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What's new in Citrix XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5?

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Citrix unterscheidet wieder zwischen XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5. Aber keine Angst, beide Produkte verwenden die gleiche Technologie wie in XenDesktop 7.1, die Flexcast-Management-Architektur. Also …

Citrix unterscheidet wieder zwischen XenApp 7.5 und XenDesktop 7.5. Aber keine Angst, beide Produkte verwenden die gleiche Technologie wie in XenDesktop 7.1, die Flexcast-Management-Architektur. Also keine IMA-Dienste und Zonen-Data-Kollektoren mehr.

Neu wird es auch möglich sein, die Citrix-Lösungen in hybride oder öffentliche Clouds zu integrieren, wie zum Beispiel Amazon Web Services oder Windows Azure. Daneben werden auch andere Produkte wie AppDNA, Mobile Device Management oder die neuste Protokoll-Errungenschaft Framehawk in der kommenden Version je nach Lizenzversion integriert sein.

Slides zum Referat von Stephan Pfister.

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  • 1. XenApp 7.5 Technical Overview Stephan Pfister – Citrix Certified Instructor stephan.Pfister@umb.ch
  • 2. WORKPLACE Redesign WORKFORCE Mobility WORKFLOW Optimization
  • 3. MOBILE Workstyles
  • 4. Mobile Workstyles are powered by... Mobile Workspaces Securely unite apps, data & services on any device over any network or cloud Citrix is the leader in Mobile Workspaces
  • 5. Collaboration & Sharing Access & Data Security App & Desktop Virtualization Enterprise Mobility Management App Networking & Cloud Orchestration
  • 6. Citrix – The Broadest Mobility Portfolio Secure Mail & Web Apps Mobile App Security Mobile Data Control Secure Mobile Network Access Mobile Device Management Virtual Windows Apps & Desktops Web & Social Collaboration Integrating across the stack for the best mobile experience Seamless Mobile Experience
  • 7. Application and desktop virtualization, re-imagined for mobility and cloud
  • 8. Reduce cost and complexity of app and desktop management Simplify support and enable choice of BYO devices Centralized security to protect sensitive information Increase employee productivity with anywhere access
  • 9. People- centric & use case driven
  • 10. XenApp 7.5 – New Features • Eliminate CAPEX for seasonal needs • Leverage global clouds for proximity to users • Same management consoles and skillsets • Easier than competitors to deploy and manage • Publish dozens of apps in less than a minute • Built-in performance monitoring • Up to 8% more users per server compared to previous versions • Multi-touch experience • High-performance over mobile networks • Application compatibility • Application remediation • P2V App Migration Hybrid cloud provisioning Simple deployment & management Platinum Mobility Promotions AppDNA Complete App Migration Toolkit HDX Mobile Optimization technologies Free XenMobile MDM or 20% off XenMobile Enterprise
  • 11. XenApp 7 Product Line Packaged and priced for broad adoption for all users Platinum Edition Enterprise Edition Advanced Edition High-performance hosted shared app and desktop virtualization solution with HDX™ technology Enterprise-class desktop virtualization with FlexCast™ delivery technology Comprehensive desktop virtualization solution with advanced networking, management and security
  • 12. Architecture
  • 13. Let’s look at IMA for a moment
  • 14. Farm Zone Primary ZDCBackup ZDC MetaFrame Member Servers Data Store Zone Primary ZDC Backup ZDC MetaFrame Member Servers
  • 15. Let’s think about IMA Farm Zone Primary ZDCBackup ZDC MetaFrame Member Servers Data Store Zone Primary ZDC Backup ZDC MetaFrame Member Servers Wasted resources What happens when ZDC bottlenecks? Zone mesh impact = Zones(Zones-1) Potential issues if elected as ZDC Upgrade/Migration challenges Do I need to re-architect to add more users?
  • 16. Delivery Services Console XenApp 6.5 Farm (IMA) XenDesktop 5.6 FP1 Site (FMA) Citrix Studio Web Interface Receiver DB DB IMA IMA CBP XenApp Controller Server OS Workers Desktop OS Workers Delivery Controller Power & Capacity Mgmt Provisioning ServicesPVS WMI PVS Console PCM Console Today: Separation of Owners & Roles Different Desktops & Apps Architectures EdgeSight Console VDA
  • 17. Citrix Studio Storefront / Receiver for Web Receiver DB Server OS Workers Desktop OS Workers Delivery Controller MCS Provisioning Services FlexCast: Unified Service Delivery Team FlexCast Management Architecture VDA VDA Citrix Director Provisioning Console
  • 18. Delivery Controller Resources SQL Database
  • 19. Delivery Controller Resources SQL Database Active Active Add new controller to grow SQL is site size limitApps and Desktops
  • 20. App and Desktop Delivery FlexCast Management Architecture
  • 21. Conceptual Architecture Hardware Layer Control Layer Access LayerUser Layer Resource Layer NetScaler Gateway StoreFront Delivery Controller XenClient Remote PC Access Pooled Desktop Catalog Hosted Apps Catalog Personal Desktop Catalog Shared Desktop Catalog Director Studio SQL Database SSL Delivery Group Delivery Group Delivery Group Delivery Group Resource Hosts Physical, Virtual, Cloud Cloud VMs VMsServers PCs Access & Control Hosts Physical, Virtual VMsServersActive Directory License Server
  • 22. FlexCast
  • 23. Challenges for business Rewriting apps to support mobile OS which is costly and time consuming No mobile apps Designers & Engineers stuck to workstations Can’t access/share designs remotely in real time Employees/Contractors bringing own devices regardless of BYOD policy Organization exposed to risks from security, compliance gaps and IT complexity Mobile Apps Designers & Engineers BYOD Critical data replicated between headquarters and branch office Network connection between headquarters and branch office gets congested Remote & Branch Workers
  • 24. Challenges for IT Operating system upgrades, updates & patches on individual distributed PCs Can’t redirect funds towards more innovative IT initiatives Maintain large set of desktop images to deal with complex mix of laptop hardware Problems supporting users offline or on intermittent connections Maintain expensive office real estate No flexibility to keep up with increasing business needs PC Refresh Corporate Laptops Call Centers Access and modify files locally on external devices that don’t adhere to corporate standards No data security Contractor & Partner Access
  • 25. Sometimes you need apps, sometimes you need a desktop
  • 26. Decision Point – What type of resource? Management Cost + Infrastructure Cost END USER FLEXIBILITY Hosted Shared Pooled VDI Personal VDI Dedicated VDI Managed PC Un-managed PC Hosted App Line of Business App
  • 27. © 2012 Citrix | #CitrixSynergy XenApp 7.5 Resources 27 • Physical or Virtual • Platforms ᵒ As VM Hosted Apps • Windows XP / Windows Vista (pre-XD7 VDA) • Windows 7 SP1 • Windows 8 & Windows 8.1 ᵒ Windows Server 2008 R2 ᵒ Windows Server 2012 & Windows Server 2012 R2
  • 28. FlexCast Hosted Apps Hosted Shared Desktops
  • 29. Windows Server Hosted Desktops & Apps Extreme efficiency and scalability 4x–6x density compared to VDI I Ideal for fixed-task use cases I Familiar Windows 7 look and feel
  • 30. Server-hosted session virtualization For client-server applications • Requires network connectivity • Better protection for sensitive data • Business applications become platform independent • Lowest Total Cost of Ownership • Great for apps with strict requirements Mobilize Windows apps for ultimate security, availability and performance
  • 31. Session Virtualization Desktop Virtualization Session Virtualization Resource Layer User Layer Hardware Layer Access Layer
  • 32. Delivering a Desktop vs. an App is not the same Mobile Traditional
  • 33. Apps make more sense Mobile Traditional
  • 34. Hardware Layer Control Layer Access LayerUser Layer NetScaler Gateway StoreFront Delivery Controller SQL Database SSL Delivery Group Resource Hosts Physical, Virtual, Cloud Cloud VMs VMsServers Active Directory Resource Layer Hosted Apps Catalog License Server Server hosted application delivery 1. User clicks app icon and Citrix Receiver contacts Delivery Controller 2. Least loaded server selected and resource allocated for user 3. User interacts with resource. Screen updates, mouse clicks and keystrokes sent between user and server.
  • 35. Receiver
  • 36. • HTML5 Receiver ᵒ Receiver for Chromebook ᵒ Start your experience on any device with easier management • Windows and Linux Receiver ᵒ Tier 1 receivers for demanding use cases, for HDX Premium experience ᵒ Mainly your workplace device – thin client or a PC • Mac, Android, iOS, Windows Phone ᵒ Device specific native Receivers for powerful HDX experience while being Mobile • Any other device ᵒ HTML5 Receiver provides the experience you need Any app, any place, on any device
  • 37. Client-less Receiver HTML5 Web-based Receiver – Powered by Citrix StoreFront • Simple, seamless access from any browser • Virtual apps and desktops rendered with HTML5 • Perfect for locked-down laptops and contractors who cannot install native Receivers
  • 38. What’s new with Receiver for Windows 4.0/4.1 • Smart Card auth • IPV6 • Local App Access • H264 Decode (XenApp 7) • HDX Insight • Lync 2013 • Jabber • SCCM 2012 • Windows 8.1/IE 11 – 4.1 CitrixReceiver.exe
  • 39. Citrix Receiver for Windows 8 and RTReceiver for Windows 8 and RT • Multiple published apps • Multiple Web and SaaS apps • Work anywhere on any Windows 8 computer or tablet • Account configuration using your email address, a server URL, or a provisioning file • Automatic display of the keyboard when needed • Pan and Zoom • Mobility Pack • Win 8.1 support • International text
  • 40. Receiver for Mac 11.8 / 11.8.2 • IPv6 • H264 Decoding • HDX Insight • Windows short cuts • Mavericks support
  • 41. Receiver for Windows 8 Phone • French, German, International Spanish, Italian, and European Portuguese • Asian language input • Expanded Mobile SDK support • Netscaler Gateway 10.1 • Web and SaaS apps • Log collection • Assistance for gestures
  • 42. Receiver for Linux 13.0 • ARMHF support • Platform optimization SDK for x86 and ARM • XenApp 7 - 2D and 3D graphics ᵒ H.264 deep compression hardware decoding • Performance optimizations on x86 and ARM ᵒ Graphics/Audio multithreading ᵒ Receiver/server flow control • Improved VoIP and video conf ᵒ UDP/RTP audio ᵒ H.264 encoding for webcams • Graphics subsystem SDK • Multimedia client-side content fetching • IPV6 support • Storefront support • Netscaler Gateway support (ICA Proxy mode) • Self service UI and SDK Feature parity between Linux x86 and ARM HDX Verified Premium HDX SoC Initiative
  • 43. Receiver for Blackberry 10 • Apps and desktops • StoreFront 2.0 and Web Interface • OS required is 10.2.0.1745.
  • 44. Why not VDI Mobile Traditional
  • 45. HDX High-Def eXperience
  • 46. HDX It’s about the user experience
  • 47. High Definition Experience HDX MediaStream Video and audio playback HDX Broadcast ICA and RDP protocol support for access from any device, anywhere HDX Mobile Touch navigation for Windows apps; local device features HDX Plug-n-Play Access to local resources and peripherals, including USB devices and printers HDX RichGraphics 2D/3D graphics incl. Adaptive Display, HDX 3D Pro and Microsoft RemoteFX HDX WAN Optimization Performance and bandwidth optimizations for branch offices with Citrix CloudBridge HDX Adaptive Orchestration Best user experience based on server, network connection and user device HDX RealTime Voice and video for real-time collaboration
  • 48. HDX Multimedia Streaming
  • 49. Flash Windows Media Silverlight QuickTime HDX MediaStream HTML 5 Video etc.
  • 50. Citrix Receiver support for HDX MediaStream
  • 51. HDX MediaStream and Adaptive Orchestration 1. Generic approach: Server-side rendering (Adaptive Display) Video frames & audio Native media streams 2. Optimization: Client-side rendering (multimedia redirection)
  • 52. HDX MediaStream: Complementary approaches Generic: Server-rendered • Any media player • Any format • Any device • Any network • Adaptive Display ᵒ Dynamically adjusts frame rate and image quality for optimal experience • HD stereo audio • DirectX video acceleration (H.264) ᵒ With server-side multimedia acceleration Optimized: Client-rendered • Adobe Flash and Windows media (WMV, MPEG4, DivX, AVI, XVID, MSV1, etc.) • Client-side or server-side fetching ᵒ Client-side fetching reduces bandwidth consumption and supports Multicast • Adaptive Display for server-decoded client-rendered formats • HD stereo audio • DirectX video acceleration (H.264) ᵒ Using client-side multimedia acceleration
  • 53. • Audio-video redirection for media players based on DirectShow, DirectX Media Objects (DMO) or Windows Media Foundation • New: Windows Media Redirection for iOS, with hardware decoding for reduced battery drain • New: Hardware decoding on Linux • A step towards reducing thin client CPU requirements • New: Client-side content fetching • Cuts bandwidth consumption in half • Supports HTTP, MMS*, RTSP* [*Windows & Linux devices] • Supports multicast video delivery Windows Media Redirection in XenApp 7
  • 54. • Objective: Offload server CPU by rendering Flash content on the user device for majority of web sites (80-90%) • Significant server scalability benefit and excellent user experience • Optimized for LAN and WAN • Windows and Linux devices • IE10 support added in XD7.0 • New in XD7.1: Flash Redirection from Windows 8/8.1 or Windows Server 2012 [R2] Optimized: Flash Redirection
  • 55. • Supported via server-side rendering and Adaptive Display, with excellent video quality via H.264 compression HMTL5 video in XenApp 7
  • 56. HDX Real-time Communications
  • 57. Softphones and Unified Communications apps
  • 58. Multi-Stream ICA for generic HDX RealTime True network QoS Citrix Receiver for Windows XenApp WS08 R2, 12, 12R2* HTTP Server Router ICA Real Time HTTP HTTP ICA Interactive ICA Background ICA Bulk ICA Real Time ICA Interactive ICA Background ICA Bulk ICA UDP/RTP Audio * ICA UDP Audio * * UDP/RTP Audio now also available for Windows Server RDS workloads in XenApp 7
  • 59. Lync audio-video delivery options • HDX Optimization Pack for Lync 2010 ᵒ Client-side media processing for Windows, Linux, Mac ᵒ XenDesktop, XenApp, VDI-in-a-Box ᵒ New in v1.4: Support for (1) Meet Now join via IP voice-video; (2) Logitech C920 • Support for Lync 2013 VDI Plug-in ᵒ Microsoft adopted our recommended architecture (client-side media engine) ᵒ XA7.5 and CR4.x include the interfaces required by the Lync VDI Plug-in ᵒ But, no Lync 2013 optimization is currently available for non-Windows devices • Generic HDX RealTime ᵒ For devices not yet optimized (no local media engine) ᵒ For Office 365 hosted Lync (not currently supported by either optimization) ᵒ Limitation: Server scalability due to CPU impact of video processing
  • 60. Optimization Pack for Microsoft Lync 2010 • Feature of XenDesktop/XenApp Enterprise & Platinum editions and VDI-in-a-Box • Integrates with existing Lync backend infrastructure • Includes Lync proprietary codecs licensed from Microsoft
  • 61. Solution features • Audio-Video Communications Support ᵒ Up to 720p30 transmit and receive resolutions ᵒ Selectable 4:3 and 16:9 aspect ratios for transmitted video ᵒ Lync RT Video, H.264, H.263, H.263+, and H.263++ video codecs ᵒ Lync RT Audio, G.711, G.722, G.722.1, G.722.1c audio codecs ᵒ SIP RFC 3261, RFC 3264, RFC 5168 and Microsoft SIP extensions ᵒ Secure call signaling via TLS ᵒ Audio-video encryption (AES) • Call Control Features ᵒ Ad-hoc multi-party calling ᵒ Mid-call features ᵒ Full-screen mode and Picture-in-Picture (PIP) ᵒ Works with native Lync as well as standards-based UC clients registered with Lync
  • 62. Lync Client Delivery • Lync 2010 • HDX RealTime Optimization Pack for Lync™ 2010 ᵒ Windows, Linux x86, Mac ᵒ Planned: Linux ARM via HDX SoC • Generic HDX RealTime ᵒ Windows, Linux x86, Mac, ThinOS* (* from Dell-Wyse) ᵒ Linux ARM via HDX SoC (in Linux Receiver 13.0) • Lync 2013 • New in Citrix Receiver 4.0: Support for Lync™ VDI Plug-in • Generic HDX RealTime • (Planned**) HDX RealTime Optimization Pack for Lync™ 2013
  • 63. Generic HDX RealTime and Microsoft® Lync™ No feature gaps / UI changes, but reduced server scalability  Instant Messaging  Presence info  Desktop sharing (screen sharing)  Voice chat  USB telephone support  Video chat ᵒ Real-time video viewing and webcam support
  • 64. Limitations of Microsoft Lync VDI Plug-in http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj204982.aspx • Windows endpoints only • No support for: ᵒ Multi-view video (“gallery view”) ᵒ Using the Lync VDI Plug-in along with a Lync phone ᵒ Recording ᵒ Joining meetings anonymously ᵒ Customized ringtones / music-on-hold • Delivery of Lync from RDS (XenApp) not officially supported but works • Delivery of Lync client as a seamless/published app does not work • No support for Office 365 hosted Lync • No fallback to server-side audio-video if client has no VDI Plug-in • “Limited” support for Agent Anonymization and Call Delegation
  • 65. HDX Graphics
  • 66. Desktop Virtualization for High-end Graphics Users HDX 3D Pro client options
  • 67. Segmenting the user population Tier 1: Professional users (e.g. design engineers, radiologists) • Top rendering performance (dedicated GPU) • Deep compression on WAN links • 3D mouse Tier 2: Power users (users who need to view/edit large 3D models) • GPU sharing Tier 3: Knowledge workers • Software rasterizer or highly shared GPU 1 2 3
  • 68. Windows 7 Aero & Windows 8 desktops/apps DirectX is replacing GDI/GDI+ as the new standard for Windows graphics DirectX Rendering Technology RDS Workloads VDI Workloads VDI-in-a- Box Server “Software GPU” XA7.5 (req. WS12) XD7.0 ViaB 5.3 Hardware GPU acceleration XA6.0, XA7.0 XD7.0 (reg key) [XD4: HDX 3D Pro] ViaB 5.3 (reg key) Client Desktop Composition Redirection Not applicable XD5.5 ViaB 5.0
  • 69. VDI versus RDS (hosted shared) XenDesktop workloads Tier 1: HDX 3D Pro on VDI Tier 2: HDX 3D Pro on RDS • GPU acceleration of Direct3D, OpenGL, CUDA*, OpenCL* • H.264-based Deep Compression • Full desktop or seamless apps • DirectX/OpenGL GPU sharing via XenServer/NVIDIA GRID™ vGPU • 3D mouse support TOP PERFORMANCE • GPU acceleration of Direct3D, OpenGL, CUDA**, OpenCL** • H.264-based Deep Compression • Full desktop or seamless apps • DirectX/OpenGL GPU sharing • Lower cost Microsoft licensing • Apps must be RDS compatible MOST COST-EFFECTIVE * Not available with GRID vGPU ** Experimental pending field validation
  • 70. What’s new with HDX 3D Pro in XA7? • Self-tuning codec technology ᵒ Adaptive Display automatically detects transient and/or video images ᵒ Image quality dynamically adapts to network bandwidth (no slider bar required) ᵒ Fine Drawing codec eliminated; improved H.264 codec performs much better • HDX 3D Pro feature is now available for Windows Server RDS workloads ᵒ What does this mean? • We’ve renamed “XenApp HDX 3D” in XenApp 7 to reflect that it is now essentially equivalent to HDX 3D Pro on VDI ᵒ What are the improvements on RDS? • Adaptive H.264-based Deep Compression • GPU acceleration and sharing extended beyond DirectX to include OpenGL, plus experimental support for CUDA and OpenCL • Much faster frame rate at higher resolutions compared to XA6.5 GPU Sharing
  • 71. What’s new with HDX 3D Pro? (cont’d) • Auto screen resolution detection ᵒ No longer necessary to disconnect /reconnect when changing resolution  • 5 versions of Receiver now include decoding of Deep Compression ᵒ Windows, Linux, iOS, Mac, Android • HDX Monitor now reports on HDX 3D Pro ᵒ Details on fps, codec, performance ᵒ Replaces previous HDX 3D Pro Health Check Tool • Quad monitor support ᵒ Not a hard limit but we tested with up to 4 monitors with good performance
  • 72. RDS-compatible professional graphics apps Some examples from autodeskandcitrix.com, Citrix Ready site, etc. • Lots of Autodesk apps, including: ᵒ AutoCAD ᵒ Inventor ᵒ Revit ᵒ Navisworks • Bentley MicroStation • Dassault CATIA • ESRI ArcGIS • Intergraph SmartPlant 3D • Adobe PhotoShop (Creative Suite) • Siemens Solid Edge
  • 73. Hardware platform GPU Passthrough with RDS workloads GPU XenServer/vSphere XenApp Windows Server VMs GPU GPU GPU XenApp VM XenApp VM XenApp VM Session 1 XenApp VM Session 2 Session 3 Session 4 Session 5 Session N-1 Session N. . .
  • 74. GPU sharing for RDS workloads • Usually one VM per GPU (and one GPU per VM) ᵒ On bare metal with OpenGL apps, multiple GPUs can serve one VM, but in general we recommend one GPU per VM using a hypervisor that supports GPU passthrough • Each VM is a multi-user Windows Server RDS workload • XenServer GPU Passthrough now supports up to 12 GPUs per server ᵒ But typical high-end configuration is 3x NVIDIA GRID™ K2 for a total of 6 GPUs • Direct access to graphics driver and hardware, unlike software-based vGPU • User density depends on the apps, GPU processing power, video RAM, etc. ᵒ No fixed limit; one customer reports 32 users on a Q6000 with Dassault 3D Via player • Remember that one user could impact performance of other users ᵒ Recommend capping the number of users per VM
  • 75. OpenGL Software Accelerator • New software rasterizer for OpenGL apps • An alternative to the OpenGL 1.1 software rasterizer included with Windows ᵒ Generally provides much faster rendering performance ᵒ Leverages SSE4.1 and AVX ᵒ Supports OpenGL 2.1 • Installs in the program folder of the OpenGL app • App compatibility expected to be high but must be verified; Citrix cannot guarantee compatibility with all OpenGL apps • Targets apps and use cases where GPU hardware acceleration is not needed or cannot be cost-justified but where the Microsoft OpenGL software rasterizer is inadequate
  • 76. DirectX software rasterization • Less demanding DirectX apps and WPF apps don’t require GPU hardware • DirectX 9 software rasterizer built into XenApp 7.1 WDDM driver ᵒ Previously used in Optimization Pack for Google Earth • For DirectX 10 & 11, Microsoft provides the WARP software rasterizer ᵒ DX10 & 11 apps can use WARP directly ᵒ Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 include a software GPU that uses WARP
  • 77. HDX Plug n Play
  • 78. • Thumb drives • Advanced multi-monitor configs • Printers • Dictation devices • Specialized keyboards • USB Devices HDX Plug-n-Play
  • 79. •Traditionally, Client drives are mapped to server drive letters in ICA sessions using Client drive mapping (CDM) •Can be confusing for users •New UNC implementation allows users to recognize their client drives a lot easier: •Example: “C on ClientName” where ClientName is users local machine name USB Thumb Drive Usability
  • 80. • Frees up server drive letters on XenApp server or VDA and allows them to be used for other purposes • Enabled by default • Not controlled via Policy • To revert to legacy CDM: • HKLMSOFTWARECitrixUNCLinks UNCEnabled=0 [REG_DWORD] • Not documented or recommended USB Thumb Drive Usability
  • 81. • Previous versions used USB redirection for scanners • TWAIN redirection has now been ported over from XenApp • Commands are now seamlessly redirected from the VDA to the client machine • Note that non-TWAIN standards such as Windows Image Acquisition (WIA) will not work with this technology Scanner support
  • 82. TWAIN policies
  • 83. StoreFront
  • 84. Consistent access inside or outside the firewall Seamless workspace across any device Access to Windows Apps, data, Web and SaaS Auto-configuration of the default app store Citrix StoreFront
  • 85. One Store for All Receivers Site 3 Site 2 HA Pair or scale-out cluster NetScaler Gateway Storefront Services Site 1 Scale-out cluster with web LB
  • 86. Mac and Windows Storefront Services Tier Storefront Services Architecture XenApp Farms (6.5 and earlier) Internal Web Apps Browser Thin Clients XML Service Adaptor ? Receiver for Web Future Citrix Adaptors Mobile Devices SaaS Apps List All Apps Launch App “Value Adds” List My Apps Subscribe Store Services Authentication Service Update Service (Merchandising Server) 3rd Party Adaptors 3rd Party Portal Password Kerberos Extension ... ? 3rd Party Apps Smartcard App Controller NetscalerGateway XenApp Sites (7.x & later) Other Services
  • 87. Storefront Storefront without the Database requirement Storefront Extensible Storage Engine ~2.7 KB/subscription Storefront Storefront Point to Point Scheduled Sync LON NY
  • 88. Authentication Service • Claims-based authentication • Token Issuing ᵒ Authenticates users ᵒ Establish their identities ᵒ Marshals the information about the users into security tokens • Token Validation ᵒ Validate authentication tokens for services/applications that consume them but are not configured as full relying parties • Use Domain Service to authenticate users with Active Directory • Use Credentials Wallet to store encrypted passwords
  • 89. Location aware connectivity Gateway Connect Direct Connect No Connect
  • 90. Local App Access
  • 91. New! Seamless Local App Access Seamless integration of local Windows apps Great for apps that need or benefit from local resources App running locally, or from Receiver… …Integrated into virtual desktop Ideal for HDFacesTM
  • 92. Local App Access use cases • Bring-Your-Own-Apps (e.g. iTunes) • Video conferencing (e.g. GoToMeeting HDFaces) • RDS-hosted apps in a VDI virtual desktop ᵒ Eliminate double-hop latency while keeps apps separate • Challenging edge cases such as: ᵒ Watching/burning a physical DVD ᵒ Watching TV using a tuner card ᵒ Specialty USB devices on the WAN ᵒ FireWire devices ᵒ Viewing content that can’t leave the country (regulatory compliance) ᵒ Client-server apps requiring very low latency to a regional backend
  • 93. App running within virtual desktop App running on endpoint (outside of virtual desktop)
  • 94. Profile Management
  • 95. What’s New in 5.x - Capabilities 99 • New Policies ᵒ Define excluded AD groups ᵒ Profile Not Available Policy (deny or temp profile logon) ᵒ Process all users by default on desktop Oses ᵒ Folder Redirection options as alternative for using AD GPOs • Read only profiles (aka mandatory) – use the template profile as a mandatory • Auto Config – detect environment and configure automatically • Delete Cached profiles immediately … policy to configure a delayed delete • Default processing of local admins on Desktop OSes
  • 96. What’s New in 5.x - Integration 100 • Citrix Policy Engine integration ᵒ Additional choice for configuration: AD GPO, Citrix Policy or INI • Integrated install with VDA (Desktop and Server OS) ᵒ UPM component installed by default with the VDA installer ᵒ PoSH SDK on DDC • Director Integration ᵒ Metrics reporting via Director provided by WMI/UPM ᵒ Now within Director is the ability to reset Microsoft Roaming and Citrix Profiles ᵒ Non destructive – renames existing profile, creates new and copies some data back ᵒ Data kept: Documents, Favorites, Cookies, Desktop, Pictures, Music, Video • While UPM has v5, the PoSH module for UPM is v7
  • 97. What’s New in 5.x - Architecture 101 • No longer leverages NTFS change journal – UPM uses the filter driver now ᵒ MFT file no longer used (the cache file for NTFS activity) • Should in most cases improve logon times … ᵒ Particularly first logon with provisioned desktops where cache file had to be created
  • 98. Using and Administering Admin ExperienceUser Experience
  • 99. Policies
  • 100. HDX - It's all about the user experience
  • 101. Primarily Controlled Through Policies
  • 102. Exploring Citrix Policies
  • 103. Policy Templates
  • 104. Settings in the Registry HKLMSOFTWAREPoliciesCitrix
  • 105. Configuration Options and Precedence 109 Pm Configuration AD GPO ADM – For Windows 2003 AD & Above ADMX – For Windows 2008 and above Desktop Studio Policy Node End Point Local Policy Pm INI File
  • 106. Printing
  • 107. • So many moving parts… • Applications • Printer drivers • Printing device features and limitations • Networking and printer device connectivity • Policies and settings • Permissions • Still a top call generator for Citrix Technical Support • Hard enough to do Windows printing well (mostly static environment) • Dynamic elements of desktop virtualization make it that much harder Why is printing such a pain?
  • 108. Printer driver versions • Version2 drivers • Introduced with Windows NT 4.0 • Operate in kernel memory • Won’t install on Windows 2008/Vista or later • Version3 drivers • Introduced with Windows 2000 • Operate in user space • Still need to be careful about which drivers you deploy • Version4 drivers • Introduced with Windows 2012/8 • One driver can support multiple devices • Automatically isolated from one another and the print spooler
  • 109. Native versus non-native print drivers •Native/inbox drivers • Are included with the Windows OS • WHQL certified & stress tested with OS •Non-native/manufacturer drivers • Are provided by a print device manufacturer (Windows Update, CD, or download) • May or may not be WHQL certified • May not be well tested for Remote Desktop & Terminal server use cases
  • 110. How do printer drivers get installed? • Manually installed by administrators • Native drivers automatically installed from driver.cab in the OS • Plug-and-Play printers • HDX or RDP printer auto-creation • Downloaded from print server (Point-and-Print) • Connection to shared network printers in any manner • XenApp will only attempt to install native drivers through printer auto- creation, it will not pull in non-native ones
  • 111. Where can an ICA/HDX printer come from? Standard Printer Types Defined on Client Local Printer (LPT, USB, TCP, etc.) Network Printer (UNC Path) Client Printer in Host Session Network Printer in Host Session Client Printer in Host Session OR Session Printers Policy Network Printer in Host Session Client Printer in Host Session Citrix UNIVERSAL Printer
  • 112. • Despite it’s name, Citrix universal printing is not universally available • First-class UPD for client printers is only available with Windows end-points • Mac & Linux end points use Postscript-based UPD • Fixed device profile  No awareness of the underlying client printer capabilities • Java client employs PCL based UPD with fixed device profile too • Most thin clients have no Citrix UPD option for their local printers • Exception: embedded Windows device running retail Win32 client • More comprehensive UPD solutions available • Check out offerings of Citrix Ready vendors like ThinPrint, TriCerat, and UniPrint Universal printing caveats
  • 113. The Generic Citrix UNIVERSAL Printer • A single printer object, based on the Citrix Universal Printer driver, which can be configured to auto-create in user sessions but is not tied to any specific print device • It will automatically print to the default printer on the client device or the preview option can be selected to preview the document on the client and then select any locally-defined printer • http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX106812
  • 114. hen in theCourseof human events it becomes necessary for onepeopleto dissolvethepolitical bands which have connected them with another and to that Governmentslong established should notbechanged for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are moredisposed tosuffer, whileevils are sufferable than to right themselves byabolishing theforms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably thesameObject evinces a design to reducethem under absoluteDespotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to providenew Guards for their futuresecurity. — Such has been thepatient sufferanceof theseColonies; and such is now thenecessity which constrainsthem toalter their former Systemsof Government. Thehistory of thepresent King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object theestablishmentof an absoluteTyranny over theseStates. To provethis, let Facts besubmitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws, themostwholesomeand necessary for thepublic good. He has forbidden his Governors topass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should beobtained;and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pass other Laws for theaccommodation of large districts of people, unless thosepeoplewould relinquish theright of Representation in theLegislature, a right inestimableto them and formidableto tyrantsonly. — John Hancock hen in theCourseof human events it becomes necessary for onepeopleto dissolvethepolitical bands which have connected them with another and to assumeamong the powers of theearth, theseparateand equal station to which theand organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictatethat Governmentslong established should notbechanged for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are moredisposed tosuffer, whileevils are sufferable than to right themselves byabolishing theforms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably thesameObject evinces a design to reducethem under absoluteDespotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to providenew Guards for their futuresecurity. — Such has been thepatient sufferanceof theseColonies; and such is now thenecessity which constrainsthem toalter their former Systemsof Government. Thehistory of thepresent King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object theestablishmentof an absoluteTyranny over theseStates. To provethis, let Facts besubmitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws, themostwholesomeand necessary for thepublic good. He has forbidden his Governors topass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should beobtained;and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pass other Laws for theaccommodation of large districts of people, unless thosepeoplewould relinquish theright of Representation in theLegislature, a right inestimableto them and formidableto tyrantsonly. — John Hancock SSL 001000111010101 SSL 001000111010101 SSL 001000111010101 SSL 0010 hen in theCourseof human events it becomes necessary for onepeopleto dissolvethepolitical bands which have connected them with another and to that Governmentslong established should notbechanged for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are moredisposed tosuffer, whileevils are sufferable than to right themselves byabolishing theforms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably thesameObject evinces a design to reducethem under absoluteDespotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to providenew Guards for their futuresecurity. — Such has been thepatient sufferanceof theseColonies; and such is now thenecessity which constrainsthem toalter their former Systemsof Government. Thehistory of thepresent King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object theestablishmentof an absoluteTyranny over theseStates. To provethis, let Facts besubmitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws, themostwholesomeand necessary for thepublic good. He has forbidden his Governors topass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should beobtained;and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pass other Laws for theaccommodation of large districts of people, unless thosepeoplewould relinquish theright of Representation in theLegislature, a right inestimableto them and formidableto tyrantsonly. — John Hancock hen in theCourseof human events it becomes necessary for onepeopleto dissolvethepolitical bands which have connected them with another and to assumeamong the powers of theearth, theseparateand equal station to which theand organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictatethat Governmentslong established should notbechanged for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn that mankind are moredisposed tosuffer, whileevils are sufferable than to right themselves byabolishing theforms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably thesameObject evinces a design to reducethem under absoluteDespotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to providenew Guards for their futuresecurity. — Such has been thepatient sufferanceof theseColonies; and such is now thenecessity which constrainsthem toalter their former Systemsof Government. Thehistory of thepresent King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object theestablishmentof an absoluteTyranny over theseStates. To provethis, let Facts besubmitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws, themostwholesomeand necessary for thepublic good. He has forbidden his Governors topass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should beobtained;and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pass other Laws for theaccommodation of large districts of people, unless thosepeoplewould relinquish theright of Representation in theLegislature, a right inestimableto them and formidableto tyrantsonly. — John Hancock Endpoint Device Virtual Delivery Agent
  • 115. • Complete network print server solution providing • Ability to use Citrix universal printing regardless of client capabilities • Efficient, open, and firewall friendly protocols • Optimized print traffic from host  print server • Eliminates the need to install network printer drivers on the VDAs! • Significant WAN performance improvements over traditional windows networking printing • Less sensitive to latency than Windows printing using SPOOLSS-RPC protocol • Leverages the same compression and optimizations as in client-based Universal printing The Citrix Universal Print Server First introduced on the XenDesktop 5.x and XenApp 6.x platforms
  • 116. Universal Print Server architecture Network Print Service Spooler UP Web Service DriverDriverDrivers PQ1 Driver PQ2 VQ1 VQ2 Driver Driver Driver UPS Virtual Port Monitor Std TCP/IP Port Monitor WINSPOOL.DRV UPS Configuration RPC TCP SOAP over HTTP(S) CGP/SSL UP-WS Print Data (XPS/EMF) Rendered Print Data SDKPrint Provider UPD App Spooler UPClient UPServer
  • 117. Machine Creation Services
  • 118. New* in XenApp 7.5 MCS • Cloud Provisioning on ᵒ AWS and Citrix Cloud Platform • Datacenter Provisioning on ᵒ System Center VMM 2012 SP1 / R2 with Hyper-v 2012 /R2 • SMB 3 Storage for linked clones and base images • Reduce IO with read caching on CSV 3.0 • Use local storage, except PVD ᵒ vSphere 5.5 • Support for latest Windows OS ᵒ The latest desktop OS - Win 8, Win 8.1 ᵒ The latest Server OS – Win Server 2012 and 2012 R2 • MCS Performance Improvements ᵒ Fix block alignment issues - VHDX format for VM/Clone disks
  • 119. Storage A Master VM Master VM Image A B B B B identity diff disk Machine Creation Services (MCS) Hypervisor A’ A’ Copy Image Prep Phase
  • 120. Machine Creation Services: How it works VM Master Disk VM VM Diff Disk Id Disk Diff Disk Id Disk Diff Disk Id Disk Storage One copy of the base image shared by all VMs Space reclaimed every boot Persistent Identity uses little space
  • 121. Differencing disk
  • 122. Identity Disk
  • 123. Provisioning Services
  • 124. New in Provisioning Server 7.1 & XenApp 7.5 • Data center provisioning ᵒ System Center VMM 2012 SP1 ᵒ SMB 3.0 Storage for “client-side” write cache disks • Stream latest OS ᵒ Desktop OS - Windows 8/ 8.1 ᵒ Server OS - Server 2012 / R2 • Improved Setup Wizard ᵒ Faster catalog creation (no more cloning of template VM write cache disks) ᵒ Support BDM configuration don’t have to use PXE ᵒ Faster networks in Hyper-V Guest VMs*
  • 125. Advanced Image Management • One imaging solution for ᵒ Virtual apps and VM hosted apps ᵒ Physical and virtual instances ᵒ Any Windows operating system • Image maintenance ᵒ Develop - Test – Production ᵒ Automated updates ᵒ Instantaneous rollback VIRTUALIZE CENTRALIZE PROVISION
  • 126. Provisioning Capabilities – PVS VDI SHVD Physical Servers Physical PCs PVS • Top 3 Hypervisor ᵒ XenServer ᵒ Hyper-V ᵒ vSphere • Workloads ᵒ Desktop VM ᵒ Server VM ᵒ Physical Server ᵒ Physical PC • Low storage I/O impact • Management time ᵒ 15 min for 1,000 VMs ᵒ Reboot speed rollbacks ᵒ Automated image updates
  • 127. Complete Kernel Kernel Services Computer Boot Process: Traditional Bios Bios Services Hardware Boot Loader Early Kernel User ProcessMBR
  • 128. • Manageability • Simplify and streamline server provisioning • Assure build consistency • Eliminate the need for “hot-standby” servers • Flexibility • Provide rapid server provisioning • Simplify and reduce the time required to rollout images • Stream workloads to physical and virtual machines • Support high availability • Support hardware repurposing • Perform instant restore Benefits of Citrix PVS
  • 129. Image Delivery 0 5 10 15 20 25 Windows 7 Windows 8 Windows 2012 IOPS Peak Average Steady State IOPS (95th Percentile) Provisioning Services Machine Creation Services
  • 130. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Windows 7 - MCS Windows 7 - PVS Windows 8 - MCS Windows 8 - PVS Windows 2012 - MCS Windows 2012 - PVS Percent Read/Write Ratio Read Write
  • 131. Boot Device Manager (BDM) instead of PXE
  • 132. Setup Wizard Provisioning optimization: VM disks • Create write-cache disks in place on destination storage • Size is now configurable • Each VM booted once to quick format • No more SLOW network copies of ‘n’ formatted write cache disks!
  • 133. Director & EdgeSight
  • 134. Next generation Director • Single pane of glass ᵒ Instant “real-time” troubleshooting and environment health metrics across sites • Integration of EdgeSight features ᵒ Performance management and network analysis • Aggregation of logging information ᵒ Pinpoints root cause of connection and machine failures • End user experience monitoring ᵒ Logon analysis to pinpoint issues or delays TM
  • 135. • Driving Evolution ᵒ EdgeSight evolves into an integrated solution ᵒ Enhances existing products such as Director • Providing a holistic view ᵒ No more product silos ᵒ Offers comprehensive view into the Citrix stack to correlate information Evolution of EdgeSightTM
  • 136. Performance management Health and capacity assurance Historical trending EdgeSight features Network analysis Identify bottlenecks due to the network in your XenApp environment Powered by NetScaler HDX Insight TM
  • 137. Director – Actionable Troubleshooting Resolution at first touch Reduce operating costs Improve customer satisfaction
  • 138. Director – Enhanced User Details Page
  • 139. Director – Real-time assessment Immediate visibility of site performance health Environment usage Logon performance indicating end user experience Key infrastructure alerts
  • 140. Drill down list view Know who has been affected and why
  • 141. Director – Contextual troubleshooting Failures reason explained Correlation with Configuration logging
  • 142. Director – Logon performance Know how logon duration is affecting end users Compare to previous environment baseline
  • 143. Director – Load Evaluation Trends Understanding published application server load and affect of logged on users
  • 144. Historical trending enables performance management over time EdgeSight - performance management Auto-baselining – comparison of past performance to current TM
  • 145. EdgeSight - network analysis ICA deep packet analysis Latency and bandwidth effects Application and desktop usage TM
  • 146. EdgeSight Features Integration TM EdgeSight Performance management historical trending and auto-baselining EdgeSight Network analysis leveraging NS HDX Insight
  • 147. The right solution for the right customer EdgeSight 5.4…is migrating to XenApp 6.5 …will be sustaining with XenApp 6.5 and XenDesktop 5 until EOL Ideal for customer who… …are new to XenApp …are migrating to XenApp 7 Director with EdgeSight
  • 148. Active Directory Director 7 • Troubleshooting • Real-time Assessment Monitor Database XD Data Store Delivery Controller Configuration Log Service Monitoring Service Delegated Admin Service Broker Service Director Web Service Browser Director App RDS/VDI VDA NetScaler HDX Insight Service Hypervisor RDS/VDI VDA RDS/VDI VDA NS Databasewith EdgeSight • Trends
  • 149. Microsoft App-V
  • 150. Microsoft App-V Basics • Isolate Applications and Application Related Data • Remediate App Behavior • Multiple App Versions • Central App Delivery
  • 151. Sequencing < = > Packaging? • Alternative form of Packaging • Much less work, less error prone • Easy to remediate / customize apps
  • 152. App Virt Engine • Install wherever apps will execute • Isolate App and ARD • Multi-User and Multi-Tenant UserA Prefs UserB Prefs UserC Prefs Operating System App 1 App 3 App 4 App 2
  • 153. Distribution Sequencer “Content” File Server App-V Server Infrastructure System Center Configuration Manager Client using HTTP/S or BITSClient using App-V Server Standalone Client
  • 154. Configuring App-V
  • 155. Publishing App-V 5 Apps 167 Source: Citrix
  • 156. Published Apps 168 Source: Citrix
  • 157. Hosting Platform
  • 158. Open Architecture Hosted on XenServer Hosted on ESX, vSphere Hosted on Hyper-V
  • 159. Supported hypervisors* XenServer 6.2 6.1 6.0.2 Hyper-V/SCVMM System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 R2 System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 SP1 System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012 VMWare vSphere 5.5 vSphere 5.1 Update 1 vSphere 5.0 Update 2 (No support is provided for vSphere vCenter Linked Mode operation)
  • 160. Only XenApp and XenDesktop enable you to easily harness the flexibility, elasticity and economics of the largest, most popular public clouds Hybrid Cloud Provisioning Delivery Controller (coming soon)
  • 161. New Infrastructure Choice, Familiar Setup Same administrative workflows, now simplified for cloud Host Selection now includes AWS and CloudPlatform Select your cloud region and availability zone Select instance type for machine catalog Create Host Configure Host Create Catalog
  • 162. Market Drivers for Hybrid Cloud Provisioning Flex Examples: Seasonal Workers Citrix migrations testing Grow Examples: On-board M&A Organic usage growth Transform Examples: “Don’t Own Stuff” Hardware Refresh Optimize CAPEX Build for Speed Think Differently
  • 163. XenApp 7.5 Cloud Provisioning • Available for AWS and CloudPlatform in 7.5 • Utilizes MCS with direct cloud API calls • Working on Azure • Goal to support “any cloud” • Future improvements to better optimize for cloud infrastructure
  • 164. Desktop Clouds with XenDesktop/XenApp Flexible cloud deployment options – Private, Public and/or Hybrid Cloud on-premise off-premise Enterprise Service Provider Public CloudPrivate Cloud • Leverage OPEX-based IT service delivery model • Leverage public clouds as an additional capacity site • Transform, flex or grow app or virtual desktop infrastructure • Unplanned and temporary capacity demand: seasonal workers, on-boarding M&A events, etc
  • 165. XenDesktop Cloud Provisioning w/ CloudPlatform The “One Citrix” Desktop Cloud Solution • On/Off-premise Private XenDesktop/XenApp Cloud Solution  Built on the latest releases of Citrix XenDesktop/XenApp (v7.5) and Citrix CloudPlatform (v4.2.1.4, v4.3)  XD/XA 7.5 provisions to on-premise Citrix CloudPlatform clouds and off-premise private clouds (CCP) • Seamless: no new consoles or training • Key Benefits:  On-premise: Lower upfront CAPEX, easier scaling, efficient management  Off-premise: Elastic, no infrastructure to manage • Key: XD-specific workload monitoring in CCP, App orchestration in XD Hybrid Desktop-as-a- Service XenDesktop/XenApp Cloud Provisioning with CloudPlatform Desktop/App Virtualization Cloud Management Platform 7.5 7.5 4.2.1.4 4.3
  • 166. Work better. Live better.