Rational emotive therapy

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Rational emotive therapy

  1. 1. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert EllisII. Definition of Rational Emotive Therapy (R.E.T)III. History of Rational Emotive TherapyIV. R.E.T in detail 1. Goal of Happiness 2. Three (3) Common Irrational Beliefs 3. How R.E.T/R.E.B.T Works a. Three (3) Insights b. AcceptanceV. R.E.T in Clinical Setting
  2. 2.  Born in Pittsburgh, PA on September 27, 1913 Recieved his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in psychology from Columbia University  Founder of the Rational Emotive Therapy  Established the Albert Ellis Institute a non-profit organization, in 1959 at Manhattan  Practiced Psychology, Marriage and Family Counseling, Sex Therapy for over sixty years
  3. 3.  Held several high positions in various associations Published more than 800 scientific papers, 200 audio and video cassettes, and over 75 books and monographs Ranked as one of the “Most Influential Psychologists,” and in 1971, the American Humanist Association named him the Humanist of the Year Died at home on July 24, 2007 at age 94
  4. 4. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert Elis Rational Emotive Therapy (R.E.T.) Now known as Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy  A comprehensive, active-directive, philosophically based psychotherapy focusing on resolving emotional and behavioral problems  Framework: Humans have both rational and irrational tendencies and leanings. These tendencies are innately biological and indoctrinated early in and during life, and further grow stronger as a person continually clings on them.  Objective: To show that whenever unpleasant and unfortunate events occur in our lives, we have a choice of making ourselves feel self-helpingly healthy
  5. 5. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R.E.T.  Established by Dr. Ellis in mid-1950s  Originally called rational therapy but revised to rational emotive therapy and lately, rational emotive behavior therapy  Fundamental aspects of R.E.T. have been identified in Stoicism.  Truths of stoicism were best set forth by Greek philosopher Epictetus who stated that “Men are disturbed not by things, but by the views which they take of them.”
  6. 6. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T.  Premise: It is not the events that taking place in our lives that upset us, it is the beliefs that we hold that cause us to become depressed, anxious, enraged, etc.  According to Albert Ellis, the vast majority of us want to be HAPPY.
  7. 7. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T. GOAL OF HAPPINESS  We want to be happy whether we are alone or with others  We want to get along with others—especially with one or two close friends  We want to be well informed and educated  We want a good job with good pay  We want to enjoy our leisure time But life does not always allow us to have what we want. Our goal of being happy is often thwarted by slings and arrows of misfortunes.
  8. 8. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T.  When our goals are blocked we respond either healthily or unhealthily.  According to Ellis, although our responses vary but the beliefs that upset us are variations of three common irrational beliefs. Each of these beliefs contains a demand to ourselves, other people, and the world in general
  9. 9. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert Elis II. Definition of R. E. T. III. History of R. E. T. THREE BASIC MUSTS/COMMON IRRATIONAL BELIEFSToward Yourself: I must do Toward Others: Towards the world:well and win the approval of Other people must treat me I must get what I want, when Iothers for my performances considerately, fairly, and kindly, and in want it; and I must not get what Ior else I am no good exactly the way I want them to treat don’t want. It’s terrible if I don’t me. If they don’t, they are no good get what I want, and I can’t stand and they deserve to be condemned it. and punishedHolding this belief when faced with Holding this belief when faced with adversity Holding this belief when faced withadversity tends to contribute to tends to contribute to feelings of anger, rage, adversity tends to contribute to frustration,feelings of anxiety, panic, fury, and vindictiveness. discomfort, intolerance, self-pity, anger,depression, despair, and depression, procrastination, avoidance,worthlessness and inaction.
  10. 10. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T. ABC FORMAT A. Something happens. B. You have a belief about the situation. C. You have an emotional reaction to the belief. EXAMPLE Activating Event: Your employer falsely accuses you of taking money from her purse and threatens to fire you. Belief: You believe, “She has no right to accuse me. She’s a bitch!” Consequence: You feel angry.
  11. 11. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T. ABC FORMAT A. Something happens. B. You have a belief about the situation. C. You have an emotional reaction to the belief. EXAMPLE Activating Event: Your employer falsely accuses you of taking money from her purse and threatens to fire you. Belief: You believe, “I must not lose my job. That would be unbearable!” Consequence: You feel anxious.
  12. 12. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T.IV. R. E. T. in details  The ABC model shows that A does not cause C.  It is B that causes C.  First Example: It is not your employer’s false accusation and threat that make you angry; it is your belief that she has no right to accuse you, and that she is a bitch.  Second Example: It is your belief that you must not lose your job that makes you feel anxious.
  13. 13. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T.IV. R. E. T. in details
  14. 14. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T.IV. R. E. T. in details  R.E.T Therapists contention: That although we all think irrationally from time to time and it is unlikely that we entirely eliminate the chances of thinking irrationally, but we can work at reducing the tendencies.  We can work at reducing:  Frequency  Duration  Intensity  How: By developing three insights
  15. 15. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T.IV. R. E. T. in details THREE INSIGHTS We don’t merely get No matter when and how we The only way to get upset by mainly upset start upsetting ourselves, we better is to work hard ourselves continue to feel upset at changing our beliefs If we hold on to our If we hold or cling to our If we practice, practice, inflexible beliefs irrational beliefs practice
  16. 16. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T.IV. R. E. T. in details  Goal: To help people change their irrational beliefs into rational beliefs.  Changing beliefs is the real work of the therapy and is achieved by leading the person DISPUTE ones irrational beliefs.  Disputing is the D of the ABC model
  17. 17. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T.IV. R. E. T. in details ACCEPTANCE TO REALITYUnconditional Self- Unconditional Other- Unconditional Life-acceptance acceptance acceptance1. I am fallible human being; I 1. Other people will treat me 1. Life does not always work out have my good points and bad unfairly from time to time; the way that I’d like it to; points; 2. There is no reason why they 2. There is no reason why life2. There is no reason why I must must treat me fairly; must go the way I want it to; not have flaws; 3. The people who treat me 3. Life is not necessarily3. Despite my good points and unfairly are no more worthy or pleasant but it is never awful bad points, I am no more no less worthy than any other and it is nearly always worthy or less worthy then any human being bearable other human being
  18. 18. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T.IV. R. E. T. in details  Precaution: No major precautions, except that a person must be willing to change  Preparation: Person will undergo a biopsychosocial assessment via structured interview  Strategies:  Disputing irrational beliefs  Reframing by viewing at a different angle  Problem-solving  Role-playing  Modeling  Humor  Bibliotherapy by reading about the disorder  Counselling or coaching
  19. 19. I. Bibliography of Dr. Albert ElisII. Definition of R. E. T.III. History of R. E. T.IV. R. E. T. in details  Aftercare: May or may not be indicated. Follow-up is only recommended if the person is at risk for relapse behaviours  Normal Results: The person begins to understand, improve, and enhance dealings with self, others, and life in general.  Abnormal Results: There are no abnormal results per se, but persons who are unwilling to change may not gain beneficial behaviours.
  20. 20. 1. www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rational_Emotive_Behavior_Therapy2. www.minddisorders.com/Py-Z/Rational-emotive- therapy.html#lxzz1TDPkerFa3. www.rebtnetwork.org/whois.html4. www.rebtnetwrok.org/whatis.html5. www.dictionary.reference.com/browse/rational-emotive+therapy6. www.palace.net/llama/psych/ret.html

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