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Correctional Administration in West Bengal: Basic Concepts
 

Correctional Administration in West Bengal: Basic Concepts

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    Correctional Administration in West Bengal: Basic Concepts Correctional Administration in West Bengal: Basic Concepts Presentation Transcript

    • DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS
    • THE HIERARCHY
    • THE CORRECTIONAL HOMES
    • GUIDING STATUTES
      • Code of Criminal Procedure
      • Indian Penal Code
      • West Bengal Correctional Services Act
      • West Bengal Jail Code
    • GUIDING PRINCIPLES
      • Incarceration is “as punishment” and not “for punishment”
      • Correctional Homes are “Custodians” where inmates are committed, either during continuation of the judicial process or on conviction
      • Our efforts are directed towards “correction” through constructive activities:
        • Income generating
        • Counseling
        • Educational
        • Cultural
        • Social interactions
    • The District Magistrate in Correctional Administration
      • General control over a DCH
      • Can take complete control of the DCH, if required with intimation to the IG of CS
      • General control over the management and superintendence of inmates belonging to his district in a central Correctional Home within his jurisdiction
      • Visiting once a week
      • Deputing Officers
      • Superintendence over the Visitors
    • SUB DIVISIONAL OFFICER
      • Ex-officio Superintendents of Subsidiary CHs (Sec. 7 (1) (a) of the WBCSA)
      • Responsible for “overall superintendence & control”
      • Supposed to “pay visit… at least twice a week”
      • Visits to be recorded in ‘Visitors’ Minute Book’ and an annual report on the number of visits made to be sent to the IGCS through the DM
      • Responsible for efficient management and for proper carrying out of the Rules
    • SUB DIVISIONAL OFFICER
      • Special eye on the health of the inmates
      • Special emphasis on sanitation
      • Punctuality of submission of monthly bills and returns
      • Ascertain quality of food
      • Keep a tab on purchases
      • Reporting incidents of escape and recapture
      • Reporting suicides, accidents, deaths, outbreaks of epidemic diseases and unusual sickness
    • CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
      • Controllers (Deputy Jailors) are the
      • Chief Officers of administration of the CH (Sec. 12 of the WBCSA)
      • Custodian of inmates and properties
      • Responsible for informing the Superintendent and the Medical Officer of death
      • Custodian of records
    • MAJOR AREAS OF SUPERVISION
      • Every inmate should be under charge of an individual guarding staff
      • Guarding staff should be on duty at their posts
      • The gate should never be left unmanned
      • All transfers should be under appropriate protection
      • No outside intervention in the affairs of the Correctional Home should be allowed
      • Periodic searches should be undertaken
      Security
    • MAJOR AREAS OF SUPERVISION Medicare
      • Medical Officer is regular in his visit and is available on call
      • Medicines, especially life saving drugs are always available
      • In case of emergency, prompt transfer to the Hospital is arranged
      • In case of procedures requiring Government sanction, prompt correspondence is made
    • MAJOR AREAS OF SUPERVISION Water, Sanitation and Diet
      • Water quality is satisfactory
      • Appropriate and adequate sanitary arrangements
      • Regular maintenance of sanitation facilities
      • Surprise check on diet-
        • Pre-cooking supply
        • During cooking use
        • Post cooking distribution
    • VULNERABLE AREAS
      • HOSPITAL
      • KITCHEN
      • INTERVIEW
      • NEW ENTRY
      • MOVEMENT
      • ABANDONED/ UNUSED COVERED SPACES
    • SCOPE OF INNOVATION
      • NGO ASSOCIATION
      • TRAINING
      • EDUCATION
      • SEGREGATION
      • CULTURAL ACTIVITIES
      • INTERACTION WITH THE JUDICIARY
      • SPECIAL STUDY
    • GOLDEN RULES
      • ENSURE THAT THE CH IS NEVER LEFT WITHOUT CHARGE
      • ENSURE THAT EVERY INMATE IS UNDER SPECIFIC CHARGE OF A PERSON, ROUND THE CLOCK AND NO ONE IS PLACED UNDER DUAL CHARGE
      • ENSURE THAT ANY UNNATURAL INCIDENT INCLUDING MEDICAL EMERGENCY IS PROMPTLY ATTENDED
      • ENSURE THAT ALL COVERED SPACES ARE LOCKED/ GUARDED
      • ENSURE THAT WOMEN INMATES ARE SEPARATED AND NOT ACCESSED ALONE BY MALE INMATES/ STAFF