XenApp 7.5
Technical Overview
Stephan Pfister – Citrix Certified Instructor
stephan.Pfister@umb.ch
WORKPLACE
Redesign
WORKFORCE
Mobility
WORKFLOW
Optimization
MOBILE
Workstyles
Mobile Workstyles are powered by...
Mobile Workspaces
Securely unite apps, data & services
on any device over any network ...
Collaboration
& Sharing
Access &
Data Security
App & Desktop
Virtualization
Enterprise Mobility
Management
App Networking ...
Citrix – The Broadest Mobility Portfolio
Secure Mail
& Web Apps
Mobile App
Security
Mobile Data
Control
Secure Mobile
Netw...
Application and desktop virtualization,
re-imagined for mobility and cloud
Reduce cost
and complexity
of app and
desktop
management
Simplify
support and
enable choice
of BYO
devices
Centralized
sec...
People-
centric
& use case
driven
XenApp 7.5 – New Features
• Eliminate CAPEX for
seasonal needs
• Leverage global clouds
for proximity to users
• Same mana...
XenApp 7 Product Line
Packaged and priced for broad adoption for all users
Platinum
Edition
Enterprise
Edition
Advanced
Ed...
Architecture
Let’s look at IMA for a moment
Farm
Zone
Primary ZDCBackup ZDC
MetaFrame Member Servers
Data Store
Zone
Primary ZDC Backup ZDC
MetaFrame Member Servers
Let’s think about IMA
Farm
Zone
Primary ZDCBackup ZDC
MetaFrame Member Servers
Data Store
Zone
Primary ZDC Backup ZDC
Meta...
Delivery
Services
Console
XenApp 6.5 Farm
(IMA)
XenDesktop 5.6 FP1 Site
(FMA)
Citrix
Studio
Web Interface
Receiver
DB DB
I...
Citrix
Studio
Storefront / Receiver for Web
Receiver
DB
Server OS
Workers
Desktop OS
Workers
Delivery
Controller
MCS
Provi...
Delivery Controller
Resources
SQL Database
Delivery Controller
Resources
SQL Database
Active
Active
Add new
controller to grow
SQL is site
size limitApps and
Desktops
App and Desktop Delivery
FlexCast Management Architecture
Conceptual Architecture
Hardware Layer
Control Layer
Access LayerUser Layer Resource Layer
NetScaler Gateway
StoreFront
De...
FlexCast
Challenges for business
Rewriting apps to support
mobile OS which is costly
and time consuming
No mobile apps
Designers & ...
Challenges for IT
Operating system upgrades,
updates & patches on
individual distributed PCs
Can’t redirect funds towards
...
Sometimes you need
apps, sometimes you
need a desktop
Decision Point – What type of resource?
Management Cost
+
Infrastructure Cost
END USER FLEXIBILITY
Hosted
Shared
Pooled
VD...
© 2012 Citrix | #CitrixSynergy
XenApp 7.5 Resources
27
• Physical or Virtual
• Platforms
ᵒ As VM Hosted Apps
• Windows XP ...
FlexCast
Hosted Apps
Hosted Shared Desktops
Windows Server Hosted Desktops & Apps
Extreme efficiency and scalability
4x–6x density compared to VDI I Ideal for fixed-t...
Server-hosted session virtualization
For client-server applications
• Requires network connectivity
• Better protection fo...
Session Virtualization
Desktop Virtualization Session Virtualization
Resource Layer
User Layer
Hardware Layer
Access Layer
Delivering a Desktop vs. an App is not the same
Mobile Traditional
Apps make more sense
Mobile Traditional
Hardware Layer
Control Layer
Access LayerUser Layer
NetScaler Gateway
StoreFront
Delivery
Controller
SQL
Database
SSL
Deli...
Receiver
• HTML5 Receiver
ᵒ Receiver for Chromebook
ᵒ Start your experience on any device with easier management
• Windows and Linu...
Client-less Receiver
HTML5 Web-based Receiver – Powered by Citrix StoreFront
• Simple, seamless access from any
browser
• ...
What’s new with Receiver for Windows 4.0/4.1
• Smart Card auth
• IPV6
• Local App Access
• H264 Decode (XenApp 7)
• HDX In...
Citrix Receiver for Windows 8 and RTReceiver for Windows 8
and RT
• Multiple published apps
• Multiple Web and SaaS apps
•...
Receiver for Mac 11.8 / 11.8.2
• IPv6
• H264 Decoding
• HDX Insight
• Windows short cuts
• Mavericks support
Receiver for Windows 8 Phone
• French, German,
International Spanish,
Italian, and European
Portuguese
• Asian language in...
Receiver for Linux 13.0 • ARMHF support
• Platform optimization SDK for x86 and ARM
• XenApp 7 - 2D and 3D graphics
ᵒ H.26...
Receiver for Blackberry 10
• Apps and desktops
• StoreFront 2.0 and
Web Interface
• OS required is
10.2.0.1745.
Why not VDI
Mobile Traditional
HDX
High-Def eXperience
HDX
It’s about the user experience
High Definition Experience
HDX MediaStream
Video and audio playback
HDX Broadcast
ICA and RDP protocol support for access
...
HDX
Multimedia Streaming
Flash Windows
Media
Silverlight QuickTime
HDX MediaStream
HTML 5
Video
etc.
Citrix Receiver support for HDX MediaStream
HDX MediaStream and Adaptive Orchestration
1. Generic approach: Server-side rendering (Adaptive Display)
Video frames
& au...
HDX MediaStream: Complementary approaches
Generic: Server-rendered
• Any media player
• Any format
• Any device
• Any netw...
• Audio-video redirection for media players based on
DirectShow, DirectX Media Objects (DMO) or
Windows Media Foundation
•...
• Objective: Offload server CPU by rendering Flash content on the user device
for majority of web sites (80-90%)
• Signifi...
• Supported via server-side rendering and Adaptive Display, with
excellent video quality via H.264 compression
HMTL5 video...
HDX
Real-time Communications
Softphones and Unified Communications apps
Multi-Stream ICA for generic HDX RealTime
True network QoS
Citrix
Receiver
for
Windows
XenApp
WS08 R2,
12, 12R2*
HTTP
Serv...
Lync audio-video delivery options
• HDX Optimization Pack for Lync 2010
ᵒ Client-side media processing for Windows, Linux,...
Optimization Pack for Microsoft Lync 2010
• Feature of XenDesktop/XenApp
Enterprise & Platinum editions and
VDI-in-a-Box
•...
Solution features
• Audio-Video Communications Support
ᵒ Up to 720p30 transmit and receive resolutions
ᵒ Selectable 4:3 an...
Lync Client Delivery
• Lync 2010
• HDX RealTime Optimization Pack for
Lync™ 2010
ᵒ Windows, Linux x86, Mac
ᵒ Planned: Linu...
Generic HDX RealTime and Microsoft® Lync™
No feature gaps / UI changes, but reduced server scalability
 Instant Messaging...
Limitations of Microsoft Lync VDI Plug-in
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj204982.aspx
• Windows endpoints onl...
HDX
Graphics
Desktop Virtualization for High-end Graphics Users
HDX 3D Pro client options
Segmenting the user population
Tier 1: Professional users
(e.g. design engineers, radiologists)
• Top rendering performanc...
Windows 7 Aero & Windows 8 desktops/apps
DirectX is replacing GDI/GDI+ as the new standard for Windows graphics
DirectX Re...
VDI versus RDS (hosted shared) XenDesktop workloads
Tier 1: HDX 3D Pro on VDI Tier 2: HDX 3D Pro on RDS
• GPU acceleration...
What’s new with HDX 3D Pro in XA7?
• Self-tuning codec technology
ᵒ Adaptive Display automatically detects transient and/o...
What’s new with HDX 3D Pro? (cont’d)
• Auto screen resolution detection
ᵒ No longer necessary to disconnect /reconnect whe...
RDS-compatible professional graphics apps
Some examples from autodeskandcitrix.com, Citrix Ready site, etc.
• Lots of Auto...
Hardware platform
GPU Passthrough with RDS workloads
GPU
XenServer/vSphere
XenApp Windows
Server VMs
GPU
GPU
GPU
XenApp
VM...
GPU sharing for RDS workloads
• Usually one VM per GPU (and one GPU per VM)
ᵒ On bare metal with OpenGL apps, multiple GPU...
OpenGL Software Accelerator
• New software rasterizer for OpenGL apps
• An alternative to the OpenGL 1.1 software rasteriz...
DirectX software rasterization
• Less demanding DirectX apps and WPF apps don’t require GPU hardware
• DirectX 9 software ...
HDX
Plug n Play
• Thumb drives
• Advanced multi-monitor configs
• Printers
• Dictation devices
• Specialized keyboards
• USB Devices
HDX P...
•Traditionally, Client drives are mapped to server drive
letters in ICA sessions using Client drive mapping
(CDM)
•Can be ...
• Frees up server drive letters on XenApp server or VDA
and allows them to be used for other purposes
• Enabled by default...
• Previous versions used USB redirection for scanners
• TWAIN redirection has now been ported over from XenApp
• Commands ...
TWAIN policies
StoreFront
Consistent access inside or
outside the firewall
Seamless workspace across
any device
Access to Windows Apps, data,
Web an...
One Store for All Receivers
Site 3
Site 2
HA Pair or
scale-out
cluster
NetScaler
Gateway
Storefront
Services
Site 1
Scale-...
Mac and
Windows
Storefront Services Tier
Storefront Services Architecture
XenApp Farms (6.5 and
earlier)
Internal
Web Apps...
Storefront
Storefront without the Database requirement
Storefront
Extensible Storage
Engine
~2.7 KB/subscription
Storefron...
Authentication Service
• Claims-based authentication
• Token Issuing
ᵒ Authenticates users
ᵒ Establish their identities
ᵒ ...
Location aware connectivity
Gateway Connect Direct Connect No Connect
Local App
Access
New! Seamless Local App Access
Seamless integration of local Windows apps
Great for apps that need or
benefit from local r...
Local App Access use cases
• Bring-Your-Own-Apps (e.g. iTunes)
• Video conferencing (e.g. GoToMeeting HDFaces)
• RDS-hoste...
App running
within virtual
desktop
App running on
endpoint (outside
of virtual desktop)
Profile
Management
What’s New in 5.x - Capabilities
99
• New Policies
ᵒ Define excluded AD groups
ᵒ Profile Not Available Policy (deny or tem...
What’s New in 5.x - Integration
100
• Citrix Policy Engine integration
ᵒ Additional choice for configuration: AD GPO, Citr...
What’s New in 5.x - Architecture
101
• No longer leverages NTFS change journal – UPM uses the filter driver now
ᵒ MFT file...
Using and Administering
Admin ExperienceUser Experience
Policies
HDX - It's all about the user experience
Primarily Controlled Through Policies
Exploring Citrix Policies
Policy Templates
Settings in the Registry
HKLMSOFTWAREPoliciesCitrix
Configuration Options and Precedence
109
Pm
Configuration
AD GPO
ADM – For
Windows 2003
AD & Above
ADMX – For
Windows 2008...
Printing
• So many moving parts…
• Applications
• Printer drivers
• Printing device features and limitations
• Networking and print...
Printer driver versions
• Version2 drivers
• Introduced with Windows NT 4.0
• Operate in kernel memory
• Won’t install on ...
Native versus non-native print drivers
•Native/inbox drivers
• Are included with the Windows OS
• WHQL certified & stress ...
How do printer drivers get installed?
• Manually installed by administrators
• Native drivers automatically installed
from...
Where can an ICA/HDX printer come from?
Standard Printer Types Defined on Client
Local Printer
(LPT, USB, TCP,
etc.)
Netwo...
• Despite it’s name, Citrix universal printing is not universally available
• First-class UPD for client printers is only ...
The Generic Citrix UNIVERSAL Printer
• A single printer object, based on the Citrix Universal Printer driver,
which can be...
hen in theCourseof human events it becomes necessary for
onepeopleto dissolvethepolitical bands which have
connected them ...
• Complete network print server solution providing
• Ability to use Citrix universal printing regardless of client capabil...
Universal Print Server architecture
Network Print Service
Spooler
UP Web Service
DriverDriverDrivers
PQ1
Driver
PQ2 VQ1 VQ...
Machine Creation
Services
New* in XenApp 7.5 MCS
• Cloud Provisioning on
ᵒ AWS and Citrix Cloud Platform
• Datacenter Provisioning on
ᵒ System Cente...
Storage
A
Master
VM
Master
VM
Image
A B B B B
identity
diff disk
Machine Creation Services (MCS)
Hypervisor
A’
A’
Copy
Ima...
Machine Creation Services: How it works
VM
Master Disk
VM VM
Diff Disk
Id Disk
Diff Disk
Id Disk
Diff Disk
Id Disk
Storage...
Differencing disk
Identity Disk
Provisioning
Services
New in Provisioning Server 7.1 & XenApp 7.5
• Data center provisioning
ᵒ System Center VMM 2012 SP1
ᵒ SMB 3.0 Storage for ...
Advanced Image Management
• One imaging solution for
ᵒ Virtual apps and VM hosted apps
ᵒ Physical and virtual instances
ᵒ ...
Provisioning Capabilities – PVS
VDI SHVD Physical
Servers
Physical
PCs
PVS
• Top 3 Hypervisor
ᵒ XenServer
ᵒ Hyper-V
ᵒ vSph...
Complete
Kernel
Kernel Services
Computer Boot Process: Traditional
Bios
Bios Services
Hardware
Boot
Loader
Early
Kernel
Us...
• Manageability
• Simplify and streamline server provisioning
• Assure build consistency
• Eliminate the need for “hot-sta...
Image Delivery
0 5 10 15 20 25
Windows 7
Windows 8
Windows 2012
IOPS
Peak Average Steady State IOPS
(95th Percentile)
Prov...
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
Windows 7 - MCS
Windows 7 - PVS
Windows 8 - MCS
Windows 8 - PVS
Windows 2012 -...
Boot Device Manager (BDM) instead of PXE
Setup Wizard
Provisioning optimization: VM disks
• Create write-cache disks in place on
destination storage
• Size is now ...
Director &
EdgeSight
Next generation Director
• Single pane of glass
ᵒ Instant “real-time” troubleshooting and
environment health metrics acros...
• Driving Evolution
ᵒ EdgeSight evolves into an integrated solution
ᵒ Enhances existing products such as Director
• Provid...
Performance management
Health and capacity assurance
Historical trending
EdgeSight features
Network analysis
Identify bott...
Director – Actionable Troubleshooting
Resolution at first
touch
Reduce operating
costs
Improve customer
satisfaction
Director – Enhanced User Details Page
Director – Real-time assessment
Immediate visibility of
site performance
health
Environment usage
Logon performance
indica...
Drill down list view
Know who has been
affected and why
Director – Contextual troubleshooting
Failures reason explained
Correlation with Configuration logging
Director – Logon performance
Know how logon duration is affecting end users
Compare to previous environment baseline
Director – Load Evaluation Trends
Understanding published application server load and affect of logged on users
Historical trending
enables
performance
management over
time
EdgeSight - performance management
Auto-baselining –
comparis...
EdgeSight - network analysis
ICA deep packet
analysis
Latency and
bandwidth
effects
Application and
desktop usage
TM
EdgeSight Features Integration
TM
EdgeSight Performance management
historical trending and auto-baselining
EdgeSight Netwo...
The right solution for the right customer
EdgeSight 5.4…is migrating to XenApp 6.5
…will be sustaining with XenApp
6.5 and...
Active Directory
Director 7
• Troubleshooting
• Real-time Assessment
Monitor
Database
XD
Data Store
Delivery Controller
Co...
Microsoft App-V
Microsoft App-V Basics
• Isolate Applications and Application Related Data
• Remediate App Behavior
• Multiple App Version...
Sequencing < = > Packaging?
• Alternative form of Packaging
• Much less work, less error prone
• Easy to remediate / custo...
App Virt Engine
• Install wherever apps will execute
• Isolate App and ARD
• Multi-User and Multi-Tenant
UserA
Prefs
UserB...
Distribution
Sequencer “Content” File Server
App-V Server Infrastructure System Center Configuration Manager
Client using ...
Configuring
App-V
Publishing
App-V 5 Apps
167
Source: Citrix
Published Apps
168
Source: Citrix
Hosting Platform
Open Architecture
Hosted on
XenServer
Hosted on
ESX, vSphere
Hosted on
Hyper-V
Supported hypervisors*
XenServer 6.2
6.1
6.0.2
Hyper-V/SCVMM System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 R2
System Center V...
Only XenApp and XenDesktop
enable you to easily harness the
flexibility, elasticity and
economics of the largest, most
pop...
New Infrastructure Choice, Familiar Setup
Same administrative workflows, now simplified for cloud
Host Selection now inclu...
Market Drivers for Hybrid Cloud Provisioning
Flex
Examples:
Seasonal Workers
Citrix migrations testing
Grow
Examples:
On-b...
XenApp 7.5 Cloud Provisioning
• Available for AWS and
CloudPlatform in 7.5
• Utilizes MCS with direct
cloud API calls
• Wo...
Desktop Clouds with XenDesktop/XenApp
Flexible cloud deployment options – Private, Public and/or Hybrid Cloud
on-premise o...
XenDesktop Cloud Provisioning w/ CloudPlatform
The “One Citrix” Desktop Cloud Solution
• On/Off-premise Private
XenDesktop...
Work better. Live better.
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?
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What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?

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Citrix unterscheidet wieder zwischen XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5. Aber keine Angst, beide Produkte verwenden die gleiche Technologie wie in XenDesktop 7.1, die Flexcast-Management-Architektur. Also keine IMA-Dienste und Zonen-Data-Kollektoren mehr.

Neu wird es auch möglich sein, die Citrix-Lösungen in hybride oder öffentliche Clouds zu integrieren, wie zum Beispiel Amazon Web Services oder Windows Azure. Daneben werden auch andere Produkte wie AppDNA, Mobile Device Management oder die neuste Protokoll-Errungenschaft Framehawk in der kommenden Version je nach Lizenzversion integriert sein.

Slides zum Referat von Stephan Pfister.

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What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?

  1. 1. XenApp 7.5 Technical Overview Stephan Pfister – Citrix Certified Instructor stephan.Pfister@umb.ch
  2. 2. WORKPLACE Redesign WORKFORCE Mobility WORKFLOW Optimization
  3. 3. MOBILE Workstyles
  4. 4. Mobile Workstyles are powered by... Mobile Workspaces Securely unite apps, data & services on any device over any network or cloud Citrix is the leader in Mobile Workspaces
  5. 5. Collaboration & Sharing Access & Data Security App & Desktop Virtualization Enterprise Mobility Management App Networking & Cloud Orchestration
  6. 6. Citrix – The Broadest Mobility Portfolio Secure Mail & Web Apps Mobile App Security Mobile Data Control Secure Mobile Network Access Mobile Device Management Virtual Windows Apps & Desktops Web & Social Collaboration Integrating across the stack for the best mobile experience Seamless Mobile Experience
  7. 7. Application and desktop virtualization, re-imagined for mobility and cloud
  8. 8. Reduce cost and complexity of app and desktop management Simplify support and enable choice of BYO devices Centralized security to protect sensitive information Increase employee productivity with anywhere access
  9. 9. People- centric & use case driven
  10. 10. XenApp 7.5 – New Features • Eliminate CAPEX for seasonal needs • Leverage global clouds for proximity to users • Same management consoles and skillsets • Easier than competitors to deploy and manage • Publish dozens of apps in less than a minute • Built-in performance monitoring • Up to 8% more users per server compared to previous versions • Multi-touch experience • High-performance over mobile networks • Application compatibility • Application remediation • P2V App Migration Hybrid cloud provisioning Simple deployment & management Platinum Mobility Promotions AppDNA Complete App Migration Toolkit HDX Mobile Optimization technologies Free XenMobile MDM or 20% off XenMobile Enterprise
  11. 11. XenApp 7 Product Line Packaged and priced for broad adoption for all users Platinum Edition Enterprise Edition Advanced Edition High-performance hosted shared app and desktop virtualization solution with HDX™ technology Enterprise-class desktop virtualization with FlexCast™ delivery technology Comprehensive desktop virtualization solution with advanced networking, management and security
  12. 12. Architecture
  13. 13. Let’s look at IMA for a moment
  14. 14. Farm Zone Primary ZDCBackup ZDC MetaFrame Member Servers Data Store Zone Primary ZDC Backup ZDC MetaFrame Member Servers
  15. 15. Let’s think about IMA Farm Zone Primary ZDCBackup ZDC MetaFrame Member Servers Data Store Zone Primary ZDC Backup ZDC MetaFrame Member Servers Wasted resources What happens when ZDC bottlenecks? Zone mesh impact = Zones(Zones-1) Potential issues if elected as ZDC Upgrade/Migration challenges Do I need to re-architect to add more users?
  16. 16. Delivery Services Console XenApp 6.5 Farm (IMA) XenDesktop 5.6 FP1 Site (FMA) Citrix Studio Web Interface Receiver DB DB IMA IMA CBP XenApp Controller Server OS Workers Desktop OS Workers Delivery Controller Power & Capacity Mgmt Provisioning ServicesPVS WMI PVS Console PCM Console Today: Separation of Owners & Roles Different Desktops & Apps Architectures EdgeSight Console VDA
  17. 17. Citrix Studio Storefront / Receiver for Web Receiver DB Server OS Workers Desktop OS Workers Delivery Controller MCS Provisioning Services FlexCast: Unified Service Delivery Team FlexCast Management Architecture VDA VDA Citrix Director Provisioning Console
  18. 18. Delivery Controller Resources SQL Database
  19. 19. Delivery Controller Resources SQL Database Active Active Add new controller to grow SQL is site size limitApps and Desktops
  20. 20. App and Desktop Delivery FlexCast Management Architecture
  21. 21. Conceptual Architecture Hardware Layer Control Layer Access LayerUser Layer Resource Layer NetScaler Gateway StoreFront Delivery Controller XenClient Remote PC Access Pooled Desktop Catalog Hosted Apps Catalog Personal Desktop Catalog Shared Desktop Catalog Director Studio SQL Database SSL Delivery Group Delivery Group Delivery Group Delivery Group Resource Hosts Physical, Virtual, Cloud Cloud VMs VMsServers PCs Access & Control Hosts Physical, Virtual VMsServersActive Directory License Server
  22. 22. FlexCast
  23. 23. Challenges for business Rewriting apps to support mobile OS which is costly and time consuming No mobile apps Designers & Engineers stuck to workstations Can’t access/share designs remotely in real time Employees/Contractors bringing own devices regardless of BYOD policy Organization exposed to risks from security, compliance gaps and IT complexity Mobile Apps Designers & Engineers BYOD Critical data replicated between headquarters and branch office Network connection between headquarters and branch office gets congested Remote & Branch Workers
  24. 24. Challenges for IT Operating system upgrades, updates & patches on individual distributed PCs Can’t redirect funds towards more innovative IT initiatives Maintain large set of desktop images to deal with complex mix of laptop hardware Problems supporting users offline or on intermittent connections Maintain expensive office real estate No flexibility to keep up with increasing business needs PC Refresh Corporate Laptops Call Centers Access and modify files locally on external devices that don’t adhere to corporate standards No data security Contractor & Partner Access
  25. 25. Sometimes you need apps, sometimes you need a desktop
  26. 26. Decision Point – What type of resource? Management Cost + Infrastructure Cost END USER FLEXIBILITY Hosted Shared Pooled VDI Personal VDI Dedicated VDI Managed PC Un-managed PC Hosted App Line of Business App
  27. 27. © 2012 Citrix | #CitrixSynergy XenApp 7.5 Resources 27 • Physical or Virtual • Platforms ᵒ As VM Hosted Apps • Windows XP / Windows Vista (pre-XD7 VDA) • Windows 7 SP1 • Windows 8 & Windows 8.1 ᵒ Windows Server 2008 R2 ᵒ Windows Server 2012 & Windows Server 2012 R2
  28. 28. FlexCast Hosted Apps Hosted Shared Desktops
  29. 29. Windows Server Hosted Desktops & Apps Extreme efficiency and scalability 4x–6x density compared to VDI I Ideal for fixed-task use cases I Familiar Windows 7 look and feel
  30. 30. Server-hosted session virtualization For client-server applications • Requires network connectivity • Better protection for sensitive data • Business applications become platform independent • Lowest Total Cost of Ownership • Great for apps with strict requirements Mobilize Windows apps for ultimate security, availability and performance
  31. 31. Session Virtualization Desktop Virtualization Session Virtualization Resource Layer User Layer Hardware Layer Access Layer
  32. 32. Delivering a Desktop vs. an App is not the same Mobile Traditional
  33. 33. Apps make more sense Mobile Traditional
  34. 34. Hardware Layer Control Layer Access LayerUser Layer NetScaler Gateway StoreFront Delivery Controller SQL Database SSL Delivery Group Resource Hosts Physical, Virtual, Cloud Cloud VMs VMsServers Active Directory Resource Layer Hosted Apps Catalog License Server Server hosted application delivery 1. User clicks app icon and Citrix Receiver contacts Delivery Controller 2. Least loaded server selected and resource allocated for user 3. User interacts with resource. Screen updates, mouse clicks and keystrokes sent between user and server.
  35. 35. Receiver
  36. 36. • HTML5 Receiver ᵒ Receiver for Chromebook ᵒ Start your experience on any device with easier management • Windows and Linux Receiver ᵒ Tier 1 receivers for demanding use cases, for HDX Premium experience ᵒ Mainly your workplace device – thin client or a PC • Mac, Android, iOS, Windows Phone ᵒ Device specific native Receivers for powerful HDX experience while being Mobile • Any other device ᵒ HTML5 Receiver provides the experience you need Any app, any place, on any device
  37. 37. Client-less Receiver HTML5 Web-based Receiver – Powered by Citrix StoreFront • Simple, seamless access from any browser • Virtual apps and desktops rendered with HTML5 • Perfect for locked-down laptops and contractors who cannot install native Receivers
  38. 38. What’s new with Receiver for Windows 4.0/4.1 • Smart Card auth • IPV6 • Local App Access • H264 Decode (XenApp 7) • HDX Insight • Lync 2013 • Jabber • SCCM 2012 • Windows 8.1/IE 11 – 4.1 CitrixReceiver.exe
  39. 39. Citrix Receiver for Windows 8 and RTReceiver for Windows 8 and RT • Multiple published apps • Multiple Web and SaaS apps • Work anywhere on any Windows 8 computer or tablet • Account configuration using your email address, a server URL, or a provisioning file • Automatic display of the keyboard when needed • Pan and Zoom • Mobility Pack • Win 8.1 support • International text
  40. 40. Receiver for Mac 11.8 / 11.8.2 • IPv6 • H264 Decoding • HDX Insight • Windows short cuts • Mavericks support
  41. 41. Receiver for Windows 8 Phone • French, German, International Spanish, Italian, and European Portuguese • Asian language input • Expanded Mobile SDK support • Netscaler Gateway 10.1 • Web and SaaS apps • Log collection • Assistance for gestures
  42. 42. Receiver for Linux 13.0 • ARMHF support • Platform optimization SDK for x86 and ARM • XenApp 7 - 2D and 3D graphics ᵒ H.264 deep compression hardware decoding • Performance optimizations on x86 and ARM ᵒ Graphics/Audio multithreading ᵒ Receiver/server flow control • Improved VoIP and video conf ᵒ UDP/RTP audio ᵒ H.264 encoding for webcams • Graphics subsystem SDK • Multimedia client-side content fetching • IPV6 support • Storefront support • Netscaler Gateway support (ICA Proxy mode) • Self service UI and SDK Feature parity between Linux x86 and ARM HDX Verified Premium HDX SoC Initiative
  43. 43. Receiver for Blackberry 10 • Apps and desktops • StoreFront 2.0 and Web Interface • OS required is 10.2.0.1745.
  44. 44. Why not VDI Mobile Traditional
  45. 45. HDX High-Def eXperience
  46. 46. HDX It’s about the user experience
  47. 47. High Definition Experience HDX MediaStream Video and audio playback HDX Broadcast ICA and RDP protocol support for access from any device, anywhere HDX Mobile Touch navigation for Windows apps; local device features HDX Plug-n-Play Access to local resources and peripherals, including USB devices and printers HDX RichGraphics 2D/3D graphics incl. Adaptive Display, HDX 3D Pro and Microsoft RemoteFX HDX WAN Optimization Performance and bandwidth optimizations for branch offices with Citrix CloudBridge HDX Adaptive Orchestration Best user experience based on server, network connection and user device HDX RealTime Voice and video for real-time collaboration
  48. 48. HDX Multimedia Streaming
  49. 49. Flash Windows Media Silverlight QuickTime HDX MediaStream HTML 5 Video etc.
  50. 50. Citrix Receiver support for HDX MediaStream
  51. 51. HDX MediaStream and Adaptive Orchestration 1. Generic approach: Server-side rendering (Adaptive Display) Video frames & audio Native media streams 2. Optimization: Client-side rendering (multimedia redirection)
  52. 52. HDX MediaStream: Complementary approaches Generic: Server-rendered • Any media player • Any format • Any device • Any network • Adaptive Display ᵒ Dynamically adjusts frame rate and image quality for optimal experience • HD stereo audio • DirectX video acceleration (H.264) ᵒ With server-side multimedia acceleration Optimized: Client-rendered • Adobe Flash and Windows media (WMV, MPEG4, DivX, AVI, XVID, MSV1, etc.) • Client-side or server-side fetching ᵒ Client-side fetching reduces bandwidth consumption and supports Multicast • Adaptive Display for server-decoded client-rendered formats • HD stereo audio • DirectX video acceleration (H.264) ᵒ Using client-side multimedia acceleration
  53. 53. • Audio-video redirection for media players based on DirectShow, DirectX Media Objects (DMO) or Windows Media Foundation • New: Windows Media Redirection for iOS, with hardware decoding for reduced battery drain • New: Hardware decoding on Linux • A step towards reducing thin client CPU requirements • New: Client-side content fetching • Cuts bandwidth consumption in half • Supports HTTP, MMS*, RTSP* [*Windows & Linux devices] • Supports multicast video delivery Windows Media Redirection in XenApp 7
  54. 54. • Objective: Offload server CPU by rendering Flash content on the user device for majority of web sites (80-90%) • Significant server scalability benefit and excellent user experience • Optimized for LAN and WAN • Windows and Linux devices • IE10 support added in XD7.0 • New in XD7.1: Flash Redirection from Windows 8/8.1 or Windows Server 2012 [R2] Optimized: Flash Redirection
  55. 55. • Supported via server-side rendering and Adaptive Display, with excellent video quality via H.264 compression HMTL5 video in XenApp 7
  56. 56. HDX Real-time Communications
  57. 57. Softphones and Unified Communications apps
  58. 58. Multi-Stream ICA for generic HDX RealTime True network QoS Citrix Receiver for Windows XenApp WS08 R2, 12, 12R2* HTTP Server Router ICA Real Time HTTP HTTP ICA Interactive ICA Background ICA Bulk ICA Real Time ICA Interactive ICA Background ICA Bulk ICA UDP/RTP Audio * ICA UDP Audio * * UDP/RTP Audio now also available for Windows Server RDS workloads in XenApp 7
  59. 59. Lync audio-video delivery options • HDX Optimization Pack for Lync 2010 ᵒ Client-side media processing for Windows, Linux, Mac ᵒ XenDesktop, XenApp, VDI-in-a-Box ᵒ New in v1.4: Support for (1) Meet Now join via IP voice-video; (2) Logitech C920 • Support for Lync 2013 VDI Plug-in ᵒ Microsoft adopted our recommended architecture (client-side media engine) ᵒ XA7.5 and CR4.x include the interfaces required by the Lync VDI Plug-in ᵒ But, no Lync 2013 optimization is currently available for non-Windows devices • Generic HDX RealTime ᵒ For devices not yet optimized (no local media engine) ᵒ For Office 365 hosted Lync (not currently supported by either optimization) ᵒ Limitation: Server scalability due to CPU impact of video processing
  60. 60. Optimization Pack for Microsoft Lync 2010 • Feature of XenDesktop/XenApp Enterprise & Platinum editions and VDI-in-a-Box • Integrates with existing Lync backend infrastructure • Includes Lync proprietary codecs licensed from Microsoft
  61. 61. Solution features • Audio-Video Communications Support ᵒ Up to 720p30 transmit and receive resolutions ᵒ Selectable 4:3 and 16:9 aspect ratios for transmitted video ᵒ Lync RT Video, H.264, H.263, H.263+, and H.263++ video codecs ᵒ Lync RT Audio, G.711, G.722, G.722.1, G.722.1c audio codecs ᵒ SIP RFC 3261, RFC 3264, RFC 5168 and Microsoft SIP extensions ᵒ Secure call signaling via TLS ᵒ Audio-video encryption (AES) • Call Control Features ᵒ Ad-hoc multi-party calling ᵒ Mid-call features ᵒ Full-screen mode and Picture-in-Picture (PIP) ᵒ Works with native Lync as well as standards-based UC clients registered with Lync
  62. 62. Lync Client Delivery • Lync 2010 • HDX RealTime Optimization Pack for Lync™ 2010 ᵒ Windows, Linux x86, Mac ᵒ Planned: Linux ARM via HDX SoC • Generic HDX RealTime ᵒ Windows, Linux x86, Mac, ThinOS* (* from Dell-Wyse) ᵒ Linux ARM via HDX SoC (in Linux Receiver 13.0) • Lync 2013 • New in Citrix Receiver 4.0: Support for Lync™ VDI Plug-in • Generic HDX RealTime • (Planned**) HDX RealTime Optimization Pack for Lync™ 2013
  63. 63. Generic HDX RealTime and Microsoft® Lync™ No feature gaps / UI changes, but reduced server scalability  Instant Messaging  Presence info  Desktop sharing (screen sharing)  Voice chat  USB telephone support  Video chat ᵒ Real-time video viewing and webcam support
  64. 64. Limitations of Microsoft Lync VDI Plug-in http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj204982.aspx • Windows endpoints only • No support for: ᵒ Multi-view video (“gallery view”) ᵒ Using the Lync VDI Plug-in along with a Lync phone ᵒ Recording ᵒ Joining meetings anonymously ᵒ Customized ringtones / music-on-hold • Delivery of Lync from RDS (XenApp) not officially supported but works • Delivery of Lync client as a seamless/published app does not work • No support for Office 365 hosted Lync • No fallback to server-side audio-video if client has no VDI Plug-in • “Limited” support for Agent Anonymization and Call Delegation
  65. 65. HDX Graphics
  66. 66. Desktop Virtualization for High-end Graphics Users HDX 3D Pro client options
  67. 67. Segmenting the user population Tier 1: Professional users (e.g. design engineers, radiologists) • Top rendering performance (dedicated GPU) • Deep compression on WAN links • 3D mouse Tier 2: Power users (users who need to view/edit large 3D models) • GPU sharing Tier 3: Knowledge workers • Software rasterizer or highly shared GPU 1 2 3
  68. 68. Windows 7 Aero & Windows 8 desktops/apps DirectX is replacing GDI/GDI+ as the new standard for Windows graphics DirectX Rendering Technology RDS Workloads VDI Workloads VDI-in-a- Box Server “Software GPU” XA7.5 (req. WS12) XD7.0 ViaB 5.3 Hardware GPU acceleration XA6.0, XA7.0 XD7.0 (reg key) [XD4: HDX 3D Pro] ViaB 5.3 (reg key) Client Desktop Composition Redirection Not applicable XD5.5 ViaB 5.0
  69. 69. VDI versus RDS (hosted shared) XenDesktop workloads Tier 1: HDX 3D Pro on VDI Tier 2: HDX 3D Pro on RDS • GPU acceleration of Direct3D, OpenGL, CUDA*, OpenCL* • H.264-based Deep Compression • Full desktop or seamless apps • DirectX/OpenGL GPU sharing via XenServer/NVIDIA GRID™ vGPU • 3D mouse support TOP PERFORMANCE • GPU acceleration of Direct3D, OpenGL, CUDA**, OpenCL** • H.264-based Deep Compression • Full desktop or seamless apps • DirectX/OpenGL GPU sharing • Lower cost Microsoft licensing • Apps must be RDS compatible MOST COST-EFFECTIVE * Not available with GRID vGPU ** Experimental pending field validation
  70. 70. What’s new with HDX 3D Pro in XA7? • Self-tuning codec technology ᵒ Adaptive Display automatically detects transient and/or video images ᵒ Image quality dynamically adapts to network bandwidth (no slider bar required) ᵒ Fine Drawing codec eliminated; improved H.264 codec performs much better • HDX 3D Pro feature is now available for Windows Server RDS workloads ᵒ What does this mean? • We’ve renamed “XenApp HDX 3D” in XenApp 7 to reflect that it is now essentially equivalent to HDX 3D Pro on VDI ᵒ What are the improvements on RDS? • Adaptive H.264-based Deep Compression • GPU acceleration and sharing extended beyond DirectX to include OpenGL, plus experimental support for CUDA and OpenCL • Much faster frame rate at higher resolutions compared to XA6.5 GPU Sharing
  71. 71. What’s new with HDX 3D Pro? (cont’d) • Auto screen resolution detection ᵒ No longer necessary to disconnect /reconnect when changing resolution  • 5 versions of Receiver now include decoding of Deep Compression ᵒ Windows, Linux, iOS, Mac, Android • HDX Monitor now reports on HDX 3D Pro ᵒ Details on fps, codec, performance ᵒ Replaces previous HDX 3D Pro Health Check Tool • Quad monitor support ᵒ Not a hard limit but we tested with up to 4 monitors with good performance
  72. 72. RDS-compatible professional graphics apps Some examples from autodeskandcitrix.com, Citrix Ready site, etc. • Lots of Autodesk apps, including: ᵒ AutoCAD ᵒ Inventor ᵒ Revit ᵒ Navisworks • Bentley MicroStation • Dassault CATIA • ESRI ArcGIS • Intergraph SmartPlant 3D • Adobe PhotoShop (Creative Suite) • Siemens Solid Edge
  73. 73. Hardware platform GPU Passthrough with RDS workloads GPU XenServer/vSphere XenApp Windows Server VMs GPU GPU GPU XenApp VM XenApp VM XenApp VM Session 1 XenApp VM Session 2 Session 3 Session 4 Session 5 Session N-1 Session N. . .
  74. 74. GPU sharing for RDS workloads • Usually one VM per GPU (and one GPU per VM) ᵒ On bare metal with OpenGL apps, multiple GPUs can serve one VM, but in general we recommend one GPU per VM using a hypervisor that supports GPU passthrough • Each VM is a multi-user Windows Server RDS workload • XenServer GPU Passthrough now supports up to 12 GPUs per server ᵒ But typical high-end configuration is 3x NVIDIA GRID™ K2 for a total of 6 GPUs • Direct access to graphics driver and hardware, unlike software-based vGPU • User density depends on the apps, GPU processing power, video RAM, etc. ᵒ No fixed limit; one customer reports 32 users on a Q6000 with Dassault 3D Via player • Remember that one user could impact performance of other users ᵒ Recommend capping the number of users per VM
  75. 75. OpenGL Software Accelerator • New software rasterizer for OpenGL apps • An alternative to the OpenGL 1.1 software rasterizer included with Windows ᵒ Generally provides much faster rendering performance ᵒ Leverages SSE4.1 and AVX ᵒ Supports OpenGL 2.1 • Installs in the program folder of the OpenGL app • App compatibility expected to be high but must be verified; Citrix cannot guarantee compatibility with all OpenGL apps • Targets apps and use cases where GPU hardware acceleration is not needed or cannot be cost-justified but where the Microsoft OpenGL software rasterizer is inadequate
  76. 76. DirectX software rasterization • Less demanding DirectX apps and WPF apps don’t require GPU hardware • DirectX 9 software rasterizer built into XenApp 7.1 WDDM driver ᵒ Previously used in Optimization Pack for Google Earth • For DirectX 10 & 11, Microsoft provides the WARP software rasterizer ᵒ DX10 & 11 apps can use WARP directly ᵒ Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 include a software GPU that uses WARP
  77. 77. HDX Plug n Play
  78. 78. • Thumb drives • Advanced multi-monitor configs • Printers • Dictation devices • Specialized keyboards • USB Devices HDX Plug-n-Play
  79. 79. •Traditionally, Client drives are mapped to server drive letters in ICA sessions using Client drive mapping (CDM) •Can be confusing for users •New UNC implementation allows users to recognize their client drives a lot easier: •Example: “C on ClientName” where ClientName is users local machine name USB Thumb Drive Usability
  80. 80. • Frees up server drive letters on XenApp server or VDA and allows them to be used for other purposes • Enabled by default • Not controlled via Policy • To revert to legacy CDM: • HKLMSOFTWARECitrixUNCLinks UNCEnabled=0 [REG_DWORD] • Not documented or recommended USB Thumb Drive Usability
  81. 81. • Previous versions used USB redirection for scanners • TWAIN redirection has now been ported over from XenApp • Commands are now seamlessly redirected from the VDA to the client machine • Note that non-TWAIN standards such as Windows Image Acquisition (WIA) will not work with this technology Scanner support
  82. 82. TWAIN policies
  83. 83. StoreFront
  84. 84. Consistent access inside or outside the firewall Seamless workspace across any device Access to Windows Apps, data, Web and SaaS Auto-configuration of the default app store Citrix StoreFront
  85. 85. One Store for All Receivers Site 3 Site 2 HA Pair or scale-out cluster NetScaler Gateway Storefront Services Site 1 Scale-out cluster with web LB
  86. 86. Mac and Windows Storefront Services Tier Storefront Services Architecture XenApp Farms (6.5 and earlier) Internal Web Apps Browser Thin Clients XML Service Adaptor ? Receiver for Web Future Citrix Adaptors Mobile Devices SaaS Apps List All Apps Launch App “Value Adds” List My Apps Subscribe Store Services Authentication Service Update Service (Merchandising Server) 3rd Party Adaptors 3rd Party Portal Password Kerberos Extension ... ? 3rd Party Apps Smartcard App Controller NetscalerGateway XenApp Sites (7.x & later) Other Services
  87. 87. Storefront Storefront without the Database requirement Storefront Extensible Storage Engine ~2.7 KB/subscription Storefront Storefront Point to Point Scheduled Sync LON NY
  88. 88. Authentication Service • Claims-based authentication • Token Issuing ᵒ Authenticates users ᵒ Establish their identities ᵒ Marshals the information about the users into security tokens • Token Validation ᵒ Validate authentication tokens for services/applications that consume them but are not configured as full relying parties • Use Domain Service to authenticate users with Active Directory • Use Credentials Wallet to store encrypted passwords
  89. 89. Location aware connectivity Gateway Connect Direct Connect No Connect
  90. 90. Local App Access
  91. 91. New! Seamless Local App Access Seamless integration of local Windows apps Great for apps that need or benefit from local resources App running locally, or from Receiver… …Integrated into virtual desktop Ideal for HDFacesTM
  92. 92. Local App Access use cases • Bring-Your-Own-Apps (e.g. iTunes) • Video conferencing (e.g. GoToMeeting HDFaces) • RDS-hosted apps in a VDI virtual desktop ᵒ Eliminate double-hop latency while keeps apps separate • Challenging edge cases such as: ᵒ Watching/burning a physical DVD ᵒ Watching TV using a tuner card ᵒ Specialty USB devices on the WAN ᵒ FireWire devices ᵒ Viewing content that can’t leave the country (regulatory compliance) ᵒ Client-server apps requiring very low latency to a regional backend
  93. 93. App running within virtual desktop App running on endpoint (outside of virtual desktop)
  94. 94. Profile Management
  95. 95. What’s New in 5.x - Capabilities 99 • New Policies ᵒ Define excluded AD groups ᵒ Profile Not Available Policy (deny or temp profile logon) ᵒ Process all users by default on desktop Oses ᵒ Folder Redirection options as alternative for using AD GPOs • Read only profiles (aka mandatory) – use the template profile as a mandatory • Auto Config – detect environment and configure automatically • Delete Cached profiles immediately … policy to configure a delayed delete • Default processing of local admins on Desktop OSes
  96. 96. What’s New in 5.x - Integration 100 • Citrix Policy Engine integration ᵒ Additional choice for configuration: AD GPO, Citrix Policy or INI • Integrated install with VDA (Desktop and Server OS) ᵒ UPM component installed by default with the VDA installer ᵒ PoSH SDK on DDC • Director Integration ᵒ Metrics reporting via Director provided by WMI/UPM ᵒ Now within Director is the ability to reset Microsoft Roaming and Citrix Profiles ᵒ Non destructive – renames existing profile, creates new and copies some data back ᵒ Data kept: Documents, Favorites, Cookies, Desktop, Pictures, Music, Video • While UPM has v5, the PoSH module for UPM is v7
  97. 97. What’s New in 5.x - Architecture 101 • No longer leverages NTFS change journal – UPM uses the filter driver now ᵒ MFT file no longer used (the cache file for NTFS activity) • Should in most cases improve logon times … ᵒ Particularly first logon with provisioned desktops where cache file had to be created
  98. 98. Using and Administering Admin ExperienceUser Experience
  99. 99. Policies
  100. 100. HDX - It's all about the user experience
  101. 101. Primarily Controlled Through Policies
  102. 102. Exploring Citrix Policies
  103. 103. Policy Templates
  104. 104. Settings in the Registry HKLMSOFTWAREPoliciesCitrix
  105. 105. Configuration Options and Precedence 109 Pm Configuration AD GPO ADM – For Windows 2003 AD & Above ADMX – For Windows 2008 and above Desktop Studio Policy Node End Point Local Policy Pm INI File
  106. 106. Printing
  107. 107. • So many moving parts… • Applications • Printer drivers • Printing device features and limitations • Networking and printer device connectivity • Policies and settings • Permissions • Still a top call generator for Citrix Technical Support • Hard enough to do Windows printing well (mostly static environment) • Dynamic elements of desktop virtualization make it that much harder Why is printing such a pain?
  108. 108. Printer driver versions • Version2 drivers • Introduced with Windows NT 4.0 • Operate in kernel memory • Won’t install on Windows 2008/Vista or later • Version3 drivers • Introduced with Windows 2000 • Operate in user space • Still need to be careful about which drivers you deploy • Version4 drivers • Introduced with Windows 2012/8 • One driver can support multiple devices • Automatically isolated from one another and the print spooler
  109. 109. Native versus non-native print drivers •Native/inbox drivers • Are included with the Windows OS • WHQL certified & stress tested with OS •Non-native/manufacturer drivers • Are provided by a print device manufacturer (Windows Update, CD, or download) • May or may not be WHQL certified • May not be well tested for Remote Desktop & Terminal server use cases
  110. 110. How do printer drivers get installed? • Manually installed by administrators • Native drivers automatically installed from driver.cab in the OS • Plug-and-Play printers • HDX or RDP printer auto-creation • Downloaded from print server (Point-and-Print) • Connection to shared network printers in any manner • XenApp will only attempt to install native drivers through printer auto- creation, it will not pull in non-native ones
  111. 111. Where can an ICA/HDX printer come from? Standard Printer Types Defined on Client Local Printer (LPT, USB, TCP, etc.) Network Printer (UNC Path) Client Printer in Host Session Network Printer in Host Session Client Printer in Host Session OR Session Printers Policy Network Printer in Host Session Client Printer in Host Session Citrix UNIVERSAL Printer
  112. 112. • Despite it’s name, Citrix universal printing is not universally available • First-class UPD for client printers is only available with Windows end-points • Mac & Linux end points use Postscript-based UPD • Fixed device profile  No awareness of the underlying client printer capabilities • Java client employs PCL based UPD with fixed device profile too • Most thin clients have no Citrix UPD option for their local printers • Exception: embedded Windows device running retail Win32 client • More comprehensive UPD solutions available • Check out offerings of Citrix Ready vendors like ThinPrint, TriCerat, and UniPrint Universal printing caveats
  113. 113. The Generic Citrix UNIVERSAL Printer • A single printer object, based on the Citrix Universal Printer driver, which can be configured to auto-create in user sessions but is not tied to any specific print device • It will automatically print to the default printer on the client device or the preview option can be selected to preview the document on the client and then select any locally-defined printer • http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX106812
  114. 114. hen in theCourseof human events it becomes necessary for onepeopleto dissolvethepolitical bands which have connected them with another and to that Governmentslong established should notbechanged for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are moredisposed tosuffer, whileevils are sufferable than to right themselves byabolishing theforms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably thesameObject evinces a design to reducethem under absoluteDespotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to providenew Guards for their futuresecurity. — Such has been thepatient sufferanceof theseColonies; and such is now thenecessity which constrainsthem toalter their former Systemsof Government. Thehistory of thepresent King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object theestablishmentof an absoluteTyranny over theseStates. To provethis, let Facts besubmitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws, themostwholesomeand necessary for thepublic good. He has forbidden his Governors topass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should beobtained;and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pass other Laws for theaccommodation of large districts of people, unless thosepeoplewould relinquish theright of Representation in theLegislature, a right inestimableto them and formidableto tyrantsonly. — John Hancock hen in theCourseof human events it becomes necessary for onepeopleto dissolvethepolitical bands which have connected them with another and to assumeamong the powers of theearth, theseparateand equal station to which theand organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictatethat Governmentslong established should notbechanged for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are moredisposed tosuffer, whileevils are sufferable than to right themselves byabolishing theforms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably thesameObject evinces a design to reducethem under absoluteDespotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to providenew Guards for their futuresecurity. — Such has been thepatient sufferanceof theseColonies; and such is now thenecessity which constrainsthem toalter their former Systemsof Government. Thehistory of thepresent King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object theestablishmentof an absoluteTyranny over theseStates. To provethis, let Facts besubmitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws, themostwholesomeand necessary for thepublic good. He has forbidden his Governors topass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should beobtained;and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pass other Laws for theaccommodation of large districts of people, unless thosepeoplewould relinquish theright of Representation in theLegislature, a right inestimableto them and formidableto tyrantsonly. — John Hancock SSL 001000111010101 SSL 001000111010101 SSL 001000111010101 SSL 0010 hen in theCourseof human events it becomes necessary for onepeopleto dissolvethepolitical bands which have connected them with another and to that Governmentslong established should notbechanged for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are moredisposed tosuffer, whileevils are sufferable than to right themselves byabolishing theforms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably thesameObject evinces a design to reducethem under absoluteDespotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to providenew Guards for their futuresecurity. — Such has been thepatient sufferanceof theseColonies; and such is now thenecessity which constrainsthem toalter their former Systemsof Government. Thehistory of thepresent King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object theestablishmentof an absoluteTyranny over theseStates. To provethis, let Facts besubmitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws, themostwholesomeand necessary for thepublic good. He has forbidden his Governors topass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should beobtained;and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pass other Laws for theaccommodation of large districts of people, unless thosepeoplewould relinquish theright of Representation in theLegislature, a right inestimableto them and formidableto tyrantsonly. — John Hancock hen in theCourseof human events it becomes necessary for onepeopleto dissolvethepolitical bands which have connected them with another and to assumeamong the powers of theearth, theseparateand equal station to which theand organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictatethat Governmentslong established should notbechanged for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are moredisposed tosuffer, whileevils are sufferable than to right themselves byabolishing theforms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably thesameObject evinces a design to reducethem under absoluteDespotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to providenew Guards for their futuresecurity. — Such has been thepatient sufferanceof theseColonies; and such is now thenecessity which constrainsthem toalter their former Systemsof Government. Thehistory of thepresent King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object theestablishmentof an absoluteTyranny over theseStates. To provethis, let Facts besubmitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws, themostwholesomeand necessary for thepublic good. He has forbidden his Governors topass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should beobtained;and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pass other Laws for theaccommodation of large districts of people, unless thosepeoplewould relinquish theright of Representation in theLegislature, a right inestimableto them and formidableto tyrantsonly. — John Hancock Endpoint Device Virtual Delivery Agent
  115. 115. • Complete network print server solution providing • Ability to use Citrix universal printing regardless of client capabilities • Efficient, open, and firewall friendly protocols • Optimized print traffic from host  print server • Eliminates the need to install network printer drivers on the VDAs! • Significant WAN performance improvements over traditional windows networking printing • Less sensitive to latency than Windows printing using SPOOLSS-RPC protocol • Leverages the same compression and optimizations as in client-based Universal printing The Citrix Universal Print Server First introduced on the XenDesktop 5.x and XenApp 6.x platforms
  116. 116. Universal Print Server architecture Network Print Service Spooler UP Web Service DriverDriverDrivers PQ1 Driver PQ2 VQ1 VQ2 Driver Driver Driver UPS Virtual Port Monitor Std TCP/IP Port Monitor WINSPOOL.DRV UPS Configuration RPC TCP SOAP over HTTP(S) CGP/SSL UP-WS Print Data (XPS/EMF) Rendered Print Data SDKPrint Provider UPD App Spooler UPClient UPServer
  117. 117. Machine Creation Services
  118. 118. New* in XenApp 7.5 MCS • Cloud Provisioning on ᵒ AWS and Citrix Cloud Platform • Datacenter Provisioning on ᵒ System Center VMM 2012 SP1 / R2 with Hyper-v 2012 /R2 • SMB 3 Storage for linked clones and base images • Reduce IO with read caching on CSV 3.0 • Use local storage, except PVD ᵒ vSphere 5.5 • Support for latest Windows OS ᵒ The latest desktop OS - Win 8, Win 8.1 ᵒ The latest Server OS – Win Server 2012 and 2012 R2 • MCS Performance Improvements ᵒ Fix block alignment issues - VHDX format for VM/Clone disks
  119. 119. Storage A Master VM Master VM Image A B B B B identity diff disk Machine Creation Services (MCS) Hypervisor A’ A’ Copy Image Prep Phase
  120. 120. Machine Creation Services: How it works VM Master Disk VM VM Diff Disk Id Disk Diff Disk Id Disk Diff Disk Id Disk Storage One copy of the base image shared by all VMs Space reclaimed every boot Persistent Identity uses little space
  121. 121. Differencing disk
  122. 122. Identity Disk
  123. 123. Provisioning Services
  124. 124. New in Provisioning Server 7.1 & XenApp 7.5 • Data center provisioning ᵒ System Center VMM 2012 SP1 ᵒ SMB 3.0 Storage for “client-side” write cache disks • Stream latest OS ᵒ Desktop OS - Windows 8/ 8.1 ᵒ Server OS - Server 2012 / R2 • Improved Setup Wizard ᵒ Faster catalog creation (no more cloning of template VM write cache disks) ᵒ Support BDM configuration don’t have to use PXE ᵒ Faster networks in Hyper-V Guest VMs*
  125. 125. Advanced Image Management • One imaging solution for ᵒ Virtual apps and VM hosted apps ᵒ Physical and virtual instances ᵒ Any Windows operating system • Image maintenance ᵒ Develop - Test – Production ᵒ Automated updates ᵒ Instantaneous rollback VIRTUALIZE CENTRALIZE PROVISION
  126. 126. Provisioning Capabilities – PVS VDI SHVD Physical Servers Physical PCs PVS • Top 3 Hypervisor ᵒ XenServer ᵒ Hyper-V ᵒ vSphere • Workloads ᵒ Desktop VM ᵒ Server VM ᵒ Physical Server ᵒ Physical PC • Low storage I/O impact • Management time ᵒ 15 min for 1,000 VMs ᵒ Reboot speed rollbacks ᵒ Automated image updates
  127. 127. Complete Kernel Kernel Services Computer Boot Process: Traditional Bios Bios Services Hardware Boot Loader Early Kernel User ProcessMBR
  128. 128. • Manageability • Simplify and streamline server provisioning • Assure build consistency • Eliminate the need for “hot-standby” servers • Flexibility • Provide rapid server provisioning • Simplify and reduce the time required to rollout images • Stream workloads to physical and virtual machines • Support high availability • Support hardware repurposing • Perform instant restore Benefits of Citrix PVS
  129. 129. Image Delivery 0 5 10 15 20 25 Windows 7 Windows 8 Windows 2012 IOPS Peak Average Steady State IOPS (95th Percentile) Provisioning Services Machine Creation Services
  130. 130. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Windows 7 - MCS Windows 7 - PVS Windows 8 - MCS Windows 8 - PVS Windows 2012 - MCS Windows 2012 - PVS Percent Read/Write Ratio Read Write
  131. 131. Boot Device Manager (BDM) instead of PXE
  132. 132. Setup Wizard Provisioning optimization: VM disks • Create write-cache disks in place on destination storage • Size is now configurable • Each VM booted once to quick format • No more SLOW network copies of ‘n’ formatted write cache disks!
  133. 133. Director & EdgeSight
  134. 134. Next generation Director • Single pane of glass ᵒ Instant “real-time” troubleshooting and environment health metrics across sites • Integration of EdgeSight features ᵒ Performance management and network analysis • Aggregation of logging information ᵒ Pinpoints root cause of connection and machine failures • End user experience monitoring ᵒ Logon analysis to pinpoint issues or delays TM
  135. 135. • Driving Evolution ᵒ EdgeSight evolves into an integrated solution ᵒ Enhances existing products such as Director • Providing a holistic view ᵒ No more product silos ᵒ Offers comprehensive view into the Citrix stack to correlate information Evolution of EdgeSightTM
  136. 136. Performance management Health and capacity assurance Historical trending EdgeSight features Network analysis Identify bottlenecks due to the network in your XenApp environment Powered by NetScaler HDX Insight TM
  137. 137. Director – Actionable Troubleshooting Resolution at first touch Reduce operating costs Improve customer satisfaction
  138. 138. Director – Enhanced User Details Page
  139. 139. Director – Real-time assessment Immediate visibility of site performance health Environment usage Logon performance indicating end user experience Key infrastructure alerts
  140. 140. Drill down list view Know who has been affected and why
  141. 141. Director – Contextual troubleshooting Failures reason explained Correlation with Configuration logging
  142. 142. Director – Logon performance Know how logon duration is affecting end users Compare to previous environment baseline
  143. 143. Director – Load Evaluation Trends Understanding published application server load and affect of logged on users
  144. 144. Historical trending enables performance management over time EdgeSight - performance management Auto-baselining – comparison of past performance to current TM
  145. 145. EdgeSight - network analysis ICA deep packet analysis Latency and bandwidth effects Application and desktop usage TM
  146. 146. EdgeSight Features Integration TM EdgeSight Performance management historical trending and auto-baselining EdgeSight Network analysis leveraging NS HDX Insight
  147. 147. The right solution for the right customer EdgeSight 5.4…is migrating to XenApp 6.5 …will be sustaining with XenApp 6.5 and XenDesktop 5 until EOL Ideal for customer who… …are new to XenApp …are migrating to XenApp 7 Director with EdgeSight
  148. 148. Active Directory Director 7 • Troubleshooting • Real-time Assessment Monitor Database XD Data Store Delivery Controller Configuration Log Service Monitoring Service Delegated Admin Service Broker Service Director Web Service Browser Director App RDS/VDI VDA NetScaler HDX Insight Service Hypervisor RDS/VDI VDA RDS/VDI VDA NS Databasewith EdgeSight • Trends
  149. 149. Microsoft App-V
  150. 150. Microsoft App-V Basics • Isolate Applications and Application Related Data • Remediate App Behavior • Multiple App Versions • Central App Delivery
  151. 151. Sequencing < = > Packaging? • Alternative form of Packaging • Much less work, less error prone • Easy to remediate / customize apps
  152. 152. App Virt Engine • Install wherever apps will execute • Isolate App and ARD • Multi-User and Multi-Tenant UserA Prefs UserB Prefs UserC Prefs Operating System App 1 App 3 App 4 App 2
  153. 153. Distribution Sequencer “Content” File Server App-V Server Infrastructure System Center Configuration Manager Client using HTTP/S or BITSClient using App-V Server Standalone Client
  154. 154. Configuring App-V
  155. 155. Publishing App-V 5 Apps 167 Source: Citrix
  156. 156. Published Apps 168 Source: Citrix
  157. 157. Hosting Platform
  158. 158. Open Architecture Hosted on XenServer Hosted on ESX, vSphere Hosted on Hyper-V
  159. 159. Supported hypervisors* XenServer 6.2 6.1 6.0.2 Hyper-V/SCVMM System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 R2 System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 SP1 System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 VMWare vSphere 5.5 vSphere 5.1 Update 1 vSphere 5.0 Update 2 (No support is provided for vSphere vCenter Linked Mode operation)
  160. 160. Only XenApp and XenDesktop enable you to easily harness the flexibility, elasticity and economics of the largest, most popular public clouds Hybrid Cloud Provisioning Delivery Controller (coming soon)
  161. 161. New Infrastructure Choice, Familiar Setup Same administrative workflows, now simplified for cloud Host Selection now includes AWS and CloudPlatform Select your cloud region and availability zone Select instance type for machine catalog Create Host Configure Host Create Catalog
  162. 162. Market Drivers for Hybrid Cloud Provisioning Flex Examples: Seasonal Workers Citrix migrations testing Grow Examples: On-board M&A Organic usage growth Transform Examples: “Don’t Own Stuff” Hardware Refresh Optimize CAPEX Build for Speed Think Differently
  163. 163. XenApp 7.5 Cloud Provisioning • Available for AWS and CloudPlatform in 7.5 • Utilizes MCS with direct cloud API calls • Working on Azure • Goal to support “any cloud” • Future improvements to better optimize for cloud infrastructure
  164. 164. Desktop Clouds with XenDesktop/XenApp Flexible cloud deployment options – Private, Public and/or Hybrid Cloud on-premise off-premise Enterprise Service Provider Public CloudPrivate Cloud • Leverage OPEX-based IT service delivery model • Leverage public clouds as an additional capacity site • Transform, flex or grow app or virtual desktop infrastructure • Unplanned and temporary capacity demand: seasonal workers, on-boarding M&A events, etc
  165. 165. XenDesktop Cloud Provisioning w/ CloudPlatform The “One Citrix” Desktop Cloud Solution • On/Off-premise Private XenDesktop/XenApp Cloud Solution  Built on the latest releases of Citrix XenDesktop/XenApp (v7.5) and Citrix CloudPlatform (v4.2.1.4, v4.3)  XD/XA 7.5 provisions to on-premise Citrix CloudPlatform clouds and off-premise private clouds (CCP) • Seamless: no new consoles or training • Key Benefits:  On-premise: Lower upfront CAPEX, easier scaling, efficient management  Off-premise: Elastic, no infrastructure to manage • Key: XD-specific workload monitoring in CCP, App orchestration in XD Hybrid Desktop-as-a- Service XenDesktop/XenApp Cloud Provisioning with CloudPlatform Desktop/App Virtualization Cloud Management Platform 7.5 7.5 4.2.1.4 4.3
  166. 166. Work better. Live better.
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