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3 drr priorities nepal dipecho presentation (unisdr)

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  • Focus on relief and response, Compensation – lack of emphasis on preparedness
  • Institutional strengthening, mainstream DRR, network of EOCs, one
  • Transcript

    • 1. www.unisdr.org 1 Wendy Cue Senior Disaster Risk Reduction Advisor UN/ISDR Kathmandu www.unisdr.org Nepal DRR Priorities National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management DIPECHO Partners meeting, Kathmandu 21 September 2010
    • 2. www.unisdr.org 2
    • 3. Earthquake History in Nepal • Estimated Rupture Area of major Himalayan earthquakes (M>7.5) • Bilham (2004), Ambraseys and Bilham (2000), Kumar, et al. (2006) Lavé, et al. (2005) • India/Eurasia Plate Motion • (Bettinelli et al., J. Geodesy, 2006) Major Seismic gaps
    • 4. www.unisdr.org 4 Institutional Framework National Calamities (Relief) Act 1982 - focus on Relief and Response, compensation Local Development Act, 1989 - DDCs and VDCs to be responsible for preparedness Three Year Interim Plan, 2007-2010 - chapter on DRM, recognition of institutional gaps National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management, 2009 - not yet Disaster Law
    • 5. www.unisdr.org 5 National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (NSDRM) 2009 Based upon commitments to Hyogo Framework for Action 2005- 2015. Elaborated through multi-stakeholder consultation process. Objectives: Integrate DRR in Sustainable Development Strategies Strengthen institutions, mechanisms, and capacities for developing resilience to disaster, Incorporate DRR concepts in Preparedness, Response and Recovery programmes
    • 6. www.unisdr.org 6 National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (NSDRM) 2009 5 Priority Actions ; 29 Strategic Activities. Priority Action 1: Ensure that Disaster Risk Reduction is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation Priority Action 2: Identify, assess and monitor disaster rsks and strengthen early warning system
    • 7. www.unisdr.org 7 National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (NSDRM) 2009 5 Priority Actions ; 29 Strategic Activities. Priority Action 3: Better Knowledge Management for a culture of safety and resilience Priority Action 4: Reducing the underlying Risk Factors Priority Action 5: Enhance preparedness for Effective Response
    • 8. www.unisdr.org 8 Cabinet (Policy, Budget, Emergency Declaration) Central Natural Disaster Rescue Committee (Coordination, Response, Rescue, Relief) Regional Disaster Rescue Committee (Regional Resource Mobilization) District Disaster Rescue Committee (Policy/program Execution, Rescue & Relief, Information Management ) Existing Institutional Arrangement on Disaster Management
    • 9. www.unisdr.org 9 National Council for Disaster Management (PM) Technical Committees • Preparedness Management (MOLD) • Rescue and Relief Management (MOHA) • Rehabilitation and Reconstruction (MOPPW) National Disaster Management Authority Regional Disaster Management Committee District Disaster Management Committee Local Disaster Management Committee Proposed Structures in the NSDRM
    • 10. CNDRC Chaired by MOHA Includes NA/NP/APF/Line Ministries/NRCS/Humanitarian Coordinator CNDRC Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) Chaired by MOHA Includes Line Ministries/Valley Div/Regional Police HQ (APF/PF)/NRCS/NGOs/Community Based Organisations/MNF LO/IASC LO DDRC (Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) Chaired by CDO Includes Line Agencies/Bdes/District Police HQ (APF/PF)NRCS//NGOs/Community Based Organisations/MNF LO/IASC LO District Level Field/Tactical Coordination Operational/National Level Operational Coordination Strategic/National Level National Command and Control
    • 11. www.unisdr.org 11 Achievements and Priorities • Monsoon season preparedness, DP at Regional, District level • NEOC – Emergency Operations Centre • INSARAG EQ exercise 2008 • Model Customs Agreement • GARD – Get Airports Ready for Disasters • IDP sites in KTM valley • NAPA • National Platform • NRRC – Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium
    • 12. The Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium 12 5 Flagship Programmes Coordinat ors Amount School and hospital safety – structural and non-structural aspects of making schools and hospitals earthquake resilient AsDB $52.1 million Emergency preparedness and response capacity OCHA $20.5 million Flood management in the Koshi River basin World Bank $24.2 million Integrated community based DRR/management IFRC $22.8 million Policy/institutional support for disaster risk management (DRM) UNDP $11.7 million Total $131.3 million
    • 13. www.unisdr.org 13 • To support the Government of Nepal in developing a long term DRR Action Plan building on the new National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (approved October 2009). • To initiate a multi-stakeholder participatory process with the Government of Nepal and civil society organizations. • To identify short to medium term disaster risk reduction priorities that are both urgent and viable within the current institutional and policy arrangements in the country. Consortium objectives 13
    • 14. www.unisdr.org 14 • Formed May 2009, launched October 2009 • Flagship Coordinators: ADB, IFRC, UNDP, UNISDR, OCHA and World Bank, Led by the HC/RC • Reflects priorities of the Hyogo Framework for Action • Follows main recommendations of the 2009 Global Platform • National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management approved by the Cabinet of Nepal October 2009 • Proposed programme budget: US $131 million (for 3 years) • Steering Committee formed, high-level event planned. Facts and figures 14
    • 15. www.unisdr.org 15 Observations 15 • Clear added benefit of coordination: more actors involved in DRR and efforts should be complementary: - Lack of coordination leads to duplication, some areas receive less focus than needed • Good to get all main partners working towards a common set of government-approved DRR activities. • Good to ensure that all in-country resources are being mapped against those targets. • Inclusion of NGOs and civil society. • Explicit linkages/synergies with CCA still needed.
    • 16. www.unisdr.org 16 United Nations, secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction cue@un.org