0.01 concept of dm may 2011Presentation Transcript
Disaster Management Concept
GENERAL DEFINITION OF DISASTER
“ A disaster is any event, natural or man made, which threatens human lives, damages private and public property and infrastructure, and disrupts social and economic life”.
Definition in Bullets
A sudden calamity
Causing destruction or damage
Disruption to normal pattern of life
Need help to redress the situation
Exceed the ability of the affected society and the government to cope
Threat to people, structures & assets
Cause of a disaster
Natural(geological, hydro meteorological and biological)
Man-made (environmental degradation and technical hazards)
The extent to which a community, structure, service, or geographic area is likely to be damaged by the impact of particular hazard
Proximity to hazard
Increasing the susceptibility of a community to the impact of hazards
What is risk?
4 components of risk:
(Source :Ropeik & Grey, 2002)
Disaster Vulnerability: Living in flood prone area Crunch Diagram Disaster Risk = Hazard + Vulnerability Hazard: E.g. flood
Before Mitigation, preparedness Disaster After Rescue, relief, rehabilitation, reconstruction Disaster Cycle
Disaster Management Cycle: In all phases of disasters mutual Coordination, Communication, and collaboration mechanism among organizations and individuals involving in DM needs to be further strengthened. In all phases of disasters inclusion should be considered. Response
DISASTER FREQUENCY Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED). http://www.cred.be/emdat
Why are disasters increasing?
CNN as first responder
Increased population and density
3m people now live in the vicinity of Vesuvius
Cities in high risk areas.
64 of the largest cities in world in seismic zones for flood plains.
Increased storm activity
Transport of dangerous goods
Urban slums in dangerous environments
What are the Problems ?
Conflicting priorities/vested interest
Politics/confrontation (ruling party tries to create vote bank, oppositions try to undermine the govt., media try to find sensational news and so on)