Dictionary Skills

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  • 1. Dictionary Skills How to make best use of Dictionary ?
  • 2. Meaning of Dictionary: Oxford English Dict.
    • n. book explaining, usu. in alphabetical order , words of a language, or giving their equivalent in another language; reference book of words and topics of subjects arranged in alphabetical order.
  • 3. Dictionary: its meaning…
    • It is primarily a book of reference, but a book worth studying.
    • It is to supply much more than just meanings and spellings.
    • It has a wealth of information.
    • It records the changes in vocabulary.
  • 4. Philology > Etymology…
    • Philology is the name given to the science of languages.
    • Etymology deals with the history of words.
    • A few examples… Canter, Boycott, Assassin.
  • 5. Etymology
    • Origin of words:
    • Assassin: Benzir Bhutto was assassinated on 27 th December, 2007.
    • Originated from hashshashim or hashish-eater.
    • Hashish contains intoxicating properties and was supplied to the fanatical Muslims to kill Christians during Crusades.
  • 6. It enriches Vocabulary…
    • A good vocabulary is one of the hall-marks of an educated person, and a priceless possession both in business and in social life.
    • How to acquire it?
  • 7. Acquire vocabulary from…
    • Conversation, Listening radio/TV/audio track, Reading …. And …
    • Regular use of the DICTIONARY…
  • 8. Don’t forget…
    • It is not enough to know only what a word means….
    • One must be able to use it in conversation and writing.
  • 9. Dictionary Plan
    • Each and every dictionary has its unique plan.
    • Read first a few pages of dictionary to understand dictionary.
    • The introduction explains the plan of dictionary.
  • 10. How Dictionary helps?
    • Accentuation: Stress pattern.
    • It is important to learn which syllable take stress (it is indicated by a dash or dot placed immediately after the stressed syllable).
  • 11.
    • Transfer of stress form one syllable to another sometimes alter the grammatical functions as well as the meaning of a word.
    • For instance,
    • ab’stract, with stress on first syllable, is a noun and means a summary , while abstract’, the stress on the second syllable, is a verb and means to take away
  • 12. Hymonyms and Paronyms
    • Another class of words is frequent source of trouble.
    • Words similar in sound but different in meaning – Hymonyms.
    • Words similar in from but different in meaning or use – Paronyms.
    • Lets discuss some examples….
    • WWYP – work with your partners….
  • 13. Some examples:
    • Bear – Bare – Beer
    • Foul –Fawl
    • Alter – altar
    • Antic – Antique
    • Birth – Berth
    • Bell – Bail
    • Beach – Beech – Bitch
    • Queue – cue
    • Desert – Dessert
    • Dew – due
    • Goal – Gaol
    • Magnet – magnate
    • Patrol – petrol
    • Prey – pray
    • Whether - weather
  • 14. Some more examples…
    • Wait – weight
    • Sick- seek
    • Sun – son
    • Week – weak
    • Stationary – stationery
    • Storey – story
    • Sea – see
    • Write – right – wright – rite
    • Seen – sin – scene
    • Herd – heard
    • Hart – heart
  • 15. Lets make use of Dictionary…
    • Distinguish the meaning of the words forming each of the following pairs:
    • Alternate – alternative
    • Beside – besides
    • Elicit – illicit
    • Emigrant – immigrant
    • Credible – creditable
    • Human – humane
    • Industrial - industrious
  • 16. Etymology…
    • Write down about the origin of the following terms:
    • Catalogue, commerce, creditor, importer, insurance
    • Messrs, mortgage, prospectus, quotation, transport
  • 17. Parts of Speech
    • Noun
    • Verb
    • Adverb
    • Adjective
    • Write four sentence with ‘SUCCESS’ using it as the above mentioned parts of speech in each sentence:
  • 18.
    • Success always comes after hard work. (Noun)
    • He is a successful businessman. (Adj)
    • India did not succeed in defeating. (Verb) Australia, thanks to Umpires.
    • He successfully passed B.C.A.(Adverb)
  • 19. Light
    • The sun gives as light . (noun)
    • A light purse makes a heavy heart. (Adj)
    • We need torch to light us on our way. (verb)
    • He treated it in light hearted manner. (Adv)
  • 20. The need for exactness…
    • Ability to choose and use the right words depends upon the range of one’s vocabulary, and this will be adequate only if opportunities are taken to refer good dictionaries.
    • Words change their meanings.
    • See this example:
  • 21. Variants of word ‘KILL’…
    • He was slain on the battlefield.
    • The robbers killed him and looted his property.
    • He was murdered in cold blood.
    • All the sheep were slaughtered .
    • The criminal was executed .
  • 22. Confusing words…
    • Do not confuse this…
    • Accept (to receive, agree)
    • Achieve (to attain by effort)
    • Acquaint ( to make aware)
    • Address (formal, and may be written)
    • With this…
    • Except (to exclude)
    • Get, reach ( to obtain, possibly without effort)
    • Inform ( to tell)
    • Speech ( less formal, and presumed to be spoken)
  • 23. Online Dctionary…
    • www.dictionary.com
    • www.thefreedictionary.com
    • How to search good dictionaries on internet?
    • How to use computer dictionaries?
    • Encarta, Advance Learners 7 th Ed & Oxford Genie.
  • 24. Thank You
    • By
    • Dr. Dilip Barad
    • Dept. of English
    • Bhavnagar University
    • Bhavnagar – Gujarat
    • India.