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GEO201 Orientation Module: Introduction to GeographyPresentation Transcript
Orientation Module:Introduction to GeographyGEO201: Maps and LandformsAugust 27th
Geography Geography is “the science of place, i.e., the study of the surface of the earth, the location and distribution of its physical and cultural features, the areal patterns or places that they form, and the interrelation of these features as they affect humans.”Source: "geography." The Columbia Encyclopedia. New York: Columbia University Press,2008. Credo Reference. Web. 22 August 2011.
Geography Geography is an ancient discipline. More than 2600 years ago Greek scholars correctly reasoned Earth to have a spherical shape.
Geography Interest in geography grew between the 15th and 19th centuries when explorers began to investigate parts of the world previously unknown to people of European descent.
Geography The two leading geographic figures during the 19th century were: Alexander Von Humboldt (1769–1859) German naturalist and explorer Carl Ritter (1779–1859) Professor of geography at BerlinSource: Andrews, Gavin J. Linehan, Denis "Geography." Encyclopedia of Environment andSociety. 2007.
Humboldt and Ritter
Geography Today, most geographers consider themselves to be a human (cultural) or physical (environmental) specialists. Within these two broad fields are a range of subfields which overlap.
Geography Physical Geography Study of the physical elements of geography. Cultural Geography The study of the human and/or cultural elements of geography.
The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes Location Place Movement Regions Human-Earth Relationships
The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes Location Absolute and relative location on Earth. Location answers the question “Where?”Source: Elemental Geosystems 6e, p.3
The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes Place Tangible and intangible living and nonliving characteristics that make each place unique.Source: Elemental Geosystems 6e, p.3
The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes Movement Communication, movement, circulation, migration, and diffusion across Earth’s surface. Global interdependence links all regions and places.Source: Elemental Geosystems 6e, p.3
The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes Regions Areas having uniform characteristics; how they form and change; their relation to other regions. The American Midwest is a distinct region of grasslands and prairie, corn, soybean, and feed crops, and huge regional feedlots and animal processing factories.Source: Elemental Geosystems 6e, p.3
The Science of Geography Five Spatial Themes Human-Earth Relationships Resource exploitation, hazard perception, and environmental pollution and modification.Source: Elemental Geosystems 6e, p.3
Weather and Climate Weather The short-term atmospheric conditions for a given time and a specific area. Climate An aggregate of day-to-day weather conditions and weather extremes over a long period of time.