Falkland dispute
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Falkland dispute Document Transcript

  • 1. The Re-Dispute over Falkland Islands The history of dispute over Falkland Island (Las Melvinas) was dated way back to the early 18th century, French were the first one to settle when they set up garrison on the eastern part of the island, followed by the British which settling another garrison, independent of the French on another uninhabited section of the island. When The Papal Bull1 was issued in 1493, The Islands were on the Spanish side ofthe line dividing South America between Spain and Portugal. So in 1713, roughly 320 yearsafter the Pope ‘granted’ sovereignty of the island to Spain, Spain put diplomatic pressure onFrance and the Great Britain to take over control of the islands. France finally agreed to thison 1766, Unfortunately, the same agreement wasn’t reached with the Great Britain, forcingSpain to expelled British and taking the full control of the island in 1770, coming close to all-out war in the process After the Independent of Argentina in 1816, Argentina take claim over the island as itincluded in the territory of its former colonial master (Spain). But in 1933 The British landedonce again and took over the Island (by Force) from Argentina. The British then settledfarmers and fisherman in the territory and continued to use it as a strategic outpost in theSouth Atlantic.2 The dispute of Falkland sovereignty was reaching its peaked on 1982 and trigger TheFalkland War (Guerra de Las Malvinas). It was The Military Junta that invaded Falkland inApril 1982. This conflict last for 74 days and the Falkland was seized by the British MilitaryTask Force. The Spark of Re-dispute shows in 2012, eventhought its actually start from 2010when the British Desire Petroleum company started exploring for oil and gas 100 km north ofthe Malvinas. on the 30th anniversary of the Falkland War, the government of Argentinaunder President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, express its anxiety to re-open the negotiation1 Pattern Letters issued by Pope of the Catholic Church2 (Marwick, 2012)
  • 2. of Falkland sovereignty to Great Britain, this motion was rejected by Great Britain, creating ahigh tension between both countries. Geographically, the Island is closer to Argentina than to the Great Britain as it islocated on the continental shelf facing Argentina, and as stated in the 1958 UN Conventionon the Continental Shelf3, the Island is a part of Argentina Territory. Since 17 June 1833, Argentina has noted and protested the Act of Force by British tore-establish their domination over Falklands, as it is illegal under International law. By thePrinciple of Uti Possidetis Juris4 the Falkland islands is a part of Argentina as it was a part ofSpain and Spain never renounced their sovereignty over the island. The Great Britain alreadyleft in 1776 and renounced their sovereignty in the Nootka Sound Convention5 whileArgentina never renounced it Claim. It appeared that this is an attempted of Great Britain toextend its territories in Americas as shown with the British invasions of the Río de la Plata6years earlier. The arrival of a new British Destroyer, HMS Dauntless, to the South Atlantic add oilto the fire as it is interpreted as a sign of Militarization attempt of the Great Britain toestablish more of their power over the Falkland Islands. In response for this attempt thePresident of Argentina, Cristina Kirchner stated that "We will present a complaint to the UNSecurity Council and the UN General Assembly, as this militarization poses a grave danger tointernational security.... We cannot interpret in any other way the deployment of an ultra-modern destroyer accompanying the heir to the throne, who we would prefer to see in civilianattire."7 This moves are popular with the Argentinean public, who are overwhelminglysupportive of efforts to reclaim the islands. Not only it is supported domestically, many Latin America country is also supportthis. Chiles foreign minister recently declared support for Argentinas claim, Brazil andUruguay agreed to the ban on ships flying Falklands flags recently, Even Fidel Castro and3 an international treaty that established the rights of a sovereign state over the continental shelf surroundingit4 principle of international law which said newly formed sovereign states should have the same borders thattheir preceding dependent are (colony) had before their independence.5 Agreement between Spain and Britain in 1790s to avoid war over claims of territory in Pasific North westcoast of North west America6 a series of unsuccessful British attempts to seize control of the Spanish colonies located around the La PlataBasin in South America (today part of Argentina and Uruguay).7 Statement to a group of politicians and Argentine veterans of the 1982 Falklands war on Tuesday, february7th 2012.
  • 3. Venezuelan President Hugo Cavez support Argentina and criticize the Great Britains claimon the Falklands.8BibliographyAljazeera. (2012, february 8). news: Aljazeera. Retrieved may 11, 2012, from Aljazeera Web site:http://www.aljazeera.com/news/americas/2012/02/20122722224917430.htmlcancilleria. (2009, February 10). malvinas: cancileria. Retrieved Mei 11, 2012, from cancilleria:http://www.cancilleria.gov.ar/portal/seree/malvinas/homeing.htmlcaracas. (2010, february 2010). Article : Reuters. Retrieved may 12, 2012, from Reuters:http://www.reuters.com/article/2010/02/19/venezuela-falklands-idUSN2910731220100219Marwick, N. (2012, february 26). comments & analysis: Politics. Retrieved may 11, 2012, fromPolitics: http://www.politics.co.uk/comment-analysis/2012/02/26/comment-britain-and-argentina-s-claims-to-the-falklands-areWilson, G. (2012, april 3). Politics: The Sun. Retrieved may 11, 2012, from The Sun Web Site:http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/politics/4235503/Argentine-president-Cristina-Fernndez-de-Kirchner-slams-British-stance-on-Falklands-as-absurd.html8 (caracas, 2010)