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Heterosexism

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Transcript

  • 1. Heterosexism
  • 2. Cultural Homophobia (Heterosexism)  Heterosexism is based on societal values that dictate that everyone is, or should be, heterosexual.
  • 3. Gender Identity vs. Sexual Orientation
  • 4. Symbols
  • 5. Types of Homophobia  Personal homophobia  Interpersonal homophobia  Institutional homophobia  Cultural homophobia www.endhomophobia.org
  • 6. Correlates of Homophobia  Demographic characteristics  Political and religious values  Personality and attitudinal characteristics
  • 7. Examples of Heterosexual Privilege  Show affection in public safely and comfortably, without fear of harassment or violence  Openly talk about one's partner and relationships to others without considering the consequences  Benefit from societal "normalcy": the assumption that heterosexual individuals and relationships are valid, healthy, and non-deviant  Assume that all people and relationships are heterosexual, unless otherwise known  Not face rejection from one's family and friends because of one's sexual orientation or gender identity
  • 8.  Easily access positive role models and media images for one's gender identity and sexual orientation  Not be asked to speak on behalf of all heterosexuals  Use gender specific pronouns when referring to one's spouse or partner without discomfort or fear of reprisal  Have automatic recognition of one's spouse as next-of-kin in emergencies  Easily select reading or viewing materials in which heterosexuality is the predominantly reflected orientation  Have families similar to one's own represented in children's literature
  • 9.  Raise children without fear that they will be rejected or harassed by peers because of their parents' sexual orientation or gender identities  Receive support and validation from a religious community  Not risk being denied employment, housing, or other services because of one's sexual orientation or gender identity  Not be seen as needing therapy to "cure" one's sexual orientation or gender expression  Marry
  • 10. Anti-heterosexism  USE GENDER INCLUSIVE AND NON-HETEROSEXIST LANGUAGE.  ASSUME THAT ANYONE COULD BE LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL, QUEER, TWO-SPIRITED, TRANSGENDERED OR HETEROSEXUAL.  DON'T "OUT" PEOPLE.  DON'T THINK OF LGBQTT PERSONS SOLELY IN TERMS OF THEIR SEXUAL ORIENTATION.  REMEMBER THAT AN INDIVIDUAL'S SEXUAL ORIENTATION INVOLVES MORE THAN SEXUAL BEHAVIOR.  DO NOT FORCE PEOPLE TO HIDE.  DON'T ASSUME THAT LGBQTT PEOPLE ARE SUFFERING.  RECOGNIZE INTERSECTIONS AND SIMILARITIES OF PREJUDICE.
  • 11. More on Heterosexism and Homophobia  See http://www.understandingprejudice.org/links/hetero.htm  Media that Matters: http://www.mediathatmattersfest.org/issue/gay_lesbian/