• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Case study dipecho v upca
 

Case study dipecho v upca

on

  • 620 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
620
Views on SlideShare
620
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Case study dipecho v upca Case study dipecho v upca Document Transcript

    • d[Tosf] dvdf ku]sL kmnfjtLsf] Hofg jrfpg l/kmn]S6 s]Gb| ;kmn;g;/L Og?jf # ls kmnfjtL ;bf ;/lIft ;dbfo kl/of]hgf cGtu{t ;Grfng xg] lgoldt l/kmn]S6;xefuL xg . ldlt @)^^ ;fn sftL{s dlxgfdf kf7]3/sf] lj/fdLsf] sf/0f d[Tosf] dvdf ku]sL ;bfsf]lhjg jrfpgsf] nflu ;dbfodf ;GrfnLt l/km]S6 s]Gb| ;kmn jGof] . d[[Tosf] dvdf ku]sL ;bf xfn;fdfGo lhjg hLpg ;kmn ePsL l5g . kmnfjtL ;bf h:t} ;dbfodf cGo w]/} ljklQm ;fdgfsf]sfddf l/kmn]S6 s]Gb| ;kmn jg]sf] 5 . l/kmn]S6df ;dbfosf] k|fs[tLs k|sf]k dfq xf]Og dlxnfx?sf]:jf:y ;d:of, lx+;f bAo{jxf/sf] ljifox?df ;fdgf s;/L ug]{ eGg] af/]df s]Gb|df 5nkmn xg] ub{5 .kf7]3/sf] ;d:ofsf] sf/0f @)^^ ;fn sftL{s dlxgfdf kmnfjtL ;bfsf] cj:yf gfhs ePsf] s/fl/kmn]S6df 5nkmndf cfof] . cfly{s sf/0f cfkmgf] pkrf/ ug{ g;Sg] cj:yfdf /x]sL kmnfjtL ;bfsf]ljkQmLdf ;xof]uL jGg k5{ eGg] lg0f{osf ;fy ;j} ;xeflux? j:tLdf rGbf ;xof]usf] nflu h6] .l/kmnS6 s]Gb|sf] dfBdaf6 g} v8f ePsf] ljkQL ;fdgfsf] nflu ;fdbfoLs sf]ifaf6 ? !))) b]vfP/ ];dbfodf rGbf ;+sng, ;xof]uL lgsfox?af6 $))), tyf :yfgLo dlxnf jrtaf6 %))) lgzNs;fk6L /sdaf6 ;bfsf] pkrf/ ;kmn ePsf] xf] .xg t o:tf] sfd l/kmnS6 grn]sf] cj:yfdf klg ufpF3/df ;Grfng xg] u/]sf] 5 t/ l/kmn]S6sf] sf/0f ]cem dhjt jg]sf] 5 . klxnf @, $ hgf ;xof]udf h6by] AolQmut ?kdf t/ clxn] ;fdlxs ?kdf /;+:yfut ?kdf ;xof]udf h6b5g . klxnf j:tLdf p7]sf] ;xof]udf dfq lge{/ xg] u/]sf lyP eg] clxn]j:tLdf p7]sf] /sd dfq xf]Og ;xof]uL lgsfox?sf] vf]hL ug]{ sfd klg ;+:yfut ?kdf ug]{ u/]sf 5g .:jf:Yo lgsfodf s] sg k|sf/sf] cf};lwx? lgzNs kfOG5, s:tf] ju{sf] ;dbfosf] nflu ;/sf/L ;xof]us:tf] /x]sf] 5 eGg] af/]df ;r]t 5g dlxnfx? . To;}n] /sd h6fpg] dfq xf]Og l;dfGts[t ;dbfosflgzNs pkrf/ xg k5{ eGg] s/fdf ;d]t jsfnt ub{5g . TotL dfq xf]Og cfkt ljkbdf ;xof]uug{s]f nflu ;dbfodf ljklQm ;fdgfsf] nflu ;fdbflos sf]if klg v8f ePsf] 5 . ;f] sf]ifaf6 ;xof]uk¥ofpg yfn]sf 5g .æPs dlxnfsf] lk8f ;a} dlxnfn] dxzz ug{k5{Æ eGg] egfO{ ;a} ufpFn] dlxnfx?sf] /x]sf] 5 .kf7]3/sf] ;d:of kmnfjtL ;bfsf] dfq xf]Og ufpdf o:tf ;d:of ePsf dlxnfx? w]/} 5g . of] :jf:Yo;d:ofn] sg} lbg k|sf]ksf] ?k lnb}g eGg ;lsb}g . To;}n] o;sf] l;sf] ub}{ gof gof 9+uaf6,ufpFufpFaf6 j:tL j:tLaf6 o:tf ljklQ ;fdgfsf] nflu h6g cfjZos 5 . /Ltf rf}w/L l/kmn]S6 ;xof]uL sfo{stf, pKsf g]kfn
    • dl;at ax; s]Gb|sf] kxndf df6f] s6fg /f]lsof]jljof * s]f jx/bf/ 6f]n ;g;/L vf]nfsf] lsgf/df /x]sf] 5 . sdhf]8 df6f]sf] ;+/rgfsf] sf/0f ;g;/L vf]nfjif]{gL bfofafof ;g]{ ub{5 / j:tL 9jfg xg] / lj:yfkLt u/fpg] sfd u/]sf] 5 . xfn j:tLdf ;/lIft ;dbfo kl/of]hgf bf]>f]af6 dl;jt jx; s]Gb| ;Grfng ePsf] 5 . jx; s]Gb|sf] 5nkmnn] vf]nfdf jif]{gL s6fg xgsf] dn sf/0f vf]nfsf] lsgf/df kxFrjfnfn] df6f] sf6]/ j]Rg xf] eGg] 7x/ u¥of] . k6s k6ssf] ;fdlx k|of;af6 vf]nfsf] lsgf/df df6f] sf6g] k|s[of xfn /f]lsPsf] 5 . j:tL vf]nfsf] lsgf/df j;]sf] 5 . vf]nfsf] af9Laf6 hf]lvddf @) 3/ /x]sf] 5 . ;j} l;dfGts[t hghftLx? xg . t/ vf]nfsf] lsgf/df df6f] sf6]/ j]Rg] j:tL aflx/af6 cfpF5g / df6f] ufl8df xfn]/ nlu j]Rg] rng 5 . ufpsf] dfgL;x? tdf;] eP/ x]g]{ sfd dfq cfh ;Dd ePsf] lyof] . t/ ;dbfodf ;+sledvtfsf] ljZn]if0f ug]{ qmddf vf]nf s6fg / 8jfgsf] sf/0f vf]nfsf] lsgf/df df6f] sf6L ljlqm ug{ eGg] ;jfn cfP kl5 ;dbfodf ;GrfnLt dl;jt jx; s]Gb|df vf]nfdfdf6f] s6L j]Rg] k|sofnfO{ /f]Sg] eGg] lg0f{o eof] .dl;jt jx; s]Gb|sf] lg0f{onfO{ dl;jt Aoj:yfkg ;ldltdf kg M 5nkmn u/fO{ dl;jt Aoj:yfkg ;ldltn]klg o; sfdnfO{ tTsfn /f]Sg] ldlt @))( cS6f]j % df lg0f{o u¥of] . lg0f{o kl5 lgoldt ?kdf ufl8 lnP/df6f] sf6g cfpg]x?nfO{ /f]Sg] sfd ;? eof] . ufl8 lnP/cfpg]x?nfO{ ;fdlxs ?kdf ;DemfpFb} kmsf{pg] sfd ug{ yfn]kl5 xfn df6f] sf6g] sfd jGb ePsf] 5 .j:tLsf] jLrdf vfnL hldgx? 5g . ;f] hldgdf cltqmd0fug{sf] nflu vf; u/L g/l;+x uflj;sf] dfgL;x? cfP/ ug{yfn] kl5 ;f] cltqmd0fnfO{ /f]Sg kb{5 eg]// dl;jt jx;s]Gb|df ldlt @)^^ d+l;/ ! ut] lg0f{o eof] . vfnL hldgcltqmd0f ug{ dfgL;x?nfO{ klg /f]Sg] sfd ;fdlxs ?kdfu/] kl5 hf]t]sf] hldg klg xfn dl;jt jx; s]Gb|n] ;+/If0fu/]sf] 5 . hxfF j:tLdf af9Lsf] k|sf]k Golgs/0fsf] nfluh}ljs t6jGwgsf] tof/L ePsf] 5 . j:tL leqsf] hUufnfO{ cltqmd0f ul/ 6]«S6/ nufP/ hf]Tg yfn] kl5 tTsfndl;jt jx; s]Gb|sf] kxndf @ j6f ;xdltsf ;fy lg0f{o ePsf] lyof] .!= of] hldg cltqmd0f ul/ h:fn] hf]Tb}5 o;nfO{ 6f]nsf] ;j}n] ;fdlxs ?kdf jf]nfP/ ;Demfpg] . hldg cltqmd0f gug{ eg]/ ;Demfpg] .@= olb gdfg]sf] v08df k|x/Ldf ph/L lbg] / of] cltqmd0f /f]Sg kxn ug]{ .t/ klxnf] kxndf g} cltqmd0f /f]Sg ;kmn eof] . clxn] df6f] sf6g] / hldg cltqmd0f ug]{ sfd /f]lsPsf] 5 .dl;jt jx; s]Gb|n] ;dbfonfO{ ;+ul7t ug]{ sfd u/]sf] 5 . { ljBfgGb d]xtf l/kmn]S6 ;xhstf{, pKsf g]kfn
    • klxnf ;dbfosf dfG5]x? æpKsf g]kfnn] k|To]s 3/nfO{ %) xhf/ k};f / rfdn afF95 . Æ eGy], clxn] eGb}gg .;g;/Ldf ;+rflnt ;/lIft ;dbfo bf]>f] kl/of]hgf If]qdB] jljof uflj;sf] j8f g+ ^ klg Ps xf] .sfo{qmdsf] ;?jft cyf{t hnfO{ @))( df pKsf g]kfnn] sfo{qmd ;Grfngsf] nflu uflj;sf]dfBdaf6 6f]ne]nfx? ;?jft u¥of] . aif{} lrR5] ;g;/L vf]nfaf6 xg] 8jfg / @ aif{ cufl8 dfqsf]zLdf afF9L uPsf] cgej ;dbfon] /fd|f] ;+u cgej ;d]6]sf lyP . To;}n] xf]nf k|sf]kdf sfd ug]{ljlQms} /fxt ljt/0f ljt/0f xG5 eGg] dfgl;stfufpdf ;g;gL km}lnof] . x/]ssf] dvaf6 pKsfg]kfnn] %) xhf/ k};f / ! jf]/f rfdn afF9gcfpFb}5 eg]/ slxn] jhf/df hDdf xg] t slxn]ufpdf e]nf xg] h:tf ultlalwx? eO/xGy] .;dbfonfO{ sfo{stff{x? hjfkm lbbf lbbf x}/fg xg]u/]sf lyP . t/ clxn] pKsf g]kfn k};f afF9gcfPsf] x}g 1fg afF9g cfPsf] xf] o;n] k};f lbg]sfd ub}{g eg]/ cfkm} eG5g .slxn] / sxfF /fxt afF9g] sfd xb}5 < eg]/sfo{stf{x?nfO{ kmf]g cfpg yfn] kl5 ;+:yfs} tkm{af6 uflj;sf] pkl:yltdf 6f]ne]nfx? ul/of] .pKsf g]kfnsf] lrgf/L, kl/of]hgfsf] af/]df hfgsf/L u/fpb} s] u5{ s] ub}{g eGg] laifodf ;j} s/fx?6f]ndf k6sk6s ul/of] . kl5 PS;g P8 / pKsf g]kfn jLr kl/of]hgf ;Demf}tf e};s] kl5sfo{stf{x? 5gf}6 ul/of] 6f]ndf cflwsf/Ls jh]6 s[ofsnfkx?sf] af/]df 5nkmn ul/of] . ;dbfodfl/kmn]S6 ;?jft eO;s] l/kmn]S6 dfkm{t ;dbfodf k/fdif{ nluof] . cGtt M sfo{qmd ;GrfngdfcfPsf] xNn}xNnfsf] rgf}tL ;dfKt eof] . clxn] o; lsl;dsf] rgf}tLx? zqmxf6 k|sf]k Aoj:yfkg;ldlt cfkm}n] k/fdif{ ub{5 .rgf}tLnfO{ cjz/df jbNg kb{5 cyf{t Tof] xNn}xNnfsf] rgf}tLdf cftLPsf] eP / c?sf] ;xf/f vf]Hgyfn]sf] eP ;d:of ;dfwfg xf]Og km}lnP/ hfg] lyof] . xNn}xNnf jLrdf cfkmgf] s/f cfkm} gnu]/;xlhs/0fsf] dfBd vf]Hg yfn]sf] eP cfkmgf] :ki6 s/f hfb}g lyof] . xNnf ePsf] j]nfdf lhNnf:tl/o kl/of]hgfsf] kl/rofTds sfo{qmd g/fv]sf] eP lhNnf :tl/o lgsfo, /fhg}lts bn cGo;+:yfxdf klg cgfjZos e|d hfg]lyof] . xNnfnfO kl/ofhgfsf] kl/rofTds cleofgsf] cjz/sf]?kdf pkof]u u/]/ k"j{tof/L / k|sf]k lj?4sf] ;+u7fgLs cleofgsf] ;qkft ug{ ;kmn ePsf]] 5 . b]j gf/fo0f ;df{ ;dbfo kl/rfns, pKsf g]kfn
    • ljkb ;fdfgfsf nflu ;fdbflos kxnx/]s jif{ af9L, xfjfx/L , lztnx/ , cfunfuL h:tf k|sf]ksf] lk8f ;xb} cfPsf] Og?jf j8f+= % d;x/ j:tL /Og?jf ^ lvlqmkl§sf afl;Gbf xg .^& 3/kl/jf/ /x]sf] d;x/L eg]/ lrlgg] o; a:tLdf blntx?sf] dfq a;f]af;/x]sf] 5 .t/ lvlqmkl§df eg] p/fjF,d;ndfg,d08nx?sf] ldl>t a;f]af; /x]sf] kfOG5 .o; a:tLdf eg] lvlqmkl§,O:nfdk/ / av]{8f8fF u/L $% 3/kl/jf/sf] a;f]af; /x]sf] 5 .oL a:tLx?df cfly{s ,/fhg}lts tyf >f]tdf sddfqfdf kxrF /x]sf] 5 .ljz]if % jif{ dlgsf afnaflnsf ,dlxnf ,ckfËtf ePsfx? a9L k|efljt ePsf 5g . ;dbfodf xg] u/]sf k|sf]k ;fdgfsf] klxnf] r/0fsf] Ifdtf lasf;sf nfuL oL bO{ a:tLdf b}lgs ! d¶L rfdn jrt / ;fdlxs ?kdf / cGo a:tLx?df rfdn ,k};f ;+sng ug{ z?jft u/]sf 5g .Og?jf % dl;at ax; s]Gb|sL cWoIf af}lsof ;bfsf cg;f/ ax; s]Gb|df $,% k6s 5nkmn ul/of] ,ax; eof] ,lg0f{o ul/of] / xfdL ;a}n] dxzz u/L sf]if :yfkgf ug{ yfn]sf xf} elG5g .pgL cuf8L ylK5g Knfli6ssf] emf]nfdf b}lgs Ps d¶L hDdf u/L x/]s dlxgfsf] #) ut] Ps 7fpFdf hDdf ug]{ / rfdn a]r]sf] k};f a}sFdf hDdf u5f}F .clxn] ;fdlxs / ! dlxgfsf] d¶L jrtaf6 ;s+lnt rfdn %! s]=hL / /sd? &)) u/L ,rfdn a]rL ? @#)) hDdf u/]sf 5f} .@)^$ ;fndf cfPsf] af9Lsf sf/0f a:tL 8afgdf k/L;/sf/L sfo{nodf /fxt dfUg hfbf o;} a:tLsf] s:dL b]jL ;bfn] Hofg udfpg k/]sf] 36gfn] cfh klg 8/nfU5 . g /fxt eg] hlt kfOof] g ;fy g} To;}n] xfdLn] sf]if k"j{tof/Ldf nfu]sf 5f} To; a:tLsf dflg;x?sf]egfO 5 .To;} u/L lvlqmkl§df klg b}lgs Ps d¶L rfdn jrt cleofg / kmofS6«Lx?df ;xof]usf nfuL kxn e}/x]sf] 5eg] cflxn] ;Dd ;+slnt sf]ifdf !^ s]=hL rfdn / ? &)) /sd hDdf u/]sf] 5g . dl;at Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf]gfddf /fli6«o jfl0fHo a}+sdf vftf vf]n]sf 5g .;g;/L vf]nfsf] 5]pdf /x]sf] a:tL x/]s jif{ af9Lsf sf/0f $,%lbg 3/ 5f]8L ljwfnodf a:g] u/]sf 5f} .;/sf/L /fxtaf6 kfpgaf6 jlGrt xb} cfPsf 5f} a? s+zd8fg k|sf]kJoj:yfkg ;ldltn] @)^% ;fnsf] af9Ldf lrp/f ,ehf /fxt lbPsf] lyof] eG5g vlnn dG;/L .pgL cuf8LyK5g ;/sf/L /fxt kfP klg eg] hlt kfOb}g .af9L ;sL;S5 ef]s} a:bf gkfP kl5 t xfdL cfkm}n] sdfP/vfOxfN5f} lg t/ cfktdf kfpg kf] /fxt xf] .To;}n] ;/sf/ cfpg eGbf klxn] ;d:of ;dfwfg ;dbfodf ug{;Sg] xgnfO{ a}7s 5nkmn klg sf]ifdf Ps d¶L rfdn jrt ug]{ yfn]sf 5f} .oL bj} a:tLdf xg] jrt pgLx?sf] p2]Zo Pp6} /x]sf] 5 .a:tLdf ljkb kbf{ tTsflng /fxt afnaflnsf ,ue{jtL,;Ts]/L ,ckfËtfx?nfO{ ljz]if k|bfg lbP/ ;xof]u k/ofpg xf] .;/sf/L lglt g} /fxtdvL ePsf]n] k"j{tof/Lsf sfdnfO{ cuf8L ga9fPsf] kfOG5 .;dbfo:t/df klg r]tgf:t/ w]/}{ sd /x]sf] kfOG5 .;/sf/L lglt kl/jt{g u/L;dbfosf] ;xefuLtfdf ;r]tgfsf] lqmofsnfkaf6 lasf;sf nufgL ug{ ;s] k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"lgs/0f ug{ ;lsG5t/ hgtfsf] cfvfFdf 5f/f] xfNg] sfdaf6 cem ljgfz lgDtfp5 xf]Og / <x/]s sgf sGb/fdf a;]sf ;dbfosfr]tgfsf ljun kmSg] / Ifdtf lasf; u/fpg] ;/sf/sf] bfloTj xf]Og / <;fgf ;fgf ufpF j:tLdf ljkb ;fdgfug{ ;s] Ifdtf lasf; ug{ ;s] cfhsf] h:tf] ljkbaf6 lj:yflkt xgkb}{g lyof] .lgdf{0f ePsf 7fpFdf /]vb]vdNofËg,dd{t ug{ hgtfsf] dxzzLs/0f u/fpb} cfkm} ;+j]bgzLn xg ;s] cfhsf] h:tf] lk8f ef]lnsf lbgdfef]Ug gknf{ / < dgdfof lg/f}nf ;dbfo kl/rfns, pKsf g]kfn
    • df6f] s6fg /f]lsof]Og?jf j8f g+ ^ lvlqmkl§sf] gfdn] kl/lrt o; a:tL ;g;/L vf]nfsf] 5]pdf /x]sf] 5 . k|To]s jif{;g;/L vf]nfdf cfpg] af9Ln] !$ ,!% 3/ lj:yflkt eO{ $,% lbg ljwfnodf z/0f lng kUg] cj:yflyof] .;u7g gxbfF h;nfO{ h] dg nfUof] To;n] To;} u/L df6f] sf6g] / a]Rg] ug]{ uy]{.h;sf] zlQmp;}sf] elQm rNg] u/]sf] lyof] .ufpFdf cujfsf] ?kdf lrlgg] vlnn dG;/L cfkm}n] 6ofS6/ jfnfnfO{k6s k6s df6f] sf6g lbPsf] s/f dl;at ax; s]Gb|df vnf;f ePsf] lyof] .;fdbflos ejgsf] k5f8L;g;/L vf]nfsf] l8nsf] df6f] sf6bf a:tLdf af9L k:g] af6f] agfP h:tf] ePsf] lyof] .df6f] sf6]sf]7fpFaf6 af9L l;w} a:tLdf k:g] u/]sf] lyof] eGg] kmNsf] p/fjFsf] egfO{ 5 .lvs|Lkl§, av]{8fF8f, O{:nfdk/ gfds ;fgf ;fgf 6f]n ul/ $% 3/ kl/jf/sf] a;f]af; /x]sf] 5 .;fdbfoLs ejgdf x/]s xKtfsf] tLg lbg d;Ljt ax; s]Gb|df p7]sf ;jfnx?nfO{ cujfO{ ug{ d;LjtJoa:yfkg ;ldlt :yfkgf ePsf] 5 . df6f]sf] ;jfndf jx; s]Gb|df k6s k6s 5nkmn eof] . To;s]Gb|df al9 dlxnfx? dfq cfpg] ePsf] sf/0f o; ;jfndf jx; s]Gb| / ;ldltsf] ;fdlxs a}7s a:of] .;ldltsf cWoIf vgLn dG;/L g} ePsf sf/0f ax; s]Gb|df ;Fu7g tof/ ul/ Psdt eP/ df6f] sf6gglbg] a? To; If]qdf la?jf nufpg ;s] /fd|f] xg] s/fdf ljZj:t eO{ cWoIfnfO{ afWo agfO{ cfkm}+ ljktJoa:yfkgsf] cWoIf ePkl5 cfkm} /f]Sg] sfddf ;s[o xg afWoxg k/of] . ;Fo"Q a}7sdf 5nkmn egfegeO{ lgisz{df kuL ToxLlbg b]lv h;n] df6f] a]Rg] k|of; u5{ p;nfO{ sfo{jfxL ug]{ egL lg0f{of ul/of] .To;lbg b]vL vf]nfsf] df6f] sf6g] sfd aGb ePsf] 5 . ca df6f] sf6]/ a]Rg]nfO{ d cfkm} a}7s /fv]/ sfo{jfxL u5{ eG5g vlnn dG;/L .jf:tjd} ax;s]Gb|n] dxz;Ls/0f u/]sf] ;xof]uLx?sf] kxn,k|of; ePsf] 5 .o; af6 klg aemg ;lsg] / aemg kg]{;dbfosf] cfkm} cfkmgf] ;d:of k|lt ulDe/ ge} csf{sf] xf] jf ;/sf/L xf] eg]/ nfkfjf{xL ubf{ ;d:ofxfdLn] g} v8f ul//x]sf] xbfF /x]5f} Æl/kmn]S6 ;xhstf{sf] egfO{ 5 . ax; s]Gb| ;jfn klxrfg / pgLx?sf] dx;; ug{ ;Sg] jftfj/0f tof/ ug{ ;Sg] ;jfnsf] 6uf]nufpg klg k5L kb}{gg ;xefuLx? .To;}n] ;jfndf dx;;Ls/0f h?/t cjZo xgk5{ clg dfq xftkg{ ;kmntfsf] . dgdfof lg/f}nf ;dbfo kl/rfns, pKsf g]kfn
    • l/kmn]S6 s]Gb| kl/jt{gsf] cleofg /f]lsPsf] 5}g .w]/} aif{ klxn]b]lv jf9L k|efljt O6x/L gu/kflnsf jf8{ g+= & sbdfxf 6f]n k|To]s jif{ ;dbfo8jfgdf kg]{ 3/3/df kfgL k:Yof] . afnaflnsfx? ljBfno hfg kfpb}gYof] . ;dbfosf dflg;x?jf/kf/ ug{ ;Sb}gy] . lsg eg] j:tLsf] jLrdf gfnf lyof] . gfnfdf kn gePsf] / w]/} ulx/f]lyof] . jfl9 cfPsf] j]nf jf/kf/ ug{ w]/} ufx|f] xGYof] . ;dfgx?, ufOa:tx?nfO{ jf/kf/ ug{ ufx|f]xGYof] . ldlt @)%& ;fndf 7nf] jf9L cfof] . k|To]s 3/x?df kfgL kl; elTsof] . gu/kflnsfaf6kl/jf/ ;+Vof cg;f/ Ro"/f / ;v/ afFl8of] t/ 3/ elTsg]x?nfO{ /fxt dfUgsf] nflu uP klg;DalGwt lgsfosf kbfwLsf/Lx?n] ;gjfO{ ub}{gy] .;g @))* df pKsf g]kfn dfkm{t l8k]sf] rf}yf] kl/of]hgf O{6x/L gu/kflnsfdf k|sf]k kj{tof/Lsf nflu sfd ug{ ;dbfodf e]nf eO{ ldl6Ë u/]/ k|sf]k Joa:yfkg ;ldlt u7g ul/l/kmnS6 s]Gb| ;+rfng xg yfNof] . l/km|n]S6 s]Gb|df dlxnfx? ;Fu ;dbfodf p7]sf laeLGg ];jfndf 5nkmn ul/ ;DalGwt lgsfo;Dd nlu ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ug{ yfn] . pKsf g]kfn /PSzg P8sf] ;xof]udf dlxnfx?nfO{ k|sf]k k"j{ tof/L ;DalGw Ifdtf clea[l4 tfnLd kfO{;s]kl5 ;dbfosf dflg;x? ;dbfosf] ljeLGg ;d:ofx? p7fg ul/ ;DalGwt lgsfodf cfkm}+ cu||;/eO{ hfg yfn] .sTgf 6f]ndf ldlt @))^% ;fn h]i7 dlxgfdf xfjf x/Ln] $) 3/ p8fPsf] lyof] ;f] ;dodfk|sf]k Joa:yfkg ;ldltsf] cWoIf nufot ;j} ;b:ox? dLn]/ gu/kflnsf, lO{nfsf k|x/L sfo{noO{6x/Laf6 36gf af/] hfgsf/L u/fO{ O{6x/L /]8s|; zfvfaf6 lk8Lt afx| kl/jf/nfO{ lqkfnpknAw u/fP ;fy} gu/kflnsf / lhNnf b}jLs k|sf]k p4f/ ;ldltsf] sf]ifaf6 k|To]s kl/jf/nfO{bj} lgsfosf] tkm{af6 ? kfFr ÷kfFr ;osf b/n] /fxt pknAw u/fP . TotLdfq /sdn] 3/lgdf{0f ug{ g;Sg] cfly{s cj:yf sDhf]/ ePsfn] 3/ lgdf{0fsf nflu k|sf]k Joa:yfkg ;ldltsf;b:ox? P;=cf]=P;= afnu|fd g]kfn;Fu ;dGjo ul/ C0flnO{ O{6fsf] s;L{,lkn/ / l6gsf] 5fgfePsf] ;fwf/0f 3/ lgdf{0f ul/of] . 3/x? hdLgsf] ;txeGbf dfyL p7fO{ lgdf{0f ul/Psf] xgfn]af9L cfpbf klg kfgLn] c;/ gug]{ eof] . sdnL rf}w/L l/kmn]S6 ;xhstf{, pKsf g]kfn