0.01 concept of dm may 2011

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  • 1. Disaster Management Concept
  • 2. GENERAL DEFINITION OF DISASTER
    • “ A disaster is any event, natural or man made, which threatens human lives, damages private and public property and infrastructure, and disrupts social and economic life”.
  • 3. Definition in Bullets
    • A sudden calamity
    • Causing destruction or damage
    • Disruption to normal pattern of life
    • Need help to redress the situation
    • Exceed the ability of the affected society and the government to cope
  • 4. Hazards
    • Threat to people, structures & assets
    • Cause of a disaster
    • Future threats
    • Natural(geological, hydro meteorological and biological)
    • Man-made (environmental degradation and technical hazards)
  • 5. Vulnerability
    • The extent to which a community, structure, service, or geographic area is likely to be damaged by the impact of particular hazard
    • Proximity to hazard
    • Increasing the susceptibility of a community to the impact of hazards
  • 6. What is risk?
    • 4 components of risk:
      • Probability
      • Consequences
      • Hazard
      • Exposure
    (Source :Ropeik & Grey, 2002)
  • 7. Disaster     Vulnerability: Living in flood prone area Crunch Diagram Disaster Risk = Hazard + Vulnerability     Hazard: E.g. flood                                            
  • 8. Before Mitigation, preparedness Disaster After Rescue, relief, rehabilitation, reconstruction Disaster Cycle
  • 9. Disaster Management Cycle: In all phases of disasters mutual Coordination, Communication, and collaboration mechanism among organizations and individuals involving in DM needs to be further strengthened. In all phases of disasters inclusion should be considered. Response
  • 10.  
  • 11. DISASTER FREQUENCY Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED). http://www.cred.be/emdat
  • 12. Why are disasters increasing?
    • Improved reporting
      • CNN as first responder
    • Increased population and density
      • 3m people now live in the vicinity of Vesuvius
    • Cities in high risk areas.
      • 64 of the largest cities in world in seismic zones for flood plains.
    • Global warming
      • Increased storm activity
    • Increased technologies
      • Mass transport
      • Chemical industrialisation
      • Transport of dangerous goods
    • Economic stress
      • Urban slums in dangerous environments
    • Armed conflict
      • Terrorism
    • Failed Development:
      • Poverty,
      • Education,
      • Environment
      • Governance
  • 13. What are the Problems ?
    • Conflicting priorities/vested interest
    • Complexity
    • Diverse opinions
    • Politics/confrontation (ruling party tries to create vote bank, oppositions try to undermine the govt., media try to find sensational news and so on)
    • Irregularities
  • 14. Final Note
    • To reduce the disaster risk we must:
      • Reduce risk
      • Improve preparation
      • Organize response mechanism
      • Recover rapidly
      • Educate people
      • Plan well
      • Develop capacity/capability
  • 15.
    • Thank You Very Much For Your
    • Kind Attention !