Yosemite National Park “The Mist Trail” Danica Preciado Geology 3 CO-1 Field Assignment December 4 th , 2011
Content <ul><li>Background and Method </li></ul><ul><li>Park Information </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonal Weather/Climate </li><...
Background and Research Methodology <ul><li>In early August I visited “The Mist Trail” which is one of many trails of the ...
Site Location <ul><li>Located in the central Sierra Nevada of California  </li></ul><ul><li>Established: 10-1-1890 </li></...
Park Information <ul><li>Yosemite National Park was established on 01 October 1890. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the Nation's t...
Seasonal Weather/Climate <ul><li>Summer </li></ul><ul><li>June-September </li></ul><ul><li>Usually warm to hot with occasi...
<ul><li>Winter </li></ul><ul><li>December-March </li></ul><ul><li>Snowy and cold, but sunny and chilly days may occur. </l...
Temperatures and Precipitation <ul><li>Month Maximum   Minimum Precipitation   </li></ul><ul><li>(°F / °C) (°F / °C) (inch...
The Mist Trail <ul><li>The Mist trail is the most popular trail in Yosemite. </li></ul><ul><li>Distance: over 10 miles </l...
Waterfalls <ul><li>Yosemite is known for it’s amazing countless number of waterfalls and hiking locations, such as Bridalv...
Vernal Falls <ul><li>317 FT </li></ul><ul><li>Flows all year, but peaks in May </li></ul><ul><li>Can be seen from Glacier ...
Nevada Falls <ul><li>594 FT </li></ul><ul><li>Flows all year with peak flow in late May </li></ul><ul><li>Can also be seen...
Tree-Incense-Cedar <ul><li>Scientific Name:  Calocedrus decurrens   </li></ul><ul><li>Family Name: Cupressaceae  </li></ul...
Tree-Ponderosa Pine <ul><li>Scientific Name: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa  </li></ul><ul><li>Family Name: Pinaceae </li>...
Habitats <ul><li>Yosemite National Park is the home of many wildlife species. </li></ul><ul><li>It supports over 400 verte...
American Black Bear Mule Deer Spotted Owl ( “Wikipedia,” 2011)
Rock-Granite <ul><li>The most common rock that was seen was Granite. </li></ul><ul><li>Granite is an igneous rock </li></u...
Rocks-Granite/Schist <ul><li>The top picture I believe was also Granite.  </li></ul><ul><li>The Park was mostly made up of...
References <ul><li>&quot;Browse Trees—Tree Guide at Arborday.org.&quot;  Buy Trees and Learn About Trees - Visit Our Onlin...
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Field assignment-Yosemite National Park.

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Transcript of "Field assignment-Yosemite National Park."

  1. 1. Yosemite National Park “The Mist Trail” Danica Preciado Geology 3 CO-1 Field Assignment December 4 th , 2011
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>Background and Method </li></ul><ul><li>Park Information </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonal Weather/Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Waterfall/River Geology </li></ul><ul><li>Tree Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Habitats </li></ul><ul><li>Rock Samples </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background and Research Methodology <ul><li>In early August I visited “The Mist Trail” which is one of many trails of the Yosemite National Park. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the photos used in this report were taken from this trip. </li></ul><ul><li>Map images used came from Google. </li></ul><ul><li>Vernal and Nevada Falls I provided along with some tree photos. </li></ul><ul><li>Animal pictures came from Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of rock came from Topinka(2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of tree came from Browse Trees (n.d) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Site Location <ul><li>Located in the central Sierra Nevada of California </li></ul><ul><li>Established: 10-1-1890 </li></ul><ul><li>761,268 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinates 37° 44′ 42.73″ N, 119° 35′ 53.6″ W </li></ul>(“Tasev,” 2011, “Uhler,” 1995)
  5. 5. Park Information <ul><li>Yosemite National Park was established on 01 October 1890. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the Nation's third oldest national park. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a show case spectacular geological features, such as the greatest concentration of granite domes and largest exposed granite monolith in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham Lincoln signed the grant of 1864 which was the first application of a park concept that originated in Yosemite. </li></ul><ul><li>Yosemite plays an important role in wildlife preservation and preserving biological diversity. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a world heritage site that provides solitude and inspiration and serves as an outdoor classroom for environmental education. </li></ul>(“Uhler,” 1995)
  6. 6. Seasonal Weather/Climate <ul><li>Summer </li></ul><ul><li>June-September </li></ul><ul><li>Usually warm to hot with occasional rain. </li></ul><ul><li>Yosemite Vally(4000ft/1200m) 87 o F(31 o C)/51 o F(10 o C) </li></ul><ul><li>Water comes from melted snow in high country. </li></ul><ul><li>Waterfalls reach peak flow during this time. </li></ul><ul><li>Most blooming of wildflowers occur. </li></ul><ul><li>Fall </li></ul><ul><li>October-November </li></ul><ul><li>Variable-Ranges from hot to cold, dry to rain or snow. </li></ul><ul><li>Yosemite Vally(4000ft/1200m) 54 o F(12 o C)/35 o F(2 o C) </li></ul><ul><li>Water levels are very low. </li></ul><ul><li>Waterfalls contain little or no water. </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t have a variety of fall colors. </li></ul>(“Yosemite,” 2011)
  7. 7. <ul><li>Winter </li></ul><ul><li>December-March </li></ul><ul><li>Snowy and cold, but sunny and chilly days may occur. </li></ul><ul><li>Yosemite Vally(4000ft/1200m) 53 o F(12 o C)/28 o F(-2 o C) </li></ul><ul><li>Water levels are low until it snows or rains. </li></ul><ul><li>Waterfalls begin to flow again. </li></ul><ul><li>Covered in white from snow. </li></ul><ul><li>Spring </li></ul><ul><li>April and May </li></ul><ul><li>Sunny and warm days with occasional winter storms. </li></ul><ul><li>Yosemite Vally(4000ft/1200m) 69 o F(21 o C)/39 o F(4 o C) </li></ul><ul><li>Waterfalls and small creeks are both flowing. </li></ul><ul><li>It may reach peak runoff in May. </li></ul><ul><li>No blooming-Except for California poppies. </li></ul>(“Yosemite,” 2011)
  8. 8. Temperatures and Precipitation <ul><li>Month Maximum   Minimum Precipitation   </li></ul><ul><li>(°F / °C) (°F / °C) (inches / cm) </li></ul><ul><li>January 48/9 29/-2 6.5/16 </li></ul><ul><li>February 52/11 30/-1 6.7/17 </li></ul><ul><li>March 58/14 34/1 5.2/13 </li></ul><ul><li>April 64/18 38/3 2.8/7.1 </li></ul><ul><li>May 72/22 45/7 1.7/4.4 </li></ul><ul><li>June 81/27 51/11 0.7/1.8 </li></ul><ul><li>July 89/32 57/14 0.4/1.0 </li></ul><ul><li>August 89/32 56/13 0.1/0.3 </li></ul><ul><li>September 82/28 51/11 0.7/1.8 </li></ul><ul><li>October 71/22 42/6 2.1/5.3 </li></ul><ul><li>November 56/13 33/1 4.6/12 </li></ul><ul><li>December 47/8 28/-2 5.5/14 </li></ul>(“Yosemite,” 2011)
  9. 9. The Mist Trail <ul><li>The Mist trail is the most popular trail in Yosemite. </li></ul><ul><li>Distance: over 10 miles </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation at trailhead:  4,000 feet </li></ul><ul><li>It got its name by the wind blowing the mist everywhere and getting hikers wet. </li></ul><ul><li>It has steeped granite steps that are some of the finest foot path engineering. </li></ul><ul><li>On this trail many sceneries can be seen such as Vernal and Nevada Falls, roaring streams of water courses, Emerald Pool, carved granite cliffs. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also considered one of the most dangerous trails because of the slick steps. </li></ul>(“French,” n.d, “Yosemite,” 2006)
  10. 10. Waterfalls <ul><li>Yosemite is known for it’s amazing countless number of waterfalls and hiking locations, such as Bridalveil Fall, Lower Yosemite Fall, Cook’s Meadow Loop, Mirror Lake/Meadow, Valley Floor Loop, Four Mile Trail, Panorama Trail, Upper Yosemite trail, Vernal and Nevada Falls and Half Dome. </li></ul><ul><li>Spring is the best time to see the waterfalls. </li></ul>(“Yosemite,” 2011)
  11. 11. Vernal Falls <ul><li>317 FT </li></ul><ul><li>Flows all year, but peaks in May </li></ul><ul><li>Can be seen from Glacier Point </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation Gain: 1,000 feet (300 meters) to top of Vernal Fall </li></ul><ul><li>3 Miles (4.8km) round-trip </li></ul><ul><li>3 hours </li></ul>(“Yosemite,” 2006, “Yosemite,” 2011)
  12. 12. Nevada Falls <ul><li>594 FT </li></ul><ul><li>Flows all year with peak flow in late May </li></ul><ul><li>Can also be seen from Glacier Point </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation Gain: 1,900 feet (580 meters) to top of Nevada Fall </li></ul><ul><li>5.4 miles (8.6km) round-trip </li></ul><ul><li>5-6 hours </li></ul>(“Yosemite,” 2006, “Yosemite,” 2011)
  13. 13. Tree-Incense-Cedar <ul><li>Scientific Name: Calocedrus decurrens </li></ul><ul><li>Family Name: Cupressaceae </li></ul><ul><li>Description: Small dark greenish leaves, bright cinnamon-red bark that has broken ridges </li></ul><ul><li>40-50 ft, sometimes as tall as 70ft </li></ul><ul><li>8-12ft in width </li></ul>(“Yosemite,” 2011)
  14. 14. Tree-Ponderosa Pine <ul><li>Scientific Name: Pinus ponderosa var. ponderosa </li></ul><ul><li>Family Name: Pinaceae </li></ul><ul><li>Description: Very tall, Dark gray-green, olive or yellow green needles </li></ul><ul><li>In the wild it can grow 150’-230’ </li></ul><ul><li>It has a 25’-30’ spread </li></ul>(“Yosemite,” 2011, “Browse,” n.d)
  15. 15. Habitats <ul><li>Yosemite National Park is the home of many wildlife species. </li></ul><ul><li>It supports over 400 vertebrates such as fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. </li></ul><ul><li>Insects are found here as well, with two species not found anywhere else in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>While visiting the park, I didn’t have the chance to see any animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of animals that live in the park are mule deer, black bears, spotted owls, bobcats, mountain beavers and many more. </li></ul><ul><li>All deer in the park are mule deer; they tend to have more attacks on Humans than bears. </li></ul><ul><li>The owls may be heard in the park if u listen closely. </li></ul>( “Wikipedia,” 2011, “Uhler,” 1995)
  16. 16. American Black Bear Mule Deer Spotted Owl ( “Wikipedia,” 2011)
  17. 17. Rock-Granite <ul><li>The most common rock that was seen was Granite. </li></ul><ul><li>Granite is an igneous rock </li></ul><ul><li>Composed of four minerals; quartz, feldspar, mica, and usually hornblende </li></ul><ul><li>It forms as magma cools far under the Earths surface very slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Description: Whitish or light gray </li></ul><ul><li>Also contains tiny crystals </li></ul>(“Topinka,” 2002)
  18. 18. Rocks-Granite/Schist <ul><li>The top picture I believe was also Granite. </li></ul><ul><li>The Park was mostly made up of granite rocks with less than 5% of there being sedimentary or metamorphic rocks, most looked the same; whitish gray with crystals in it. </li></ul><ul><li>The bottom is a metamorphic rock which may be called a Schist Rock. </li></ul><ul><li>It is made up of quartz, feldspar, mica </li></ul><ul><li>Description: Silvery, brownish, dark green with waves in it. </li></ul>(“Topinka,” 2002)
  19. 19. References <ul><li>&quot;Browse Trees—Tree Guide at Arborday.org.&quot; Buy Trees and Learn About Trees - Visit Our Online Nursery . Arbor Day Foundation. Web. 26 Oct. 2011. <http://www.arborday.org/treeguide/browsetrees.cfm>. </li></ul><ul><li>French, Dave. &quot;The Mist Trail Yosemite National Park.&quot; Climbing, Hiking and Mountaineering at Timberline Trails. Timberlines Trails. Web. 24 Oct. 2011. <http://timberlinetrails.net/YosemiteMistTrail.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Peck, Donald B. &quot;Rock Key.&quot; Bob's Rock Shop: The First 'Zine for Mineral Collectors and Rockhounds . Don Peck, 2001. Web. 28 Oct. 2011. <http://www.rockhounds.com/rockshop/rockkey/>. </li></ul><ul><li>  Tasev, Ivan. &quot;Google Custom Maps | Mapsys.info.&quot; Mapsys Info - Mapping and Geospatial News. Google, 2011. Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <http://mapsys.info/62799/google-custom- maps/>. </li></ul><ul><li>Topinka, Lyn. &quot;CVO Menu - America's Volcanic Past - Yosemite.&quot; USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO). USGS, 20 Sept. 2002. Web. 27 Oct. 2011. <http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/LivingWith/VolcanicPast/Places/volcanic_past_yosemite.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Uhler, John W. &quot;Yosemite National Park Information Page.&quot; Yosemite National Park. Hillclimb Media, 1995. Web. 26 Oct. 2011. <http://www.yosemite.national-park.com/info.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>  &quot;Yosemite Hikes: The Mist Trail.&quot; Yosemite Hikes: The Best Hikes in Yosemite National Park. Yosemite Hikes, 2006. Web. 28 Oct. 2011. <http://www.yosemitehikes.com/yosemite- valley/mist-trail/mist-trail.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>  &quot;Yosemite National Park (U.S. National Park Service).&quot; U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. National Park Sevice, 2011. Web. 24 Oct. 2011. <http://www.nps.gov/yose/index.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>  &quot;Yosemite National Park.&quot; Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia. Web. 28 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yosemite_National_Park>. </li></ul>
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