Ontology-based business architecture     engineering framework      Dmitry Kudryavtsev, Lev Grigoriev                     ...
TOGAF, Architecture Content Framework                                        Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Гр...
The transition towards the ontology-based BA modeling                                                                   Di...
Components of the ORG-Master architecture frameworkMeta-                       Methodology for enterprise model creation a...
Main domains of the ORG-Master enterprise ontology               Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
Fragment of the ORG-Master                                         Value-added chain  enterprise ontology                 ...
Enterprise views and view specifications              View specification (short / full)  Based on the IEEE Std 1471-2000: ...
From knowledge acquisition forms to document-oriented viewsKnowledge ProcessCreation and                     Formalization...
From knowledge acquisition forms to document-oriented viewsKnowledge ProcessCreation and                    Formalization ...
The BA engineering tool                                Modeling process wizard                                            ...
Diagrammatic knowledge modeling for managers        – ontology-based approach                Dmitry Kudryavtsev           ...
Research questionsWhat diagrams/ visual modeling languages are the most suitable for thespecific type of knowledge (conten...
Knowledge types                            APPROACH  “WHAT”           “WHAT           “HOW”            “WHO”       “WHERE”...
Method1. Define the knowledge types using competency   questions;2. Specify the knowledge types using ODPs;3. Identify and...
Knowledge types description using competency questions            Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
The list of the ODPs for the knowledge types  Knowledge type                   Ontology Design PatternsWHAT-knowledge “Par...
Example diagram specification: Swim-lane diagram      Name,                                              Conceptual model ...
Example alignment between knowledge type and     diagram specifications            CompetencyK-type                       ...
Diagrams vs. knowledge types              Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
Usage scenarios    Usage                          Input                         Output   scenarios  Scenario A Knowledge t...
Related work and noveltyExisting classifications of diagrams              • either are too general,Theoretical classificat...
ReferencesEPC (Event-driven Process Chain)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Event-driven_process_chainTool - http://www.ariscom...
Roadmapping “gurus” - http://www.ifm.eng.cam.ac.uk/ctm/publications/tplan/                 Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес...
References•   Kudryavtsev, D., & Grigoriev, L. (2011). The ontology-based business architecture    engineering framework. ...
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  • Разработанная в диссертации модель ОНТО-АСОП определяет состав и структуру методологии ОП, онтологической организационной модели (ООМ) и выходных документов и диаграмм.\n\nНиже представлены компоненты модели …\nВсе эти компоненты детально раскрыты в диссертационной работе. В докладе я хочу показать только структуру ООМ, которую предлагается разделять на верхнеуровневую ОО и нижнеуровневую с экзеплярами.\n
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  • Разработанные в диссертационной работе модели и методы лежат в основе этих программных продуктов.\nПрограммный продукт ОРГ-Мастер и его разновидность для госорганов – ГОС-Мастер реализованы на языке Delphi и содержат более 8000 строк кода.\n
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  • кудрявцев итмо 2012 про моделирование процессов на онтологиях extended_2

    1. 1. Ontology-based business architecture engineering framework Dmitry Kudryavtsev, Lev Grigoriev 2011
    2. 2. TOGAF, Architecture Content Framework Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    3. 3. The transition towards the ontology-based BA modeling Diagrammatic notation 2 EML 1 EML 2 Diagrammatic Enterprise DiagrammaticEnterprise modeling languages (EML) notation 1 ontology notation i EML i EML n Diagrammatic notation n Ontology is a formal, explicit specification of a shared conceptualization (Gruber, 1993) Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    4. 4. Components of the ORG-Master architecture frameworkMeta- Methodology for enterprise model creation and usemodellevel Customization Enterprise Ontology method Metamodel Specifications of views (documents and diagrams) Processing Input views / Ontology-based Output views / ImportModel documents and enterprise model documents andlevel {specialized and diagrams populated ontology} diagrams Creation and Formalization Distribution Use Acquisition Knowledge Process Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    5. 5. Main domains of the ORG-Master enterprise ontology Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    6. 6. Fragment of the ORG-Master Value-added chain enterprise ontology System of activities Regular Functional (sub) system activity Process Result-oriented activities Version of the process Goal-oriented program Unique activity Project Functional domain By type Activities Function Homogeneous activities Managerial activities By area Value creating activities Support activities Elementary Action activities Task Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    7. 7. Enterprise views and view specifications View specification (short / full) Based on the IEEE Std 1471-2000: IEEE Recommended Practice for Architectural Description of Software-Intensive Systems, IEEE, New York. Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    8. 8. From knowledge acquisition forms to document-oriented viewsKnowledge ProcessCreation and Formalization Distribution UseAcquisition Structured Structured Administrative Administrative documents Х documents Y Ontology-based enterprise model Knowledge Analytical acquisition forms reports Local knowledge acquisition Query organizational answering models Internal Representation Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп 24
    9. 9. From knowledge acquisition forms to document-oriented viewsKnowledge ProcessCreation and Formalization Distribution UseAcquisition Text X Text Y Ontology-based Tables X enterprise model Tables Y Graphics X Graphics Y Pseudo-Graphics Internal Representation Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп 25
    10. 10. The BA engineering tool Modeling process wizard Documents Ontology-based Semi- Ontology-based Reporting and enterprise modelstructured query module data editor enterprise Query model results Integration wizard OWL Diagram editor Diagrams ORG-MASTER ® Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    11. 11. Diagrammatic knowledge modeling for managers – ontology-based approach Dmitry Kudryavtsev Tatiana Gavrilova Intelligent Computer Technologies Dpt., Saint- Graduate School of Management, Petersburg State Polytechnic University, Russia Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia dmitry.ku@gmail.com gavrilova@gsom.pu.ru Keywords: knowledge visualization, diagram, visual modelling language, ontology, ontology design pattern, business. Abstract: Diagrams are an effective and popular tool for visual knowledge structuring. Managers also often use them to acquire and transfer business knowledge. There are many currently available diagrams or visual modeling languages for managerial needs, unfortunately the choice between them is frequently error-prone and inconsistent. This situation raises the next questions. What diagrams/ visual modeling languages are the most suitable for the specific type of business content? What domain-specific diagrams are the most suitable for the visualization of the particular elements of organizational ontology? In order to provide the answers, the paper suggests light-weight specification of diagrams and knowledge content types, which is based on the competency questions and ontology design patterns. The proposed approach provides the classification of qualitative business diagrams. Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    12. 12. Research questionsWhat diagrams/ visual modeling languages are the most suitable for thespecific type of knowledge (content)?What diagrams/ visual modeling languages are the most suitable for thevisualization of the particular ontology view? (Lengler & Eppler, 2007) Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    13. 13. Knowledge types APPROACH “WHAT” “WHAT “HOW” “WHO” “WHERE” “WHEN” “WHY” FOR” Conceptual Strategic Functional Organisational Spatial Temporal Causalrepresentation representation representation representation representation representation representation Ontology Design Pattern (ODP) An ODP is a modeling solution to solve a recurrent ontology design problem. It is a template that represents a schema for specific “part of” pattern design solutions. An ODP consists of a set of “prototypical” ontology entities that constitute the “abstract form” of a pattern, and of a set of metadata about its use cases, motivations, provenance, the pros and cons of its application, the links to other patterns, etc. http:// ontologydesignpatterns.org/Diagram types/ visual modeling languages Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    14. 14. Method1. Define the knowledge types using competency questions;2. Specify the knowledge types using ODPs;3. Identify and specify diagram types (which will potentially correspond to the suggested knowledge types);4. Align ontology-based specifications of knowledge types and diagrams;5. Classify diagrams according to knowledge types based on the ODP alignment. Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    15. 15. Knowledge types description using competency questions Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    16. 16. The list of the ODPs for the knowledge types Knowledge type Ontology Design PatternsWHAT-knowledge “Part of”, “Classification” * “Subclass”, “Type” ** “Action sequence” (Action + Sequence), “Controlflow” *HOW-knowledge “Action pre-condition” (Source: (Uschold, King, Moralee, & Zorgios, 1998)WHO-knowledge “Role-task”, “AgentRole” *WHAT-FOR- “Help achieve” ODP (Source: (Uschold, King, Moralee, &knowledge Zorgios, 1998)WHEN-knowledge “TimeInterval”, “TimeIndexedSituation” *WHERE- “Place” *knowledgeIncomplete list of ontology design patternsSources: * - http://ontologydesignpatterns.org/ , ** - http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-owl-features-20040210/ Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    17. 17. Example diagram specification: Swim-lane diagram Name, Conceptual model Definition Thumbnail Core elements DiagramS w i m - l a n e a flowchart, that Action,diagram v i s u a l l y Role distinguishes responsibilities for sub- processes of a b u s i n e s s process.… … … … Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    18. 18. Example alignment between knowledge type and diagram specifications CompetencyK-type ODP Diagram Conceptual model question/-sWHO Who performs “Role task” ODP Swim-lane smth? (informal) diagram What roles are this task (action) of?… … … … … Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    19. 19. Diagrams vs. knowledge types Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    20. 20. Usage scenarios Usage Input Output scenarios Scenario A Knowledge type List of relevant diagrams Scenario B Competency List of relevant question(-s) diagrams Scenario C Ontology design List of relevant patterns diagrams Scenario D Ontology view List of relevant diagrams Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    21. 21. Related work and noveltyExisting classifications of diagrams • either are too general,Theoretical classifications (Lengler & Eppler, • or have rather inconsistent classification2007), (Lohse, Biolsi, Walker, & Rueter, 1994) criteria,Practice-driven classifications (Visio, Smart • or have limited set of diagrams, whichDraw) do not cover all the “7W” knowledgeEnterprise architecture based classifications: types.Archimate (Jonkers et al., 2003), MEMO The suggested categories are specified(Frank, 2002), IBM Enterprise framework or insufficiently to choose diagrams and addpopulated Zachman Framework new onesSemantic specifications for popular Do not cover all the popular businessdiagrams: BPMN, UML, Strategy maps diagrams / visual languages, were(Belecheanu et al., 2007; Cabral et al., 2009; suggested by independent teams andGiannoulis, Petit, & Zdravkovic, 2010; must be integrated.Guizzardi, 2005; Thomas & Fellmann, 2007) mostly cover the area of business processes.The main research results of our paper are:• Specifications for the “7W” knowledge types;• Diagrams systematization, which is grounded on ontological specifications.• 5-step process to extend knowledge types’ specification and to classify newdiagrams based on the content perspective. Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    22. 22. ReferencesEPC (Event-driven Process Chain)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Event-driven_process_chainTool - http://www.ariscommunity.com/aris-expressBPMN (Business Process Model and Notation)http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/BPMNhttp://bpmntraining.ru/Swim Lane diagram - http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swim_laneSUPER projecthttp://www.ip-super.org/SUPER Ontologies - http://www.ip-super.org/content/view/129/136/Deliverables - http://www.ip-super.org/content/view/32/66/Tools - http://www.ip-super.org/content/view/196/163/Hepp, Martin et al.: Semantic Business Process Management: A Vision Towards Using Semantic WebServices for Business Process Management. IEEE International Conference on e-BusinessEngineering (ICEBE 2005). Beijing, China, October 18-20, 2005, pp. 535-540. Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    23. 23. Roadmapping “gurus” - http://www.ifm.eng.cam.ac.uk/ctm/publications/tplan/ Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп
    24. 24. References• Kudryavtsev, D., & Grigoriev, L. (2011). The ontology-based business architecture engineering framework. In proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools and Techniques (SOMET), September 28-30, 2011, Saint-Petersburg, Russia. P. 233-252.• Kudryavtsev, D. V., Gavrilova, T. A. (2011). Diagrammatic knowledge modeling for managers – ontology-based approach. Accepted poster. International Conference on Knowledge engineering and Ontology Development, 26-29 October, 2011, Paris, France. P. 386-389. Кудрявцев Д. В., СПбГПУ, Бизнес Инжиниринг Групп

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