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The Holocaust - an Overview
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The Holocaust - an Overview

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  • 1. The Holocaust An Overview "Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it."
  • 2. Timeline
    • 1918 – Germany loses WWI; Nazi Party is formed.
    • 1933 – Hitler is appointed Chancellor. The first concentration camp, Dachau, is created.
    • 1934 – The German president dies; Hitler declares himself Reichsfuhrer – Leader of the Reich.
    • 1935 – Hitler announces the Nuremberg Laws, stripping Jewish citizens of many rights.
    • 1936 – The Olympics in Berlin – propaganda opportunity
    • 1938 – Kristallnacht, “Night of the Broken Glass” occurs.
    • 1939 – WWII begins. Ghettos are established.
    • 1941 – The first death camp, Chelmno, is established. The others followed in 1942.
    • 1942 – The Wannsee Conference occurs: The Final Solution is established.
    • 1945 – WWII comes to an end and the prisoners are liberated.
  • 3. Victims
    • Jews
    • Gypsies
    • Political enemies
    • Jehovah's Witnesses
    • Homosexuals
    • People with disabilities
  • 4. The Camps
    • Work/Labor Camps
      • Dachau
      • Buchenwald
      • Belzek
      • Stutthoff
      • Auschwitz-Birkenau
    • Extermination – Death Camps
      • Chelmno
      • Treblinka
      • Auschwitz-Birkenau
      • Sobibor
      • Belzek
      • Majdanek
  • 5. Ghetto Life
    • Kristallnacht – literally, "Night of Crystal” is usually referred to as the "Night of Broken Glass." It is the name given to the violent anti-Jewish pogrom of November 9 and 10, 1938.
    Kristallnacht
    • Ghettos were city districts (often enclosed) in which the Germans concentrated the Jewish population and forced them to live under miserable conditions.
    • Warsaw, Lodz, Krakow
  • 6. Adolf Hitler & The Nazi Party
    • Hitler’s Entry to Politics
    • The Nazi Party’s Rise to Power
    • The Third Reich
    • Hitler Youth
    Dr. Josef Mengele .
    • A German SS officer and a physician in the camp Auschwitz-Birkenau.
  • 7. The Final Solution to the Jewish Question
    • Refers to the Nazis' plan to engage in systematic genocide against the European Jewish population.
    • The Wannsee Conference
    • The Nuremberg Trials
  • 8. Propaganda
    • Hitler established a Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda headed by Joseph Goebbels.
    • Leni Riefenstahl, film maker
    Resistance & The Rescuers
    • Rescuers came from every walk of life, including teachers, students, shopkeepers, factory workers, housewives, and farmers. Ages ranged from late teens to eighties.
    • Oskar Schindler, Raoul Wallenberg
  • 9. Rescue & Liberation
    • As Allied troops entered Nazi-occupied territories, the final rescue and liberation transpired. It was 1945.