Data journalism Overview

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A presentation for the Developing Caribbean conference. developingcaribbean.org

A presentation for the Developing Caribbean conference. developingcaribbean.org

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  • 1. Open Data JournalismAlex@oreilly.com@digiphileradar.oreilly.com/alexh
  • 2. 2013: a networked public sphere
  • 3. Natural disasters
  • 4. #Sidibouzid
  • 5. #Jan25
  • 6. How did we get here?
  • 7. In the 1990s, government and civilsociety spread the Internet globally
  • 8. In the 2000s, mobile phones and social networking connected us ever more
  • 9. Open Journalism
  • 10. Thestream
  • 11. In the 2010s, big data will change everything again. Image Credit: Real Time Rome from Senseable.MIT.edu
  • 12. An expanding number of data sources
  • 13. Commercial and industry data
  • 14. Social data and crisis data
  • 15. Open government data platforms
  • 16. Open data allows citizens to be generative in new ways
  • 17. 230 apps now use or are based on open health data
  • 18. What about journalism?
  • 19. “We used to call it CAR”-DeBarros Bob Woodward, via Cliff1066
  • 20. “Data-driven journalism is the future” Source: Tim Berners-Lee in the Guardian
  • 21. Is “data journalism” justcomputer assisted reporting (CAR)? • Spreadsheets • Databases • Text and code editors • Statistics
  • 22. “Trendy but not new”-Simon Rogers, Guardian
  • 23. Show, don’t tell A “Sankey diagram”
  • 24. What’s changed?• Online spreadsheets and data tools• Data visualization tools• Open source frameworks• Code sharing• Agile development• Cloud storage and processing (EC2 &Heroku)• The amount of data
  • 25. “Newspapers are either going to start doing what we do, or theyre going to be bypassed and out of date.” -Elliot Jaspin That was 1986, in Time.
  • 26. More than 36 interactive databases publishedData sets account for 75% of overall traffic [Source: CJR]
  • 27. Global leaders
  • 28. ProPublica
  • 29. A tangled web
  • 30. Dollars for Docs
  • 31. New York Times
  • 32. “Make small things faster, make big things possible.”-Derek Willis, NYTTimesMachine.nytimes.com cost a few hundred dollars. Hosted on Amazon EC2.
  • 33. The Guardian
  • 34. Guardian Datablog
  • 35. Chicago Tribune• Flame retardants
  • 36. Center for Public Integrity
  • 37. International Consortium of Investigative JournalistsOffshoring $ 80 journalists 40 countries 260 gigabytes 2.5 million files
  • 38. Reuters: Connected China
  • 39. La Nacion
  • 40. Storytelling still matters.“We use these tools to find and tell stories. We use them like we use a telephone. The story is still the thing.” - Anthony DeBarros USA Today Source: Data Journalism and the Big Picture
  • 41. Los Angeles Times
  • 42. SOPA Opera
  • 43. Best practices?
  • 44. Understand the context for the data
  • 45. Show your data
  • 46. Show your work
  • 47. Share your code
  • 48. Plan for reuse
  • 49. Build on open standards
  • 50. Citizen-centric
  • 51. Keeping citizens safe“Traffic on the NYC Health Department’srestaurant inspection site has gone from10,000 hits per month to 124,000” - New York Times
  • 52. Make data find the people.
  • 53. Helps citizens who need it most
  • 54. Privacychallenges
  • 55. Security challenges• Protect your sources? Protect your data!
  • 56. Bridge thedata divide Digital signage on the cheap
  • 57. FOIA &Press Freedom
  • 58. Fauxpen DataIn an age of “openwashing”…We need to:Evaluate licenses.Peruse the Terms of Service.Review the governance.Look at community.Check the format.
  • 59. Wired Italy
  • 60. Emerging trends
  • 61. Political tensions over open data• Gun map graphic
  • 62. Robo-journalism?
  • 63. Data journalists, meet civic hackers Source: BuzzData
  • 64. Now it’s “Hacks and Hackers”Photo by Dennis Crowley, from “Hack to Hacker: Rise of the Journalist-Programmer”
  • 65. Homicide Watch
  • 66. Citizens as Sensors: Andhra Pradesh
  • 67. Citizensourcing
  • 68. Makers and open source hardware
  • 69. Safecast open source Geiger counter
  • 70. Networked accountability
  • 71. Sensor Journalism
  • 72. “If Stage 1 of data journalism was “find and scrape data,” then… Stage 2 was “ask government agencies to release data” in easy to use formats. Stage 3 is going to be “make your own data”, and those sources of data are going to be automated and updated in real-time.” -JavaunMoradi, NPR
  • 73. Data creation
  • 74. Data journalism with a purpose
  • 75. Co-create a stronger union
  • 76. Government of the people, for the people, by the people, with the people.