During the early years of settlement, Englandignored its colonies. Under the Navigation Acts, the colonists couldtrade only with England. Colonists resented England’s control of thecolonies because they were used to being leftalone. Sketch of Baltimore Harbor, 1752
Colony founders knew they must guaranteerights and good government if they were goingto attract colonists. Virginia colonists created the House ofBurgesses which was the first representativeassembly in the Americas. By 1750 each of the 13 colonies had anelected assembly. The first meeting of the Virginia Assembly
Britain and France were intense rivals in thestruggle for North America. In the 1750s the center of colonial conflictwas the Ohio River Valley. British officer George Washington was sent tobuild a fort on the river but was defeated bythe French before he could. Native Americans became French alliesbecause it appeared the French would win thewar. North American land claims, 1753
The French and Indian war went badly for theBritish colonies until Captain James Wolfe tookQuebec in 1759. The British finally won three years later.Taking of Quebec by English forces during the French and Indian War
Great Britain became the most powerful nationin the world. The enlarged empire meant conflicts withNative Americans in the Ohio River Valley. To avoid problems, Britain issued theProclamation of 1763 which did not allowcolonists to cross the Appalachian Mountains. Colonist were infuriated because they did notlike being told where they could and could notgo. North American land claims, 1763
In order to enforce the Proclamation of 1763and keep peace with Native Americans, apermanent British army was stationed inAmerica. British officials expected colonists to help payfor their defense. The colonists did not like the presence of thearmy, nor having to pay for the troops’support. King George III
and how they correspond to the “new” school policies
The French and Indian WarExplanation Reaction/ ResultBritain needed money Britain imposed taxesto finance war with on the colonists toFrance. pay for the war. l schoo l ia financ s n c oncer
Proclamation of 1763Explanation Reaction/ ResultBritain wanted to avoid Colonists were angeredconflict with Native because of BritishAmericans, so Colonists presence and beingwere forbidden to cross told what to doAppalachian Mountains. eBritish Army stationed Student-frein the colonies zones
Sugar ActExplanation Reaction/ ResultTax on sugar Did not affect and molasses many, but the idea of taxes a growing issue brown bag tax
Stamp ActExplanation Reaction/ ResultTax on legal Stamp Act Congressdocuments, formed to organizenewspapers, wills, boycottand basically every Eventually repealedpiece of paperused official stamped papers for grades
Writs of AssistanceExplanation Reaction/ ResultCustoms officers Few colonists affected,could search ships at but merchants felt thiswill was an invasion of privacy search belongings
Townshend ActsExplanation Reaction/ ResultTax on various Colonists boycotthousehold items such through the non-as paper, glass, lead, importation agreementsilk, and tea Eventually repealed lunch price increased
Quartering ActExplanation Reaction/ ResultColonists had to This was hated, butprovide food, housing, little could be doneblankets, candles, etc.for the British soldiers teacher home visits
Intolerable ActsExplanation Reaction/ ResultColonists could not hold First Continentaltown meetings Congress meetsPort of Boston closed Individual colonies began to unifyCustoms officials triedin Britain no discussion of policies
“No taxation without representation!”Explanation do not callColonists had no with a complaintrepresentatives tospeak for them inParliamentReaction/ ResultColonists resented nothaving a say in their own affairsBecame a rallying cry
The Boston MassacreExplanation Reaction/ ResultA rioting mob Sam Adamsconfronted British used thesoldiers at the Boston opportunityCustoms House to whip up anti-British feeling by calling the event a massacreTensions rose andshots were fired Two soldiers wereinto the crowd, found guilty ofkilling five manslaughter, sixcolonists were found not guilty
Tea ActExplanationTea merchants in the colonies were cut out ritish E ast B I ndia of the tea trade Company because the British East India Company lowered their tea prices.The company monopolized, or controlled, tea sales in the colonies.Reaction/ ResultBoston Tea Party
Boston Tea PartyExplanation Reaction/ ResultOn December 16, Intolerable Acts1773, the Sons ofLiberty dumped 90,000pounds of tea intoBoston Harbor.
Chronology of EventsFrench and Indian War- 1754-1763Proclamation of 1763- 1763Sugar Act- 1764Stamp Act- 1765Quartering Act- 1765
Chronology of EventsWrits of Assistance- 1767Townshend Acts- 1767Boston Massacre- 1770Tea Act/ Boston Tea Party- 1773Intolerable Acts- 1774
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