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Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
Swine Flu
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Swine Flu

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  • 1. Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 2. About Swine Flu (H1N1 Flu) <ul><li>It&apos;s named for a virus that pigs can get. </li></ul><ul><li>First detected in people in United States. </li></ul><ul><li>It is contagious &amp; spreads from human to human. </li></ul><ul><li>Spreads among human through infections. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms are same as that of regular flu. </li></ul><ul><li>No vaccine available to protect against Swine Flu. </li></ul><ul><li>Virus can survive on environmental surfaces and can infect a person for 2 to 8 hours after being deposited on the surface. </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 3. What kills Swine Flu (H1N1 Flu) virus? <ul><li>Influenza virus is destroyed by heat (167-212°F [75-100°C]). In addition, several chemical germicides, including chlorine, hydrogen peroxide, detergents (soap), iodophors (iodine-based antiseptics), and alcohols are effective against human influenza viruses if used in proper concentration for a sufficient length of time. For example, wipes or gels with alcohol in them can be used to clean hands. The gels should be rubbed into hands until they are dry. </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 4. How does it spread? <ul><li>Spreads in the same way that seasonal flu spreads. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread mainly from person to person through coughing or sneezing by people with influenza. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes people may become infected by touching something – such as a surface or object – with flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose. </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 5. Swine Flu (N1H1) Deaths <ul><li>The most common cause of death is respiratory failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumonia (leading to sepsis). </li></ul><ul><li>High fever (leading to neurological problems) </li></ul><ul><li>Dehydration (from excessive vomiting and diarrhea) and electrolyte imbalance. </li></ul><ul><li>**Fatalities are more likely in young children and the elderly. </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 6. What are Signs &amp; Symptoms? <ul><li>Symptoms are same as that of regular flu &amp; include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue . </li></ul><ul><li>A significant number of people who have been infected with this virus also have reported diarrhea and vomiting .  </li></ul><ul><li>Severe illnesses and death has occurred as a result of illness associated with this virus. </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 7. Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 8. Who can be Easy Victims? <ul><li>Children younger than 5 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Persons aged 65 years or older </li></ul><ul><li>Children and adolescents (younger than 18 years) who are receiving long-term aspirin therapy and who might be at risk for experiencing Reye syndrome after influenza virus infection </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnant women </li></ul><ul><li>Adults and children who have asthma, chronic pulmonary, cardiovascular, hepatic, hematological, neurologic, neuromuscular, or metabolic disorders such as diabetes; </li></ul><ul><li>Adults and children who have immunosuppression (including immunosuppression caused by medications or by HIV) </li></ul><ul><li>Residents of nursing homes and other chronic-care facilities. </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 9. Emergency Warning Signs : Children <ul><li>Fast breathing or trouble breathing. </li></ul><ul><li>Bluish or gray skin color. </li></ul><ul><li>Not drinking enough fluids. </li></ul><ul><li>Severe or persistent vomiting. </li></ul><ul><li>Not waking up or not interacting. </li></ul><ul><li>Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held. </li></ul><ul><li>Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough. </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 10. Emergency Warning Signs : Adults <ul><li>Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. </li></ul><ul><li>Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen. </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden dizziness. </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Severe or persistent vomiting. </li></ul><ul><li>Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough. </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 11. Prevention <ul><li>Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it. </li></ul><ul><li>Wash your hands often with soap and (warm) water (for 15 to 20 seconds), especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners* are also effective </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth . Germs spread this way </li></ul><ul><li>Try to avoid close contact with sick people . </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 12. Prevention <ul><li>If you are sick with flu-like illness (fever plus at least cough or sore throat and possibly other symptoms like runny nose, body aches, headaches, chills, fatigue, vomiting and diarrhea) , stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. Keep away from others as much as possible to keep from making others sick. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow public health advice regarding school closures, avoiding crowds and other social distancing measures </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 13. Interacting with ILI Person <ul><li>Maintain a distance of 6 feet or more from the person with ILI. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep their interactions with ill persons as brief as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>ILI Person should be asked to follow good cough etiquette and hand hygiene and to wear a facemask, if able and one is available. </li></ul><ul><li>If cannot avoid close contact with ILI persons, one may choose to wear a facemask or N95 respirator on a voluntary basis. </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/ ILI = Influenza-like Illness
  • 14. MUST DO : <ul><li>Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it. </li></ul><ul><li>Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. You can also use alcohol-based hand cleaners. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to avoid close contact with sick people. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay at home from work or school if you are sick </li></ul>Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/
  • 15. Created by : Dinesh G. Mhatre. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/H1N1FLU/ http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorials/h1n1flu/id589101.pdf STAY AWAY FROM ILLUSIONS PREVENTION IS BETTER SOLUTION

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