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Designing and Teaching Effective Online PD

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  • 1. Designing & Teaching
    Effective Online Professional Development
  • 2. Getting to Know Me
    Diana Benner
    Instructional Technology Facilitator
    San Antonio ISD
    Website: http://dbenner.org
    Email: dbenner1@saisd.net
    Image Source: www.celebratetheday.biz/ladybug.html
  • 3. Getting To Know You
    Teachers?
    Course Developers?
    Trainers?
    K-12 Education?
    Higher Education?
    Business/Industry?
  • 4. Where Can I Find All This?
    Diana Benner’s Website
    http://dbenner.org
    Moodle Mayhem Website
    http://bit.ly/techfiesta2010
  • 5. What is your biggest hope for this session in regard to creating online professional development in your district?
  • 6. Session Goals
    This session will guide participants in developing and teaching online professional development courses.
    The participant will be lead through the steps of course development, online teaching, and online assessment.
    The session will emphasize principals of course design which are outcome-based, performance-based, and collaborative. 
  • 7. Overview
    What is “Online Learning?”
    Online Professional Development
    Designing Online Professional Development
    Effective Online Facilitation
    Evaluating Online Courses
  • 8. What is “Online Learning”?
    Learning that uses technology, typically by way of the Internet.
    In some cases, there is no live teacher present.
    Online learning typically describes a course where the student never uses a traditional classroom – all activities are done on a computer.
  • 9. Why I Teach Online . . .
    Video Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R8VfChM5EhA
  • 10. Online Professional Development is Needed
    • Recent research suggests that the quality of a teacher is the most important predictor of student success. (Darling-Hammond, 1998 & Marzano,2003)
    YET….
    • Four out of five teachers say they are not prepared to teach in today’s schools. (McQueen, 1999)
  • The Good & Bad News about Professional Development
    • The Good News!
    We know that Professional Development can
    have a positive impact on student achievement.
    (Hammond, 1998)
    AND…
    Almost all school districts have some type ofprofessional development for their teachers!
    • The Bad News!
    Very few of these activities are effective inchanging teaching practices. (Cohen & Hill, 1998; Hirsch, Koppich, & Knapp, 1998)
  • 11. The Even Better News…
    We know what works!
    • The Council of School Performance has identified the following characteristics of effective PD programs:
    • 12. Long-term programs embedded in the school year
    • 13. Active learning activities such as demonstration, practice, and feedback
    • 14. Collaborative study of student learning
    • 15. Administrative support for continuing collaboration to improve teaching and learning
  • Some Typical District Professional Development Scenarios
    Results:
    Attending training consisting of Lecture and Demonstration = 10% transfer to work setting (Joyce, Showers, 2002).
    And, what about next year when new teachers are hired? They now don’t have the big time presentation.
    • Bring ‘em in!
    • 16. District wide PD day, big-time presenter, paid big-time $, all teachers in attendance, one-shot type deal.
    • 17. Send ‘em out!
    • 18. Teacher is registered, teacher creates sub plans, sub is hired, teacher travels, kids give sub a hard time, teacher attends, teacher returns tired from travel has to come up with a consequence for the students’ bad behavior.
    • 19. Send ‘em out and Bring ‘em back in!
    • 20. A.K.A. Trainer of Trainer Model
    And, once again the teacher is likely only able to implement 10% of new learning's in their classroom.
    Not only that, but they have decided to transfer schools next year!
    Are any of these scenarios in line with what we know works?
  • 21. The Best News Yet
    You can use digital tools to offer andsupport effective Professional Development learning opportunities that are:
    • Cost effective
    • 22. Easy to create
    • 23. In line with what we know works
    • 24. Easily accessed by all teachers
  • I have decided to teach online. How do I get started?
    Video Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Prc7938u6B4
  • 25. Sample Moodle Course Template
  • 26. Components of an Online Course
  • 27. Course Design - Objectives
    Where should objectives be located in the course?
    At what different levels might objectives be written?
    How might we write objectives with measureable outcomes?
    • Easily located within the course
    • 28. Clearly written at the appropriate level and reflect desired outcomes
    • 29. Written as measureable outcomes
    • 30. Available in a variety of areas in the course
  • Course Design-Content Presentation
    Why should we present content in modules?
    What mechanisms might we use to present content?
    3. How can we include visual and auditory elements?
    4. What types of supplementary resources might we consider?
    • Content is modularized
    • 31. Navigation is intuitive and content flows in a logical progression
    • 32. Content is enhanced with visual and auditory elements
    • 33. Content is presented using a variety of appropriate mechanisms ; supplementary resources are made available
  • Course Design: Learner Engagement
    • Instructional strategies are linked to course objectives
    • 34. Includes guidance for learners to work with content in meaningful ways
    • 35. Higher order thinking is expected of learners
    • 36. Individualized instruction, remedial activities, or resources for advanced learning activities are provided
    What do we mean by learner engagement? Why is it important?
    How can we successfully guide learners through the content in meaningful ways?
    What are examples of higher order thinking?
    How can we support individualized instruction?
  • 37. Course Design: Technology Use
    What tools are available in CMSs?
    How can we use CMS tools to reduce the labor-intensity of learning?
    What are some creative ways of using technologies to transcend traditional, teacher-centered instruction?
    • CMS tools are used to facilitate learning and reduce the labor-intensity of learning
    • 38. Technologies are used creatively in ways that transcend traditional, teacher-centered instruction
    • 39. A wide variety of delivery media are incorporated into the course
  • Course Facilitation – Communication Strategies
    Where might we place opportunities for interaction?
    How can we promote critical reflection in asynchronous communication?
    How do we facilitate “rapid response” communication?
    • Many opportunities for synchronous and/or asynchronous interaction
    • 40. Asynchronous communication strategies promote critical reflection or other higher order thinking
    • 41. Synchronous communication activities benefit from real-time interactions and facilitate "rapid response" communication
  • Course Facilitation – Developing Learning Communities
    What tactics can we use to build a sense of community?
    How can we encourage students to initiate communication with the instructor?
    How do we maximize the outcomes of collaboration activities?
    • Easily located within Student-to-student interactions are required
    • 42. Students are encouraged to initiate communication with the instructor
    • 43. Collaboration activities reinforce course content and learning outcomes, while building skills such as teamwork, cooperation, negotiation
  • Course Facilitation – Interaction Expectations
    What type of guidelines might we set for required participation?
    How should the quality of communication be judged?
    • Participation guidelines are provided
    • 44. Expectations for quality of communications are clearly defined
    • 45. A rubric used to evaluate participation is included
    • 46. Instructor actively participates in communication activities
    • 47. The instructor uses communication tools to provide course updates, reminders, etc.
  • Discussion Rubric
  • 48. Online Assessments
    Why should assessment match the objectives?
    When should rubrics be provided to students?
    What types of assessments can we use online?
    What are the benefits of including self-assessment opportunities?
    • Assessments match the objectives
    • 49. Rubrics or descriptive criteria for desired outcomes are provided
    • 50. Multiple types of assessments are used
    • 51. Many opportunities for self-assessment are provided
  • Self-Assessment
  • 52. Online Course Evaluation
    National Standards for Quality Online Teaching
    Southern Regional Education Board
  • 53. Online Course Evaluation Checklist
  • 54. “Design your course around what you want your end result to be”
  • 55. Sources
    Top Tips for Online Facilitation
    http://community.flexiblelearning.net.au/teachingtraininglearners/content/article_4729.htm
    Southern Regional Education Board
    http://home.sreb.org/publication/news1.aspx?Code=1134
    SREB Online Resources
    http://www.srebonlineteachers.org/
    SREB EvaluTech
    http://www.evalutech.sreb.org/criteria/online.asp
    iNACOL: International Association for K-12 Online Learning
    http://www.inacol.org/
    Texas Virtual School Network
    http://www.txvsn.org/
  • 56. Thank You!
    Diana Benner
    dbenner1@saisd.net