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Participles

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Transcript

  • 1. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
    • A verb form that is used as an ADJECTIVE.
      • PAST or PRESENT
      • End in –ing, -d, -ed, –en, -t
  • 2. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
    • Participles can be found at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence, but they MUST BE relatively close to the noun or pronoun they modify.
    • Participles are ONE WORD.
    • Participial phrases consist of that ONE WORD plus modifiers.
  • 3. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
    • STEPS to finding the
    • participle or participial phrase
      • 1. Find the subject.
      • 2. Find the real verb .
      • 3. Look for other words that look like verbs (word endings are the clue).
  • 4.
    • The pouring rain drove us inside for the party.
      • “ Pouring” is the participle
      • It describes rain.
        • Avoid getting the participle confused with the REAL verb – in this case “drove.”
    EXAMPLE #1
  • 5. EXAMPLE #2
    • The marine biologist, diving near a reef , saw a shark.
      • “ diving ” is the participle
      • “ near a reef ” is the modifier
      • This phrase describes the biologist.
      • Subject and real verb: biologist saw
  • 6. EXAMPLE #3
    • Known for her patience , Mrs. Garcia was his favorite teacher.
      • “ known ” is the participle
      • “ for her patience ” is the modifier
      • This phrase describes Mrs. Garcia.
        • Subject and REAL verb : Mrs. Garcia was
  • 7. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
    • Twirling their canes , the dancers tapped across the stage.
    • She heard me sighing loudly .
    • A peeled and sliced cucumber can be added to a garden salad.
  • 8.
    • The bike had a broken spoke.
    • Her smiling face made everyone happy.
    • The frightened child was crying loudly.
    • The people were frightened by the growling dog.
    • The squeaking wheel needs some grease.
    PRACTICE…
  • 9.
    • Running slowly, the man finished the race.
    • The boy, crying his head off, finally did his work.
    • The teacher, retiring at a young age, could now travel widely.
    • Tripping over the cords, the man fell on his face.
    PRACTICE…
  • 10. What’s wrong with these?
    • 11. I saw my birthday gift peeking through the window.
    • 12. Tripping over the cords, the computer fell off the table.
    • These are called Dangling Participles - and they are WRONG. Avoid them at all costs and don’t let your participles dangle in public!