë7g tyf cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿nfO{ k|f]T;fxg tyf ;xof]u pknAw u/fpg] . </li></ul><ul><li>!(= ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL cjwf/0ffnfO{{ k&quot;jf{wf/x¿sf] ljsf; of]hgf th'{df tyf sfofG{jog k|lqmofdf PsLs[t ug{]. </li></ul><ul><li>@)= dxTjk&quot;0f{ ;fj{hlgs ;]jf, hLjgfwf/ ;+/rgf tyf ef}lts k&quot;jf{wf/x¿sf] n]vfhf]vf, ltgsf] ;+/If0f / ;anLs/0f ug]{ . </li></ul>
    56. 56. s|dzM <ul><li>@!= ;dfhsf ;LdfGtLs[t >]0fLdf /x]sf blnt, dlxnf, ckfË tyf ;'ljwfaf6 jl~rt ;d&quot;x, afn–aflnsf tyf j[4–j[4fx¿h:tf clt;Í6f;Gg ;d&quot;xx¿sf nflu k|fyldstfsf cfwf/df ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL ljz]if sfo{qmdx¿sf] ljsf; u/L ;+rfng ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>@@= ljkbkl5sf] k'gnf{e (recovery) tyf k'gM:yfkgf sfo{qmdx¿df ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf k|of;x¿nfO{ ;dfj]z ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>@#= ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fnfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{sf nflu j}slNks tyf ;[hgzLn cfly{s ;fwgx¿ (Innovative Financial Instruments) sf] ljsf; tyf k|jw{g ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>@$= PsLs[t /fli6«o ljkb kl|tsfo { k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; u/L To;nfO{ nfu&quot; ug{]. </li></ul><ul><li>@%= d'n'se/ qmdzM cfkTsfnLg sfo{;~rfng s]Gb|sf] Joj:yf nufot cfkTsfnLg k|ltsfo{ tyf k&quot;j{–tof/Lsf] ljsf; tyf sfof{Gjog ug]{ . </li></ul>
    57. 57. s|dzM <ul><li>@^= vfBfGg, cf}iflw, cGo p4f/ ;fdu|L tyf p4f/sf cf}hf/ tyf pks/0fsf] e08f/0fsf nflu dxOEjk&quot;0f{ :yfgx¿ -s]Gb|Lo, lhNnf, gu/kflnsf tyf ufpF txdf_, uf]bfd3/ tyf klxn] g} ;fdfg e08f/0f ug]{ Ifdtfsf] :yfkgf cyjf ;[b[9Ls/0f ug{] . </li></ul><ul><li>@&= cfkTsfnLg kl/l:yltsf ;fy} k&quot;j{–tof/Lsf r/0fdf k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] e/kbf]{ ;~rf/ k|0ffnLsf] :yfkgf ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>@*= oftfoft ;]jf tyf aGbf]j:tL Joj:yfkg ;+oGqsf] e/kbf]{ Joj:Yff ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>@(= uflj; txsf ;d'bfox¿sf] cfktsfnLg ;dodf p4f/ / k|ltsfo{ ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtfsf] clejl[4 ug{] . ;fy} ;f] sfos{f nflu :jo+;]jsx?sf] klxrfg u/L k|lzIf0f lbg ljBfno / ;d'bfonfO{ kl/rfng ug]{ . </li></ul>
    58. 58. ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu /0fgLlt (Sectoral Strategies for DRR) <ul><li>s[lif tyf vfB ;'/Iff;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>:jf:Yo tyf kf]if0f If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>z}lIfs If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>cfjf;, k&quot;jf{wf/ tyf ef}lts of]hgf ;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>hLljsf]kfh{gsf] ;+/If0f </li></ul><ul><li>vfg]kfgL tyf ;/–;kmfO If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>jg tyf e&quot;–;+/If0f If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>;&quot;rgf, ;~rf/, ;dGjo tyf aGbf]a:tL÷k|aGwut Ifdtf;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>vf]hL tyf p4f/ / Ifltsf] n]vfhf]vf tyf cfjZostfsf] ljZn]if0f;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul>
    59. 59. /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifb <ul><li>kl/ifbdf u[xdGqL pkfWoIf, :yfgLo ljsf;, ;~rf/, /Iff, k//fi6«, cy{, lzIff tyf ;dfh sNof0f dGqLx¿ tyf ;lrjx¿, k|wfg ;]gfklt, k|x/L dxflg/LIfs, ;z:q k|x/L dxflg/LIfs, ;Da4 ljefusf dxflgb]{zsx¿, gful/s ;dfhaf6 ;DalGwt If]qsf lj1 k|ltlglwx¿ ;d]t ;b:o /xg]5g . </li></ul>
    60. 60. <ul><li>ljkb Joj:yfkg;DaGwL gLltx¿sf] cg'df]bg ug]{, </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb Joj:yfkg;DaGwL /fli6«o of]hgf tyf If]qut of]hgfx¿ :jLs[t ug]{, </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f÷cNkLs/0f (Risk Reduction/Mitigation) , k&quot;j{–tof/L (Preparedness) , k|ltsfo{ (Response) tyf k'gnf{e (recovery) , k'g:yf{kgf (Rehabilitation) / k'gMlgdf{0f (Reconstruction) sf nflu gLlt lgwf/{0f, cfly{s ;|f]tsf] Joj:yf ldnfpg] tyf /]vb]v ug],{ / </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb Joj:yfkgsf If]qx¿df låkIfLo, pkIf]qLo, If]qLo tyf cGt/f{li6«o ;xof]usf nflu gLlt lgwf{/0f ug{]. </li></ul><ul><li>o; kl/ifbsf] ;lrjfno /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0f (National Disaster Management Authority-NDMA) x'g]5 . </li></ul>/fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg kl/ifbsf] sfd–st{Jox?M–
    61. 61. If]qLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt (Regional Disaster Management Committee) <ul><li>k|To]s If]qdf If]qLo k|zf;ssf] ;+of]hsTjdf Ps If]qLo ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt u7g ul/g]5 </li></ul><ul><li>;/sf/L lgsfo tyf u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx¿af6 k|ltlglwTj x'g] </li></ul><ul><li>sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5 M– </li></ul><ul><li>k&quot;j{ tof/Lsf sfo{x¿ ug]{, </li></ul><ul><li>p4f/ tyf /fxt Joj:yfkgsf sfo{x¿df ;xsfo{ u/fpg cfjZos ;xof]u ug]{, </li></ul><ul><li>k'g:yf{kgf, k'glg{df{0f Pj+ k'g?Tyfgsf sfo{x¿df lhNnf :t/af6 ul/g] sfo{x¿sf] c'gudg, d&quot;Nof+sgsf ;fy} If]q cGtu{tsf lhNnfx¿aLr ;dGjo sfod u/L cfjZos k&quot;j{fwf/x¿nfO{ dd{t ;'wf/ u/fpg cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg] </li></ul>
    62. 62. s|dzM <ul><li>k|flws/0f;Fu k/fdz{ lnO{ If]q cGtu{tsf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;DaGwL ;Dk&quot;0f{ sfo{x¿sf] cg'udgdf lqmofzLn /xg] / d&quot;Nof+sg k|ltj]bg lgoldt ¿kdf /fli6«o ljkb Joj:yfkg k|flws/0fdf k7fpg], </li></ul><ul><li>k|flws/0fåf/f k|Tofof]hg ul/Psf clwsf/sf] k|of]u ug]{ . </li></ul>
    63. 63.   lhNnf ljkb Joj:yfkg ;ldlt (District Disaster Management Committee) <ul><li>k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/Lsf] cWoIftf </li></ul><ul><li>;/sf/L lgsfo tyf u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx¿af6 k|ltlglwTj x'g] . </li></ul><ul><li>;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M– </li></ul><ul><li>lhNnf:t/Lo u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf, ;fd'bflos ;+:yf, ljkbaf6 k|efljt jf ;DefJo k|efljt ;d'bfo, </li></ul><ul><li>lhNnfl:yt lj1x¿, ;fdflhs sfo{stf{ Pj+ JolQmx¿ ;d]tnfO{ ;+nUg u/L lhNnf:t/Lo ljkb </li></ul>
    64. 64. s|dzM <ul><li>Joj:yfkg of]hgf agfpg] / o:tf of]hgfx¿ sfof{Gjogdf plNnlvt ;j} kIfx¿nfO{ ;+nUg u/fpg], </li></ul><ul><li>ljkbsf] k&quot;j{tof/L, cNkLs/0f, Go&quot;gLs/0f, p4f/ tyf /fxt, k'g:yf{kgf tyf k'glg{df{0f cj:yfcGtu{t ul/g] ;Dk0&quot;f{ sfox{¿ lhNnf:t/df sfof{Gjog ug,{] </li></ul>
    65. 65. DRR k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu - HFA Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf_ nfO{ cfcfkmgf] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgfdf s] s;/L cfTd;ft jf d&quot;nk|jflxs/0f ug{ ;lsPsf] 5 < k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu -Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf_sf] kl/of]hgf kl/If0f tyf cfTd;ftLs/0fsf nflu s]lx ;jfn / k|Zgx?
    66. 66. PrPkmP ! ;'zf;g k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf - HFA _ sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgfdf s'g xb ;Dd k|fyldstfdf k/]sf] 5< x]/f}+ t sfo{;+/rgf / 9f+rf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfodf k|sf]ksf] j]nfdf s] ug]{ eGg]jf/] gL0f{o nLg;Sg] tof/L cj:yfsf ;';+ul7t ;+:yf,;ldtL jf ;d&quot;xx? 5g < ;xeflutfsf] clwsf/ s] ;+:yf,;ldtL jf ;d&quot;xsf ;b:ox? cfkmgf] clwsf/ / /fHon] ;&quot;/Iff / ;+/If0f k|bfg ug'{kg]{ bfloTj jf/] ;r]t 5g< ljlQo >f]t s] xfd|f] ;d'bfosf] k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k|efj clNks/0f / k'g/:yf{kgfsf nflu /fHo / :yfgLo ;/sf/n] 5'6ofpg] ljlQo / cGo >f]tx?dflysf] kx'+r 5 < dfgj >f]t s] xfd|f ;d'bfosf k|ltlgwLx? k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f tyf k|sf]k sfnLg cj:yfdf k|sf]k ;fdgf tyf kxn s] s;/L ug]{ jf/]df ;'rLt tyf k|lzlIft 5g< ljBfno Pj+ :jf:Yo ;'ljwfx? s] xfd|f ;d'bfodf cjl:yt ljBfno Pj+ c:ktfnx?df k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f sf nflu k&quot;j{tof/L of]hgf jgfpg tyf k|sf]k sfnLg cj:yfdf k|sf]k ;fdgf tyf kxn ug{ ;s[o ;ldtLx? 5g <
    67. 67. PrPkmP @ hf]lvd d&quot;Nof+sg , cg'udg tyf k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf] ;d'bfodf vt/f / hf]lvd jf/] ;r]tgf, ;&quot;rgf / 5nkmnsf] k|ultsf] cj:yf s] 5< k|sf]k hf]lvd d&quot;Nof+sg s] xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qdf cj:yLt vt/f jf ;+s6 tyf ;+Defljt hf]lvd sf] cg'udg d&quot;Nof+sg / of]hgf th&quot;{df sf nflu ;d'bfosf ;j} -dlxnf, jfnjfnLsf tyf cGo ;+s6f;Gg ju{_ sf] ;xeflutfdf j}7s jf 5nkmn x'g] ub{5 < k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL s] xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf] ;d'bfodf cj:yLt vt/f jf ;+s6 / ;+Defljt hf]lvd jf/] ;r]tgf u/fpg] / k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|bfg ug]{ k|0ffnLx? :yfkLt 5g<
    68. 68. PrPkmP # 1fg / lzIff xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf ;d'bfo s'g xb ;Dd k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L of]hgf tyf k|sf]ksf] cj:yfdf kxn tyf k|lt/f]w Pj+ ug]{ ljifodf hfgLkmsf/ 5g< ;'rgf Joj:yfkg tyf cfbfg k|bfg :yflgo :t/df /x]sf k|d'v vt/fx?sf] af/]df ;dalGwt ;d'bfodf sltsf] k|efjsf/L ?kdf ;&quot;rgf ljt/0f tyf ;Dk|]l;t ul/G5 < cf}krf/Ls lzIff :yflgo of]hgfx? k|sf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgfsf nflu cf}krfl/s ?kdf ljBfno tyf SofDk;x?df k|lzlIft ul/G5 < hg r]tgf / j'emfO{ K|fsf]k cfO k/]sf] v08df ;+efljt vt/fx? ;fdgf ug{sf nflu s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo ;+u kof{Kt 1fg tyf ;';&quot;lrt cj:yfdf 5g t < cgf}krf/Ls lzIff K|fsf]ksf] ;+efljt vt/f tyf c;/x?af6 aRgsf nflu s] ;d'bfo ;+u k|ofKt ;&quot;rgf 5g jf cgf}krfl/s lzIff k|fKt u/]sf 5g h;n] ubf{ ;d'bfo k|efjsf/L kxn lng ;sf]; . ljBfno ;&quot;/Iff s] ;d'bfonfO{ yfxf 5 ,xfd|f] ljBfnox? sltsf] ;'/IfLt 5 eg]/ < s] ;d'bfonfO {tL ;j} Jojxfl/s sbdx? Sf] af/]df yfxf 5 ls xfd|f gofF / aGb} u/]sf ljBfno ;+/rfgfx? x/]s lsl;dn] k|sf]k sf] vt/faf6 ;+/lIft / ;';lHht 5g <
    69. 69. PrPkmP $ Jftfj/0f tyf k|fqm[lts >f]t Joj:yfkg Xfd|f] ;d'bfodf JofKt s[lifdf cfwfl/t k/Kk/ut cEof;x? s] Jftfj/0f d}qL cyf{t jftfj/0f hf]ufpg] tkm{ pBt 5g < Hfnjfo&quot; kl/jt{gsf] nflu cg's'ngtf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo eljiodfcfO kg{] df};d tyf hnjfo&quot; kl/jt{g nfO{ cg's'ng ug{ tof/ 5g < vfB ;&quot;/Iff cfsl:ds a]nfdf x'g] ;+efljt vfB cefj nfO{ ;fdgf ug{ xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u k|ofKt vfBfGg 5 t < ;fdflhs ;&quot;/Iff ;fv ul/ hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfo tyf ju{ x?sf] nflu k|sf]k k/]sf] a]nf tyf o; kl5 sf;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf] nflu k|Tofe&quot;lt ul/Psf] 5 t < ;fdflhs ;&quot;/Iff ;+hfnx?df logLx?sf] kx&quot;+rsf] l:ytL s:tf] 5 < ljQLo ;&quot;/Iff ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t art tyf nufgL of]hgfx? tL hf]lvddf /x]sf ju{x?sf] nflu pknAw/ d]n vfg] 5g t < u/LjL Go&quot;lgs/0f xfd|f] ;d'bfo vf; ul/ tL hf]lvddf /x]sf ju{ ul/JfL Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu sltsf] ;Ifd /x]sf] 5 t< ;du| of]hgf k4lt :yflgo :t/df ul/g] ljsf;;+u ;Dalgwt of]hgfx?df tL ;d&quot;bfox?sf] ;lqmo ;+nUgtf nfO{ s;/L ;'lglZrt ug{'x'G5 < ejg ;+lxtf tyf dfkb08 K|fsf]k ;fdgfsf ] ;Gbe{df s] xfd|f] ;d’bfo lglb{i6 dfkb)8 cjndagsf nflu nflu tof/ 5g < ;fj{hlgs ;'ljwfx?sf] ;'/Iff ;fj{hlgs ;Dklt tyf ;'ljwfx? gLdf{0f tyf ;'lglZrt ug{sf nflu s] xfd} ;d'bfo ;Ifd tyf tof/ 5g < Vft/fsf cGt/lglxt sf/s tTjx? ;+Defljt k|sf]k / hf]lvd clNks/0fsf nflu ;fdflhs, cfly{s tyf jftfj/0fLo cj:yf / e&quot; pkof]u If]qdf ul/Psf] k|ultsf] cj:yf s] 5<
    70. 70. PrPkmP % k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf k|efjsf/L kxnsf nflu - Ifdtf / >f]tsf] ;Gbe{df_ ;d'bfosf] K|fsf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf sf] ;'[b[l9s/0f sf] If]qdf ePsf] kultsf] cj:yf K|fsf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u cfsl:ds k|ltsfo{ of]hgf 5 ? k|ltsfo{ ;Lkx? s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u k|sf]ksf] a]nf ul/g] k|ofKt k|ltsfo{ ;Lkx? 5g < h:t} k|fylds pkrf/, vf]h tyf p4f/, ;+rf/ ,cUgL lgoGq0f ,hn z'l4s/0f cflb =========== ? vfnL u/fpg], ;&quot;/lIft cjt/0f s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo ;+u lgwf{l/t ;'/lIft lgsf; sf af6fx? / 7fFpx? 5g < l;ldt ultzLntf ePsf JolqMX? Nfflu s]xL of]hgf 5 t < Tfflnd tyf k&quot;j{ cEof; s] ;d'bfosf o:tf cfsl:ds k|ltsfo{ of]hgfx? Dffly tflnd cyjf k&quot;j{ cEof; ul/G5 < cfsl:ds >f]t pkna4L :yflgo ;d'bfo of :yflgo ;+3;:yfx?;+usf] ;xsfo{df s]xL cfsl:ds >f]tx? pknA4 5g < ;dGjo tyf ;&quot;rgf cfbgk|bfg cfsl:ds a]nfdf cGo l5d]sL ;d'bfo, :yflgo clwsf/L ,u};; x?;+u ;dGjo tyf ;&quot;rgf cbfgk|bfg ug{] k|i6 vfsf tyf of]hgf 5 <
    71. 71. PrPkmP cGo cGt/ ;+DjlGwt ;jfnx? s] n}+lus, ;+fl:s[lts tyf eflifs ;jfnx? k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L tyf k|sf]ksf k|efj clNks/0f of]hgf th{&quot;dfsf] bf}/fgdf x]l/Psf 5g< ;fd'bflos ;xeflutf / ;'rgf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo n] :yflgo clwsf/L tyf ;Da4 lgsfo;+u ;+rf/ tyf cg'/f]w / u'gf;f] ug{] k|i6 k|0ffnL / kl/kf6L 5 < ;lqmo ;xeflutf ;d'bfo vf;ul/ hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfo sf] :yflgo of]hgfx?df sltsf] ;lqmo ;xeflutf x'g] u/]sf] 5 < lg0f{odf ;xeflutf :yflgo lgsfox?;+u of]hgf lgdf{0f tyf lg0f{o k|lqmofx?df oL hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfox?sf] ;xeflutf s:tf] 5 < :jo+ ;]jf s] k|sf]ksf] a]nf ;d'bfo sf ;b:ox? :jo;]jf k|bfg u5{g < n}+lustf ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t qm[ofsnfkx?df dlxnfsf] ;xeflutfnfO{ ;d'bfon] ;'lglZt u/]sf] 5 < ;+:qm[lts uDle/tf -k/Dk/fut 1fg_ K|fsf]ksf] c;/x?nfO{ 36fpgsf] nflu ;d'bfon] rngdf /x]sf ;+:qm[lts cEof; tyf k/Dk/fut 1fgx? nfO{ s;/L pkof]udf Nofpg] u/]sf] 5 < ;+f:qm[lts ulDe/tf -Effiff _ s] ;d'bfon] ToxfF /x]sf cflbjf;L tyf cNk;+Vosx?sf] efiffdf k|sf]k ;DalGwt ;jfnx? 5nkmn ug{] u/]sf 5g <
    72. 72. k|sf]k hf]lvd Joj:yfkgdf wGojfb PSnf] gLsfon] s]lx ug{ ;St}g DRR is Everybody’s business Thank you tkfO{+x?sf] ;xof]u cfjZos 5 . Single Agency is not enough for DRR

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