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Clauses Powerpoint
 

Clauses Powerpoint

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    Clauses Powerpoint Clauses Powerpoint Presentation Transcript

    • Clauses Identifying adjective, adverb, and noun clauses in a sentence.
    • PHRASE VS. CLAUSE
      • A clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a verb .
      • It is different from a phrase in that a phrase does not include a subject and a verb relationship.
    • Independent clauses
      • A clause that can stand by itself and still make sense.
      • It can be its OWN sentence, or be part of a larger one:
        • Jerry wants to be the quarterback this week. (simple sentence)
        • Jerry wants to be the quarterback this week , but Jimmy thinks he will be . (compound sentence)
    • Independent clauses
      • By a comma and little conjunction ( and, but, or, nor, for, yet, and sometimes so ).
      • By a semicolon , by itself.
      • By a semicolon accompanied by a conjunctive adverb (such as however, moreover, nevertheless, as a result, consequently , etc.).
      • And, of course, independent clauses are often not connected by punctuation at all but are separated by a period.
    • Subordinate clauses
      • A clause that cannot stand by itself.
      • It depends on something else, an independent clause, for its meaning.
      • A subordinate clause trying to stand by itself would be a sentence fragment .
      • Subordinate clauses are sometimes called dependent clauses.
    • Subordinate clauses
      • Examples:
        • While the kangaroo crossed the road , the tourists stayed inside their cars.
        • The man who is coaching that team is my father.
        • What the team needs now is a championship!
      • Subordinate clauses can act as adjectives, adverbs or nouns.
    • Using Commas with clauses
      • TWO TYPES ~~~ Essential vs. Nonessential
      • Essential = necessary, no commas
      • Nonessential = extra info, use commas
        • Every player who hits a home run receives a trophy. ( Essential, no commas)
        • The players , who vary in age from eight to twelve , wear blue uniforms . (Nonessential, set apart by commas)
    • Adjective Clause
      • Subordinate clause
      • Modifies a noun or pronoun
      • Begins with a relative pronoun
    • Relative Pronouns
      • Who/whoever
      • Whom/whomever
      • whose
      • which
      • What/whatever
      • that
      • where and when (sometimes)
    • Adjective Clause examples
      • Men who are in the cooking contest should know how to make chili.
      • Biology is the course that my uncle teaches .
      • Watch Out ~~ for the understood “that”!
      • Biology is the course my uncle teaches .
    • Adverb Clauses
      • Subordinate clause
      • Modifies a verb, adverb or adjective
      • Tells:
        • how, when, where, why, to what extent and under what condition.
      • Introduced by a subordinating conjunction
    • Subordinating Conjunctions
      • after as though since when
      • although because so that whenever
      • as before than where
      • as if even though though wherever
      • as long as if unless whether
      • as soon as in order that until while
      • ** There is also a list in your packet.
    • Adverb Clause examples
      • Because it was raining , we came inside. ( Intro. Adverb Clause - IAC )
      • We went to the football game after we ate dinner . ( Regular Order Adverb Clause-ROAC)
    • Noun Clauses
      • A noun clause is a subordinate clause that functions as a noun.
      • It can do anything a noun can do:
        • Subject, Predicate Nominative, Direct Object, Indirect Object, Object of the Preposition.
    • Noun Clauses
      • Words that introduce noun clauses are:
        • How, if, that, what, whatever, when, where, whether, which, who, whoever, whom, whomever, whose, why
      • Examples:
        • The big question is whether he’ll finish the marathon.
        • Everyone knows that Tim runs
        • at least a mile every day.
    • Don’t forget the position rules!
      • If the clause begins the sentence= Adverb or Noun
      • If the clause follows a noun = usually Adjective
      • If the clause follows the verb = Adverb or Noun