Gerund PowerPoint

53,683 views
53,819 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
7 Comments
26 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
53,683
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3,192
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2,305
Comments
7
Likes
26
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Gerund PowerPoint

  1. 1. G erunds Looks like a VERB, acts like a NOUN ALWAYS ends in -ing
  2. 2. Gerunds <ul><li>Can be used in any of the six noun “slots.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predicate Nominative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Object </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indirect Object </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Object of the Preposition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appositive </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Gerunds as Subjects <ul><li>The subject is usually at the beginning of the sentence. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swimming is the best sport ever! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking for work can be a difficult task. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Gerunds as predicate nominatives <ul><li>Remember that PNs follow linking verbs. They can EASILY be confused with action verbs… read the sentence carefully. </li></ul><ul><li>Which one is a PN? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My favorite hobby is knitting . ( Hint: The hobby isn’t doing the knitting!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She is athletic, and her best sport is diving. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NOT A PN: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I am running a marathon this weekend. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Gerunds as direct objects <ul><li>Direct Objects follow action verbs and tell who or what. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Janie loves playing video games . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All of the students like taking notes on gerunds. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Gerunds as Indirect objects <ul><li>Remember you must first have a DO. </li></ul><ul><li>IO’s tell for/to whom/what. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharon gives studying her best effort. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, she gives watching TV all her time. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Gerunds as objects of prepositions <ul><li>Objects of prepositions follow preps and are in phrases. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I will study for exams by taking good notes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You will need a new pen set for drawing pictures . </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Gerunds as Appositives <ul><li>Appositives can rename any noun. A gerund as an appositive might look like this: </li></ul><ul><li>My hobby, swimming , keeps me in shape. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gerunds vs. other –ing words <ul><li>Gerunds vs. Participles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participles modify nouns. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gerunds are nouns. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which one’s which? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The crying baby was hungry. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She got her way by crying. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Gerunds vs. other –ing words <ul><li>Many verbs can end in –ing. Be aware of them! </li></ul><ul><li>Which one’s which? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The children were running in the park. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Her hobby was running in the park. </li></ul></ul>

×