Sentence Patterns

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Sentence Patterns

  1. 2. <ul><li>Independent Clause (IC) </li></ul><ul><li>An IC is a group of words which contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The dog barked at the cat . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dependent Clause (DC) </li></ul><ul><li>A DC is a group of words which contains a subject and a verb but CANNOT stand alone. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When the dog barked at the cat … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinating Conjunction (CC) </li></ul><ul><li>CCs are the seven words that join words, phrases, or clauses. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It was raining , so I took my umbrella . </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>IC (1 Independent Clause) </li></ul><ul><li>IC, CC IC (2 Independent Clauses joined by a Coordinating Conjunction) </li></ul><ul><li>DC, IC (1 Dependent Clause + a comma + and 1 Independent Clause) </li></ul><ul><li>IC DC (1 Independent Clause (no comma) + 1 Dependent Clause) </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>IC: </li></ul><ul><li>The cat and dog ran through the kitchen on their way to the food bowls . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>IC, CC IC: </li></ul><ul><li>The cat ran through the kitchen , but the dog took the shortcut through the pantry . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>DC, IC: </li></ul><ul><li>While the dog cut through the pantry , the cat ran straight through the kitchen . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>IC DC: </li></ul><ul><li>The cat ran through the kitchen before the dog ran through the pantry . </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>John went to school, but James remained at home. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li> , </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>If he changes his mind, we shall know for sure. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>, </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>On the way to the pool, Robert tripped over the big log and fell in. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>I am happy to be free from debt, but do not ask to borrow any money! </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li> , </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Were you ever in a storm that was full of lightning? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>

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