Science Fiction Sensor Networks

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talk at phd computer science students’ journal c,talks and stuff).
04/02/09 


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Science Fiction Sensor Networks

  1. 1. Science FictionSensor Networks Diego Pizzocaro D.Pizzocaro@cs.cf.ac.uk PhD Forum: Food, Things and Stuff (FTS) 2009 Cardiff University
  2. 2. What do you study?• Party/Pub , with a friend of mine (PhD student in Astrophysics) http://tom-purvis.com/images/blogFoto/gdrParty.jpg• Stranger: “Oh so you are PhD students! What do you guys study?”• My friend: “Astrophysics, star formation history” Stranger: “wow really cool!”• Me: “Computer science...” Stranger: “Oh.....well........”
  3. 3. Improving...• Stranger: “What do you study?” • Need to understand the level of expertise the stranger has: • Me: “Have you ever heard about autonomous robotic systems?” • Then there are two possible choices: 1) Stranger: “Yes sure” (never happened) Me: “OK so my research is about similar systems but composed only of sensors, self-organizing and self-healing, etc....”
  4. 4. Improving...• Stranger: “Not really...” Me: “Have you ever seen Minority Report, the movie? Police men use robotic spiders which form coalitions to accomplish different tasks...” Stranger: “Wow it is really cool...” Me: “Oh by the way, my PhD is in Computer Science...” Stranger: “No way, extremely cool!” Me: “ :) ”
  5. 5. SciFi in Sensor Networks• How far is SciFi from real world sensor networks?• Example: • Autonomous spider robots are under development by the Micro Autonomous Systems and Technology (MAST) consortium. • The Army Research Lab has given BAE Systems $38 million to lead and fund the project (headline of 5/1/2008). http://www.technovelgy.com/ct/Science-Fiction-News.asp?NewsNum=1619 Spider Robot Concept from BAE
  6. 6. Another example • 1. E. M. Carapezza and T. M. Molter, “Sustainable unattended sensors for security and environmental monitoring,” in Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 7112 (SPIE, 2008), 71120O. • It describes two ocean energy harvesting approaches (i.e. derive energy from natural underwater power sources)• Goal: Providing sustainable power for distributed unattended sensor and unmanned underwater vehicle networks.• Applications/Consequences: Continuos operation improves - knowledge of marine biological processes - no need to replace/recharge batteries - homeland security and port surveillance (e.g. surveillance against terroristic attacks to power plants)
  7. 7. (#+5$#!4/3!.$!/&&*7&(9!;$!#/*70!7-%&%&87!(#+5$!(30%7(!+#!(7+,&(!.0%<9 !>4+#!(#+5$!2##!/!#*/00)! 7/-/#+&+,/008!7%<-(!72*7!&%!*%3!7%-!</&-!/,-%##!&4!0,&-%$#9!>4!+$+&+/0!5-%##!7%<-!(30%7(!.8!&4#!#*/00)! #+6!+$,4!+$!(+/*&-!,00#!<-!*/#2-(!+$!#(+*$&#!+$!/!0/.%-/&%-8!#&&+$5!/&!=?!*+00+</&&#! @A9A=?!B!/&!A9CC!*0D#,!10%<!@A9=C!BD1&C!%-!?9E!BD*CF9!>4!67,&(!5-%##!7%<-!1%-!&4+#!,00)!<4$!(70%8(!+$!/!$%$G Hybrid Organic-Synthetic Sensors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• Organic underwater power sources to power sensing devices/engines: ! "#$%&#(!)%*+,-%./!01#/!2#//!32.%44,!567#8! • For static sensors (i.e. motes): "#$%$%&(!)*+,,$-!! <6%3 ()"* .(/+0(-%!12(3!)(33! • Microbial Fuel Cells 45!+-!/+*!6!789!:2;+:!<%=! -- ;)4/#"-.")# (order of power: mW) 8&/#"-.")# !"#$%&("(%)*+(,%-,"*&(%.&"/)&/"(.%*0,%1233%4/443(%/5%&#/+%&(%1*&("%)#3/$06%7#%*"8(.&%&(%$(&*0(%+*.%!"#$%./)% .&"/)&/"(.%"(9/2"(.%*%,(.2+0%12)%!*)232&*&(.%*%)#0&"#33(,%"(3(*.(%#!%$(&*0(%+*.%&#%*%5"#)(..20+%(3($(0&:%(2&("%#0%&(% #)(*0%4#&&#$%#"%20%*%53*&!#"$%*&%&(%#)(*0%./"!*)(6%;0(%)#0)(5&%,(.2+0%&#%(<53#2&%$(&*0(%-,"*&(%,(5#.2&.%2.%,(52)&(,%20% +,%""*-./&0-1/$."#- • =2+/"(%>%4(3#1?6%72.%,(.2+0%/.(.%)#0&"#33(,%(*&%&#%,2.*..#)2*&(%&(%$(&*0(%+*.(.%!"#$%&(%-,"*&(%.&"/)&/"(.%*&%,(5&6% - - 2*)34$"-5/."-5*674 It extracts electrons from metabolic 7(%$(&*0(%+*.%2.%&(0%5"#)(..(,%20%*%.-.&($%#!%@2"()&%A(&*0(%=/(3%B(33.%#"%20%*%C#32,%;<2,(%=/(3%B(33%.-.&($6%D% 8&/#"- $*E#"% )#0.&"*20&% !#"% ./)% .-.&($.% 2.% &#% (<&"*)&% ./!!2)2(0&% #<-+(0% !"#$% &(% *,E*)(0&% #)(*0% 1*&(".6% F*"2#/.% &-5(.% #!% - - processes of marine bacteria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• For unmanned vehicles: ./!!2)2(0&% &#% $*&)% &(% $(&*0(% +*.% (<&"*)&2#0% 5"#)(..(.:% *% $#"(% #5&2$/$% ,(.2+0% $2+&% 4(% 5#..243(6% 7(% 5#&(0&2*3% 2"/"9$."-$&."-:$."* (0("+-%&*&%)#/3,%4(%(<&"*)&(,%!"#$%&(.(%$(&*0(%+*.%-,"*&(%,(5#.2&.%2.%(0#"$#/.:%32$2&(,%5"2$*"23-%4-%&(%*8*23*4232&-% #!%./!!2)2(0&%9/*0&2&2(.% #!%#<-+(06% D.% 0#&(,:% 2!% #0(% 1*0&.% &#% 3#)*33-% 5#1("%.-.&($.% /0,("1*&(":% *0%#<-+(0% (<&"*)&2#0:% .&#"*+(:%#"%+(0("*&2#0%)*5*4232&-%.-.&($%$/.&%4(%,(.2+0(,%)#0E/0)&28(3-%12&%&(%$(&*0(%(<&"*)&2#0%.-.&($6%H!%#0%&(% • !! #&("%*0,:%&(%$(&*0(%)*0%4(%4"#/+&%&#%&(%#)(*0%./"!*)(:%1("(%#<-+(0%2.%0*&/"*33-%*8*23*43(%20%3*"+(%9/*0&2&2(.:%8("-% Methane Hydrate ! 3*"+(%5#1("%53*0&.%*"(%!(*.243(6%I032J(%&(%5#1("%5#&(0&2*3%#!%$2)"#42*3%!/(3%)(33%.-.&($.:%&(.(%$(&*0(%-,"*&(%.-.&($.% )#/3,%(*.23-%5#1("%J23#1*&&%&#%$(+*1*&&%.2G(,%.-.&($.6% ! M+52-!?N!O/+##%$!>87!P+,-%.+/0!M20!O00!Q-%&%&87!R#+5$! Energy System ! % ! (order of power: kW) 84:-;%+ 8"9#$.1:*7.#;2<*1.#=7.62#>251.?#/(7&.31#4.5%67# ! !"#$%& "#!#4%<$!+$!M+52-!S!/.%3)!*&4/$!48(-/&!(7%#+&#!/-!7-3/#+3!&4-%254%2&!&4!<%-0(9!>4!,%/#&0+$!%1!&4!T$+&(! • Use Oxygen to extract :&/&#)! 1%-! +$#&/$,)! 4/#! */$8! 4,+*-& (7%#+&#! &4/&! ,%20(! .! 670%+&(9! :%*! %1! &4#! 48(-/&! (7%#+&#! /-! 0%,/&(! U$%<$! /(V/,$&!&%!U$%<$!$/&2-/0!5/#!/$(!%+0!(7%#+&#)!#2,4!/#!%11!&4!,%/#&!%1!:/$&/!W/-./-/)!O"!/$(!+$!&4!X201!%1!P6+,%9! 82-"2.% 8%90%5%. 1%,7,5%+ methane gas from X/#!48(-/&!(7%#+&#!3/-8!,%$#+(-/.08!+$!.%&4!(7&4!/$(!#&-2,&2-!#%!$-58!4/-3#&+$5!(#+5$#!*2#&!.!106+.0!/$(! (%56,&% 7,5%+ ,/7/.0! %3-! /! -/$5! %1! $3+-%$*$&/0! /$(! $5+$-+$5! ,%$#&-/+$&#9! P&4/$! 48(-/&#! /-! 1%-*(! <4$! $/&2-/008! hydrate structures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• Plankton produces oxygen! #&-2,&2-#)!/#!0%$5!/#!&4!&*7-/&2-!#&/8#!.0%<!&4+#!&4-#4%0(!-/$5!/$(!&4!(7&4#!%-!7-##2-!-*/+$#!4+549!1!&4! </&-#!/-%2$(!&4#!#(+*$&!#&-2,&2-!4/&#!27!/.%3!&4+#!#&/.0!&*7-/&2-!-/$5!&4!*&4/$!5/##!<+00!(+#/##%,+/&! (%56,&%<#.+,5% >&%+$#1#=5%)4-&?%95 • Track whales to gather plankton 8%=2$& (%56,&% !"#$%&#&(!)*&+#,%&-../&&-../0123 <#.+,5%= % %
  8. 8. How to look for food?• 1. K. H. Low, W. K. Leow, and M. H. Ang Jr, “Autonomic mobile sensor network with self-coordinated task allocation and execution,” Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part C, IEEE Transactions on 36, no. 3 (2006): 315-327.• IDEA: Mobile sensors self-organizes in coalitions to monitor the environment (e.g. look for whales) and accomplish tasks (e.g. collect plankton)• MECHANISMS: - Ant behavior schemes to monitor the environment. - Self-organizing neural networks to coordinate the execution of tasks. http://ljs.academicdirect.org/A09/53_72_files/image005.jpg http://jasonernst.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/04/neural_network.jpg
  9. 9. Reality?• Hybrid Organic-Synthetic Networked intelligent sensors are not far. • From a videogame called MASS EFFECT (BioWare): • The geth are a synthetic race of networked AIs, • they blurry the boundaries between organic and synthetic. • A lone geth has intelligence equivalent to animal instincts. • In close proximity with other geth, they become more intelligent thanks to the network. http://www.completemasseffect.com/images/8/8f/Geth_001.jpg
  10. 10. Science Fiction and CS• Science Fiction is mostly about CS: Why not using it to make people interested in your research?• There are many research papers connecting science fiction to CS (but also to other topics! e.g. physical sciences): • 1. M. L. Dark, “Using Science Fiction Movies in Introductory Physics,” The Physics Teacher 43 (2005): 463. • D. Sanderson, “Using Science Fiction to teach Computer Science”, Conference Proceedings of WWW@10 the dream and the reality, 2004 • 1. N. Jesse, “Autonomous Mobile Robots – From Science Fiction to Reality,” in Real World Applications of Computational Intelligence, 2005, 197-219,
  11. 11. Conclusion• Why is it important to make other non-expert people interested in your research? • Applying for grants • Publishing your research • ...• “You do not really understand something unless you can explain it to your grandmother.” - Einstein• Thanks for listening!

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