Science and challenges of lunar sample return workshop estec february 2014
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Science and challenges of lunar sample return workshop estec february 2014

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The Moon is an important exploration destination for ESA and is considered to be the next destination for humans beyond Low Earth Orbit. ...

The Moon is an important exploration destination for ESA and is considered to be the next destination for humans beyond Low Earth Orbit.

European access to the lunar surface is most likely to be made through cooperation with international partners and opportunities for international cooperation in the broad area of lunar exploration are being investigated .

Sample return missions are an important element in the future cooperative exploration scenarios under discussion, as a next step after surface missions. They are a means of building international partnerships, developing and demonstrating technologies and capabilities, and performing detailed analyses to answer fundamental scientific questions and address exploration enabling knowledge gaps through analyses which cannot be performed in situ. Such missions may be required to access extreme environments, perform complex surface operations, and handle uniquely demanding sample requirements. Such activities can result in major advances in planetary sciences, astrobiology and the future of exploration.

A Lunar Polar Sample Return mission, envisaged in the early 2020s by Roscosmos, has been identified by ESA as an important cooperative mission opportunity, and as a logical follow-on from a possible European participation to the Luna-Resurs Lander mission planned by Roscosmos before the end of this decade. In addition a human tended deep space capability, as initiated with the Orion vehicle currently developed by NASA in cooperation with ESA, can be of benefit to a sample return mission and may lead to a future integration of robotic and human exploration.

In preparation for these missions it is important to review our current knowledge and understanding of the Moon, establish the scientific and technical goals that should be targeted and the associated challenges that lie ahead. This workshop will explore the possible benefits and scientific return from Lunar Sample Return missions and investigate the implications for future mission systems.
Objectives

The workshop is being organised to gather information and opinions from stakeholders in the science and technology communities to inform future studies into lunar sample return missions, most likely to be considered in the frame of international partnerships. The inputs will be considered by the ESA Lunar Sample Return Science Definition Team and used as inputs for a Science Definition and Requirements Document which will be used to inform future ESA activities in this area.

The key objectives are to identify:

Ways in which Lunar Sample Return will support preparations for future exploration activities

Scientific priorities and competencies for the analysis of samples and to define objectives for sample return missions

Mission requirements that these objectives impose on missions

Technical challenges of meeting these requirements and potential solutions

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    Science and challenges of lunar sample return workshop estec february 2014 Science and challenges of lunar sample return workshop estec february 2014 Document Transcript

    • Science and Challenges of Lunar Sample Return Workshop 18 - 19 February 2014 Programme Tuesday 18 February 2014 08:30 09:30 09:45 Registration Welcome Introduction and Scope of the Workshop Opening Address Session 1: Opening Session 09:55 10:10 10:25 10:40 10:55 11:10 11:25 Priorities for Lunar Sample Return and Implications for Future Missions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 8 Carpenter, J ; Anand, M ; Chaussidon, M ; Cloutis, E ; Crawford, I ; de Vera, J.-P. ; Finzi, A ; Jaumann, R ; Kring, D ; 9 10 Mitrofanov, I , Tranfield, E. 1 2 3 ESA ESTEC, NETHERLANDS; Planetary and Space Sciences, The Open University, UNITED KINGDOM; CNRS, 4 5 6 FRANCE; University of Winnipeg, CANADA; Birkbeck College, University of London, UNITED KINGDOM; DLR, Institute for 7 8 9 Planetary Science, GERMANY; Politecnico di Milano, ITALY; Lunar and Planetary Institute, UNITED STATES; Space 10 Research Institute (IKI) of the Russian Academy of Science, RUSSIAN FEDERATION, Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, PORTUGAL Lunar Sample Return: An Exploration Milestone for the European Space Agency Patti, B.; Carpenter, J.; Fisackerly, R.; Houdou, B. ESA, NETHERLANDS Studies of Lunar South Pole by Russian Landing Missions "Luna-Glob", "Luna-Resurs" and "Luna-Grunt" 1 2 2 2 1 Mitrofanov, I ; Dolgopolov, V , Khartov, V. ; Lukjanchikov, A. ; Zelenyi, L 1 2 Institute for Space Research of Russian Academy of Science, RUSSIAN FEDERATION; Lavochkin Science and Industry Association, RUSSIAN FEDERATION; Enabling Solar System Exploration through Lunar Sample Return 1 2 3 4 5 6 Neal, C.R. ; Shearer, C.K. ; Pleascia, J. ; Mackwell, S. ; Lawrence, S. ; Carpenter, J. 1 2 3 University of Notre Dame, UNITED STATES; University of New Mexico, UNITED STATES; Johns Hopkins Univ. Applied 4 5 Physics Laboratory, UNITED STATES; Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, UNITED STATES; Arizona State University, 6 UNITED STATES; ESA-ESTEC, NETHERLANDS "NASA's Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute"--International Partnerships in Lunar Science Schmidt, G.; Daou, D. NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute, UNITED STATES COSPAR/ILEWG Report: Science Cases and Technical Challenges for Lunar Sample Return Missions Foing, B.H. ESA/ESTEC, ILEWG & VU Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS Coffee Break Session 2: The Science of Lunar Samples 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 Lunar Sample Return: Essential Ingredient for Improved Moon Formation Models van Westrenen, W. VU University Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS Isotopic Constraints on the Origin and Evolution of the Moon Kleine, T. Institut für Planetologie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, GERMANY Bombardment History of Moon, Mars and Mercury in the Light of Modern Models Werner, Stephanie C. CEED / University of Oslo, NORWAY Lunar Sample Return - Chances for Improving the Lunar Chronology Hiesinger, H.; van der Bogert, C. Institut für Planetologie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, GERMANY
    • Science and Challenges of Lunar Sample Return Workshop 18 - 19 February 2014 Programme 12:45 13:00 In-situ U-Pb Dating of Planetary Materials using the NanoSIMS 50 Ion Microprobe 1 1 2 Tartese, R. ; Anand, M. ; Delhaye, T. 1 2 The Open University, UNITED KINGDOM; University de Rennes 1, FRANCE Lunar Samples Returned by the Apollo Missions as Ground Truth for Thermal Emission Measurements made by the Diviner Radiometer. 1 1 1 2 1 1 Bowles, N ; Thomas, I ; Donaldson Hanna, K ; Greenhagen, B ; Warren, T ; Zhang, W 1 2 University of Oxford, UNITED KINGDOM; Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Inst. Tech., UNITED STATES 13:15 Lunch Break 14:15 Formation of The Building Blocks of Life Via Icy Impacts 1 2 Martins, Z. ; Price, M. C. 1 2 Imperial College London, Department of Earth Science and Engineering, UNITED KINGDOM; School of Physical Sciences, University of Kent, UNITED KINGDOM Lunar Soil as an Intermediate Agent in Photochemistry of Nucleic Acid and Protein Monomers in Bion10M Space Missions Gontareva, N. B.; Kuzicheva, Evgenia Institute of cytology, RUSSIAN FEDERATION Lunar Dust Toxicity: Requirements for Lunar Dust Sample Return in Preparation for Future Human Exploration of the Moon 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 5 Tranfield, E.M. ; Linnarsson, D. ; Carpenter, J. ; Fubini, B. ; Gerde, P. ; Loftus, D. ; Prisk, G.K. ; Staufer, U. ; Karlsson, L. ; 9 van Westrenen, W. 1 2 3 4 Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, PORTUGAL; Karolinska Institute, SWEDEN; ESA/ESTEC, NETHERLANDS; University of 5 6 7 Torino, ITALY; Karolinska Institutet, SWEDEN; NASA-Ames Research Center, UNITED STATES; University of California, 8 9 UNITED STATES; TU Delft, NETHERLANDS; VU University Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS Lunar Volatiles - Analysing the Lunar Soil Grain by Grain. Pillinger, C.T.; Greenwood, R.C.; Gibson, E.K. Open University, UNITED KINGDOM Mineral Surfaces in Lunar Soils: Archives of Lunar and Solar System History Chaussidon, M IPGP, FRANCE An Assessment of Volatile Inventory of the Moon through Analyses of Returned Lunar Samples using a Multi-Proxy Approach Anand, M.; Tartèse, R.; Barnes, J.; Mortimer, J.; Potts, N. Open University, UNITED KINGDOM The Moon as an Archive of Small Body Migration in the Solar System 1 2 3 4 3 Joy, K H ; Zolensky, M ; Fagan, A ; Crawford, I A ; Kring, D A 1 2 3 4 University of Manchester, UNITED KINGDOM; ARES, NASA-JSC, UNITED STATES; LPI, UNITED STATES; Birkbeck, UNITED KINGDOM The Lunar Geological Record as an Archive of the Galactic Environment of the Solar System 1 2 3 2 Crawford, I ; Fagents, S ; Joy, K ; Rumpf, M 1 2 3 Birkbeck College, UNITED KINGDOM; University of Hawaii, UNITED STATES; University of Manchester, UNITED KINGDOM 14:30 14:45 15:00 15:15 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 Coffee Break
    • Science and Challenges of Lunar Sample Return Workshop 18 - 19 February 2014 Programme Session 3: Life in Extreme Environments 16:30 16:45 17:00 17:15 Sample return and the implications for biological experiments on the Moon de Vera, J.P.P. German Aerospace Center (DLR) / Institute of Planetary Research, GERMANY Astrobiological Interest and Considerations of a Lunar Sample Return Mission Leuko, S.; Möller, R.; Panitz, C.; Rabbow, E.; Rettberg, P. German Aerospace Centre (DLR e.V.), GERMANY Limits of life - Deep space exposure of lichens and their bacterial communities as part of the Lunar Polar Sample Return Mission 1 2 Brandt, A. ; Meessen, J. 1 2 Heinrich-Heine-University, GERMANY; Heinrich-Heine-University, Institute of Botany, GERMANY Cyanobacteria in Support of Human Lunar Bases. Why? How? 1, 3 1 2 3 1 Verseux, C. ; Baqué, M. ; de Vera, J.-P. ; Rothschild , L.; Billi, D. 1 2 University Tor Vergata, Rome, ITALY; German Aerospace Center, Institute of Planetary Research, Berlin, 3 GERMANY; NASA Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, California, UNITED STATES 17:30 Poster Session and Welcome Drink 19:30 End of Day 1
    • Science and Challenges of Lunar Sample Return Workshop 18 - 19 February 2014 Programme Wednesday 19 February 2014 08:30 Registration Session 4: Missions and Sample Curation 09:00 09:15 09:30 09:45 10:00 10:15 10:30 Lunar Sample Return Mission to Polar Regions - Interferences Between Scientific Goals, Science Instruments and Technical Possibilities for Operational on Surface 1 2 2 1 Tretyakov, V.I. ; Dolgopolov, V.P. ; Lukiyanchikov, A.V. ; Mitrofanov, I.G. 1 2 RAS, RUSSIAN FEDERATION; Lavochkin Space Association, RUSSIAN FEDERATION MoonRise: A South Pole-Aitken Basin Sample Return Mission Concept 1 2 3 3 4 5 6 Jolliff, B. ; Shearer, C. ; Papanastassiou, D. ; Alkalai, L. ; Swindle, T. ; Jaumann, R. ; Osinski, G. 1 2 3 Washington University in St. Louis, UNITED STATES; University of New Mexico, UNITED STATES; Jet Propulsion 4 5 6 Laboratory, UNITED STATES; University of Arizona, UNITED STATES; DLR, GERMANY; University of Western Ontario, CANADA MoonRise: Advancing our Understanding of Planetary Differentiation through a South Pole-Aitken Basin Sample Return Mission. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Shearer, C. ; Jolliff, B. ; Borg, L. ; Warren, P. ; Taylor, J. ; Cohen, B. ; Norman, M. ; Jacobsen, S. 1 2 3 Institute of Meteoritics, UNITED STATES; Washington University, UNITED STATES; Lawrence Livermore National 4 5 6 Laboratory, UNITED STATES; UCLA, UNITED STATES; University of Hawaii, UNITED STATES; NASA Marshall Space Flight 7 8 Center, UNITED STATES; Australian National University, AUSTRALIA; Harvard University, UNITED STATES Human-assisted Lunar Sample Return from the Schrödinger and South Pole-Aitken Basins using the Orion Spacecraft 1 2 Kring, D. ; Hopkins, J. 1 2 USRA - LPI, UNITED STATES; Lockheed Martin Space Systems, UNITED STATES The Utilization of the Orion Exploration Vehicle as a Platform for a Lunar South Pole Sample Return Mission Pratt, W.; Hopkins, J. Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company, UNITED STATES Amundsen Crater: A High-Priority Lunar Landing Site for In Situ and Sample Return Studies of Polar Volatiles 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Blair, D. ; Lemelin, M. ; Roberts, C. ; Runyon, K. ; Nowka, D. ; Paige, D. ; Kring, D. 1 2 3 Purdue University, UNITED STATES; University of Hawaii at Manoa, UNITED STATES; State University of New York 4 5 University at Buffalo, UNITED STATES; Johns Hopkins University, UNITED STATES; Museum für Naturkunde, 6 7 GERMANY; University of California, Los Angeles, UNITED STATES; Lunar and Planetary Institute, UNITED STATES Robotic Traverse and Sample Return Strategies for a Lunar Farside Mission to Schrödinger Basin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Potts, N.J. ; Gullikson, A. ; Curran, N. ; Dhaliwal, J.K. ; Leader, M.K. ; Rege, R.N. ; Kring, D.A. 1 2 The Open University, UNITED KINGDOM; School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, Northern Arizona 3 University, UNITED STATES; School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester, UNITED 4 5 KINGDOM; Scripps Institute of Oceanography, UC San Diego, UNITED STATES; Cockrell School of Engineering, The 6 University of Texas, UNITED STATES; School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Columbia University, UNITED 7 STATES; Center for Science and Exploration, USRA-Lunar and Planetary Institute, UNITED STATES 10:45 Coffee Break 11:00 The Past, Present, and Future Curation of the Apollo Sample Suite Zeigler, R. NASA, UNITED STATES Concept for a Lunar and Asteroid Receiving Facility (LaARF) 1 1 2 1 3 4 5 6 Vrublevskis, J.B. ; Berthoud, L. ; Schroeven-Deceuninck, Hilde ; Guest, M. ; Baker, R. ; Bridges, J. ; Crook, B. ; Grady, M. ; 7 8 4 9 Pope, A. ; Sephton, M. ; Sims, M. ; Smith, C. 1 2 3 Systems Engineering & Assessment Ltd., UNITED KINGDOM; European Space Agency, UNITED KINGDOM; STC, UNITED 4 5 6 KINGDOM; University of Leicester, UNITED KINGDOM; Health & Safety Laboratories, UNITED KINGDOM; Open 7 8 9 University, UNITED KINGDOM; M+W Group, UNITED KINGDOM; Imperial College London, UNITED KINGDOM; Natural History Museum, UNITED KINGDOM 11:15
    • Science and Challenges of Lunar Sample Return Workshop 18 - 19 February 2014 Programme 11:30 11:45 12:00 12:15 12:30 12:45 13:00 European Curation Facility for Space Returned Samples Brucato, J. R. INAF - OAA, ITALY Enabling Technologies for Robotic Sampling in Lunar Environment Finzi E.A; Di Lizia, P. Politecnico di Milano, ITALY Technologies for Automated Sample Handling and Sample Distribution on Planetary Landing Missions Richter, L.; Hofmann, P.; Haarmann, R. Kayser-Threde GmbH, GERMANY Lunar Soil Sampling at Near Polar Conditions and Simulants of Regolith with High Content of Volatiles Magnani, P; Fumagalli, A. Selex ES, ITALY MoonRise: Mission Concept, Sample Acquisition and Transfer System Alkalai, L. Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Caltech, UNITED STATES Electromagnetic Penetrators for Newly-developed Sampling Device 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 Grygorczuk, J. ; Kozlov, O. ; Wisniewski, L. ; Kozlova, T. ; Dobrowolski, M. ; Kedziora, B. ; Tokarz, M. ; Krasowski, J. ; 1 1 Seweryn, K. ; Banaszkiewicz, M. 1 2 Space Research Centre PAS, POLAND; Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, RUSSIAN FEDERATION Autonomous Regolith Sampling on the Planetary Bodies – Tests Results from the CHOMIK Penetrator and Manipulator Arm Operation 1 2 3 2 3 3 Seweryn, K. ; Kozlova, T. ; Grygorczuk, J. ; Kozlov, O. ; Banaszkiewicz, M. ; Wawrzaszek, R. 1 2 Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences (CBK PAN), POLAND; Space Research Institute of the Russian 3 Academy of Sciences (IKI RAN), RUSSIAN FEDERATION; Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences, POLAND 13:15 Lunch Break 14:15 Panel Discussion 15:10 Coffee Break Session 5: Supporting Measurements 15:30 15:45 16:00 16:15 In-situ Analysis in Support of Lunar Sample Return Barber, S. J.; Morse, A. D.; Wright, I. P.; TBD others, TBD others The Open University, UNITED KINGDOM Lunar Active Neutron Spectrometer (LANS) for on-board un-distractive Screening of Water-rich samples for Lunar Polar Sample Return Mission 1 2 2 3 3 2 3 Tretyakov, V.I. ; Mitrofanov, I.G. ; Golovin, D.V. ; Barmakov, Yu.N. ; Bogolubov, E.P. ; Kozyrev, A.S. ; Kurdumov, I.G. ; 4 2 2 3 2 3 Litvak, M.L. ; Malakhov, A.V. ; Mokrousov, M.I. ; Ryzhkov, V.I. ; Sanin, A.B. ; Schatzkij, G.V. 1 2 3 IKI, RUSSIAN FEDERATION; Space Research Institute Russian Academy of Scienses, RUSSIAN FEDERATION; All-Russia 4 Research Institute of Automatics, RUSSIAN FEDERATION; 1) Space Research Institute Russian Academy of Scienses, RUSSIAN FEDERATION Dust-Impact Analyzer PmL for Luna Sample Return mission 1 2 2 2 2 Dolnikov, G. ; Zakharov, A. ; Lyash, A. ; Kuznetsov, I. ; Shashkova, I. 1 2 RAS Space Research Institute, RUSSIAN FEDERATION; RAS, RUSSIAN FEDERATION The Importance of in Situ Preanalysis of the Volatiles Composition in Lunar Soil Samples before their Delivery to the Earth 1 2 3 2 4 1 1 1 5 Gerasimov, M.V. ; Szopa, C. ; Wurz, P. ; Cabane, M. ; Coll, P. ; Sapgir, A.G. ; Aseev, S.A. ; Zaitsev, M.A ; Buch, A. ; Coscia, 6 D. and the GAC team 1 2 IKI, RUSSIAN FEDERATION; LATMOS, Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie, Univ. Versailles Saint-Quentin & CNRS, FRANCE; 4 Physikalisches Institut, University of Bern, SWITZERLAND; LISA, Univ. Paris-Est Créteil, Univ. Denis Diderot & CNRS, 5 6 FRANCE; Ecole Centrale Paris; LATMOS, RUSSIAN FEDERATION
    • Science and Challenges of Lunar Sample Return Workshop 18 - 19 February 2014 Programme 16:30 16:45 Laser Desorption Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometers LASMA & ABIMAS 1 2 1 1 Managadze, G ; Wurz, P. ; Chumikov, A. ; Luchnikov, K. 1 2 RAS Space Research Institute, RUSSIAN FEDERATION; University of Bern, SWITZERLAND Low-Mass, Low-Energy Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for an In-Situ Mission to the Moon 1 1 1 2 3 4 Hübers, H.-W. ; Pavlov, S. G. ; Böttger, U. ; Jessberger, E. K. J. ; Neumann, J. ; Henkel, H. 1 2 3 German Aerospace Centre (DLR), GERMANY; Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, GERMANY; Laser Zentrum 4 Hannover, GERMANY; von Hoerner & Sulger GmbH, GERMANY 17:00 Closing Posters In Situ PYRO-GC-MS Chemical Analysis of Lunar Soil : a Ground Truth to Interpret the Analysis the Samples Returned from the Moon 1 2 3 3 1 4 5 2 2 2 Szopa, C. ; Gerasimov, M. ; Wurz, P. ; Hofer, L. ; Cabane, M. ; Coll, P. ; Buch, A. ; Sapgir, A.G. ; Aseev, S.A. ; Zaitsev, M.A. ; Coscia, 1 6 D. ; and the GAC team, 1 2 3 4 Université de Versailles Saint Quentin, FRANCE; IKI, RUSSIAN FEDERATION; University of Bern, SWITZERLAND; LISA, Univ. Paris5 6 Est Créteil, Univ. Denis Diderot & CNRS, FRANCE; Ecole Centrale Paris, FRANCE; Developing a Special Photogrammetry Software, Simulating Illumination Techniques and GIS Analysis Methods for Lunar Landing Site 1 1 1 1 1 2 Kokhanov, A. ; Zubarev, A. ; Kozlova, N. ; Patraty, V. ; Karachevtseva, I. ; Kreslavsky, M. 1 Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK), MIIGAiK Extraterrestrial Laboratory, RUSSIAN 2 FEDERATION; University of California - Santa Cruz, UNITED STATES ISSI Team: Updating the Lunar Chronology and Stratigraphy 123 4 5 1 4 2 Assis Fernandes, V. ; Alibert, Y. ; Artemieva, N. ; Fritz, J. ; Jutzi, M. ; Werner, S. C. 1 2 Museum für Naturkunde-Berlin, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung, Germany; Centre for Earth Evolution 3 4 and Dynamics, University of Oslo, Norway; UNINOVA, Nova University, Lisbon, Portugal; Intitute of Physics, Univ. of Bern, 5 Switzerland; Intitute for Dynamics of Geospheres RAS, Moscow Russia; Planetary Science Intitute, Tucson, U.S.A. Harpoon-based Lunar Sample Return System Laine, P. University of Jyväskylä, FINLAND Planetary X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer Package for In-Situ Analysis Köhler, Eberhard; Fabel, Oliver; Dreißigacker, Anne; van Gasselt, Stephan Freie Universität Berlin, GERMANY Unravelling the History of the Lunar Regolith with Small Samples Curran, N. M; Joy, K. H; Burgess, R. University of Manchester, UNITED KINGDOM Analysis, Test and Simulation of Landing System Touchdown Dynamics Witte, L.; Buchwald, R.; Schroeder, S.; van Zoest, T. German Aerospace Center (DLR), GERMANY Dust Electrostatic Charging, Transport and Contamination for Lunar Lander and Human Exploration Missions Cipriani, F. Telespazio Vega UK Ltd for ESA, NETHERLANDS
    • Science and Challenges of Lunar Sample Return Workshop 18 - 19 February 2014 Programme Investigation of Planetary Processes using Noble Gases in Lunar Samples 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Katherine, H ; Burgess, R. ; Clay, P. ; Gilmour, J. ; Curran, N. ; McDonald, F. ; Crowther, S. ; Ruzie, L. ; Busemann, H. ; Turner, G. 1 2 University of Manchester, UNITED KINGDOM; SEAES, University of Manchester, UNITED KINGDOM Calibration of the Raman Technique to Determine Water Contents in Lunar Silicate Glasses 1 2 1 1 1 1 Colin, A.P. ; Nichols, A.R.L ; Rai, N. ; Hooijschuur, J.H. ; Davies, G.R. ; van Westrenen, W. 1 2 VU University Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS; IFREE, JAMSTEC, Yokosuka, JAPAN Shocked Anorthosite: Puzzling over its Whereabouts 1 2 1 3 Donaldson Hanna, K. ; Cheek, L. ; Bowles, N. ; Pieters, C. 1 2 3 University of Oxford, UNITED KINGDOM; University of Maryland, UNITED STATES; Brown University, UNITED STATES Viable Cells in Iron-containing Bacterial Biofilms - Consequences for the use in a Lunar Exposure Experiment 1 2 1 Feyh, N. ; de Vera, J.-P. ; Szewzyk, U. 1 2 Environmental Microbiology, Institute of Environmental Technology, TU Berlin, GERMANY; Institute of Planetary Research, DLR, German Aerospace Centre Berlin, GERMANY Destinations for Sampling Impact Melt Produced During the Impact at the South Pole - Aitken Basin Hurwitz, D.M.; Kring, D.A. Lunar and Planetary Institute, UNITED STATES Separation of Asteroid Material From Lunar Regolith Faber, D.; Covey, S. Deep Space Industries, UNITED STATES Powering a Solar Lunar Lander via an Orbiting Satellite Stenzel, Ch.; Kossagk, M.; Diedrich, Th. Astrium GmbH, GERMANY Superorbital Re-entry Analysis in the X2 Expansion Tunnel 1 1 2 Fahy, E ; Morgan, R ; Buttsworth, D 1 2 The University of Queensland, AUSTRALIA; The University of Southern Queensland, AUSTRALIA Landing Dispersion Analysis for Hazard Avoidance Capable Flight Systems Witte, L. German Aerospace Center (DLR), GERMANY Systematic Reutilization of Components from Descent Stage Subsystems in Lunar Landers 1 2 3 Afonso Ribeiro, D. ; McKenna-Lawlor, S. ; Bouchpan-Lerust-Juéry, L. 1 2 3 Aedel Aerospace, PORTUGAL; Space Technology Ireland, Ltd., IRELAND; Aedel Aerospace, SWITZERLAND Remote Grain Size Determination of the Lunar Regolith Gundlach, B. Institut für Geophysik und extraterrestrischer Physik; TU Braunschweig, GERMANY Lunar Dust-Plasma Environment in Kinetic Models 1 2 3 4 5 6 4 2 2 Kallio, E. ; Alho, M. ; Alvarez, F. ; Barabash, S. ; Dyadechkin, S. ; Fernandes, V. A. ; Futaana, Y. ; Harri, A-M ; Haunia, T. ; Heilimo, 2 4 2 4 7 8 2 4 2 9 J. ; Holmström, M. ; Jarvinen, R. ; Lue, C. ; Makela, J. ; Porjo, N. ; Schmidt, W. ; Fatemi, S. ; Siili, T. ; Wurz, P. 1 2 3 Finnish Meteorological Institute and Aalto University, FINLAND; Finnish Meteorological Institute, FINLAND; Arquimea Ingeniería, 4 5 6 SPAIN; Swedish Institute of Space Physics, SWEDEN; Aalto University, FINLAND; University of Bern, SWITZERLAND, and Museum 7 8 9 für Naturkunde, GERMANY; University of Jyväskylä, FINLAND; University of Turku, FINLAND; University of Bern, SWITZERLAND
    • Science and Challenges of Lunar Sample Return Workshop 18 - 19 February 2014 Programme Lunar Energetic Particle Monitor and Dosimeter 1 2 2 3 McKenna-Lawlor, S. ; Kecskemety, K. ; Hirn, A. ; Kudela, K. 1 2 3 Space Technology Ireland, Ltd.,, IRELAND; Wigner Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, HUNGARY; Institute of Experimental Physics, SLOVAKIA Are we ready for Lunar Magnetometry? Diaz Michelena, M. INTA, SPAIN Electromagnetic Waves Diagnostics as a Tool for Monitoring Moon and Near Earth's Space Environment 1 2 2 3 3 Rothkaehl, H. ; Mogilevsky, M ; Skalsky, A ; Atamaniuk, B ; Morawski, M 1 2 3 Space Research Center PAS, POLAND; Space Research Institute RAS, RUSSIAN FEDERATION; SRC PAS, POLAND The Radiation Environment on Moon and Implications for Human Missions Berger, T.; Matthiä, D.; Reitz, G. German Aerospace Center, GERMANY A Lunar Laser Ranging Retroreflector Array for the 21st Century: History, Science, Status, Apollo Simulation and Future Currie, D.; Dell'Agnello, S.; Delle Monache, G.O.; Behr, B.; Zacny, K. University of Maryland, UNITED STATES Orion/MoonRise: A Human/Robotic Approach to the return of samples from the South Pole-Aitken Basin Alkalai, L. Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Caltech, UNITED STATES CubeSats as Innovative Science Platforms for Lunar and Deep Space Exploration 1 2 2 1 Elsaesser, A. ; Ricco, A. J. ; Quinn, R. ; Ehrenfreund, P. 1 2 Leiden Institute of Chemistry, NETHERLANDS; NASA Ames Research Center, UNITED STATES In-situ Viscometry of Lunar Magmas at High Pressure and High Temperature 1 2 3 4 1 1 Rai, N. ; Perrillat, J-P. ; Mezouar, M. ; Petitgirard, S. ; Colin, A. ; van Westrenen, W. 1 2 3 VU University, Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS; Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Lyon, FRANCE; European Synchrotron Radiation 4 Facility, Grenoble, FRANCE; Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Bayreuth, GERMANY Scientific Benefits, Including Enhanced Sample Acquisition, Facilitated by Renewed Human Operations on the Lunar Surface Crawford, I Birkbeck College, UNITED KINGDOM Enabling Science Objectives and Goals in the LEAG Lunar Exploration Roadmap through Sample Return. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Shearer, C. ; Neal, C. ; Plescia, J. ; Mackwell, S. ; Lawrence, S. ; Carpenter, J. 1 2 3 Institute of Meteoritics, UNITED STATES; University of Notre Dame, UNITED STATES; Applied Physics Laboratory, UNITED 4 5 6 STATES; Lunar Planetary Institute, UNITED STATES; Arizona State University, UNITED STATES; ESA ESTEC, NETHERLANDS Global Diversity of the Lunar Crust 1 2 3 4 Joy, K H ; Gross, J ; Arai, T ; Russell, S S 1 2 University of Manchester, UNITED KINGDOM; 2The American Museum of Natural History, Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 3 4 UNITED STATES; Planetary Exploration Research Centre, Chiba Institute of Technology, JAPAN; The Natural History Museum, UNITED KINGDOM