Disaster impact & drr in nepal a concern july14 15-2k10

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Nepal Presentations at Regional DP / DRR Workshop Biratnagar July 14-15, 2010

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  • Disaster impact & drr in nepal a concern july14 15-2k10

    1. 1. g]kfndf ljkb hf]lvd sf] cj:yf tyf Go"gLs/0f Pj+ k'j{tof/L sf] cfjZostf
    2. 2. 5nkmnsf a¬“bfx? <ul><li>ljutdf ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ Pj+ Iflt </li></ul><ul><li>g]kfndf ljkb hf]lvdsf] cj:yf </li></ul><ul><li>Go&quot;gLs/0f Pj+ k'j{tof/L </li></ul>
    3. 3. lxdfnL d'n's g]kfn <ul><li>cGbfhL % s/f]8 jif{ cl3jf6 z'? </li></ul><ul><li>e&quot;;txx?sf] ult;Lntf </li></ul>
    4. 4. lxdfnsf] pTkQL / g]kfn <ul><li>ef/lto Kn]6 / ltAatL Kn]6sf] ;+sif{0f </li></ul><ul><li>lxdfnsf] pTktL / g]kfnL e&quot;efu sf] ljsf; </li></ul>
    5. 5. g]kfnsf] ef}uf]nLs w/ftn
    6. 6. g]kfnsf] hnfwf/ vf]nf gfnf ;+hfn
    7. 7. <ul><li>Debris flow 1993 e.g. Debris flow at Phedigaon, Palung </li></ul>
    8. 8. Koshi Flood 2008 <ul><li>80 % Flood Flow </li></ul><ul><li>20 % Flood Flow </li></ul>
    9. 9. g]kfnsf] e&quot;sDkLo hf]lvd gSzf ;f}hGo M vfgL tyf e &quot;ue{ ljefu, n}grf}/, sf7df08f}+   ljutdf g]kfndf uPsf e&quot;sDkx?
    10. 10. e&quot;O{+rfnf] uO/xg] If]qx?
    11. 11. ljkbaf6 ePsf] Ifltsf] km}nfj6 <ul><li>ljleGg lhNnfx?df d[To'sf] ;+Vof </li></ul>
    12. 12. g]kfnsf] ljkb–hf]lvd cj:yf <ul><li>g]kfndf x/]s jif{ ljkbdf k/L Ps xhf/eGbf a9L dflg;sf] d[To' x'g] u/]sf] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>ljut #% jif{sf] tYofªscg';f/ ljkbsf 36gfaf6 jflif{s Ps nfv #% xhf/ dflg; k|efljt x'g] u/]sf 5g . </li></ul><ul><li>k|fKt tYofªscg';f/ x/]s jif{ !^ xhf/ kl/jf/ ljkbsf sf/0f cfˆgf 3/jf; u'dfP/ lj:yflkt x'g] u/sf 5g . </li></ul><ul><li>g]kfn ljZjsf !(* dn's dWo] e&quot;sDkLo hfl]vdsf] lx;fan] !! cf }+}, kfgLhGo k|sf]k af6 x'g] Ifltsf lx;fan] #) cf}+ / hnjfo&quot; kl/jt{g k|efjsf lx;fan] 5}7f}+ :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 eg] ljsf;sf] ;'rsf+sdf clGtd !$$ cf}+ :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>ljkbsf sf/0f jflif{s cf};t ! ca{ @) s/f]8 *) nfv ?k}o+f a/fa/sf] cfly{s Iflt eO/x]sf] 5 . h; dWo] %# s/f]8 #% nfv a/fa/sf] cfly{s Iflt hn pTkGg k|sf]ksf sf/0fn] dfq x'g] u/]sf] 5 . </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>;g @))* df sf]zL If]q, dWoklZrd / ;'b&quot;/klZrd If]qdf uPsf] af9Laf6 dfq k|ToIf ?kdf @( ca{ !# s/f]8 / ck|ToIf ?kdf %^ ca{ ^) s/f]8 u/L s'n *& ca{ &# s/f]8 a/fa/sf] Iflt ePsf] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>O{lkl8ldof]nf]hL /f]u lgoGq0f dfxfzfvfsf] tYofÍ cg';f/ @)^^ j}zfv b]lv efb| dlxgf ;Dddf dWoklZrd, ;'b&quot;'/klZrd nufot b]zsf ljleGg efudf km}lnPsf] emf8fkvfnf /f]un] dfxfdf/Lsf] ?k lnO{ @@ lhNnfsf #^% hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] eg] ^@ xhf/ * ;o @) AolQm k|ToIf ?kdf k|efljt ePsf lyP . </li></ul>
    14. 14. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ ljkb tYof+s ;+Vof d[To' a]kQf 3fOt] k|efljt b'3{6gf 97 112 3 - 5 lxpF klx/f] 90 217 33 - 1,012 h}ljs b'3{6gf 12 - - - - 8'+uf kN6fO 103 240 421 - 354 zLt nx/ 192 298 - - 1,453 v8]/L 152 - - - 1,512 e'O{+rfnf] 94 873 - - 4,539 dxfdf/L 2,791 15,730 - 4,582 460,902 ljikmf]6 40 32 - - 19 clgsfn 20 2 - - 83,902 cfunfuL 3,880 1,101 186 - 218,278 af9L 2,720 2,936 578 - 3,367,974 jg 89]nf] 98 24 403 - 10,178
    15. 15. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ ljkb tYof+s ;+Vof d[To' a]kQf 3fOt] k|efljt cl;gf 597 57 2 - 197,843 n' 31 25 - 210 261 klx/f] 2,184 3,987 517 - 479,972 8/ qf; Pj+ lg:;fl;P/ 2 85 - - - Kn]u 326 11 - - 50 k|b'if0f 12 - - - 1,000 clws jiff{ 187 82 3 - 62,431 lxpF cfFwL 174 69 828 - 7,600 cfFwL 109 50 2 - 1,817 x'/L atf; 292 140 - - 6,161 ejg–;+/rgf eTs]/ 324 340 7 - 1,508 r6of+u 764 768 1 - 5,809 cGo 97 77 11 - 11,982 hDdf 15,388 27,256 2,995 4,792 4,926,562
    16. 16. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ >f]tM Pg;]6 cfly{s Iflt clxn]sf] efpdf -?k}+ofdf_ jif{ ejg Wj:t ejg Ifltu|:t ;8s v]ltof]Uo hdLg kz'k+IfL s&quot;n cfly{s Iflt !(&!–!(&% !,%$,&),(&,%)) #,$$,#$,#%) ^$,$%,))) !,$(,!@,)),@$,))) @,#@,%%,))) !,%!,)&,&#,*@,%$& !(&^–!(*) %,&%,^&,^$,%)) #*,#),^(,*%) &!,^$,!^,))) @,^@,)*,&),%!,))) &,^),@),))) @,&@,!*,$%,!),@%% !(*!–!(*% !,@*,!%,)%,%)) ^,$#,&*,^%) !),#@,&),*)) &!,#$,^(,@%,!)) %,(^,(%,))) &#,&(,)@,*),!($ !(*^–!(() ^,$),!&,&$,))) !,)&,&$,@$,()) $,!@,%),))) %!,%$,&@,^&,^)) #,&),(%,))) ^),*$,@(,)@,!!) !((!–!((% ^,!),@*,!%,))) &),%^,*&,))) *%,!$,$),))) !!,&$,(),&@,&*,$$) !$,$$,#),))) !!,*(,**,@(,&%,%(# !((^–@))) !),(%,!(,$(,))) $$,!@,$^,$)) *&,#&,))) %,!^,)$,!!,%!,@%) !^,$),!%,))) %,#),(#,&%,(&,$)% @))!–@))# @,&#,$!,^#,))) !#,^#,)$,%)) !,)$,@$,(*,@)) $,#%,(&,((,^),^!) !&,*#,#),))) $,$%,##,(#,(#,*@! hDdf #,$&,&^,)^,*%,))) @,*$,@(,)%,^%) @,&&,)),%&,))) @^,^!,)@,(^,%*,))) ^*,@*,$),))) @&,@$,)%,%),$!,(@%
    17. 17. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ <ul><li>ljleGg k|sf]kx?af6 ;g !()) b]lv @))* ;Dd dfgj d[To'sf] cj:yf </li></ul><ul><li>-s&quot;n @!,*@* d[To'_ </li></ul>
    18. 18. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ <ul><li>;g !()) b]lv @))* ;Dd ljleGg k|sf]kx?af6 k|efljt dfgj ;+Vof </li></ul><ul><li>-s&quot;n **,##,@^$ k|efljt_ </li></ul>
    19. 19. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ <ul><li>cfly{s Iflt !,#)#,)!#,))) xhf/ -8n/_ </li></ul>
    20. 20. ljsf; vr{, ufx:y{ pTkfbg / ljkb Ifltsf] t'ngf
    21. 21. t'ngfTds cj:yf Total Amount of Disaster Damage (1991-2000) in million US$ (Source: Global Disaster Report – UNDP, 2004)
    22. 22. t'ngfTds cj:yf Total number of people Killed in Asian and SAARC Countries by Disaster (1992-2001) Asian Countries Other than SAARC, 227,619; 49% India 16% SAARC Contries, 236,062; 51% Maldives 0% Nepal 1% Pakistan 2% Sri Lanka 0% Bangladesh 32% Bhutan 0% (Source: Global Disaster Report – UNDP, 2004)
    23. 23. t'ngfTds hf]lvd <ul><li>ljZjsf cGo d'n'sx?sf] bf+hf]df g]kfnsf] t'ngfTds hf]lvd </li></ul><ul><ul><li>af9L – #! cf}+ :yfgdf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e&quot;sDk – !! cf}+ :yfgdf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sf7df08f}+ zx/ e&quot;sDksf] nflu ;a}eGbf hf]lvdk&quot;0f{ zx/ </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. sf7df08f}+ pkTosfsf] e&quot;sDkLo hf]lvd
    25. 25. <ul><li>c;/ kl/df0f </li></ul><ul><li>d[To' > $),))) </li></ul><ul><li>3fOt] > (%,))) </li></ul><ul><li>ejgsf] Iflt > ^) % </li></ul><ul><li>3/af/ laxLg > &)),))) </li></ul><ul><li>k'nsf] Iflt > %) % </li></ul><ul><li>af6f]sf] Iflt > !) % </li></ul><ul><li>vfg]kfgL kfOksf] Iflt > (% % </li></ul><ul><li>6]lnkmf]g nfOgsf] Iflt > ^) % </li></ul><ul><li>ljB't nfOgsf] Iflt > $) % </li></ul>sf7df08f}+ pkTosfsf] e&quot;sDkLo kl/b[Zo -gAa] ;fnsf] hqf] e&quot;sDk uPdf_
    26. 26. s]xL cfwf/e&quot;t zAbx? <ul><li>k|sf]k (Hazard) </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb (Disaster) </li></ul><ul><li>hf]lvd (Risk) </li></ul><ul><li>;+s6f;Ggtf (Vulnerability) </li></ul><ul><li>Go&quot;gLs/0f (Reduction) </li></ul>
    27. 27. /f]syfd, cNkLs/0f / k&quot;j{tof/L
    28. 28. Go&quot;gLs/0f (Reduction) <ul><li>cNkLs/0f (Mitigation) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cGtlg{lxt sdhf]/L 36fpg] sfd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>;+/rgfx?sf] ;'b[9Ls/0f, alnof] lgdf{0f OToflb </li></ul></ul><ul><li>k&quot;j{tof/L -;Ifdtf_ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>k|sf]ksf] ;fdgf ug{ tof/L cj:yfdf /xg] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>;'/lIft /xg] pkfox?sf] af/]df hfGg], l;Sg], cfktsflng cj:yfsf] nflu ;fdfgx?sf] hf]xf] ul//fVg], p¢f/ tyf /fxt Ifdtf j[l¢ OToflb </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. cGt;{DaGw ljkb hf]lvd—;+s6f;Ggtf—;Ifdtf <ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd ≈ </li></ul>k|sf]ksf] ;+efjgf x ;+s6f;Ggtf k&quot;j{tof/L -;Ifdtf_
    30. 30. ljkb Joj:yfkg rqm (Disaster Management Cycle) DPP DRR ljkb Disaster k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf Early Warning p2f/ tyf /fxt Rescue & Relief /f]syfd Prevention Go&quot;lgs/0f Mitigation k&quot;j{ tof/L Preparedness ljkb k&quot;j{ Pre Disaster ljkb kZrft Post Disaster k'g:yf{kg / k'glg{df{0f Reconstruction & Rehabilitation
    31. 31. ljut b''O{ bzsdf ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] cjwf/0ffdf u'0ffTds kl/jt{g ePsf] 5 . cjwf/0ffn] k/Dk/fut “p4f/ /fxt” af6 “ljkb /lxt ljsf;” df km8sf ] dfl/;s]sf] 5 . p¢f/ /fxt ljkb Joj:yfkgsf] cjwf/0ffut ljsf; @)!) rLnL @))( xfO{6L ] @))* rLg @))% kfls:tfg] @))$ PzLofnL ;'gfdL @))@ O/fg jfd ] ljkb /lxt ljsf; Go&quot;gLs/0f / k&quot;j{tof/L p¢f/ /fxtsf] k&quot;j{tof/L !(&! ;g kmgf{08f] e&quot;sDk !(*% d]lS;sf] e&quot;sDk @))! u'h/ft e&quot;sDk
    32. 32. ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f ljsf;qmd ;g !(*( sf] ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3sf] ;fwf/0f ;efn] ()sf] bzsnfO{ k|fs[lts ljkb Go&quot;gLs/0f bzs dgfpg] lg0f{o ;g !(($ df Kf|fs[lts ljkb Go&quot;gLs/0f ljZj ;Dd]ng of]sf]xfdfdf ;DkGGf . o; sfo{of]hgfn] ljkb /f]syfd, cNkLs/0f / k&quot;j{tof/Ldf hf]8 lbPsf] . ;g !((( df o'PgcfOP;l8cf/sf] :yfkgf . ;g @))% hgj/L !* b]lv @@ ;DDf hfkfgsf] sf]a] zx/df ePsf] ljZj ;Dd]ngaf6 xof]uf] sfo{of]hgf @))%–@)!% tof/ ul/Psf] .
    33. 33. ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f s] xf] t < <ul><li>ljkbsf sf/stTjx?nfO{ ljZn]if0f u/L ;d'bfosf ;Defljt ljkbsf vt/fx?, tyf ;+s6fled'vtf sd ug]{, jftfj/0f tyf e&quot;pkof]u plrt tl/sfn] ug]{ / ljkb ;fdgfsf nflu k&quot;j{tof/L ug]{ Ps Jojl:yt cjwf/0ff tyf cEof; ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f xf] . of] ljkb /lxt ljsf; jf lbuf] ljsf;sf] ;Gbe{df ;d]l6Psf] cjwf/0ff xf] . </li></ul>
    34. 34. ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f g]kfnsf] lbuf] ljsf;sf nflu clgjfo{ zt{ xf], h;af6 ljsf;df ul/Psf] nufgLnfO{ ljgfz x'gaf6 /f]Sg ;lsG5 . ljsf;sf sfo{x?n] yk ljkb fO{ glgDTofcf]; eGg] s'/fdf ;'lglZrt aGg ;lsG5 . Hfnjfo' kl/jt{gaf6 kg]{ gsf/fTds c;/af6 aRg jf cg&quot;s'ng aGg ;lsG5 . ;+s6f;Gg tyf Kf|sf]k k|efljtx?sf] clwsf/ ;'lglZrt ug{ ;lsG5 . ;d'bfonfO{ ;'/lIft cyf{t ljkb pTyfgzLn agfpg ;lsG5 .
    35. 35. d:of}bf /fli6«o /0fgLltsf s]xL k|d¬v a¬“bfx? <ul><li>ljBdfg sdL sdhf]/Lx?sf] klxrfg </li></ul><ul><li>@( j6f /0fgLlts ultljlw (Strategic Activity) x?sf] k|:tfj </li></ul><ul><li>If]qut (Sectoral) sdL–sdhf]/Lx¿sf] klxrfg Pj+ k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfkx?sf] k|:tfj </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgnfO{ /fHosf] k|d'v bfloTjsf] ?kdf /fVg] u/L gofF ;+:yfut ;+/rgfsf] k|:tfj </li></ul>
    36. 36. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] nflu ljBdfg sfg&quot;gL Pj+ ;+:yfut Joj:yf <ul><li>b}jL k|sf]k p¢f/ tyf /fxt P]g @)#( </li></ul><ul><ul><li>d&quot;ntM p¢f/ / /fxt ljt/0fdf s]lGb|t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tTsfnLg ;dodf cToGt cu|ufdL Pj+ ;fs{ If]qd} klxnf] k|oTg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>t/ hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L Pj+ jt{dfgdf ;j{ :jLs[t dfGotfsf] ?kdf km}nFbf] “ljkb /lxt ljsf;” (Disaster Free Development) jf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ ljkb yfDg ;Sg] ljsf;” (Disaster Resilient Development) sf] cjwf/0ff g;d]l6Psf] </li></ul></ul>
    37. 37. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkgsf] ljBdfg Joj:yfdf kl/jt{gsf nflu eO/x]sf k|oTgx? <ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg ;DaGwL ljZj ;Dd]ngx?df g]kfnsf] pkl:ylt -;/sf/L, u}/ ;/sf/L_ Pj+ k|lta4tf </li></ul><ul><ul><li>;g !(($ of]sf]xfdf / ;g @))% sf]a] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sf]a] ;Dd]ngaf6 “xof]uf] sfo{of]hgf M@))%–@)!%” sf] th'{df </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>xof]uf] sfo{of]hgf clxn]sf] ljZjJofkL d&quot;ndGq </li></ul></ul><ul><li>u[x dGqfnoaf6 ;'wf/sf s]xL k|oTgx? ePsf </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sfo{/t ljleGg ;+3 ;+:yfx?;Fu lg/Gt/ ;dGjo q}dfl;s j]7s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o d~r (National Platform on DRR) sf] kxnsbdL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focal desk sf] Joj:yf </li></ul></ul>
    38. 38. WCDR II – HFA 2005 -2015 <ul><li>Xof]uf] sfo{ ;+/rgf ;g @))%—@)!% n] lglb{i6 u/]sf d&quot;n nIox¿ </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fnfO{ lbuf] ljsf;sf /0fgLltx¿ tyf of]hgf th{'df df PsLs/0f ug{] </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]kx¿af6 pTyfgzLntf (resilience) sf] ljsf; ug{sf nflu ;+:yf, ;+oGq tyf Ifdtfx¿sf] ljsf; tyf ;'b[9Ls/0f ug]{, / hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL cjwf/0ffx¿nfO{ cfkTsfnLg k&quot;j{–tof/L (Preparedness), k|ltsfo{ (Response) tyf k'gnf{e (Recovery) ;DaGwL sfo{qmddf Jojl:yt ¿kdf ;dfj]z ug]{ . </li></ul>
    39. 39. ljkb hf]lvd Joj:yfkg /fli6«o /0fgLlt, @)^^
    40. 40. :jLs[t ldltM @)^^.^.@% of] k|fs[lts ;Dkbf tyf ef}lts ;+/rgfx¿sf] ;+/If0f, ;+j4{g Pj+ k|j4{g ug{ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] k|lta4tf;lxtsf] Ps /fli6«o b:tfj]h (National Framework) xf] . cfwf/M ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3sf] ;g @))% sf] ljZjJofkL ;femf cjwf/0ffkq Xof]uf] sfo{ ;+/rgf (Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015)
    41. 41. <ul><li>  bL3{sfnLg ;f]r </li></ul><ul><li>g]kfnnfO{ ljkbaf6 pTyfgzLn ;dfh (Disaster–resilient community) sf] ¿kdf :yflkt ug]{ o; /0fgLltsf] bL3{sfnLg ;f]r (long-term vision) /x]sf] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>  bL3{sfnLg nIo </li></ul><ul><li>k|sf]ksf] hf]lvd tyf ljkbsf] 36gfsf] c;/nfO{ sd ug{ cNkLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L, ;r]tgf clej[l4sf pkfox¿nfO{ k|efjsf/L ¿kdf cufl8 a9fpg] / ;a} txdf k|efjsf/L k&quot;j{–tof/Lsf lqmofsnfkx¿ ljsf; u/L ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ d&quot;nk|jfxLs/0f (Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into Development) ug{ cfjZos dfu{bz{g Pj+ k|f]T;fxg lbg] </li></ul>
    42. 42. <ul><li>;xfos nIox¿ M– </li></ul><ul><li>;+:yfut ;+/rgfx¿sf] kg' M;+/rgf / ljsf; ug]{ </li></ul><ul><li>PsLs[t gLlt tyf ljs]lGb|t sfof{Gjog k|lqmofsf];'lglZrt ug]{ </li></ul><ul><li>gLltut tyf sfg'gL Joj:yfsf] ;'b[9Ls/0f ug{] </li></ul><ul><li>ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f;DaGwL /0fgLltnfO{ d&quot;nk|jfxLs/0f ug]{ </li></ul>
    43. 43. k|fyldstfk|fKt lqmofsnfkx? <ul><li>! M ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f /fli6«o tyf :yfgLo k|fyldstf x'g] / o;sf] sfof{Gjogsf nflu ;zQm ;+:yfut Joj:Yff ;'lglZrt ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>@ M ljkbsf ;DefJo hf]lvdsf] n]vfhf]vf, klxrfg, cg'udg / k&quot;j{–r]tfjgL k|0ffnL ;'b[9 ug{]. </li></ul><ul><li>#M ;a} txdf ;'/lIft ;+:s[lt Pj+ pTyfgzLntfsf] ljsf; ug{ 1fg,gjLgtd ;f]r / lzIffsf] pkof]u ug]{. </li></ul><ul><li>$M JofKt hf]lvdsf sf/s tTjx¿nfO{ Go&quot;g ug]{ . </li></ul><ul><li>%M k|efjsf/L k|ltsfo{sf nflu ljkb k&quot;j{tof/LnfO{ ;zQm agfpg] . </li></ul>
    44. 44. ljkb hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu /0fgLlt (Sectoral Strategies for DRR) <ul><li>s[lif tyf vfB ;'/Iff;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>:jf:Yo tyf kf]if0f If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>z}lIfs If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>cfjf;, k&quot;jf{wf/ tyf ef}lts of]hgf ;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>hLljsf]kfh{gsf] ;+/If0f </li></ul><ul><li>vfg]kfgL tyf ;/–;kmfO If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>jg tyf e&quot;–;+/If0f If]q;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>;&quot;rgf, ;~rf/, ;dGjo tyf aGbf]a:tL÷k|aGwut Ifdtf;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul><ul><li>vf]hL tyf p4f/ / Ifltsf] n]vfhf]vf tyf cfjZostfsf] ljZn]if0f;DaGwL /0fgLlt </li></ul>
    45. 45. !?!
    46. 46. DRR k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu - HFA Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf_ nfO{ cfcfkmgf] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgfdf s] s;/L cfTd;ft jf d&quot;nk|jflxs/0f ug{ ;lsPsf] 5 < k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu -Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf_sf] kl/of]hgf kl/If0f tyf cfTd;ftLs/0fsf nflu s]lx ;jfn / k|Zgx?
    47. 47. PrPkmP ! ;'zf;g k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu Xof]uf] sfo{;+/rgf - HFA _ sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgfdf s'g xb ;Dd k|fyldstfdf k/]sf] 5< x]/f}+ t sfo{;+/rgf / 9f+rf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfodf k|sf]ksf] j]nfdf s] ug]{ eGg]jf/] gL0f{o nLg;Sg] tof/L cj:yfsf ;';+ul7t ;+:yf,;ldtL jf ;d&quot;xx? 5g < ;xeflutfsf] clwsf/ s] ;+:yf,;ldtL jf ;d&quot;xsf ;b:ox? cfkmgf] clwsf/ / /fHon] ;&quot;/Iff / ;+/If0f k|bfg ug'{kg]{ bfloTj jf/] ;r]t 5g< ljlQo >f]t s] xfd|f] ;d'bfosf] k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k|efj clNks/0f / k'g/:yf{kgfsf nflu /fHo / :yfgLo ;/sf/n] 5'6ofpg] ljlQo / cGo >f]tx?dflysf] kx'+r 5 < dfgj >f]t s] xfd|f ;d'bfosf k|ltlgwLx? k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f tyf k|sf]k sfnLg cj:yfdf k|sf]k ;fdgf tyf kxn s] s;/L ug]{ jf/]df ;'rLt tyf k|lzlIft 5g< ljBfno Pj+ :jf:Yo ;'ljwfx? s] xfd|f ;d'bfodf cjl:yt ljBfno Pj+ c:ktfnx?df k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f sf nflu k&quot;j{tof/L of]hgf jgfpg tyf k|sf]k sfnLg cj:yfdf k|sf]k ;fdgf tyf kxn ug{ ;s[o ;ldtLx? 5g <
    48. 48. PrPkmP @ hf]lvd d&quot;Nof+sg , cg'udg tyf k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf] ;d'bfodf vt/f / hf]lvd jf/] ;r]tgf, ;&quot;rgf / 5nkmnsf] k|ultsf] cj:yf s] 5< k|sf]k hf]lvd d&quot;Nof+sg s] xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qdf cj:yLt vt/f jf ;+s6 tyf ;+Defljt hf]lvd sf] cg'udg d&quot;Nof+sg / of]hgf th&quot;{df sf nflu ;d'bfosf ;j} -dlxnf, jfnjfnLsf tyf cGo ;+s6f;Gg ju{_ sf] ;xeflutfdf j}7s jf 5nkmn x'g] ub{5 < k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|0ffnL s] xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf] ;d'bfodf cj:yLt vt/f jf ;+s6 / ;+Defljt hf]lvd jf/] ;r]tgf u/fpg] / k&quot;j{ ;&quot;rgf k|bfg ug]{ k|0ffnLx? :yfkLt 5g<
    49. 49. PrPkmP # 1fg / lzIff xfd|f] sfo{s|d / kl/of]hgf If]qsf ;d'bfo s'g xb ;Dd k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L of]hgf tyf k|sf]ksf] cj:yfdf kxn tyf k|lt/f]w Pj+ ug]{ ljifodf hfgLkmsf/ 5g< ;'rgf Joj:yfkg tyf cfbfg k|bfg :yflgo :t/df /x]sf k|d'v vt/fx?sf] af/]df ;dalGwt ;d'bfodf sltsf] k|efjsf/L ?kdf ;&quot;rgf ljt/0f tyf ;Dk|]l;t ul/G5 < cf}krf/Ls lzIff :yflgo of]hgfx? k|sf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgfsf nflu cf}krfl/s ?kdf ljBfno tyf SofDk;x?df k|lzlIft ul/G5 < hg r]tgf / j'emfO{ K|fsf]k cfO k/]sf] v08df ;+efljt vt/fx? ;fdgf ug{sf nflu s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo ;+u kof{Kt 1fg tyf ;';&quot;lrt cj:yfdf 5g t < cgf}krf/Ls lzIff K|fsf]ksf] ;+efljt vt/f tyf c;/x?af6 aRgsf nflu s] ;d'bfo ;+u k|ofKt ;&quot;rgf 5g jf cgf}krfl/s lzIff k|fKt u/]sf 5g h;n] ubf{ ;d'bfo k|efjsf/L kxn lng ;sf]; . ljBfno ;&quot;/Iff s] ;d'bfonfO{ yfxf 5 ,xfd|f] ljBfnox? sltsf] ;'/IfLt 5 eg]/ < s] ;d'bfonfO {tL ;j} Jojxfl/s sbdx? Sf] af/]df yfxf 5 ls xfd|f gofF / aGb} u/]sf ljBfno ;+/rfgfx? x/]s lsl;dn] k|sf]k sf] vt/faf6 ;+/lIft / ;';lHht 5g <
    50. 50. PrPkmP $ Jftfj/0f tyf k|fqm[lts >f]t Joj:yfkg Xfd|f] ;d'bfodf JofKt s[lifdf cfwfl/t k/Kk/ut cEof;x? s] Jftfj/0f d}qL cyf{t jftfj/0f hf]ufpg] tkm{ pBt 5g < Hfnjfo&quot; kl/jt{gsf] nflu cg's'ngtf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo eljiodfcfO kg{] df};d tyf hnjfo&quot; kl/jt{g nfO{ cg's'ng ug{ tof/ 5g < vfB ;&quot;/Iff cfsl:ds a]nfdf x'g] ;+efljt vfB cefj nfO{ ;fdgf ug{ xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u k|ofKt vfBfGg 5 t < ;fdflhs ;&quot;/Iff ;fv ul/ hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfo tyf ju{ x?sf] nflu k|sf]k k/]sf] a]nf tyf o; kl5 sf;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf] nflu k|Tofe&quot;lt ul/Psf] 5 t < ;fdflhs ;&quot;/Iff ;+hfnx?df logLx?sf] kx&quot;+rsf] l:ytL s:tf] 5 < ljQLo ;&quot;/Iff ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t art tyf nufgL of]hgfx? tL hf]lvddf /x]sf ju{x?sf] nflu pknAw/ d]n vfg] 5g t < u/LjL Go&quot;lgs/0f xfd|f] ;d'bfo vf; ul/ tL hf]lvddf /x]sf ju{ ul/JfL Go&quot;gLs/0fsf nflu sltsf] ;Ifd /x]sf] 5 t< ;du| of]hgf k4lt :yflgo :t/df ul/g] ljsf;;+u ;Dalgwt of]hgfx?df tL ;d&quot;bfox?sf] ;lqmo ;+nUgtf nfO{ s;/L ;'lglZrt ug{'x'G5 < ejg ;+lxtf tyf dfkb08 K|fsf]k ;fdgfsf ] ;Gbe{df s] xfd|f] ;d’bfo lglb{i6 dfkb)8 cjndagsf nflu nflu tof/ 5g < ;fj{hlgs ;'ljwfx?sf] ;'/Iff ;fj{hlgs ;Dklt tyf ;'ljwfx? gLdf{0f tyf ;'lglZrt ug{sf nflu s] xfd} ;d'bfo ;Ifd tyf tof/ 5g < Vft/fsf cGt/lglxt sf/s tTjx? ;+Defljt k|sf]k / hf]lvd clNks/0fsf nflu ;fdflhs, cfly{s tyf jftfj/0fLo cj:yf / e&quot; pkof]u If]qdf ul/Psf] k|ultsf] cj:yf s] 5<
    51. 51. PrPkmP % k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf k|efjsf/L kxnsf nflu - Ifdtf / >f]tsf] ;Gbe{df_ ;d'bfosf] K|fsf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf sf] ;'[b[l9s/0f sf] If]qdf ePsf] kultsf] cj:yf K|fsf]k k&quot;j{ tof/L tyf ;fdgf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u cfsl:ds k|ltsfo{ of]hgf 5 ? k|ltsfo{ ;Lkx? s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo;+u k|sf]ksf] a]nf ul/g] k|ofKt k|ltsfo{ ;Lkx? 5g < h:t} k|fylds pkrf/, vf]h tyf p4f/, ;+rf/ ,cUgL lgoGq0f ,hn z'l4s/0f cflb =========== ? vfnL u/fpg], ;&quot;/lIft cjt/0f s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo ;+u lgwf{l/t ;'/lIft lgsf; sf af6fx? / 7fFpx? 5g < l;ldt ultzLntf ePsf JolqMX? Nfflu s]xL of]hgf 5 t < Tfflnd tyf k&quot;j{ cEof; s] ;d'bfosf o:tf cfsl:ds k|ltsfo{ of]hgfx? Dffly tflnd cyjf k&quot;j{ cEof; ul/G5 < cfsl:ds >f]t pkna4L :yflgo ;d'bfo of :yflgo ;+3;:yfx?;+usf] ;xsfo{df s]xL cfsl:ds >f]tx? pknA4 5g < ;dGjo tyf ;&quot;rgf cfbgk|bfg cfsl:ds a]nfdf cGo l5d]sL ;d'bfo, :yflgo clwsf/L ,u};; x?;+u ;dGjo tyf ;&quot;rgf cbfgk|bfg ug{] k|i6 vfsf tyf of]hgf 5 <
    52. 52. PrPkmP cGo cGt/ ;+DjlGwt ;jfnx? s] n}+lus, ;+fl:s[lts tyf eflifs ;jfnx? k|sf]k hf]lvd Go&quot;gLs/0f, k&quot;j{tof/L tyf k|sf]ksf k|efj clNks/0f of]hgf th{&quot;dfsf] bf}/fgdf x]l/Psf 5g< ;fd'bflos ;xeflutf / ;'rgf s] xfd|f] ;d'bfo n] :yflgo clwsf/L tyf ;Da4 lgsfo;+u ;+rf/ tyf cg'/f]w / u'gf;f] ug{] k|i6 k|0ffnL / kl/kf6L 5 < ;lqmo ;xeflutf ;d'bfo vf;ul/ hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfo sf] :yflgo of]hgfx?df sltsf] ;lqmo ;xeflutf x'g] u/]sf] 5 < lg0f{odf ;xeflutf :yflgo lgsfox?;+u of]hgf lgdf{0f tyf lg0f{o k|lqmofx?df oL hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfox?sf] ;xeflutf s:tf] 5 < :jo+ ;]jf s] k|sf]ksf] a]nf ;d'bfo sf ;b:ox? :jo;]jf k|bfg u5{g < n}+lustf ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t qm[ofsnfkx?df dlxnfsf] ;xeflutfnfO{ ;d'bfon] ;'lglZt u/]sf] 5 < ;+:qm[lts uDle/tf -k/Dk/fut 1fg_ K|fsf]ksf] c;/x?nfO{ 36fpgsf] nflu ;d'bfon] rngdf /x]sf ;+:qm[lts cEof; tyf k/Dk/fut 1fgx? nfO{ s;/L pkof]udf Nofpg] u/]sf] 5 < ;+f:qm[lts ulDe/tf -Effiff _ s] ;d'bfon] ToxfF /x]sf cflbjf;L tyf cNk;+Vosx?sf] efiffdf k|sf]k ;DalGwt ;jfnx? 5nkmn ug{] u/]sf 5g <
    53. 53. k|sf]k hf]lvd Joj:yfkgdf wGojfb PSnf] gLsfon] s]lx ug{ ;St}g DRR is Everybody’s business Thank you tkfO{+x?sf] ;xof]u cfjZos 5 . Single Agency is not enough for DRR

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