Vol 2 Issue 10                                                          TRUCKING SAFETY COUNCIL OF BC                     ...
Wake Up to the Warnings. Stop. Revive. Survive.By Tal SperlingFatigue is often more than just feeling tired. There is shor...
The Answer to Fatigue May Be Right                                                                              Get real-t...
Free Safety Resources for Your Workplace                           The TSCBC is pleased to offer resources to help        ...
Distracted driving poses a significant risk for workersI   n B.C., crashes are the number one          9 per cent of drive...
Beta Testers Needed                                                                                                       ...
Have you visited our website yet?To learn more about the Council and our programs, visit our website:                    w...
TSCBC October Newsletter
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TSCBC October Newsletter


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Monthly newsletter of the Trucking Safety Council of BC, created, written and edited by communications and marketing manager, Leasa Hachey.

Filled with occupational health and safety information and tips pertinent to the transportation industry, with a spotlight on trucking.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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TSCBC October Newsletter

  1. 1. Vol 2 Issue 10 TRUCKING SAFETY COUNCIL OF BC Newsletter October, 2011 This month’s safety topic:Fatique: It’s More Than Just a Lack of Sleep Fatigue The trucking industry is very familiar with the need to controldrivers working hours. These controls are intended to make surethat operators have enough rest to safely perform their duties so thatthey are not a danger to themselves and other road users. While thereasonableness of the particular hours of service rules may be sub-ject to debate, the fact that fatigued workers can be a safety hazard isnot. Hours of work rules, however, only control one cause of fatigue,a lack of sleep Fatigue is a serious occupational health and safety concern andis more than just not getting enough sleep. Fatigue can result fromvarious disorders including medical causes, lifestyle or emotionalconcerns or stress. Depression, anxiety or grief can also cause fa-tigue, as can too little or too much sleep. The medical causes mayinclude flu, glandular fever, anaemia, sleep disorders such as sleepapnea or restless leg syndrome, hypothyroidism, heart problems,cancer and other conditions. Fatigue is generally considered to bethe state of feeling tired, sleepy or having a lack of energy regardlessof the cause. Fatigue and sleepiness are not always recognized as the causeof workplace incidents. It is more likely that incident reports will iden-tify the immediate cause, rather than fatigue as the underlying cause.Studies have shown that fatigue effects include such behaviors asreduced decision making ability, reduced productivity and perfor-mance, reduced attention and vigilance, reduced reaction time - bothin speed and thought (a few studies have shown this effect as similarto being legally drunk) and increased errors in judgment; among oth-ers. The performance of all workers, whether they are subject tohours of work controls or not, can be impacted by fatigue brought onby conditions both in the workplace and out. Learning to recognizethe signs of fatigue and addressing its causes will make your work-place safer.Rob WestonExecutive Director QUOTE OF THE MONTH: Working safely may get old, but so do those who practice it. ~Author Unknown Inside this issue....... Warning Signs of Fatique ....................................Page 2 Shift Into Winter .......................................................Page 5 The Answer to Fatigue: Under Your Nose ...........Page 3 Online Course: Beta Testers Needed ......................Page 7 Free Safety Resources ........................................Page 4 Fatigue Prevention ..................................................Page 7 Distracted Driving Dangers ..................................Page 5 More Safety Resouces Available Online .................Page 8
  2. 2. Wake Up to the Warnings. Stop. Revive. Survive.By Tal SperlingFatigue is often more than just feeling tired. There is shortterm (acute) fatigue that can usually be reversed by sleepand relaxation, but there is also prolonged (chronic) weari-ness that is experience by your body. Many people expe-riencing fatigue mistakenly ignore the signals from theirbody thinking that they are just a little bit tired and can pushthrough the task they are trying to accomplish. The prob-lem is that weariness is a condition that affects the body andwhen an individual is suffering from weariness, the body willshut down regardless of the person’s best intentions.Some common effects of fatigue include: • Reduced alertness • Slower reflexes and reactions • Reduced concentration • Impaired memory • Irritability and depressed mood • Drowsiness • Increased likelihood of going into “auto-pilot”, auto- matic behaviour where you perform routine tasks but aren’t having any conscious thoughts In order to avoid these damaging effects while conducting • Increased likelihood of “microsleeps”, up to 60 seconds tasks that could lead to hazardous situations, and most es- where the brain goes to sleep and you black out no pecially while driving, it is important to be aware of the signs matter what you are doing of fatigue. • Lower resistance to the effects of alcohol and drugs • Higher risk of illness Common signs of fatigue which may be experienced by drivers include: • Frequent yawning • Drowsiness • Difficulty keeping eyes in focus, or sore or tired eyes • Boredom • Loss of concentration and wandering thoughts • Feeling irritable or restless • Slow reactions • Reduced awareness of surroundings, for example apparent sudden appearance of vehicles behind or in front of truck • Memory lapses – no recollection of driving the last few kilometres • Failure to check rear view and side mirrors as frequently as usual • Inconsistent speed • Erratic shifting or braking • Drifting out of the lane • Missing a turn-off • Hallucinations • Nodding off If you experience any of these signs while driving, pull over and make sure you are refreshed before you continue on your way. It is better to be arrive at your destination a little bit later than to have a devastating accident as a result of fatigue. Keep this motto in mind: Stop. Revive. Survive.
  3. 3. The Answer to Fatigue May Be Right Get real-timeUnder Your Nose trucking andBy Leasa Hachey safety news!T he tragedies of Chernobyl, Three mention workplace incidents caused by Mile Island and the Exxon Valdez being tired or falling asleep. Find us on Facebook and all occurred during the night shift. Many people with sleep apnea don’t follow us on Twitter!In all three cases, worker fatigue was even know they have it. But the excessivesaid to be a contributing factor in the daytime sleepiness which results has se-tragedy. In an incident last March, an air vere effects on reflexes and cognitive andtraffic controller fell asleep on the job, motor skills, all of which are extremelyforcing two commercial air liners filled important assets to safety in commercialwith passengers to land without tower transport. SafetyDrivenBC safetydrivenassistance at Reagan National Airport. This may help explain the widespread Fatigue is a critical occupational concern about sleep apnea in the truckingsafety concern for shift workers and em- industry. Sleep apnea has not been prov-ployees who must work long hours, es- en to occur any more frequently in this in-pecially workers in the transportation in- dustry than in the general population. Thedustry. These workers also have a heavy heightened concern is due to the disas-responsibility for the safety of others, on trous consequences that can result from athe road, in the air or on the water. It is im- fatigued commercial driver.portant for workers and their employers to Studies show that truck drivers withunderstand that although fatigue is a nor- sleep apnea have up to a 7-fold increasemal response to a lack of sleep or disrupt- in risk of being involved in a motor vehicleed circadian rhythm and can usually be crash. Warehouse workers suffering fromcured with sleep or rest, it is also often a sleep apnea are also prone to serioussign of a physical disorder that may need and even fatal incidents. Failure to chockmedical attention, such as sleep apnea. forklift wheels, tipping a forklift or operat- Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that ing large equipment and machinery whilecauses a person to have pauses in their fatigued can all have devastating results.breathing or abnormally slow breathing Sleep apnea is easily diagnosed andwhile they sleep, often accompanied by treated. If you think you or your workersloud snoring and resulting in nonrestful may have sleep apnea, don’t lose any-sleep. Left untreated, sleep apnea can more sleep over it: see a doctor for diag-have serious and life-threatening conse- nosis and treatment. In the meantime, limitquences, such as high blood pressure, activities, such as operating dangerousheart disease, stroke and diabetes, not to equipment and driving, until help is sought.Symptoms, Contributors and Treament of Sleep Apnea Typical symptoms or conditions that increase the odds: • Neck size greater than 17” (16” for women) • Body Mass Index greater than 30 • Snoring/troubled sleep patterns • Daytime drowsiness Possible Treatment • Frequent night urination • Hypertension Options: • Diabetes • Stroke • Weight loss • Cardiovascular problems • Nasal decongestant • Sleeping on the side • Surgery • Oral appliance • Breathing mask
  4. 4. Free Safety Resources for Your Workplace The TSCBC is pleased to offer resources to help promote safety in the workplace.DecalsWe have created a set of decals that can be applied to a truck cab, trailer or forklift as a visual reminder to enter and exit thevehicle safely. These decals send a targeted and effective message and make safety and compliance the building blocks of yoursuccess. Email us today at info@safetydriven.ca with your shipping address and how many you require and we will send them toyou. They are also available for pickup from our office.PostersWe now have a selection of four OHS-themed posters available for download from our website (safetydriven.ca/trucking-safety-resources), with more to come in the future. Printed versions (11” x 17”) are also available for pickup from our office. Feel free tolet us know if there is a particular workplace safety theme you’d like to see in a future poster.
  5. 5. Distracted driving poses a significant risk for workersI n B.C., crashes are the number one 9 per cent of drivers think that commer- distracted driving – we can all do our part cause of traumatic work-related cial drivers are better than the general to help create a culture where friends, fam- deaths, according to WorkSafeBC public at following B.C.’s new restrictions ilies and colleagues don’t expect you tostatistics. On average, approximately on the use of hand-held electronic devic- answer the phone while driving,” said Fio-30 workers in B.C. are killed each year es while driving. na Temple, director of road safety, ICBC.while driving, and distracted driving, “Workers and employers in B.C. “A distracted driver is not only com-such as cell phone use, is a key factor in need to take steps to eliminate any risks mitting a traffic offence, they are beingthese crashes. or distractions and consider that when selfish and stupid,” said Chief Jamie Gra- “As government, we have estab- you’re behind the wheel, driving is your ham, Traffic Committee Chair of the Britishlished aggressive legislation and police only job,” said Diana Miles, senior vice- Columbia Association of Chiefs of Police.have done a good job of enforcement president of Worker and Employer Ser- “That’s why police have been blanketingbut really this is about your friends, fam- vices at WorkSafeBC. the province targeting and charging theily and colleagues, so set an example,” To help workers and employers, new people who just dont get it. You have tosaid Shirley Bond, Minister of Public materials are now available to down- be responsible for your actions, pay atten-Safety and Solicitor General. “We know load on WorkSafeBC.com, including a tion and focus on driving – you will helpthese deaths and injuries are prevent- sample safe-driving policy; tip sheets for prevent a tragedy.”able. Let voicemail do its job or pull over. employers, supervisors and workers; as For more tips on cell phone use whileSafe driving requires your full attention.” well as a new video to help drive home driving, and to see the new preventable. A recent Ipsos Reid survey conduct- the message even further. ca TV ad on distracted driving, go toed on behalf of ICBC revealed that only “We need to shift our attitudes toward drivecellsafe.ca.Distracted Driving: WhatYou Need to KnowEmployers, supervisors, and drivers can take steps to reduce the risk. VisitWorkSafeBC.com to download the following resources for your workplace:What employers need to know> Understand the issue> Understand your legal and regulatory requirements> Strengthen the road safety performance of your company> Educate and train your managers, employees and contractorsWhat workers need to know> Before you get in your vehicle> Before you turn on the engine> When you’re behind the wheel
  6. 6. Beta Testers Needed Sign up today! Online OHS course ready for testing Contact Tal Sperling at The TSCBC is cur- feedback. The short If you would like to 604-888-2242 rently creating online course titled “Making help us beta test our training courses to Dollars and Sense of first online course or email us at help in your workplace Occupational Health and give us input on health and safety pro- and Safety” will take how to improve our info@safetydriven.ca grams. Our first course an average of 30 min- courses, please con- is in the final stages utes to complete and tact us today. and requires testing. is taken completely We are looking for online at your own people in the trucking speed and pace. industry to test the course and give us Fatigue Prevention By Andrew Chan The success of fatigue prevention takes a joint effort by both the employer and employee. The Canada Labour Code requires every employer to ensure the health and safety at work of every person employed by the employer and that every employee takes all reasonable and necessary precautions to ensure their health and safety. In order to understand how to combat fatigue you can take a risk management approach to assess both the work environment conditions and personal factors which may induce worker fatigue. Fatigue prevention can help you eliminate the potential undesirable conse- quences of workplace incidents which could be as severe as a workplace fatality. You can start fatigue prevention by providing training and information to all employees on: • The body clock and how it is affected by fatigue • Effects of medication, drugs and alcohol • Risk factors and symptoms of fatigue • Nutrition, fitness and health issues relating to fatigue • Effective control measures for fatigue, such as work • Balancing work and life demands scheduling Categories Contributing Factors SolutionsMental and physical • Concentrating for extended periods of time. • Improve job and task rotation.demands of work • Performing repetitive or monotonous work. • Use tools and equipment that reduce physical demand. • Performing work that requires continued physical effort.Work scheduling • Work planning (e.g. Night work and extended shifts). • Avoid or minimize working for extended periods of time, or atand planning • Tight time deadlines that do not allow workers enough time for travel to and times when people are biologically programmed to sleep. from work and/or to physically recover or socialize. • Schedule adequate rest time between shiftsEnvironmental • Working in harsh and/or uncomfortable environmental conditions. Heat, cold • Provide protective clothing such as warm clothing when work-conditions and vibration are examples of environmental conditions that can cause work- ers must enter freezers or work in cold storage facilities. ers to become tired more quickly and impair performance. • Ensure there is adequate lighting and ventilation and protection from vibration and noise.Individual factors • Lifestyle (e.g. family care responsibilities, voluntary work, more than one job, • Improved lifestyle choices.and factors outside level of fitness, social life or diet) • A broad range of helpful tips are available on the web for im-work • Home environment (e.g. noisy neighbours or a bedroom that is too hot or proving lifestyle and combating fatigue, such as actnowbc.ca not dark enough for daytime sleep) • Talk to a medical professional to address medical issues. • Medical conditions (e.g. insomnia, sleep apnea, alcohol or drug dependence)Save Money, COR is an initiative that recognizes and rewards employers Committ to who develop and apply sustainable occupational health a safer, healthier and safety programs that meet or exceed the applicable le- workplace through COR. Get COR! gal requirements and health and safety regulations. Following verification by a TSCBC audit, companies will Save up to 15% on your Visit our website for more receive up to a 15% rebate on their WorkSafeBC premi- WorkSafeBC premiums. information Ask us how! safetydriven.ca/cor ums in each year they qualify.
  7. 7. Have you visited our website yet?To learn more about the Council and our programs, visit our website: www.safetydriven.caWe are constantly adding information and resources to the Trucking Safety Coun-cil website. Please check back often to see what new and interesting content wehave added!Interactive Hazard IdentificationThe best thing you can do to prevent injuries on the job is to stay alert and look out for hazards that could cause injuries.Sometimes this can be hard to do, especially if you are used to doing a certain job and everything you see in your workenvironment becomes second nature. This tool is meant to remind you that every day there are hazards that need to beavoided or fixed. Have a look at the workplace pictures and try to see if you can find all of the hazards.http://safetydriven.ca/trucking-injury-preventionSafety Alerts and BulletinsThese WorkSafeBC posters provide important safety messages for you and your workers. At the time each poster wasoriginally produced, it reflected the current WorkSafeBC requirements. In all cases, today’s OHS Regulation and require-ments must be applied to the situation shown in each poster.http://safetydriven.ca/safety-alerts-bulletinsForms and Templates SUBSCRIBE TO THIS NEWSLETTER Various forms and templates are provided to assist companies with the im- plementation of safety policies and procedures and in meeting regulatory requirements and TSCBC Certificate of Recognition audit standards. The To subscribe to this newsletter visit templates are generic in nature and should be reviewed and modified to www.safetydriven.ca/get_newsletter ensure they address the specific operating conditions and risks of the com- or simply send an email with “sub- pany. More are added weekly. scribe” in the subject line to info@ http://safetydriven.ca/trucking-safety-forms-templates safetydriven.ca. Let us know if you’d prefer your newsletter faxed or mailed. Visit our website for STAFF / CONTRIBUTORS more information on this Ne issue’s topic: Rob Weston, Executiveto x Director pi t m www.safetydriven.ca rob@safetydriven.ca c. on .. th Leasa Hachey, Communications & Content ’s Trucking Safety Council of BC leasa@safetydriven.ca W sa 210 - 20111 93A Avenue Langley, BC V1M 4A9 feDy ork Tal Sperling, OHS Programs ty Tel: 604-888-2242 tal@safetydriven.ca na pla Toll Free: 1-877-414-8001 Andrew Chan, COR Program m ce Fax: 604-888-2243 andrew@safetydriven.ca ic info@safetydriven.ca s