Arabic Powerpoint

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Arabic Powerpoint

  1. 1. Arabic العربية al-‘arabiyyah   Adam Roecks
  2. 2. Important Arabic Facts <ul><li>The Arabic Alphabet is a script that is used for the writing of Arabic and other languages such as Persian and Urdu </li></ul><ul><li>It is written in a cursive style and is written from right to left </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic contains 28 different letters </li></ul><ul><li>There is no distinction upper and lower case in Arabic </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic is considered a guttural language because many of the sounds come from using the back of the throat </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic has 3 vowels, /a/ ‘alif, /i/ yā' , and /u/ w āw ; Also has 2 diphthongs /aj/ and /aw/ a diphthong </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. in English is eye or cow. The tongue moves in smooth transition to pronounce a diphthong. </li></ul><ul><li>The Arabic numbering system was written by Indian mathematicians but they also adopted the Western system of numbering also </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of Arabic and the Qu’ran <ul><li>Arabic is part of the Semitic languages and Semitic languages were started in the Mediterranean Basin, Tigris-Euphrates River Basin, and the Levant </li></ul><ul><li>The very first recorded Arabic text are found in Saudi Arabia in the 8 th century B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic is the language of the Qu’ran; most of the world’s 1.3 billion Muslims don’t speak Arabic but can recite verses from the Qu’ran </li></ul><ul><li>The Qu’ran is written in Classical Arabic, the Arabic for religious writings </li></ul><ul><li>The Qu’ran is also written in calligraphy, which is an ornate style of writing </li></ul>
  4. 4. Arabic Influence In Other Languages <ul><li>Arabic has an influence in places that used to be dominated by Muslims or places that traded a lot with Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic is a major source of vocabulary for languages such as Urdu, Persian, Swahili, Hindi, and others </li></ul><ul><li>The Arabic script is used in Persian and Urdu </li></ul><ul><li>Turkish, before the script was changed in 1932, used the Arabic script, and the language still has words borrowed from Arabic </li></ul>
  5. 5. Arabic Influence- Iberian Peninsula <ul><li>Since Muslims ruled the Iberian Peninsula for almost 800 years, Spanish and Portuguese have their share of words from Arabic, especially Spanish dialects in Southern Spain, near North Africa </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dialects of Arabic and Where its Spoken <ul><li>Arabic is spoken in the Arab world which stretches from North Africa all the way to the Persian Gulf </li></ul><ul><li>In general, Middle Easterners can understand each other, but have trouble understanding North Africans </li></ul>
  7. 7. Arabic Dialects- North Africa <ul><li>Egyptian Arabic- Most widely understood Arabic, 76 million speakers </li></ul><ul><li>Maghreb Arabic- Spoken by Moroccans, Tunisians, Algerians and Tunisians, 60 million speakers </li></ul>
  8. 8. Arabic Dialects- Middle East <ul><li>Levantine Arabic (Mediterranean Arabic)- Spoken by Syrians, Jordanians, Palestinians, Lebanese, and Cypriots, 35 million speakers but it is widely understood </li></ul><ul><li>Gulf Arabic- Spoken in the Gulf States and East & Central Saudi Arabia, 34 million speakers but also, its widely understood </li></ul><ul><li>Iraqi Arabic- Spoken by the 29 million Iraqis, it is reasonably different from the other Arabic dialects </li></ul>
  9. 9. Basic Arabic Phrases <ul><li>Marhabbah- Hello, and the reply is Marhabbteen </li></ul><ul><li>Sabah al Khair- Good Afternoon/Night </li></ul><ul><li>Shukran- Thank You; Aafwaan- You’re Welcome </li></ul><ul><li>Ahlan wa sahlan- Welcome </li></ul><ul><li>Aysh ismuk- What is your name? Ismi…- My name is … </li></ul><ul><li>Inta min weyn- Where are you from? Ana min…- I’m from … </li></ul><ul><li>Naam- Yes; Aywa- Ok; La- No </li></ul><ul><li>Sida- Straight; Yasar- Left; Yameen- Right </li></ul><ul><li>Maasasaamah- Goodbye </li></ul>

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