English - Language of Communication PET 2011
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English - Language of Communication PET 2011

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This presentation is only for those who are going to appear in PET-2011 (Ph.D. Entrance Test, Bhavnagar University) and have not appeared in any examination of English Grammar at School or College ...

This presentation is only for those who are going to appear in PET-2011 (Ph.D. Entrance Test, Bhavnagar University) and have not appeared in any examination of English Grammar at School or College level. It has elementary understanding of English Grammar for PET.

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English - Language of Communication PET 2011 English - Language of Communication PET 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • ‘English’ Language of Communication PET - 2011 1st October, 2011 Saturday Dr. Dilip Barad dilipbarad@gmail.comSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 1
  • • A guide to Slide Show:• This presentation is only for those who are going to appear in PET-2011 and have not appeared in any examination of English Grammar at School or College level.• Click to view directly the specific slide• Click here to view presentation from the beginning• Click here to view the List of Books• Click here to view List of Website for Online Grammar QuizSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 2
  • (B) COURSE CONTENT OF LANGUAGE OF COMMUNICATION• • Parts of Speech and their Usages• i. Nouns• ii. Verbs• iii. Adjectives• iv. Adverbs Back to• V. Pronouns index page• vi. Prepositions• vii. Conjunctions• viii. InterjectionsSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 3
  • Examples: Parts of Speech• Identify ‘parts of speech’ of the underlined words:• John is appearing in PET-2011. (N-V-V-Pre-N)• Either Rama or Laxman will be selected in DRC (Departmental Research Committee). (Conjunction – Verb)• He successfully passed the test. (Pro- Adverb) Back to index pageSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 4
  • Examples – Parts of Speech• Hurrah! I have cleared DRC. (Interjection)• He is cycling – Cycling is good for exercise. (Cycling – Verb / Noun-gerund)• This is very interesting. (Adverb – Adjective).• Choose the right option: “You have done it successfully”. a) Noun-Verb-Adverb Back to b) Verb-Pronoun-Adverb index c) Pronoun-Noun-adjective pageSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 5
  • (B) COURSE CONTENT OF LANGUAGE OF COMMUNICATION• • Articles• ‘A’, ‘An’ and ‘The’ Back to index pageSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 6
  • Examples: Articles• My friend sent _____ SMS regarding this message. (A, An, The)• ___ UGC has announced …… (A, An, The)• Is the use of ‘article’ appropriate in the below given sentence? 1. The Earth revolves round the Sun. 2. Do you believe that the above given sentence is wrong? 3. Have you seen the earth revolving round the sun? Back to All three sentences are ‘TRUE’. index pageSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 7
  • (B) COURSE CONTENT OF LANGUAGE OF COMMUNICATION• • Types of Sentence and its Structure• i. Declarative sentences• ii. Interrogative sentences• iii. Imperative sentences• iv. Exclamatory sentences; also,• v. Simple sentence Back• vi. Compound sentence to• vii. Complex sentence index• viii. Remove “too” page• ix. Superlative Sentences• x. Comparative SentencesSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 8
  • Examples: Types of Sentences• Have you passed the PET? (Identify the type of this sentence) a) Interrogative b) Exclamatory c) Imperative Back to d) Assertive index pageSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 9
  • Example: Remove ‘too’• After removing ‘too’, is it correct to write this sentence (‘The teacher is too lenient to be strict’.) as – ‘The teacher is so lenient that she cannot be strict’. a) False Back b) True to index c) ‘So’ cannot be used to replace ‘too’ page d) None of the above is trueSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 10
  • Example: Degrees Positive Comparative Superlative Strong Stronger Strongest Great Greater Greater Fast Faster Fastest Big Bigger Biggest Much/Many Mucher/Manyer Muchest/Manyest Beautiful Beautifler Beautifulest Good Gooder Goodest Back Bad Badder Baddest to index Popular Popularer Popularest page Sincere Sincerer SincererestSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 11
  • Example: Degrees Positive Comparative Superlative Strong Stronger Strongest Great Greater Greater Fast Faster Fastest Big Bigger Biggest Much/Many More Most Beautiful More Beautiful Most Beautiful Good Better Best Back to Bad Worse Worst index page Popular More Popular Most Popular Sincere More sincere Most sincereSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 12
  • (B) COURSE CONTENT OF LANGUAGE OF COMMUNICATION• • Usages of Tense in English• • Active and Passive Voice Back to• Please see the attached PDF file for examples. index pageSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 13
  • Example: Tense and Voice Rules of Voice and example are in scanned PDF copy attached with the email Back to index pageSimple Present TenseI love research activity. Research activity is loved by me.Present Continuous TenseI am loving research activity Research activity is being loved by me.Saturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 14
  • (B) COURSE CONTENT OF LANGUAGE OF COMMUNICATION Back to• • Direct and Indirect Speech index page Rules:• Tense of ‘Reporting Verb’ does not change.• In reported speech (indirect speech), Tense, Pronoun and words denoting nearness of time & position undergo certain changes.Saturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 15
  • Example: Speech• He said: “I am very busy now”.• He said that he was very busy then. Back to index pageSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 16
  • Tense in indirect speechDifferent forms of verb ‘Do’Direct Speech Indirect SpeechDo / does DidDid Had doneHad doneAm/is/are doing Was/were doingWas/were doing Had been doingHad been doingWill/shall do Would/should doWill/shall be doing Would/should be doingWill/shall have done Would / should have BackMay Might to indexCan Could pageHas/have to 01, 2011Saturday, October Had to www.dilipbarad.com 17
  • Pronoun – Indirect speech• He said to me, “I don’t believe you”.• He said he didn’t believe me.• She said to him, “I don’t believe you”.• She said she didn’t believe him. Back to index pageSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 18
  • Words denoting nearness and remotenessDirect speech Indirect speechThis / these That / those Back toHere There indexNow Then (often omitted) pageAgo BeforeLast The previous / the ----- before -----Next The following / the ----- after -----Today That dayTonight That nightHence ThenceHither ThitherYesterday The previous day / the day beforeTomorrow The next day / the following day / the daySaturday, October 01, 2011 after www.dilipbarad.com 19
  • Example• Angelo said, “Ill meet you at that place some hour hence.” (The Comedy of Errors. W. Shakespeare)• Angelo said that he would meet him/her at that place some hour thence.• Charles said, “I am heartily glad I came hither to you.” (As You Like It. W. Shakespeare)• Charles said that he was heartily glad he had come thither to him/her. Back to index pageSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 20
  • Example:• Possible types of MCQ (multiple choice questions): – Identify the speech in following sentences: Back to – select the right indirect speech: index – true – false page• He said, “We opened a branch of our firm here two years ago but we haven’t been able to make any progress”.• He said that they opened a branch of their firm there two years before but they hadn’t been able to make any progress.Saturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 21
  • Back to index page Internet sources for MCQ type quiz - English Grammar• Online quiz: (Pleases click on the logo to open the website or check the list of web links in the attached word file)Saturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 22
  • List of books:• David Greed – ‘Contemporary English Grammar Structures and Composition’. Pub: Macmillan Back to• R.P. Sinh – ‘Oxford English Grammar and Usage with index Composition’. Pub: Oxford Press. page• Wren & Martin – ‘High School English Grammar & Composition’. Pub: S. ChandSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 23
  • Why is English given so much importance in Research?• It is believed that – the knowledge accepted at international level is available in English.• To make our research known to the world – English is the only express way!• We want to know ‘what the world is doing’ and we want the world to know what we are doing’. Back to indexSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com page 24
  • Let us end our discussion on humorous note:• Watch these videos:• English academy – watch this video on www.youtube.com > http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2qCQQB4nElA• School teacher – watch this video on www.youtube.com > http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eUo7BL6NFus&feature=related Back to index pageSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 25
  • An Idea is more important thanlanguage – language is nothing buta tool / vehicle to convey ideas.Research activities are based onideas – innovative, critical andcreative ideas. Back to index pageSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 26
  • Thank you!• UGC has made it mandatory to submit one copy of synopsis/dissertation in English.• Email: dilipbarad@gmail.com• www.facebook.com/dilipbarad• www.facebook.com/dr.dilipbarad• Website: www.dilipbarad.comSaturday, October 01, 2011 www.dilipbarad.com 27