Dipecho5 news letter 3rd edition- nov 2009


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Dipecho5 news letter 3rd edition- nov 2009

  1. 1. DIPECHO Newsletter Nepal SPECIAL T H I R D E D I T I O N O C T O B E R — N O V E M B E R 2 0 0 9 POINTS OF INTEREST:  ISDR people led event in Kathmandu for International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction the 2009 edition ISDR Day is celebrated every increasing levels of risks that to an increase in demand for a year, to mark the series of are being observed over the clear policy framework on  Head of ISDR events and efforts that led to past few years, putting severe disaster risk reduction that honor the caravan by her visit for mu l ation of th e challenge on the people and encompasses all components international strategy on the government to address of comprehensive disaster  9-points disaster risk reduction ground issues that threaten management from relief to declaration (Hyogo Framework for Action human security while paving development and beyond. handed over to President of Nepal on DRR) as well as to way for a sound democratic There is a growing belief and reiterate the commitment of republic. conviction that  DIPECHO communities at local, comprehensive disaster risk partners initiatives national and international Humanitarian community is reduction measures should be at district level levels, including very active in Nepal. Their taken up immediately by governments, donors and involvement and investment formulating necessary policies other stakeholders to in disaster risk reduction is on and should not be delayed at INSIDE THIS achieving the objects the rise. This has clearly led any cost. ISSUE: outlined in the HFA document. 2-days events 2 In Nepal too, ISDR day is celebrated with fervor and The 9-points 3 enthusiasm and is marked declaration usually by a series of events like seminars, symposiums, Danish Red 4 awareness events and Cross & Practical meetings. While the country Action is currently going through Mercy Corps & 5 historic transition, there is CARE Handicap Inter- national 6 2009 ISDR Day in Nepal OXFAM & Mis- 7 sion East Coordinated action, people led, for a risk resilient Nepal Action Aid & 8 UNISDR This year, some of the key their concerns directly with through a series of people led stakeholders in DRR in Nepal the policy makers in the events to mark the day, Achievement & 9 including DIPECHO partners, country. Lesson Learned contributing to the ongoing have decided to join hands Thus, the ISDR Day 2009 was efforts to ensure rights of and have a unified plan and action to mark the 2009 ISDR different than past years and disaster affected communities Day by giving opportunity to enabled people to raise their through a sound and efficient the people from the voice and seek adequate DRR policy framework in grassroots, who are affected Nepal. policy measures to address and impacted by disasters and who live under constant their rights so as to reduce threat of disasters, to raise vulnerabilities. It was done
  2. 2. PAGE 2 Ambitious Objectives Achieved! The objective of the ISDR Day events was to seek and underline commitment to enactment of the DM policy by relevant policy makers in the country. This included a) Obtaining a commitment to institutionalization of Disaster Reduction in Nepal through country and sector wide approaches and b) To ensure that major donors and government recognizes that Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) framework is people centered and people led. 2 days for raising people’s voice SYMPOSIUM through Kathmandu and culminate in Tundikhel, On 13th of October 2009, a where stall of DIPECHO and symposium was be held in other DRR organizations Kathmandu to give exposed their projects opportunity to the results. representatives of affected communities to share their Symposium held on 13th of CONVENTION October experiences. Speakers also People’s rally i n c l u d e d This was the parliamentarians, highlight of the ISDR by Mr Bijay Kumar civil servants, Day event, where Gachhadar, Deputy Prime DPNet, activists people in large Minister of Nepal, giving a and government numbers from the strong momentum to the rep resen tatives. districts gathered in need for a policy About 150 Dulikhel park and framework on DRR. participants came demand for to the symposium, i m m e d i a t e Ms Margareta Wahlstrom, including large EXHIBITION addressing peoples’ caravan enactment of a with encouraging words number of community strong DRR/DM policy in In order to illustrate the l e a d e r s a n d Nepal. A documentary on declaration of the representatives. voices and testimonies from Convention, a stall was The symposium led to a the disaster affected people organized to give a declaration on the need for was shown. snapshot of various DRR an immediate policy The caravan honored by the projects and initiatives framework on DRR and presence of Ms. Margareta from DIPECHO and other seeking measures to ensure Wahlstrom, Special organizations. The stall was rights of disaster affected Representative of the inaugurated by Mr Samuel and disaster vulnerable United Nations Secretary Marie Fanon, DG ECHO Inauguration of the stall by Samuel Marie Fanon for DG people. General for Disaster Risk representative based in ECHO Reduction, Mr Robert Piper, Delhi and visiting Nepal for The declaration (see page Resident Representative this special occasion. 3) was signed by all the and UN Humanitarian participants and handed Coordinator for Nepal and over to the President of Nepal the following day. VIPs watching the video PEOPLES RALLY documentary on On the morning of 14th testimonies by Dy. Prime Minister receiving the People’s Declaration October 2009, a rally with disaster affected from NDAC Chairman over 800 people moved people DIPECHO NEWSLETTER
  3. 3. PAGE 3 “We believe that a The 9 points declaration dream of a New Nepal On 13th of October 2009, as a part of the People’s Caravan on DRR, Network of Disaster Affected Communities, Nepal (NDAC) organized a National People’s Symposium on Disaster cannot be realized Risk Reduction at United World Trade Centre, Kathmandu. Over one hundred participants, representing a cross section of the civil society in Nepal including government, UN system, without addressing the donors, Red Cross, International NGOs, national and local NGOs, DPNet, DIMANN, civil society and finally the affected people themselves assembled, addressed, discussed and inherent risks posed by debated on issues related to DRR policy framework in Nepal. disasters” The discussions and deliberations thus resulted in this declaration, unanimously adopted by the People’s Symposium on DRR Policy Framework, Nepal, henceforth to be known as ‘People’s Declaration on DRR, Nepal’. People’s Declaration on Disaster Risk Reduction, Nepal We, the people of Nepal who are under constant threat of disasters, who are affected by disasters and vulnerable to the growing incidences of calamities, hereby declare that: 1. Disaster Risk Reduction is people’s rights. It entails ensuring security to people who are affected by and vulnerable to disasters. We urge the government of Nepal to immediately take further measures for a comprehensive and inclusive disaster risk reduction policy that emphasizes addressing the special needs and concerns of differentially vulnerable people. 2. The rights of people can be protected only through appropriate legal and policy provisions. We seek immediate adoption of the Disaster Management Act 2063 (Revised and submitted to the government in February 2007) by the constituent assembly, 3. We believe that efficient governance and a prosperous nation cannot be achieved without including people in the decision making process. Community is the first impact receiver of any disaster and the first responder too. We urge the government to ensure that policy framework and government decisions should invariably include people’s participation at various and appropriate levels. 4. We recognize the important role played by international NGOs, civil society, local NGOs, donors and government in supporting disaster risk reduction initiatives. We believe that there is tremendous scope for us to build upon our achievements and scale up our initiatives at community level. We seek continued support of the key stakeholders who have been working with us to enhance our disaster resilience. 5. We believe that a culture of risk reduction has to be encouraged at all levels, from the grassroots people to the highest offices of the government. We urge the government to build capacities of its own systems to mainstream risk reduction at all levels and invest in building community capacity to better respond to and prepare themselves to disasters. 6. We believe that mainstreaming disaster risk reduction within the development process and addressing rights of disaster affected people needs priority investments. We urge the government, donors and international community to listen to the voices of people and extend their fullest support to our desire to build a risk free nation. 7. We understand the importance of working together. We declare our underlying commitment to the process of comprehensive disaster risk reduction in Nepal and assure our support to initiatives from government, donors, international community and other national stakeholders to build a Risk Free Nepal 8. We believe that a dream of a New Nepal cannot be realized without addressing the inherent risks posed by disasters. We believe that disaster risk reduction is not an option for this country, but an essential pre-requisite that defines its development process. 9. We once again reiterate our commitment to work with the government towards realizing our goal of risk free Nepal DIPECHO NEWSLETTER
  4. 4. THIRD EDITION PAGE 4 Danish Red Cross, hand in hand with Nepal Red Cross Society for ISDR Day Observing the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction day is a milestone in the Disaster Risk Reduction venture of Danish Red Cross in Nepal. Hand in hand with Nepal Red Cross Society, we vow to support the global risk Junior Red Cross reduction movement to reduce volunteers par- risk to disasters in Nepal ticipating in the through all existing and future rally to mark the programmes. While the overall ISDR day objective of the ISDR system is to generate and support a global disaster risk reduction ISDR; raising the profile of we are united in contributing to movement to reduce risk and disaster reduction in the the rally, symposium, exhibition to build a culture of prevention priorities, building a stronger, stalls, sharing IEC materials and in society as part of sustainable more systematic and coherent all other small and big efforts “14th October, development, Danish Red Cross effort to support the national together with other actors. comes forward as a small disaster reduction strategy. 14th October, the ISDR day is of the ISDR day is player in the whole gamut. In The ECHO supported SAFE- Safer enormous importance to us at of enormous pursuit of this Danish Red Cross Communities through Multi - this critical juncture the nation is and Nepal Red Cross Societies, Hazard Risk Reduction project is passing through due to the importance to support and work with the not a stand-alone project in inadequate resources and most vulnerable communities isolation, rather it reiterates our capacities our communities have Red Cross for their capacity development commitment and brings to withstand disasters. It is our so that they are able to reduce opportunity to widen the felt need to ensure our active Movement” the impact of disaster. We also disaster reduction approach in involvement, be pro-active in work with other stakeholders our diversified programme bringing positive changes by including the government, the intervention through different having proper policy and national national and international District Chapters in various parts strategy that truly benefits the organizations and networks to of the country. Hence, in the larger communities. Time ahead implement the Hyogo observance of ISDR, irrespective to see how far we could achieve Framework for Action through of our primary responsibilities at our common goal to make our widened participation in the the organization / programmes country- Disaster Free. Active on district level Development Committees of the event. Banke had mobilized themselves The entire With the objective of seeking and joined in a rally in Nepalgunj event was commitment from relevant which started at 11:00 AM from to be con- authority for enactment of a Dhamboji Chowk and moved sidered as people centered Disaster Man- through B.P chowk, Tribhuwan an agement policy in the country, chowk and ended in District achieve- the flood affected communities Administration Office with the ment of from Banke and Bardiya had banner and placards with mes- DIPECHO as people of those communities were come out on the streets of sages on their rights for seeking capacitated to identify and demands of their rights Nepalgunj and Gularia on the appropriate policy framework in and could priorities the needs for long lasting solu- ISDR day to send messages to Nepal on DRR. A huge numbers tions of their sufferings from disasters. Practical their government through dis- of local people and the passerby Action in association with its local partners CSDR trict administrations and au- had witnessed the event with and RKJS has been working with these communi- thorities. Around 600 people lots of interest and attention. ties for establishing Community Based Early Warn- from various Disaster Manage- Few local media persons and ing Systems through DIPECHO supported disaster ment Committees and Village journalists had also taken part in preparedness project. DIPECHO NEWSLETTER
  5. 5. THIRD EDITION PAGE 5 ENHACHING LOCAL INITIATIVES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT STRATEGY Management at local levels, enhancing the capacity of the local people and institutions for their active involvement in DRR and for interaction especially with the local authorities for coordinated DRR planning and resource mobilization. Key actors in these initiatives are the community based disaster preparedness committees and VDC level disaster management committees established with the support of the project. “All of us can do our part to To mark the International Day of Disaster Reduction at the local raise level in Kailali Mercy Corps awareness together with Care joined hands Rickshaw rally on the ISDR day disaster risk reduction, for with a wide range of DRR and reduce initiatives to reduce vulnerability stakeholders such as local and ~~~~ and for securing that disaster international organization, local vulnerability Disaster reduction is reduction acts, policies and government agencies, and UN to future everybody’s business. All of us strategic frameworks are in place agencies. Many of the rickshaws can do our part to raise and implemented. in the district capital were hazards” awareness and reduce mobilized for a rickshaw rally vulnerability to future hazards. Mercy Corps is currently under around the town carrying DRR The International Day for the DIPECHO 5th Action Plan Disaster Risk Reduction Day is supporting implementation of therefore an unique opportunity community based DRR initiatives for everyone from the grass root in 16 communities in 5 VDCs level to the national Kailali District in the Far West government, from local Tarai area. The said initiatives LDO addressing organization to international includes establishment of links the population organization, from the civil between the grassroots level and in Kailali district society to the private sector to the national policy level, support join hands for a Risk Free Nepal, for implementation of the for greater investment in National Strategy for Disaster related posters, ply cards and banners. The rally culminated with the Local Development Officer and secretary-member of the District Disaster Response Committee Mr. Gokarna Raj Sharma addressing a mass gathering. He pin pointed the impact of disaster preparedness initiatives in reducing loss of lives and properties with specific reference to the severe flooding in 2008 and this year. He further added by saying that policy, strategy and acts for Disaster Management is a must for the context of Nepal in order to reduce the risk of such natural disasters. district stakeholders taking part in the rally DIPECHO NEWSLETTER
  6. 6. THIRD EDITION PAGE 6 - working for disaster risk reduction inclusive approach in Nepal where you could see 2 sign language translators! The People’s Declaration on Disaster Risk Reduction was approved and the first point states: Disaster Risk Reduction is people’s rights. It entails ensuring security to people who are affected by and vulnerable to disasters. We urge the government of Nepal to immediately take further measures for a comprehensive and inclusive disaster risk reduction policy that Men and women living with disabilities together on the ISDR Day emphasizes addressing the special rally needs and concerns of differently The goal of the symposium on of HI in Nepal, on the fronts of vulnerable people. the 13th was to lead to a rehabilitation, inclusion and Declaration, rationalizing on the need for an immediate policy disaster preparedness. He spoke The day after the framework on inclusive DRR and about disability and DRR and his adoption of the seeking measures to ensure the presentation was of high quality Declaration, a rally rights of all the people living in on both topics; the added value of had been vulnerability situations and/or it was him speaking about men, organized in the affected by disasters. Within the women, about younger and elder streets of framework of the DIPECHO V Action Plan, calling for an persons with or without Kathmandu to alert inclusive disaster risk reduction disabilities, about a society that is on the need to that takes into account gender, in essence made of people with work more and to invest on DRR in age, disability and social issues, differences and of the importance “it was the Nepal. The rally was headed by Handicap International of including all of them in the around seventy people living with first event on facilitated disability to be on the preparedness and response disabilities and, with their agenda during all activities and a Disaster Risk stages; these differences mean presence, a strong voice was raise time slot was given during the symposium on this issue. different capacities but also to make DRR disability-inclusive. Reduction in different vulnerabilities. There was also a massive presence Nepal where of women’s groups, of young Almost 20% of the participants students and volunteers, of DRR you could see were persons with an impairment (visual, hearing and speaking, organizations and that made a two sign intellectual or physical), almost colorful, representative rally of half were women; it was the first more than 800 people claiming for language event on Disaster Risk Reduction a risk resilient Nepal. translators” Mr Birendra Raj, addressing the Symposium This guest speaker was Birendra Raj, Chairperson of the National Federation of the Disabled Nepal (NFDN), a long-standing partner DIPECHO NEWSLETTER
  7. 7. THIRD EDITION PAGE 7 Advocacy on National and District level by OXFAM Disaster Risk Reduction is a strategic priority for Oxfam in Nepal. Whilst targeting vulnerable communities with projects that integrate DRR, Oxfam also builds linkages between these communities and the Government of Nepal (GoN) and other stakeholders at the local, district and national level. “Disaster Risk This approach is reflected in the Reduction is support that Oxfam provided to the GoN in 2007 with the a strategic drafting of a new Disaster Man ag e m e n t Act t h at priority for incorporates DRR. At the district Oxfam in level, Oxfam assisted with ECHO representative, Samuel Marie Fanon, and N-NDAC DIPECHO support, the districts chairperson, opening exhibition during the Convention on 14th of Nepal ” of Kapilvasthu, Mahottari and October 2009 Nawalparasi with the preparation of a District Disaster NDAC and other community opportunity to deliver a speech at Management Plan (DDMP). On based organisations in their the UN led event in the presence the community side, a good endeavour to put pressure on of the Prime Minister of Nepal. example is the continuous the GoN to move ahead with the support Oxfam gives to the Act on disaster management and Nepal Network of Disaster to renew the commitment to Affected Communities (N- protect the lives and livelihoods NDAC). This network aims to of the people of Nepal. The joint organise and represent disaster event gave the opportunity to affected people from all over the the people of Nepal to draw country and to ensure that their attention to their plight and to voices are heard by all claim their rights to a life safe stakeholders. from disaster at the highest level. It also gave a boost to N- UNISDR day 2009 was an NDAC when they were received important opportunity for all by the head of state and the DIPECHO partners to assist N- chairperson was given the Street drama in Nawalparasi ISDR Day, keystone event to reach isolated communities U s i n g East has decided to use the only be concluded by a full day radio event in ISDR day media that can reach a large part October 2010 at the next ISDR Day. to highlight the concern of of the isolated communities and remote mountainous create a two-ways dialogue communities of Nepal is one between government and its “the only media that main goal of Mission East and its citizen: FM Community Radios! partner KIRDARC. But in Karnali, Though too early to be ready can reach a large part organising a rally in a unique with a strong program for 2009 of the isolated venue, gathering people, ISDR Day, the event organised at producing banners, is simply, National and District level by its communities : FM physically, logistically impossible DIPECHO colleagues has been a given time and financial major inspiration for Mission Community Radios! ” constraints! Looking for East to devise a Community alternative solutions, Mission Radio Program for 2010 that will DIPECHO NEWSLETTER
  8. 8. THIRD EDITION PAGE 8 ISDR Day commemoration in districts by In addition to contributing to The school management in Officer, Sunsari. The Popular FM national level initiatives to mark collaboration with DMC and and local newspaper covered the ISDR day, the DIPECHO project partner NGOs organized an essay program highlights. being implemented by ActionAid competition for the students. “ISDR Day Rally in Nepal held concurrent Twelve senior secondary Banke: programs in the three project students, including three girls Multi Stakeholder meeting & is not just about districts, i.e. Banke, Sunsari and partook in the essay competition Interaction program Udayapur, with prominent titled “Disasters: Reducing its seeking rights, it involvement of people, Impacts”. Prizes were distributed An interaction program was is also about our partnership with various to best articles as well organized on the occasion of as all participants. ISDR day in Banke with 42 commitment and People’s Local FM Radio stations participants including government officials, I/NGOs, solidarity to work Rally in Amurta FM and Triyuga Udayapur FM as well as Nepal Red Cross Society, disaster together on district vernacular daily Purba affected and vulnerable Nepal covered the communities. The objective of DRR” (Jannat events. the meeting was to create Hussain, DMC awareness among the Secretary, Narsing Ward Sunsari: stakeholders for mainstreaming DDRC Joining hands with No. 4, Sunsari district) DRR into development works; to stakeholders and reiterated community in ISDR Day Event develop better coordination commitment to contribute among the stakeholders and towards achieving a Risk On 11th October 2009, Chief renew collective commitment to R e si li e n t N ep a l . A f ter District Officer, Local reduce disaster risks, highlighting celebrating district level events; Development Officer, Head of the need to create an enabling around 100 disaster affected Forest department, policy environment for DRR Peoples Rally in community people also Representative from Army, sector. Sunsari district participated in national level Women Development Officer, event in Kathmandu. Education Officer and Agriculture Officer joined the local disaster Udayapur: management committees and Fusion of Community Practice and School Based Knowledge community people in an awareness to mark the World More than 200 peoples Disasters Day. The rally with participated in the mass rally around 190 people initiated from that started in ward no. 5 DDC Office Inaruwa Sunsari that Jyotitole of Trijuga Municipality culminated in Muncipal Hall in and culminated in Laxmipur Inurwa for an open interaction Higher Secondary School after program chaired by Mr. Krishna crossing Baherba and Dhatitole. Hari Upadhya, Chief District News from United Nations Ms. Margareta Wahlstrom, Special Consortium comprised of ISDR, UNDP, evolved through a multi-stakeholder Representative of the United OCHA, WB,ADB, IFRC and GoN. The participatory process with the Nations Secretary General for initiative, called “Five Flagship Government and civil society Disaster Risk Reduction visited Program” focuses on five main areas: organizations in identifying short to Nepal on 13 and 14 October. Ms school and hospital safety, emergency medium term disaster risk reduction Wahlstrom launched an initiative to preparedness and response capacity, priorities. The Prime Minister and reduce risk in Nepal on 14 October flood management, community-based Home Minister were present and in honour of the international day disaster preparedness, and policy and expressed their strong commitment for Disaster Reduction. institutional support. The flagship to support the implantation of the Representing a Risk Reduction programmes flagship programmes. DIPECHO NEWSLETTER
  9. 9. Key achievements “The appraisal by  Elaboration by over 129 participants largely representing disaster affected communities, President of Nepal various Government stakeholders, UN agencies, civil societies and NGOs, of a nine-point profoundly marks as People's Declaration committing to the enactment on the DM act and NSDRM strategy  Large participation at the Convention honoured by the visit of Ms. Margareta 'a mile stones' in Wahlstrom, Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary General for Disaster Nepalese history ever Risk Reduction, Mr Robert Piper , Resident Representative and UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Nepal and by Mr Bijay Kumar Gachhadar, Deputy Prime Minister of and probably also a Nepal, giving a strong momentum to the need for a policy framework on DRR remarkable event in  Appraisal of the People's Declaration on Disaster Risk Reduction in Nepal by Rt. Hon. President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav ISDR Day celebration Honorable President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav met delegates of People's Caravan on Disaster Risk Reduction represented by National Network of Disaster Affected Communities and history in the world”. appraised the People's Declaration on DRR in Nepal. (Ram Chandra Neupane Chairperson, ECO-Nepal) Lesson learned the forefront increased the credibility of the event and surely paid dividend. has greatly contribute to force the government to pay serious attention By allowing N-NDAC to take the lead, to Disaster context of the country  Using the ISDR day not as a rather than an INGO, the event is and to approve the National DRM standalone event but as a perceived by both government and Strategy. Although we cannot deny milestone event in a broader other actors (UN) as more credible that the ISDR flagship program has process of DRR advocacy has and difficult to ignore. This has certainly “encourage” the shown better efficiency and increased overall acceptance as well government to make such move, this usefulness of such initiative. as put adequate notice on understanding should enable us to  The joint/coordinated approach government and various stakeholders. coordinate the advocacy more closely and common understanding of all in the future!  Even if the initial plan to have the DIPECHO partners on the combined event with UN family was  It has been a challenge to mobilise objectives of this event has been a maybe too ambitious since UN district level groups of disaster key for its success and a motivating organised ultimately a separate event, victims from logistic and factor for other groups to join the in the preparation stage, it became organisational point of view but it has movement.... clear that both groups we're actually been first time that such mobilisation  The decision to support the event truly pursuing the same goal. Such has occurred and this has encouraged in the name of people of Nepal, parallel process aiming at the same people to continue their efforts to whereby individual organisations objective, with on one hand advocate for their right and gave stay in the background to move grassroots initiatives and on the other them hope that their voice can be Nepali actors and communities to hand the diplomatic efforts by UN, heard! This thematic newsletter has been produced by DIPECHO projects in Nepal with support from European Commission under its Humanitarian Aid department. The contents and information has been provided by ActionAid; CARE Nepal; Danish Red Cross; Handicap International; Mercy Corps; Mission East Nepal; Oxfam GB and Practical Action. This issue is edited and circulated by Mission East on behalf of DIPECHO partners in Nepal. To know more about DIPECHO projects, please contact Luc Verna for DG ECHO/DIPECHO at hoo@echo-kathmandu.org and respective project managers at krishnan.pv@actionaid.org (ActionAid), rajesh@carenepal.org (CARE), drcdp@mos.com.np (Danish Red Cross), dppm@hi-nepal.org (Handicap International), udons@np.mercycorps.org (Mercy Corps), Christophe.belperron@miseast.org (Mission East-Nepal), svanleuffel@oxfam.org.uk (Oxfam) and deb.bej@practicalaction.org (Practical Action). DIPECHO NEWSLETTER