What is Piracy?
• Piracy is the unauthorized
reproduction and distribution of
electronic audio and media
devices. This include the copying
• Other materials in electronic
• Music piracy is the copying and
distributing of copies of a piece
of music for which the
composer, recording artist,
or copyright-holding record
company did not give consent.
Why does it happen?
• Music piracy is being committed
because people don’t want to
pay for a legal copy when they
can just download it from
websites for FREE.
How does it happen?
• Internet (Downloading)
• Passing of legal/illegal copies from one hand to another
• Peer to peer link programs (BitTorrent and others)
files on a
the files live
• Napster is a software program
which allows its users to locate
and share MP3 files
• It is now being regarded as the
company that precipitated the
digital download revolution
• It was created in 1999 by Sean
Fanning, a freshman at
• Napster technology incorporates a centralized or server-based Peerto-Peer (P2P) network
• There is a central list of information that is accessed by all the users of
• Under the Napster program there was no process for checking to see if
the materials distributed are protected by copyright, nor does the
system recognize the true identity of the users involved in the
• At its peak the Napster service had about 80 million registered users.
• The consequence of this is that music companies are losing millions of
• They don’t just lose money, they lose their selling details and even in
some cases they don’t get a GOLD or PLATINUM credit for the song
because people don’t buy it, they simply download it !
• Music piracy is costing the U.S. economy $12.5 billion every year !
Worldwide Internet Bandwidth
• BitTorrent (one of the main
reasons for music piracy)
accounts for 28.4% of the
worldwide internet bandwith
• Whereas iTunes accounts for just
Recording Industry Association
Mission: to foster a business and legal environment that supports and
promotes its members creative and financial vitality
Members: artists and record companies
RIAA members create, manufacture, and distribute approximately 90%
of all legitimate sound recordings produced and sold in the U.S.
Napster’s shut down
• RIAA filed a lawsuit against
• In July 2001 Napster was shut
• Napster is now back in business
as a legal, pay-per-song musicdownload site.
• Since the introduction of Napster, many other similar utilities
and Web sites have appeared.
• Some, like Gnutella, allow virtually anything to be shared.
• P2P utilities that employ this decentralized approach are
virtually impossible to shut down.