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THE ITALIANNATIONAL ANTHEM• The Italian song, known as the Mamelianthem, has been written in 1847 byGoffredo Mameli when he was just 20. Thesong became officially the Italian nationalanthem on October the12th 1946.
THE OPERA• The most known expression of the Italian music is theOpera that is both theatre, music and ballet. Theinterpreters do not act their part speaking but singing.• The most important exponents of the Italian Opera areGiuseppe Verdi and Gioacchino Rossini.
GIOACCHINO ROSSINI• Gioacchino Rossini was born on the 29th February1792. The most important operas he wrote were„‟Barbiere di Siviglia‟‟, „‟Guglielmo Tell‟‟ and „‟Lagazza ladra‟‟.
GIUSEPPE VERDI• Giuseppe Verdi was born on the 10th October 1813. The mostimportant operas he wrote when he was young were„‟Nabucco‟‟ and „‟Macbeth‟‟. When he was older, the mostimportant operas he wrote were„‟Requiem‟‟, „‟Rigoletto‟‟, „‟Trovatore‟‟ and „‟Traviata‟‟.
• The greatest interpreters of the Italian Opera areEnrico Caruso and Luciano Pavarotti.
ENRICO CARUSO• Enrico Caruso was born in Naples on the 25thFebruary 1873. The most famous song heinterrpreted was „‟O‟ Sole mio‟‟. He is the first singerwho made records too.
LUCIANO PAVAROTTI• Luciano Pavarotti was born in Modena on the 12thOctober 1935. The most famous aria he interrpretedwas „‟Nessun dorma‟‟ by Puccini.
THE BRIGANDAGE AGE• During the end of the XVIIIth century and the begenning ofthe XIXth, the phenomenon of the brigandage spread out inthe South of Italy against the Italian Savoy “conquest” of theSouth of Italy. These outlaws storngly manifested their rage intheir anthems . The most known is „‟Brigante se more‟‟ .
LUCAN FOLK MUSIC• The Lucan folk music has its roots in the peasanttradition and today it still maintains its function in thepresent popular culture.