Digital StudyHall June 2009
The Challenge: Improve Quality of Education in Developing Countries <ul><ul><li>Shortage of qualified teachers for slum an...
The Digital StudyHall Model Overview <ul><ul><li>A community-based video production and sharing system </li></ul></ul><ul>...
The Digital StudyHall Model Key Components A People’s Database of “Everything” Practical Technology for Community-Based Co...
The Digital StudyHall Model Themes <ul><ul><li>Not about any one particular piece, but about building an “eco-system” of s...
The Digital StudyHall Model A People’s Database of “Everything” Practical Technology for Community-Based Content-Sharing M...
A People’s Database of “Everything” Overview The Digital StudyHall Vision  A People’s Database of “Everything” <ul><ul><li...
A People’s Database of “Everything” Database Content <ul><ul><li>Classes are based on the state government curriculum and ...
A People’s Database of “Everything” Recording the Classes <ul><ul><li>Daily filming of live classes conducted by grassroot...
A People’s Database of “Everything” Bridging the Education Gaps: The Challenge <ul><ul><li>Content development must accoun...
A People’s Database of “Everything” Bridging the Education Gaps: The Solution <ul><ul><li>Pair the best teachers with slum...
A People’s Database of “Everything” Characteristics of Recorded Classes <ul><ul><li>Classes are highly interactive, with l...
<ul><ul><li>Since 2005, we’ve accumulated over: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1500 lessons in English, math, science </li></u...
The Digital StudyHall Model Practical Technology for Community-Based Content-Sharing A People’s Database of “Everything” M...
Practical Technology for Community-Based Content Sharing The Process Cheap, simple camcorders / equipment to record classe...
Practical Technology for Community-Based Content Sharing Equipment at Spoke Schools <ul><ul><li>Current Equipment </li></u...
The Digital StudyHall Model Mediation-Based Pedagogy A People’s Database of “Everything” Network of Hubs and Spokes Practi...
Mediation-Based Pedagogy Overview <ul><ul><li>In Mediation, the TV and a local teacher form a team </li></ul></ul><ul><li>...
Mediation-Based Pedagogy Training for Mediators <ul><ul><li>Training occurs over time: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An i...
Mediation-Based Pedagogy Peer Teaching <ul><ul><li>Good students are enlisted as class “leaders” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><u...
Mediation-Based Pedagogy DSH Role in Teacher Training <ul><ul><li>Local teachers learn from video teachers </li></ul></ul>...
The Digital StudyHall Model Network of Hubs and Spokes Practical Technology for Community-Based Content-Sharing Mediation-...
Network of Hubs and Spokes Overview <ul><li>Each Hub : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a local center of excellence </li></ul></u...
Network of Hubs and Spokes Key Benefits <ul><ul><li>Decentralized content production, distribution, sharing, training, and...
Network of Hubs and Spokes Current Status <ul><ul><li>Operational hubs in Lucknow (IN), Pune (IN), Calcutta (IN), Dhaka (B...
Network of Hubs and Spokes Spin-Offs from Digital StudyHall <ul><ul><li>Themes of Spin-Offs: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><l...
Impact of Digital StudyHall Evaluation Study <ul><ul><li>Evaluation study conducted at 4 schools over 8 months </li></ul><...
Impact of Digital StudyHall Evaluation Study: Summary of Findings <ul><ul><li>Compared to non-DSH classes, DSH classes saw...
Final Thoughts <ul><ul><li>Not about any one particular piece, but about building an “eco-system” of symbiotic pieces </li...
Contact Us <ul><ul><li>Google for: digital studyhall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Website:  http://dsh.cs.washington.edu </l...
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Digital StudyHall Overview

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Introduction to social entrepreneurship Digital StudyHall (DSH), winner of the 2008 Tech Awards in Education.

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Digital StudyHall Overview

  1. 1. Digital StudyHall June 2009
  2. 2. The Challenge: Improve Quality of Education in Developing Countries <ul><ul><li>Shortage of qualified teachers for slum and rural schools in developing countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers lack subject matter knowledge and understanding of effective teaching practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers are isolated and lack support and resources </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Digital StudyHall Model Overview <ul><ul><li>A community-based video production and sharing system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Films and distributes lessons taught by the best grassroots teachers to poor rural and slum schools on DVDs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers at spoke schools use the DVDs to provide high-quality instruction to their students and train themselves </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Digital StudyHall Model Key Components A People’s Database of “Everything” Practical Technology for Community-Based Content-Sharing Mediation-Based Pedagogy Network of Hubs and Spokes
  5. 5. The Digital StudyHall Model Themes <ul><ul><li>Not about any one particular piece, but about building an “eco-system” of symbiotic pieces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheap, practical, effective, replicable on a large scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solve end-to-end education problem (not just a technology project) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s a people system! </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Digital StudyHall Model A People’s Database of “Everything” Practical Technology for Community-Based Content-Sharing Mediation-Based Pedagogy Network of Hubs and Spokes A People’s Database of “Everything”
  7. 7. A People’s Database of “Everything” Overview The Digital StudyHall Vision A People’s Database of “Everything” <ul><ul><li>Importance of Being </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video-Centric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessible to the largely illiterate community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy-to-scale content production (vs. flashware) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective in capturing pedagogy and showmanship of great teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open-source , freely available content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community-based : Content relevant to audience due to localized creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video-centric so audiences can use </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. A People’s Database of “Everything” Database Content <ul><ul><li>Classes are based on the state government curriculum and textbooks, and are filmed in organized, coherent sequences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The goal is to cover: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All subjects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All grades </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All languages </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. A People’s Database of “Everything” Recording the Classes <ul><ul><li>Daily filming of live classes conducted by grassroots teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filmed by local staff using cheap, simple equipment </li></ul></ul>Pune Calcutta Lucknow
  10. 10. A People’s Database of “Everything” Bridging the Education Gaps: The Challenge <ul><ul><li>Content development must account for key differences between the privileged and underprivileged schools: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher qualification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Language (e.g., English vs. Hindi medium) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Student background and environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Textbooks (e.g., CBSE vs. Uttar Pradesh State Board) </li></ul></ul></ul>“ Rich” School “ Poor” School
  11. 11. A People’s Database of “Everything” Bridging the Education Gaps: The Solution <ul><ul><li>Pair the best teachers with slum students so classes filmed are audience-appropriate and bridges the education gaps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classes are filmed in local language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples and language used are generalized (e.g., not specific to urban lifestyle) </li></ul></ul></ul>Best teachers from best schools Slum kids Slum kids Best teachers from best schools
  12. 12. A People’s Database of “Everything” Characteristics of Recorded Classes <ul><ul><li>Classes are highly interactive, with lots of: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Questions and answers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Role plays </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In local languages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science demonstrations via the recorded classes compensate for the lack of equipment, specimens, etc. at under-resourced spoke schools </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><ul><li>Since 2005, we’ve accumulated over: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1500 lessons in English, math, science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Languages include: Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Kannada, Tamil, English </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1500 pieces of other complementary materials </li></ul></ul>A People’s Database of “Everything” Current Status Classes Stories Plays
  14. 14. The Digital StudyHall Model Practical Technology for Community-Based Content-Sharing A People’s Database of “Everything” Mediation-Based Pedagogy Network of Hubs and Spokes Practical Technology for Community-Based Content-Sharing
  15. 15. Practical Technology for Community-Based Content Sharing The Process Cheap, simple camcorders / equipment to record classes “ Hubs” digitize and organize data <ul><ul><li>“ Hubs” sync with each other to build global database </li></ul></ul>“ Hubs” burn DVDs to send to spoke schools Spoke schools use content with a cheap TV / DVD player setup 1 2 3 4 5
  16. 16. Practical Technology for Community-Based Content Sharing Equipment at Spoke Schools <ul><ul><li>Current Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoke schools given TV, DVD player, and electrical equipment, including power supply if necessary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$550 per set of equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheap, easy to use, easy to replicate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment Being Tested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-power solution based on “pico projectors” powered by a solar panel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$700 per set of equipment </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. The Digital StudyHall Model Mediation-Based Pedagogy A People’s Database of “Everything” Network of Hubs and Spokes Practical Technology for Community-Based Content-Sharing Mediation-Based Pedagogy
  18. 18. Mediation-Based Pedagogy Overview <ul><ul><li>In Mediation, the TV and a local teacher form a team </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Model TV Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Provides lesson plan and knowledge of subject matter and pedagogical practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Periodically pauses the video to “mediate” the lesson through mimicking, expanding upon, and tailoring the video content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses questions, activities, board work, role playing, poems and songs, etc. to deliver an interactive lesson </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Mediation-Based Pedagogy Training for Mediators <ul><ul><li>Training occurs over time: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An introductory training session gives teachers fundamentals for mediation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DSH staff regularly visits school site to observe and give feedback to teachers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training for spoke school teachers emphasizes: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ways to interact with their students, while </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Viewing videos together </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Mediation-Based Pedagogy Peer Teaching <ul><ul><li>Good students are enlisted as class “leaders” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be effective in cases of teacher absenteeism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential of scaling skilled and motivated mediators </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Mediation-Based Pedagogy DSH Role in Teacher Training <ul><ul><li>Local teachers learn from video teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers should “graduate” from the DSH program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We want the local teachers to kick out DSH equipment in the long run </li></ul></ul></ul> Technology Replacing People People Replacing Technology
  22. 22. The Digital StudyHall Model Network of Hubs and Spokes Practical Technology for Community-Based Content-Sharing Mediation-Based Pedagogy A People’s Database of “Everything” Network of Hubs and Spokes
  23. 23. Network of Hubs and Spokes Overview <ul><li>Each Hub : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a local center of excellence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radiates content and methodology into neighboring slums and villages through: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developing content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Distributing content to spokes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting teachers at spoke sites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connects with other hubs to populate global database and share best practices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Spokes : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beneficiaries of hub activities, often slum and village schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoke school teachers build their own capacity through mediating the lessons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May connect with each other through the voice social network system </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Network of Hubs and Spokes Key Benefits <ul><ul><li>Decentralized content production, distribution, sharing, training, and monitoring means: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content is localized and relevant to audience (e.g., in local language, based on state curriculum) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DSH is easily scalable and replicable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hubs can recognize and tailor operations to meet needs of specific region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hubs can learn from each other through sharing of best practices </li></ul></ul>Pune Calcutta Karachi Lucknow
  25. 25. Network of Hubs and Spokes Current Status <ul><ul><li>Operational hubs in Lucknow (IN), Pune (IN), Calcutta (IN), Dhaka (BD), Karachi (PK) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each hub works with a number of poor village and slum schools, totaling about 40 spoke schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spin-Offs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Green (Bangalore, IN): Spread sustainable agricultural practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Polyclinic (Lucknow, IN and Ghana): Rural public health care education </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Network of Hubs and Spokes Spin-Offs from Digital StudyHall <ul><ul><li>Themes of Spin-Offs: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Community-based video sharing system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Locally relevant content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mediator-based dissemination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training of mediators results in local capacity building </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open-source content </li></ul></ul></ul>Digital Green: Agriculture Digital Polyclinic: Rural public health
  27. 27. Impact of Digital StudyHall Evaluation Study <ul><ul><li>Evaluation study conducted at 4 schools over 8 months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessed impact of DSH on: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Student academic achievement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements in teacher pedagogy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation Methods: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tests </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Field visit notes </li></ul></ul></ul>Madantoosi Kannar Mauthri Sarojini Nagar
  28. 28. Impact of Digital StudyHall Evaluation Study: Summary of Findings <ul><ul><li>Compared to non-DSH classes, DSH classes saw: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Significantly greater improvements in student test scores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase of teachers’ and students’ engagement with subject matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers asked more questions relating to subject material </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers better connected material to children’s daily lives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers asked more sophisticated questions that require complex or critical thinking from students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers adopted better pedagogical principles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More participatory practices and collaborative approaches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More effective use of illustrative tools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caution : Findings should not be over-generalized. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Final Thoughts <ul><ul><li>Not about any one particular piece, but about building an “eco-system” of symbiotic pieces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheap, practical, effective, replicable on a large scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solve end-to-end education problem (not just a technology project) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s a people system! </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Contact Us <ul><ul><li>Google for: digital studyhall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Website: http://dsh.cs.washington.edu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul></ul>
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