The Photo Thief Seminar. Your Picture has been stolen, What now?

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This presentation deals with Copyright Infringement of Photographic Images in India. It gives basic details and whats and where's about things.

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The Photo Thief Seminar. Your Picture has been stolen, What now?

  1. 1. The Photo Thief Seminar Your Picture has been stolen! What now? Dilip Muralidaran
  2. 2. <ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian Copyrights Act, 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Use </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons India </li></ul><ul><li>Legal recourse in case of infringement </li></ul><ul><li>Where’s my money at? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Indian Copyrights Act, 1957 Section 2 refers to Interpretations of the words used in the Act. &quot;2(c) &quot;Artistic work&quot; means- (i) A painting, a sculpture, a drawing (including a diagram, map, chart or plan), an engraving or a photograph, whether or not any such work possesses artistic quality...&quot; &quot;2(d) &quot;Author&quot; means- (iv) In relation to a photograph, the person taking the photograph;&quot; ..... Section 17 First owner of copyright- Subject to the provisions of this Act, the author of a work shall be the first owner of the copyright therein.
  4. 4. Offence Section 63 Offence of infringement of copyright or other rights conferred by this Act- Any person who knowingly infringes or abets the infringement of- (a) The copyright in a work, or (b) Any other right conferred by this Act, except the right conferred by section 53A, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to three years and with fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to two lakh rupees. Provided that where the infringement has not been made for gain in the course of trade or business the Court may, for adequate and special reasons to be mentioned in the judgment, impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than six months or a fine of less than fifty thousand rupees.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Licensing </li></ul><ul><li>You always “License” an image, selling an image in other words means “suicide”. DON’T EVER DO IT! </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing an Image attracts a license fee. </li></ul><ul><li>Images that have a Model will attract an additional Model License fee. </li></ul><ul><li>Images that are of exclusive places will attract a property license fee. </li></ul><ul><li>A Model License fee will require a “Model License form” or a “Model Release Form” </li></ul><ul><li>A Location License fee will require a “Property Release form” or a “Property Release License” </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Fair Use </li></ul><ul><li>Unavailability of Alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Citation for reference </li></ul><ul><li>Review of the Original Material </li></ul><ul><li>Journalistic Articles that convey Information / News </li></ul><ul><li>Investigation </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Creative Commons India 2.5 </li></ul><ul><li>CC licenses can be obtained for free. CC provides alternative licensing and contract schemes to allow creators to waive, in a prior manner, some of their rights that copyrights automatically assign to them. It provides free tools that let authors, scientists, artists, and educators easily mark their creative work with the freedoms they want it to carry. You can use CC to change your copyright terms from &quot; All Rights Reserved &quot; to &quot; Some Rights Reserved .“ </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 India License. </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 India License. </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 2.5 India License. </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 2.5 India License. </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.5 India License. </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India License. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Legal recourse in case of infringement </li></ul><ul><li>Section 55 states availability of CIVIL REMEDIES </li></ul><ul><li>Section 57 also provides for Author’s special remedies which are… </li></ul><ul><li>(a) to claim authorship of the work; and </li></ul><ul><li>(b) to restrain or claim damages in respect of any distortion, mutilation, modification or other act in </li></ul><ul><li>relation to the said work which is done before the expiration of the term of copyright if such distortion, </li></ul><ul><li>mutilation, modification or other act would be prejudicial to his honour or reputation. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 63 Clearly states… </li></ul><ul><li>Offenders shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to three years and with fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to two lakh rupees </li></ul><ul><li>Section 63A states that… </li></ul><ul><li>Whoever having already been convicted of an offence under section 63 is again convicted of any such offence shall be punishable for the second and for every subsequent offence, with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than one year but which may extend to three years and with fine which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to two lakh rupees </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Section 63B States.. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any person who knowingly makes use on a computer of an infringing copy of a computer programme shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than seven days but which may extend to three years and with fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to two lakh rupees. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Section 65. Possession of plates for purpose of making infringing copies. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 66. Disposal of infringing copies or plates for purpose of making infringing copies. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 67. Penalty for making false entries in register, etc., for producing or tendering false entries . - </li></ul><ul><li>Section 68. Penalty for making false statements for the purpose of deceiving or influencing any authority or officer. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 69. Offences by companies. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Press Council of India </li></ul><ul><li>http://presscouncil.nic.in </li></ul><ul><li>They describe themselves as “An Act to establish a press council to preserve the freedom of the press and of maintaining and improving the standards of news papers and news agencies in India. </li></ul><ul><li>Write to the Editor first. If not satisfied then write to the press council ** </li></ul><ul><li>Complaints to be made within 2 months of the incident. </li></ul><ul><li>The matter should not be pending in court. </li></ul><ul><li>The matter should state in what way a content is objectionable and it must satisfy the definition under the Press Council Act, 1978. </li></ul><ul><li>The address to write to is… </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Secretary, Press Council of India, Soochna Bhavan, 8-C.G.O. Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110003 Email : [email_address] , [email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>** (who in turn may not care to respond) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Where’s my money at? </li></ul><ul><li>Modifications </li></ul><ul><li>Damages </li></ul><ul><li>Irrelevant Publication </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Assault </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy Issues </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Photography Copyright Awareness Blog for Indians http://indianpressarethieves.blogspot.com/
  13. 13. Questions???

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