Judaism
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  • Where's Moses???? I mean come on, he's one of the most important figures in Jewish history and without him Judaism would not be what it is today. You cannot ignore the fact that Moses went up Mount Sinai and received the 10 commandments from G-d. Also, Saul and Sarah should not be included in important people because they made no considerable contribution to Judaism when compared to other more worthy figures. I feel a lot of crucial basic information is needed and more explaining to be done on some of your facts because if you don't already thoroughly understand the religion then you will be totally and utterly confused when dates are being thrown at you along with events that are not clearly explained as to why they happened.
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Transcript

  • 1. Judaism By: Neeraja Panchapakesan
  • 2. History
    • Judaism began during the Bronze age in the Middle East
    • The kingdom fell apart around 920 BC and the Jewish people split into groups
    • Jews were stronger during the next 300 years and were able to practice their faith freely
    • In 175 the King of Syria destroyed the temple and established a series of laws aiming to wipe out Judaism. There was a revolt and the temple was restored
    • Internal divisions weakened the kingdom and the Romans took over in 63 BC
    • During the first 150 years, the Jews rebelled and got restrictions on freedom
    • The next Millennium began with the Crusades, military operations by Christian countries to capture the Holy Land
    • By the end of the 1700s, Jews began to suffer persecution in central Europe, and in Russia they began to be restricted to living in a particular area of the country called The Pale
    • Reform Judaism came in the 19th century and held that Jewish law and ritual should move with the times, and not be fixed
    • The 1930s and 1940s was dominated by the Holocaust when 6 million Jews were persecuted
  • 3. Important People
    • Abraham- established the belief that there is only one God, the creator of the universe; Abraham was brought by God from Mesopotamia to Canaan, he entered into a covenant in exchange for sole recognition of Yahweh as supreme universal deity and authority
    • Saul- the first King of Israel, was a Torah Scholar and a successful warrior-king against the enemies of Israel.
    • Sarah - First Lady of the Imahot, Founding Mothers of the Jewish People, the wife and teaching partner of Avraham
  • 4. Beliefs
    • There is one God that created the universe and has a relationship with each individual
    • God continues to work in the world, affecting everything that the people do
    • There are no other Gods
    • Keep God’s laws
    • God appointed the Jews to be his chosen people in order to set an example of holiness and ethical behavior to the world
  • 5. Life Events
    • Bar/Bat Mitzvah- "Bar Mitzvah" literally means "son of the commandment." "Bar" is "son", "Mitzvah" is "commandment”, "Bat" is daughter, the term refers to the child who is coming of age, and it is strictly correct to refer to someone as becoming a bar or bat mitzvah
    • Marriage and Divorce- a voice from heaven will tell who your mate will be, but not all marriages are good, so divorce is allowed and is accepted as a fact of life
    • Death and Mourning- death is not a tragedy under any circumstances, it is a natural process, mourning shows respect for the dead
    • Afterlife- only 1 life, each person is judged by the life they lived
  • 6. Types
    • Orthodox- includes Hasidim and Haredim, believe the Torah and the Talmud Contain the actual words of God which must be Applied in all circumstances
    • Progressive- includes
    • Reform Judaism and Liberal Judaism,
    • believe in the divine inspiration of the Torah
    • Conservative- attempt
    • to have a positive attitude
    • toward modern culture, the idea
    • of flexibility is deeply rooted in them
  • 7. Holidays
    • Rosh Hashanah - the new year of the Jewish calendar
    • Yom Kippur - the holiest day, day that everyone is judged by God
    • Passover - an eight day festival celebrating the freeing of the Israelites from Egyptian bondage
    • Hanukkah - eight day Holiday of
    • Lights celebrating the miracle
    • of a little oil that lasted eight
    • days and the victory of
    • ancient Israelites over the Syrian-Greeks
  • 8. Place of Prayer
    • Shul- used by the Orthodox and Chasidim
    • Synagogue- used by the Conservative Jews
    • Temple- used by the Reform Jews
  • 9. Bibliography
    • http:// www.jewfaq.org/toc.htm
    • http://www.remember.org/guide/Facts.root.whoare.html
    • http://www.world-faiths.com/Judaism/judaism.htm
    • http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/
    • http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/
    • http://www.aish.com/holidays/
    • http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/history/history_1.shtml
    • http://www.simpletoremember.com/vitals/Great_Rabbis_and_Jewish_Leaders.htm