ORIGINS AND EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHURCH Michael A. Fahey,  “ Church”, in Systematic Theology,  eds. Francis Schussler ...
JESUS CHRIST FOUNDER OF THE CHURCH
NEW TESTAMENT PROOFS:  JESUS’ DIRECT INTENTION TO FOUND THE CHURCH YOU ARE PETER…(MT. 16:18)
POST-RESURRECTION  ACCOUNT: PETER, DO YOU LOVE ME… TEND MY SHEEP… FEED MY FLOCK…
DIFFERENT STAGES IN THE FOUNDATION OF THE CHURCH JESUS’ OWN SENSE OF HIS MISSION
PERIOD AFTER THE RESURRECTION
PENTECOST EXPERIENCE
JESUS TRAINED WITH UTMOST CARE HIS DISCIPLES PROOFS THAT JESUS INTENDED  HIS MESSAGE TO HAVE ENDURING VALUE
IN THE LAST SUPPER,  HE INSTRUCTED HIS DISCIPLES… DO THIS IN MEMORY OF ME…
PRE-NICENE  CHRISTIANITY DURING THE FIRST THREE CENTURIES, CHRISTIANITY UNDERWENT A PERIOD OF VIOLENT PERSECUTIONS RESULTI...
CONSTANTINIAN TURNING POINT CHRISTIANITY WAS RECOGNIZED IN THE ROMAN EMPIRE
<ul><li>EDICT OF TOLERATION </li></ul><ul><li>IN 311, AN EDICT OF TOLERATION HAD BEEN ISSUED BY EMPEROR GALERIUS </li></ul...
THE EDICT OF MILAN (313 AD) DECLARED THAT THE ROMAN EMPIRE WOULD BE NEUTRAL WITH REGARD TO RELIGIOUS WORSHIP
OFFICIALLY ENDED ALL GOVERNMENT-SANCTIONED  PERSECUTION, ESPECIALLY OF CHRISTIANITY
CONVERSION OF CONSTANTINE
1. PAVED THE WAY FOR THE FIRST ECUMENICAL COUNCIL <ul><ul><li>“ Οικουμένη”  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>INHABITED </li></ul...
<ul><li>PRESENT MEANING </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MEETING OF BISHOPS OF THE WHOLE CHURCH  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONVENED ...
2. CHANGES IN THE LITURGY, SACRAMENTAL PRACTICES
FROM THE COUNCIL OF ELDERS TO MONOEPISCOPACY
THE CHURCH  DURING THE FIRST THREE CENTURIES  THE INTERACTION OF CITY CHURCH WITH ONE ANOTHER BEFORE THE COUNCIL OF NICEA
1. PRAYERS FOR OTHERS AT EUCHARISTIC CELEBRATIONS AND SHARING EUCHRISTIC BREAD a. LITURGICAL PRAYERS: “ AS THIS BROKEN BRE...
b. CHRISTIANS SENT TO OTHER CHURCHES CONSECRATED BREAD OF COMMUNION UPON ARRIVAL,  THE BREAD WOULD BE MIXED INTO THE CHALI...
2. INSTALLING NEW BISHOPS  BY INVITING OTHER BISHOPS FROM NEIGHBORING CHURCHES TO CONSECRATE THEM
3. CONVOKING REGIONAL SYNODS OR COUNCILS FOSTERED EXCHANGE AND COORDINATION  AMONG CHURCHES CHRISTIANS CONDUCTED SERIES OF...
4. EXCHANGING AND CIRCULATING LETTERS  THE LETTERS OFTEN CONTAINED THE VIEWS OF GROUPS AND NOT MERELY INDIVIDUALS LETTERS ...
5. ACCEPTING ATTEMPTS AT COORDINATION OF THE WESTERN CHURCHES BY THE BISHOP OF ROME ROME CAME TO BE SEEN AS ENJOYING INFLU...
6. SUBMITTING TO DIRECT INTERVENTIONS BY THE EMPEROR IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE LIFE OF THE CHURCH HE RESTORED CONFISCATED BUIL...
<ul><li>SUMMARY </li></ul><ul><li>GROWTH AND COOPERATION AMONG CHURCHES BEFORE NICEA, DUE TO SEVERAL FACTORS: </li></ul><u...
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2. origins and early development

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2. origins and early development

  1. 1. ORIGINS AND EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHURCH Michael A. Fahey, “ Church”, in Systematic Theology, eds. Francis Schussler Fiorenza and John F. Galvin, Ireland: Gill and Mcmillan, 1992, pp. 328-398.
  2. 2. JESUS CHRIST FOUNDER OF THE CHURCH
  3. 3. NEW TESTAMENT PROOFS: JESUS’ DIRECT INTENTION TO FOUND THE CHURCH YOU ARE PETER…(MT. 16:18)
  4. 4. POST-RESURRECTION ACCOUNT: PETER, DO YOU LOVE ME… TEND MY SHEEP… FEED MY FLOCK…
  5. 5. DIFFERENT STAGES IN THE FOUNDATION OF THE CHURCH JESUS’ OWN SENSE OF HIS MISSION
  6. 6. PERIOD AFTER THE RESURRECTION
  7. 7. PENTECOST EXPERIENCE
  8. 8. JESUS TRAINED WITH UTMOST CARE HIS DISCIPLES PROOFS THAT JESUS INTENDED HIS MESSAGE TO HAVE ENDURING VALUE
  9. 9. IN THE LAST SUPPER, HE INSTRUCTED HIS DISCIPLES… DO THIS IN MEMORY OF ME…
  10. 10. PRE-NICENE CHRISTIANITY DURING THE FIRST THREE CENTURIES, CHRISTIANITY UNDERWENT A PERIOD OF VIOLENT PERSECUTIONS RESULTING IN THE DEATH OF MANY CHRISTIANS
  11. 11. CONSTANTINIAN TURNING POINT CHRISTIANITY WAS RECOGNIZED IN THE ROMAN EMPIRE
  12. 12. <ul><li>EDICT OF TOLERATION </li></ul><ul><li>IN 311, AN EDICT OF TOLERATION HAD BEEN ISSUED BY EMPEROR GALERIUS </li></ul><ul><li>A DECLARATION MADE BY A GOVERNMENT OR RULER </li></ul><ul><li>STATES THAT MEMBERS OF A GIVEN RELIGION WILL NOT BE PERSECUTED FOR ENGAGING IN THEIR RELIGIOUS PRACTICES AND TRADITIONS </li></ul><ul><li>IMPLIES TACIT ACCEPTANCE OF THE RELIGION RATHER THAN ITS ENDORSEMENT BY THE RULING POWER. </li></ul>
  13. 13. THE EDICT OF MILAN (313 AD) DECLARED THAT THE ROMAN EMPIRE WOULD BE NEUTRAL WITH REGARD TO RELIGIOUS WORSHIP
  14. 14. OFFICIALLY ENDED ALL GOVERNMENT-SANCTIONED PERSECUTION, ESPECIALLY OF CHRISTIANITY
  15. 15. CONVERSION OF CONSTANTINE
  16. 16. 1. PAVED THE WAY FOR THE FIRST ECUMENICAL COUNCIL <ul><ul><li>“ Οικουμένη” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>INHABITED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USED TO REFER TO THE TERRITORY OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SINCE THE EARLIEST COUNCILS WERE ALL CONVOKED BY ROMAN EMPERORS </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>PRESENT MEANING </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MEETING OF BISHOPS OF THE WHOLE CHURCH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONVENED TO DISCUSS AND SETTLE MATTERS OF CHURCH DOCTRINE AND PRACTICE </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. 2. CHANGES IN THE LITURGY, SACRAMENTAL PRACTICES
  19. 19. FROM THE COUNCIL OF ELDERS TO MONOEPISCOPACY
  20. 20. THE CHURCH DURING THE FIRST THREE CENTURIES THE INTERACTION OF CITY CHURCH WITH ONE ANOTHER BEFORE THE COUNCIL OF NICEA
  21. 21. 1. PRAYERS FOR OTHERS AT EUCHARISTIC CELEBRATIONS AND SHARING EUCHRISTIC BREAD a. LITURGICAL PRAYERS: “ AS THIS BROKEN BREAD WAS SCATTERED UPON THE MOUNTAINS, BUT WAS BROUGHT TOGETHER AND BECAME ONE, SO LET THY CHURCH BE GATHERED TOGETHER FROM THE ENDS OF THE EARTH INTO THY KINGDOM , FOR THINE IS THE POWER AND THE GLORY THROUGH JESUS CHRIST.”
  22. 22. b. CHRISTIANS SENT TO OTHER CHURCHES CONSECRATED BREAD OF COMMUNION UPON ARRIVAL, THE BREAD WOULD BE MIXED INTO THE CHALICE OF THE RECEIVING CHURCH AS A SIGN OF ONENESS
  23. 23. 2. INSTALLING NEW BISHOPS BY INVITING OTHER BISHOPS FROM NEIGHBORING CHURCHES TO CONSECRATE THEM
  24. 24. 3. CONVOKING REGIONAL SYNODS OR COUNCILS FOSTERED EXCHANGE AND COORDINATION AMONG CHURCHES CHRISTIANS CONDUCTED SERIES OF DIALOGUE TO DEAL WITH THE PROBLEMS OF HERESIES
  25. 25. 4. EXCHANGING AND CIRCULATING LETTERS THE LETTERS OFTEN CONTAINED THE VIEWS OF GROUPS AND NOT MERELY INDIVIDUALS LETTERS ARE EITHER HORTATORY (SERMONS, APPEALS) OR INFORMATIONAL
  26. 26. 5. ACCEPTING ATTEMPTS AT COORDINATION OF THE WESTERN CHURCHES BY THE BISHOP OF ROME ROME CAME TO BE SEEN AS ENJOYING INFLUENCE OVER OTHER CHURCHES
  27. 27. 6. SUBMITTING TO DIRECT INTERVENTIONS BY THE EMPEROR IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE LIFE OF THE CHURCH HE RESTORED CONFISCATED BUILDINGS MADE AVAILABLE FINANCES FOR CHURCH BUILDINGS CLERGY WERE EXEMPTED FROM CERTAIN POLITICAL DUTIES AND TAXES
  28. 28. <ul><li>SUMMARY </li></ul><ul><li>GROWTH AND COOPERATION AMONG CHURCHES BEFORE NICEA, DUE TO SEVERAL FACTORS: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.RELIGIOUS: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A.EUCHARISTIC CELEBRATIONS, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B. INSTALLATION OF BISHOPS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. ORGANIZATIONAL, SOCIAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A. SYNODS, COUNCILS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. CONCENTRATED COORDINATION WITH ONE PERSON (BISHOP), INSTITUTION (ROME) </li></ul></ul>
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