View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
Sym'po|si|on, Sym'po|si|um <n.; -s, -si·en> Drinking party of aristocratics in ancient Athens with strict rules. A symposiarch supervised the mixing of the wine with water, insuring a mix that would be conducive to conversation but (theoretically) not strong enough to lead to debauchery. As they drank, guests would give speeches, recite poetry, and sing about subjects proper to the symposium - love, eros, drink, and the like. Hired entertainment might also be present, at the discretion of the host. .....
The X-files of materials science - unsolved riddles from the dawn of research Dierk Raabe Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany MRS 2006
metallurgy 2000 B.C. metallurgy 2000 A.C. Travel through time beer can 2000 beer can 1820
Carbon Copper A brief history through some stories and riddles in material science Steel Aluminium Nickel Titanium
Alchimist symbol for gold Titanium GOLD egypt new empire (18. –20. dynasty): Amenophis I – III, Thutmosis I – IV, Hatschepsut, Echnaton, Ramses I – IX, Tut-ench-Amun Echnaton replaces Amun by sun god Aton (gold as symbol)
Using metals: big change between man and environment Good harvest and conditions were imparted from the gods not provided by technology Using metals introduced strong change in man‘s world view and his view of the gods Man became a more independent actor; was no longer a mere object of the gods: growth of self-confidence; master of his own luck See: Euripides, Plinius, Ovid, Horaz, Vergil: Gods become angry because of mining and metallurgy. It was assumed that everything that was meant for man was available on the surface of the earth. The gods hid the minerals by purpose. “Aurea prima sata est etas… “ the 4 world ages: Gold, Silver, Copper, Iron Central figure: titan Prometheus This discussion lasted until Rennaissance (Leonardo; Georg Agricola)
Prometheus regenerative medicine in old Greece
Hephaistos (see also: Vulcan, Wieland, Ikaros and Dedalos myth) son of Zeus and Hera, disabaled person, sea, saved, greek god of mining, metallurgy, engineers (Achilles weapons of Athenes and Achilles, Helios wagon, arrows of Eros), married to Aphrodite
Copper "cuprum" (name of cyprus in latin) world largest copper industry
some history Cave-men : Hematite : “Leonardo‘s“ choice First ore reduction: since 3000 b.c. (Anatolia, Turkey, Syria) From ca. 1000-1500 b.c. : Standard product for weapons Mid-Europe: Hallstadt (Austria), Latène (Switzerland)
1808, Iglau (Austrian Empire), meteorite shower, investigate by Karl von Schreibers (Vienna Mineral Collection, Alois von Widmmannstätten (Porcelain manufacturer); more than 100 metorites (some weighed 12 pounds); Widmmannstätten discovered the characteristic microstructure: