Impact of climate change on household food security of nawalparasi a case study
Proposal Presentation on: Impact of Climate Change on Household Food Security of Nawalparasi: A Case Study Title Rationale Objectives Methodology Expected Results and Conclusion Presenter Dinesh Panday B. Sc. Agriculture (8th Sem, 2011) email@example.com
TitleImpact of Climate Change on Household Food Security of Nawalparasi: A Case StudyBackground:In Nepal, majority of the population are small land holding farmers where almost 80 percentreside in rural areas, 65 percent are involved in agriculture contributing 33 percent to the GDP(NARC, 2010).Climate change is a phenomenon due to emissions of greenhouse gases from fuel combustion,deforestation, urbanization and industrialization resulting variations in solar energy, temperatureand precipitation (Upreti, 1999) .The relationship between climate change and agriculture is two-way; agriculture contributes toclimate change in several major ways and climate change in general adversely affects agriculture.Food security is the state achieved when food systems operate such that “all people, at all times,have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietaryneeds and food preferences for an active and healthy life” (FAO).
RationaleIn Nawalparasi (27°4000 to 84°1115):Farmers follow traditional agricultural patterns, relying on rainwater and seasons.Temperature has increased from the last 10 years.The annual mean temperature trend 0.02 to 0.08° C in western over national trend -0.04 to 0.06° C.Similarly, rainfall has decreased from the past four years.The annual mean precipitation trend -30 to 40 mm in the western over national trend -40 to 40 mm(Practical Action, 2009). Once the climate is disturbed, the whole agriculture system is affected Climate Change Food, Feed, Fiber & Fuel Food Insecurity Out of 26 million populations more than 2 million faced food insecurity in Nepal (IAASTD, 2008)
ObjectivesGeneral Objective:To study the impact of Climate Change on Household Food SecuritySpecific objectives:To explore the exiting agricultural farming systemTo analyze effects of climate change on agricultural productivityTo determine the problems, attitudes and people’s participation overlivelihoodsTo explore economic potential adaptative measures to cope withchanging climate on agriculture
MethodologyBase line Survey then followed byParticipatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) tools such asFocus Group Discussion (FGD)Historic timelinesSeasonal calendarsKey informant surveyTransact walkThe study sites will be selected based on climate data ofDepartment of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM)representing high trends of temperature and precipitation.Data analysis will be carried out using SPSS statistical tools.
Expected Results and ConclusionClimate change is real and underway, so there is a need of impactidentification and adoption to cope with vulnerabilities inagricultural sector and their livelihoods.This study will enhance to analyze effects of climate change onagricultural productivity of Nawalparasi exploring alternativeeconomic potential measures to cope from farmers level.This study will also elaborates the more attention of otherresearchers, governmental offices and different other relatedorganizations to design and implement suitable agro-ecologicalprojects and programs.