What is a Film?
It is a sequence of
photographs projected onto
a screen with sufficient
rapidity as to create the
illusion of motion and
continuity. It is a connected
represented in this form.
Contrasting Types of Film
documentary), or biopics;
also Reality Films (or Movies)
- derived from Reality TV
Fictional Film (also called
Narrative Film); there are
also Docu-Fiction or DocuDramas (part fiction, part
documentary) or Semidocumentaries
Shorts (or short subjects),
anthology films (films with
two or more discrete stories),
'A' (or first-run) pictures;
Hollywood) studio films,
'B' pictures (and lower), also
called B-movies, or even Zmovies; independent (aka
indie), avant-garde or
films (usually low-budget), or
art-house films; amateur films
Basis in Reality:
Quality and Funding:
3-D or Stereoscopic
Black and white or
'Pan and Scan' formats
Animated films (hand-drawn, Live-action (or un-animated)
Foreign-language films (subtitled or dubbed)
Prequels, sequels, rereleases and remakes
Rated films - regarding the
degree of violence, profanity,
or sexual situations within
the film: G, PG, PG-13, R, NC17, or X
Message Pictures (usually
serious) or Propagandistic
Purely for Entertainment
The first stage in which the
ideas for the film are created, rights
to books/plays are bought etc., and
the screenplay is written. Financing
for the project has to be sought and
Preparations are made for
the shoot, in which cast and film
crew are hired, locations are
selected, and sets are built.
is a visualizing method that create a
blueprint of what the shot sequence
should be. The visual images are
drawn or made by programs such as
Photoshop. There may also be a
written caption as needed for each
The raw elements for the film
are recorded during the film shoot.
The images, sound, and visual
effects of the recorded film are
The finished film is
distributed and screened in
cinemas and/or released on
the protagonist usually takes a risky turn, which leads to
desperate situations (including explosions, fight scenes, daring
escapes, etc.). Action and Adventure are usually categorized
together (sometimes even as "action-adventure")
An adventure story is about a protagonist who
journeys to epic or distant places to accomplish
something. It can have many other genre elements
included within it, because it is a very open genre.
The protagonist has a mission and faces obstacles to
get to his destination.
a story that tells about a series of funny or comical events,
intended to make the audience laugh. It is a very open
genre, and thus crosses over with many other genres on a
story is about a crime that is being committed or was
committed. It can also be an account of a criminal's life.
It often falls into the Action or Adventure genres.
Dramas are serious, plot-driven presentations, portraying
realistic characters, settings, life situations, and stories
involving intense character development and interaction.
Epics take an historical or imagined
event, mythic, legendary, or heroic figure, and add
an extravagant setting and lavish
costumes, accompanied by grandeur and
spectacle, dramatic scope, high production
values, and a sweeping musical score.
A horror story is told to deliberately scare or frighten
the audience, through suspense, violence or shock.
War (and anti-war) films acknowledge the horror and
heartbreak of war, letting the actual combat fighting (against
nations or humankind) on land, sea, or in the air provide the
primary plot or background for the action of the film.
stories in this genre use scientific understanding to explain the
universe that it takes place in. It generally includes or is centered
on the presumed effects or ramifications of computers or
are cinematic forms that emphasize full-scale scores
or song and dance routines in a significant way
(usually with a musical or dance performance
integrated as part of the film narrative)
the major defining genre of the American film industry
- a eulogy to the early days of the expansive American
frontier. They are one of the oldest, most enduring
genres with very recognizable plots, elements, and
characters (six-guns, horses, dusty towns and trails,
cowboys, Indians, etc.).
is a low-budget commercial motion
picture that is not definitively an art
house or pornographic film.
is the cinematographic
combination of documentary and
fiction. A film genre which
attempts to capture reality and
simultaneously introduces unreal
elements or fictional situations.
Fictional film or Narrative film
is a film that tells a fictional or
fictionalized story, event or
narrative. In this style of film,
believable narratives and characters
help convince the audience that the
unfolding fiction is real.
is a term for a motion picture that
is playing in a selected few
theatre across the country.
Mockbuster (Knockbuster or a
is a film created with the apparent
intention of piggy-backing on the
publicity of a major film with a
similar title or theme and is often
made with a low budget.
is a term used when describing a
motion picture that has been
adapted from a stage play.
is a feature film that is a television
program produced for and originally
distributed by a television network,
in contrast to theatrical films, which
are made explicitly for initial
showing in movie theatres.
is a motion picture or television film
consisting of a photographed series
of drawings, objects, or computer
graphics that simulates motion by
recording very slight, continuous
changes in the images, frame by