Simon Tanner - MCN 2009 presentation

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Simon Tanner's presentation on cost factors in preparing collections for digitization. Given at MCN 2009's session on "Economics 911" The Economics of Digitizing Cultural Collections."

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  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Besides copyright, are there other risks in using existing materials without permission? A copyrighted work may embody other property or personal rights or interest of third parties. Such rights include trademarks, patent, moral rights, rights of publicity and privacy. Other risks may flow from materials raising claims of: libel, defamation or slander; misrepresentation or negligent misstatements; pornography, obscenity or indecency; or breach of contract.
  • Simon Tanner - MCN 2009 presentation

    1. 1. Economics 911: The economics of digitizing cultural collections Simon Tanner Director King’s Digital Consultancy Services King’s College London [email_address]
    2. 2. King’s College London: www.digitalconsultancy.net
    3. 3. Centre for Computing in the Humanities (CCH) www.cch.kcl.ac.uk/research/projects/
    4. 4. The nature of projects/programmes now <ul><li>On-line publication </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-disciplinary / inter-disciplinary </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple source types & formats </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple audiences and uses </li></ul><ul><li>New methodologies </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder needs over-ride technical demands </li></ul>
    5. 5. Introduction <ul><li>Cost factors in digitisation projects </li></ul><ul><li>Human intervention and digitisation costs </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing costs = optimising the human factor </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of the human factor </li></ul>
    6. 6. Cost Factors <ul><li>Effective utilisation of resources in developing digital content and establishing digital collections equals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start up costs of creating or purchasing digital content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation costs for establishing access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implicit costs in managing and maintaining digital resources in the future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Digitisation cost – the key factors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature of the original item to be digitised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digitisation processes possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information, content and delivery objectives </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Human cost factors – central thesis <ul><li>The higher the human intervention in any process the greater the likely cost of the process. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Selection for digitisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Handling original artefacts for imaging/scanning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managing digital objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describing digital resources and other metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In other words – consider aspects of optimal performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Cost Reduction in Digitisation http://www.minervaeurope.org/publications/costreduction.htm
    9. 9. Cost matrix of potential factors
    10. 10. Reducing human cost factors <ul><li>Reduce cost of labour: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outsource – e.g. offshore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deskill activity through better tools and guidance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer alternate opportunities to low cost labour </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Optimise productivity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invest in training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve workflow – remove inefficiencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value and reward ability and reliability </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Reducing human cost factors <ul><li>Quality Assurance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure is focussed and systematic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal of QA is to find errors in process, workflow or human errors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use QA to optimise activity - make QA proactive and pervasive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Handling originals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be very costly – consider mechanisms to ease this </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training again can reduce costs as can some automation </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. The continuing importance of humans! <ul><li>Management and vision </li></ul><ul><li>User needs </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual activities are not easily replaced, for example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selection of content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The ends of information are human ends </li></ul><ul><li>Digitised information exists because humans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>create it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>consume it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>desire it </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Some top tips for success </li></ul><ul><li>and some life lessons for your digital futures </li></ul>
    14. 14. 1 st Top Tip for Success <ul><li>Planning and communication are essential! </li></ul><ul><li>“ Planning is an unnatural process. It is much nicer to just get on with the job: failure then comes as a complete surprise instead of being preceded by a period of worry and doubt.” Sir John Harvey-Jones </li></ul><ul><li>Technology project fail because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>32% - inadequate project management & control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20% - lack of communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17% - failure to define objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17% - lack of familiarity with project scope & complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14% - incorrect technology & project size Figures courtesy of KPMG </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. 2 nd Top Tip for Success <ul><li>Employ a great project manager! </li></ul><ul><li>Great collaborative projects are “owned” by everyone </li></ul><ul><li>The project manager just owns all the projects problems </li></ul><ul><li>Do you want to be that person? </li></ul>
    16. 16. 3 rd Top Tip for Success <ul><li>Generate trust and honour your partners! </li></ul><ul><li>Binding agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual benefit </li></ul><ul><li>Mean what you say </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be mean </li></ul><ul><li>Value and protect the relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to each other </li></ul>
    17. 17. 4 th Top Tip for Success <ul><li>Remember your infrastructure! </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure survey: can your goals be achieved with the technology available? </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure it is sustainable and you have a digital preservation strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure early scheduling of equipment delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Remember: IT staff cannot guarantee success, but they can definitely deliver failure </li></ul>
    18. 18. 5 th Top Tip for Success <ul><li>Read the F’ing Manual! (RTFM) </li></ul><ul><li>Quote from a technology magazine: Product Manuals: “introduce you to religion through a series of parables. Possibly. We haven’t read them, as we are men.” </li></ul><ul><li>A huge amount of failure and mis-communication can be avoided by reading the manuals or documentation </li></ul>

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