Research Design Selection• Gain familiarity with core designs.– Narrative, Ethnography, Grounded Theory, CaseStudy, Phenomenological• Examine research studies.• Align research question with design.• Become an expert.
Narrative• Narrative text used with a specific focus on the stories livedand told by individuals, and chronologically connected.– Analysis of narrative– Narrative analysis• Example– Factors that Influence Hispanic Students to Take AdvancedLevel Courses - Susan M. Caffery, Ed.D.
Ethnography• Observation and recording of shared learnedbehaviors of a cultural group.• Example– An Ethnographic Case Study of the ProfessionalDevelopment Model in a Successful ElementarySchool Within a Suburban SoutheastTexas School District– – Valerie Petrzelka, Ed.D.
Grounded Theory• Generate or discover a theory (Creswell, 1968)• Examples– Used primarily in Human Research Development.– Studies of workplace are development.– Responses to organizational change.– Conflict management.– Exploration of leadership values inteamwork.– Developing Long-Term Physical ActivityParticipation: A Grounded Theory Study WithAfrican American Women (Creswell, 2013)
Phenomenological• Describes the meaning for several individuals, theirlived experiences of a concept, or phenomenon.• Example– A Study of High School Veteran Teachers Who HaveChanged Instructional Paradigms to EmbraceDigital Tools: Framed Within AdultLearning Theory – Donna Fong, Ed.D.
Case Study• Issue explored through one or more cases within abounded system with detailed, in-depth datacollection (observations, interview, documents,etc.)• Example– Case Study of Implementation ofFlexible Grouping in One SchoolFramed Within the Change BasedAdoption Model – Donda Slaydon, Ed.D.
Researcher Role• Reduce bias– Use specificity with terms.– Set aside personal experiences.– Examine with a fresh perspective.• Epoche– Common in qualitative research.– Usually a page or so in length.
Data Collection Process• Yourself, someone else, or team?• Data Types– Interviews• Individual, pairs, or focus group?– Open-ended survey items– Artifacts– Social Media
Coding and Identifying Themes• Coding is the process of examining the rawqualitative data.• Results in assigning codes, labels, or themes towords, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs.• Themes are often referred to ascategories. Generally, no more that 5-7.• Themes are similar codes aggregatedtogether to form a major idea.
Coding Group Activity• Coding Qualitative Data– Examine code list and decide which code sums upthe text discussion.– Read a passage and provide a code for what ishappening in each line of the text.• Questions & Answers