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Chp 5 How To Crack The Act English Test

Chp 5 How To Crack The Act English Test






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    Chp 5 How To Crack The Act English Test Chp 5 How To Crack The Act English Test Presentation Transcript

    • How to Crack the ACT English Test
      Chapter 5
      An Introduction to the ACT English Test
    • The English test does not test how well you write
      It tests how well you know and can apply the rules of standard written English
      The ACT is a standardized test so it always tests the same basic concepts
      If you don’t know what the question is testing, you can look at the clues
      In this chapter you will learn to find these clues and use them along with along with test strategies to get a higher English score
    • What the English Test tests
      The English test measures how well you understand “the conventions of standard written English”
      There are 5 passages to read
      Portions of each passage will be underlined
      You must decide
      Are the portions written correctly
      Or whether one og the other answer choices are better
    • Some questions are designed to measure your knowledge of
      Sentence structure
      Other questions are designed to see if you know
      How to revise and strengthen a passage
      How to change particular words for style or clarity
      How to explain or support a point of view more clearly or effectively
    • There are a total of 75 questions to answer in 45 minutes
      You do not have to be a strong writer to do well on this test
      You do need to know what types of errors come up again and again and how to fix them
    • What do the Passages look like
      Most of the questions refer to individual words or phrases in the passage; these words are underlined and numbered
      A few of the questions (such as question 5) ask you about the organization of a paragraph. You can tell what paragraph hey ask about by looking for the question number in the a box at the end of a paragraph
      You will also see a few questions that ask you about the passage as a whole (number 6)
    • By the way, the answers are:
      1. C
      2. G
      3. A
      4. G
      5. B
      6. F
    • Triage
      In the English test, the ACT writer have concocted there own brand of triage for you
      Specific questions on punctuation, grammar and sentence structure tend to come early in the passage
      Usually there will be one or two questions about style or rhetoric at the end of the passage – these deal with the passage as a whole
    • First Pass, Second Pass
      On the first pass, answer all the question that you know you can answer quickly and confidently
      On the second pass, answer the questions that require more thought or that you skipped the first time through
      Use POE to help you get rid of wrong answers
    • Looking for Clues
      One of the ways to look for errors is to search the answer choices for clues
      The underlined portions are very short – so it’s easy to see how each choice is different from the others
      These differences offer a strong indication of what is on the minds of the ACT writers
    • Look at the following example
      27. A. NO CHANGE
      B. One goes
      C. you go
      D. He goes
      Clearly this question is about pronouns
      Even if you didn’t spot anything wrong with the underlined passage as you read it
      The answer choices are telling you to check and see if the pronoun agrees with the noun in the passage
    • What if there is more than one thing wrong?
      There is often more than one error in the underlined portion of a sentence
      First find one error
      Eliminate the answer choices that contain the same error
      Then compare the remaining answer choices
      Regardless of the number of errors you find in the question, keep your focus on the differences in the answer choices
      Many of the questions in this test have NO CHANGE as the first of the answer choices
      DO NOT assume that there is always something wrong with the passage
      NO CHANGE turns out to be the correct answer a little less than a quarter of the time it is offered
    • OMIT the underlined portion
      A few of the questions in this test will have “OMIT the underlined portion” as the last of the four answer choices
      When this choice is offered, it has a high probability of being correct – better than 50% of the time on recent test
      But, don’t just choose it every time you see it
      It is worth noting that when you see the word OMIT, you should examine it very carefully
    • Before We Begin, Some Terminology
      The ACT is not going to test you on parts of speech or diagram a sentence, but it will be helpful to know some basic definitions.
      Tom broke the vase
      This sentence is made up of two nouns a verb and an article
    • Tom broke the vase
      A noun is a word used to name a person, a place, a thing, or an idea
      A verb is a word that expresses action
      An article is a word that modifies or limits a noun
    • Tom accidentally broke the big vase of flowers
      We’ve added an adverb, an adjective, and a prepositional phrase to the original sentence
      An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
      An adjective is a word that modifies a noun
      A preposition is a word that notes the relation of a noun to an action or a thing
    • Tom accidentally broke the big vase of flowers.
      A phrase is a group of words that acts as a single part of speech. A phrase is missing either a subject, a verb or both.