Mgnrega and women
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In a Seminar on Women Participation in Mahatma Gandhi NREGA organized by the Department of Panchayats & Rural Development on 20th March, 2013 at Jorasanko Thakurbari, Shri S. M. Vijayanand, Additional ...

In a Seminar on Women Participation in Mahatma Gandhi NREGA organized by the Department of Panchayats & Rural Development on 20th March, 2013 at Jorasanko Thakurbari, Shri S. M. Vijayanand, Additional Secretary in the Ministry of rural Development, Government of India made this presentation based on the Kerala experience in women participation in MGNREGA.

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    Mgnrega and women Mgnrega and women Presentation Transcript

    • MGNREGA AND WOMEN S.M. VIJAYANAND ADDITIONAL SECRETARY DEPARTMENT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
    • INTRODUCTION A well structured Act An Act of the activists Pro-people, pro-poor, pro-women Only developmental legislation giving central place to Panchayats especially at the village level Only programme where the content actually has to emanate from the grassroots The core objective of the Act is “enhancement of livelihood security”.
    • GENDER SENSITIVE FEATURESOF THE ACT AND THE SCHEME One-third of employment to women Equality of wages Mandate to provide facilities at worksite including crèche and carer for children Planning mainly by Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat which are more people friendly Work to be provided within 5 km. distance
    • GENDER SENSITIVE FEATURES OF THE ACT AND THE SCHEME (contd…..) Focus on works which are doable by women Absence of contractors One-third of non-official members of the Employment Guarantee Council at State and Central level to be women Importance given to transparency and Social Audit Provision for gender sensitive schedule of rates
    • THE KERALA EXPERIENCEA. BACKGROUND Asset focus in wage employment programmes from days of NREP Works organized by middle-men – “benami” contractors Need to break the system and make it rooted in people Need to eliminate patronage and corruption Statesman like political decision to implement the Act in letter and spirit
    • THE KERALA EXPERIENCEB. INVOLVEMENT OF KUDUMBASHREE Awareness generation Mobilization people for job cards Identification of works Organizing works Getting the workers Providing the mate Providing facilities Follow up on payments
    • THE KERALA EXPERIENCEC. POSITIVE FEATURES Zero corruption Dignity of public work Never-ever-worked women joining the work force Succour to the needy High level of personal savings Real financial inclusion
    • THE KERALA EXPERIENCE Positive spending of savings for health, education of children, for assets with value, etc. Increase in intra-household status Enhanced feeling of fraternity Few instances of public action Convergence with livelihood activities of SHGs Land development for vegetable/paddy cultivation
    • THE KERALA EXPERIENCED. CHALLENGES Not yet rights-based Perverse incentives affecting quality of work Issues regarding choice of mate Co-option by Panchayats Co-option by political parties Threat of greedy middle-men Negative perceptions
    • THE KERALA EXPERIENCEE. NEXT STEPS Norms for selecting mate Organizing labour groups and enhancing their skills Upgrading mates to barefoot engineers Linking works to Natural Resource Management Community-based Social Audit Moving on to Anti-Poverty Sub-Plan through the SHG network
    • LESSONS Need to engender To reduce corruption To make it really demand-based For poverty/livelihood impact How to engender Link with NRLM ab initio Reach out proactively Formally incorporate it into processes and procedures Make work standards gender-sensitive Structure labour groups as sub-system of SHGs Improve skills in a phased manner Link up with the ICDs system especially for looking after small children Identify tools for making them easier for women to use
    • LESSONS How to increase women participation Combat Cultural Factors Sensitive use of Community Resource Persons Images and lessons from other States Spread the concept of “public work” Sensitize PRIs – especially, elected women representatives Try Action Research on the lines of UP experiments of UN Women
    • CONCLUSION  For deeper processes  For cleaner practices  For larger social and economic benefitsFor all these, consciously engender MGNREGS