Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply



Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Heterosexism
    Week 7
  • 2. Types of Homophobia
    Interpersonal homophobia
    Interpersonal homophobia is individual behavior based on personal homophobia. This hatred or dislike may be expressed by name-calling, telling "jokes”, verbal and physical harassment, and other individual acts of discrimination.
  • 3. Types of Homophobia
    Institutional homophobia
    Institutional homophobia refers to the many ways in which government, businesses, churches, and other institutions and organizations discriminate against people on the basis of sexual orientation. 
  • 4. Types of Homophobia
    Cultural homophobia
    Cultural homophobia refers to social standards and norms which dictate that being heterosexual is better or more moral than being lesbian, gay, or bisexual, and that everyone is or should be heterosexual.
  • 5. Examples of Heterosexual Privilege
    Show affection in public safely and comfortably, without fear of harassment or violence
    Openly talk about one's partner and relationships to others without considering the consequences
    Benefit from societal "normalcy": the assumption that heterosexual individuals and relationships are valid, healthy, and non-deviant
    Assume that all people and relationships are heterosexual, unless otherwise known
    Not face rejection from one's family and friends because of one's sexual orientation or gender identity
  • 6. Easily access positive role models and media images for one's gender identity and sexual orientation
    Not be asked to speak on behalf of all heterosexuals
    Use gender specific pronouns when referring to one's spouse or partner without discomfort or fear of reprisal
    Have automatic recognition of one's spouse as next-of-kin in emergencies
    Easily select reading or viewing materials in which heterosexuality is the predominantly reflected orientation
    Have families similar to one's own represented in children's literature
  • 7. Raise children without fear that they will be rejected or harassed by peers because of their parents' sexual orientation or gender identities
    Receive support and validation from a religious community
    Not risk being denied employment, housing, or other services because of one's sexual orientation or gender identity
    Not be seen as needing therapy to "cure" one's sexual orientation or gender expression
  • 8. Anti-heterosexism
    USE GENDER INCLUSIVE AND NON-HETEROSEXIST LANGUAGE. Do not assume that you know someone's sexual orientation and/or the gender of one's romantic/sexual interests. Use inclusive language even if you know someone is heterosexual. Help educate and encourage others to use inclusive language, as well.
    ASSUME THAT ANYONE COULD BE LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL, QUEER, TWO-SPIRITED, TRANSGENDERED OR HETEROSEXUAL. Don't assume that everyone is heterosexual "unless you know otherwise" or that everyone should be heterosexual. Similarly, don't assume that someone is LGBQTT based on stereotypes or assumptions about one's friends.
  • 9. DON'T "OUT" PEOPLE. Do not force anyone to disclose one's sexual orientation. Also, if you know that someone is LGBQTT or is questioning one's sexual orientation, don't assume that you may tell anyone else. Be sensitive to the fact that some people are "out" in some areas of their lives, but not in others.
    DON'T THINK OF LGBQTT PERSONS SOLELY IN TERMS OF THEIR SEXUAL ORIENTATION. Just as the lives of heterosexual people include far more than their attraction to members of the opposite sex, LGBQTT persons also have friends, skills and multifaceted interests unrelated to their sexual orientation. Don't define anyone by one's sexual orientation.
  • 10. REMEMBER THAT AN INDIVIDUAL'S SEXUAL ORIENTATION INVOLVES MORE THAN SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR. It includes attraction, companionship, intimacy and emotional attachments as well as sexual activity.
    DO NOT FORCE PEOPLE TO HIDE their sexual orientation or gender identity.
    DON'T ASSUME THAT LGBQTT PEOPLE ARE SUFFERING or have regrets about their sexual orientation and want to be heterosexual. Likewise, if someone who is LGBQTT is having problems, don't assume that sexual orientation is the cause.
  • 11. RECOGNIZE INTERSECTIONS AND SIMILARITIES OF PREJUDICE. Heterosexism and other forms of oppression and discrimination have similarities and areas of overlap.
  • 12. More on Heterosexism and Homophobia
    It includes links on the following topics:
    Heterosexism, homophobia
    Hate crimes
    GLBT history, rights and resources