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    5 presentation speaking points 5 presentation speaking points Presentation Transcript

    • European Commission – DG ECHO Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection DIPECHO South Asia SPEAKING POINTS - NEPAL DIPECHO Partners ’ Meeting, Nepal, 2010
    • ANALYSIS OF CONTEXT AND PROBLEM STATEMENT
      • The DP / DRR environment is evolving fast in Nepal, particularly the legal framework.
      • Besides, numerous core issues have NOT evolved.
      • What are the major evolutions and what priority issues did not evolve?
    • PRIORITIES: SECTORS & REGIONS
      • 5 th Action Plan priorities :
      • Hazards: Earthquakes, floods, landslides & avalanches and droughts.
      • Geographical priorities:
        • Districts affected by more than one hazards.
        • Neglected areas/insufficient support.
        • Coordination / Complementarities with ongoing government / NGO activities & strengthening decision making capacities.
        • Limited follow up of previous operations / DIPECHO projects.
    • PRIORITIES: SECTORS & REGIONS
      • Hazards geographical prevalence:
        • Earthquakes: Kathmandu valley
        • Floods: Mid & far Western, Central & Eastern Terai regions
        • Landslides and Avalanche: West & Far-western hills and Central & Eastern hills
        • Drought: Mid & Far-western hills and Terai districts bordering India
      • WHAT HAS CHANGED SINCE 2008’ IDENTIFIED PRIORITIES?
    • Main issues in sector priorities
      • Local disaster management :
      • Early Warning Systems.
      • What has evolved and how could it be scaled up?
      • Capacity building.
      • How to ensure adequate expertise in-country?
      • Should we “rethink” capacity building approaches?
    • Main issues in sector priorities
      • Institutional linkage & advocacy :
      • Whether “pilot” or more advanced, advocacy initiatives are real but limited in scope and impact.
      • To effectively support the development of national preparedness and response capacities, new ways of advocacy and new partnerships must be found.
      • How to ensure a significant impact through advocacy?
    • Main issues in sector priorities
      • Institutional strengthening :
      • The national strategy does not translate into mobilization of adequate human & material resources.
      • The coordination mechanisms remain insufficiently effective in times of disasters.
      • The ECHO mandate leaves little room for interaction with government bodies.
      • How could DIPECHO strengthen institutional capacities?
    • Main issues in sector priorities
      • National initiatives :
      • Large scale, nation-wide and long term multi-sector initiatives are emerging (e.g. Flagships…).
      • There is an insufficient coordination at all levels, from donors to implementing agencies, that do not allow individual projects being fully part of a comprehensive approach.
      • How could DIPECHO work alongside such initiatives?
    • Main issues in sector priorities
      • Education :
      • Many DIPECHO projects have a school component on safety and preparedness.
      • Other projects interact with schools to build shelters.
      • No education policy systematically tackles DP in schools.
      • How can DIPECHO influence the education sector policy?
    • Main issues in sector priorities
      • Infrastructures & mitigation :
      • Many DIPECHO projects have a mitigation works component, whether structural or non-structural.
      • Pilots and researches have been done and documented.
      • Replication remains limited, particularly from local authorities.
      • How to make mitigation a district development priority?
    • Main issues in sector priorities
      • Cross-cutting issues :
      • Cross-cutting issues remain to often just “cross-cutting”: gender, disabilities, vulnerable groups, global campaigns...
      • They are not systematically tackled at all stages of the projects.
      • Related achievements do not consist in “ticking boxes”.
      • How can cross-cutting issues become “core” issues?
    • Replication of success stories
      • Many success stories have developed models that are adequate, effective and affordable and that would deserve to be replicated.
      • The replication of these models remains extremely limited and, sometimes, inexistent.
      • Replication is particularly linked to awareness, advocacy and coordination.
      • Does replication need a strategy? Then, which one?
    • Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development
      • Where does DIPECHO stands in the LRRD concept? Many different projects could bring different answers.
      • There is not a standard DIPECHO project but all could, to some extent, be linked to other initiatives.
      • It is the responsibility of all stakeholders to make these links effective and beneficial.
      • Is there room for DIPECHO to “feed” a LRRD approach?
      • All questions to be answered jointly in view of a better and deeper impact on forthcoming DIPECHO projects!