ICT and power electronics enable high energyefficiency and power quality in smart grids for             regional developme...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensIntroduction» There are three reg...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensIntroduction» In order to achieve...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensIntroduction» Many renewable ener...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensIntroduction» ICT and Power Elect...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensMain activities» A software packa...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensMethods of power management in sm...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensActive participation» Demand side...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens    Active participation    » As ...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens      The reference (on-going) pr...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensTest platform of smart grids     ...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensE-harbors           24/09/2011   ...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens       The reference (on-going) p...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens           24/09/2011            ...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens    The reference (on-going) proj...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensEnergyVille           24/09/2011 ...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens     The reference (on-going) pro...
Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensConclusions» ICT and Power Electr...
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ICT and power electronics enable high energy efficiency and power quality in smart grids for regional development

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ICT and power electronics enable high energy efficiency and power quality in smart grids for regional development

  1. 1. ICT and power electronics enable high energyefficiency and power quality in smart grids for regional development Dr. Yonghua Cheng Unit of Energietechnologie, VITO - Flemish Institute for Technological Research Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium Tel: +32 (0)14 33 5982 and Fax: +32 (0)14 33 1185 E-mail: yonghua.cheng@vito.be
  2. 2. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensIntroduction» There are three regions in Begium » Flanders » Brussels » Wallonia 24/09/2011 2 © 2011, VITO NV
  3. 3. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensIntroduction» In order to achieve the goal of 20,20,20, Large scale integration of renewable energy sources and Plug-in Electric Vehicles in the existing networks.» Current situation of balance settlement mainly in transmission networks. » TSO (transmission system operator) is to manage the balance of its control area. » BRPs (balance responsible party) must balance power on a quarter-hourly basis, (by nominations and imbalance tariffs). » DSO (Distribution system operator) is only doing the smart metering. 24/09/2011 3 © 2011, VITO NV
  4. 4. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensIntroduction» Many renewable energy systems and Plug-in EVs will be connected to the distribution networks.» Government incentive » Geen certificate for renewable energy (80 euro/MWh). » Low rate loan for the installation of PVs (1.5%). 24/09/2011 4 © 2011, VITO NV
  5. 5. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensIntroduction» ICT and Power Electronics enable smart grids and smart energy systems.» One of the strategy researches at VITO is the reference architecture of smart grids, smart building and smart city, in which ICT solution, E- markets, Demand side management and Grid operation are focused. 24/09/2011 5 © 2011, VITO NV
  6. 6. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensMain activities» A software package (virtual agent), is being developed, which can set up a virtual market between various power production and consumption parties.» VITO is also developing the intelligent power electronics systems to ensure the reliability of networks (in case of RES and Plug-in EVs).» With VITO technology, coordination via ICT infrastructure and grid control with intelligent power electronics can be done in different time scales.» As a result, the potential business cases and jobs are created to support the regional development (at least in Flanders). 24/09/2011 6 © 2011, VITO NV
  7. 7. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensMethods of power management in smart grids» Based on the ICT infrastructure, the methods can be in » Agent-based control » Event-based control (e.g. price of electricity). » Power flow optimization (introducing a virtual agent in the server to generate an offset of power flow for the optimization in smart grid)The goal is Agent-based control Server Event-based controlto optimise price Fluctuationpower flow. price qantity3 qantity0 price vs.price agent event vs.price qantity1 qantity2 based RES price 3 vs.price vs.price source P3 P5 P_res MV LV virtual agent 0 transformer P1 P2 P4 P_loads P0 event agent agent based other 1 2 loads loads 24/09/2011 7 © 2011, VITO NV
  8. 8. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensActive participation» Demand side management enables to reduce the cost or to increase income in household applications, since time shift-able loads/sources can response the price of electricity and the moment of high production of renewable energy. driven by micro-economics Demand side management (Server) quantity vs. price price Sources Source Source Source PV/WT ... & loads of &loads of &loads of &loads of park office dwelling1 dwelling2 dwellingn building2 K1 price K2 micro- PV WT CHP AC/DC/AC energy Sources storage synchronous/ & loads of asynchronouse office elec- elec- washing TV Frigo connection building1 cooker boiler machine Possible sources & loads of dwelling 24/09/2011 8 © 2011, VITO NV
  9. 9. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens Active participation » As a result, the houses become smart and sustainable house/buildings. » Further plug-in EVs can be treated as a means of grid control. » ICT and Power electronics enable high energy efficiency and power quality in smart grids for regional development. driven by micro-economics Demand side management (Server) quantity vs. price price Sources Source Source Source PV/WT ... & loads of &loads of &loads of &loads of park office dwelling1 dwelling2 dwellingn building2 K1 price K2 micro- PV WT CHP AC/DC/AC to AC grid energy (in power dispatching/ Sources storage load following mode) synchronous/ & loads of asynchronouse office elec- elec- washing AC TV Frigo connection building1 cooker boiler machine DC EV1 Possible sources & loads of dwellingrenewable DC charging energy EV2 DC1 station sources ... possibleSuper DC other DCCaps source/ EVn DC2 loads DC matrix 24/09/2011 9 © 2011, VITO NV
  10. 10. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens The reference (on-going) projects Linear project (in Flemish region)» To assess the characteristics of electric power network due to the demand side management.» The evaluation is based on the field tests (in one house, many houses in different areas and many houses in the same area).» At this moment, a home lab has been developed with possible time shift-able sources and loads. 24/09/2011 10 © 2011, VITO NV
  11. 11. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensTest platform of smart grids 24/09/2011 11 © 2011, VITO NV
  12. 12. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensE-harbors 24/09/2011 12 © 2011, VITO NV
  13. 13. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens The reference (on-going) projects E-harbors (in north sea region)» Nine European partners search for a more sustainable energy model for port cities (e.g. Antwerp, Rotterdam, Amsterdam and Hamburg).» Harbors are major energy consumers. They are also the good place to get renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, tidal, biomass, …) and to be consumed locally.» As a result, port cities contribute significantly to reduce our region’s energy consumption and CO2 emission. 24/09/2011 13 © 2011, VITO NV
  14. 14. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens 24/09/2011 14 © 2011, VITO NV
  15. 15. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens The reference (on-going) projects Tweewaters project (in Flemish region)» An energy efficient district in Tweewaters, it is located along the Leuven Canal Basin (11-Hectare project area).» The systems approach is focused on to meet the future cities need (e.g. electricity, heat, water, waste, mobility, use of space, …). In particular, the development of smart and sustainable energy systems.» Ecology and comfortable living can be realized. 24/09/2011 15 © 2011, VITO NV
  16. 16. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensEnergyVille 24/09/2011 16 © 2011, VITO NV
  17. 17. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in Athens The reference (on-going) projectsEnergyville in Waterschei (in Flemish region) » To set a good example with regards to energy efficiency, to make Flanders a green city region by 2020. » To contribute to making Europe CO2 neutral by 2050. » Energyville will be the driving force behind the transition to a sustainable energy supply as well as sustainable building for large urban environments. » EnergyVille will become the European hotspot for research into sustainable energy. » Energyville will create many business cases and jobs in Flemish region. 24/09/2011 17 © 2011, VITO NV
  18. 18. Presented by Dr. Yonghua CHENG during Digital Cities Symposium on 23-24/09/2011 in AthensConclusions» ICT and Power Electronics enable smart grids, in which more renewable energy systems and plug-in EVs can be connected.» Smart and sustainable energy systems from building level to region level will realize ecology and comfortable living style.» The development of smart and sustainable energy systems will create more business cases and jobs in Flemish region as well as in Europe. Thank you very much! Question? Dr. Yonghua Cheng Unit of Energietechnologie, VITO - Flemish Institute for Technological Research Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium Tel: +32 (0)14 33 5982 and Fax: +32 (0)14 33 1185 E-mail: yonghua.cheng@vito.be 24/09/2011 18 © 2011, VITO NV

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