Difference between guidance and
Both Guidance and Counseling are process used to
solve problems of life.
The basic difference is in the approach. In the
process of guidance, the client's problems are
listened carefully and readymade solutions are
provided by the expert
where as in the process of counseling the client's
problems are discussed and relevant information are
provided in-between. In the end of the counseling
process, the client himself/herself have a insight to
the problem and he/she become empowered to take
Meaning of counseling
Counseling is a method of guidance of an
individual. It helps the client to grow to a greater
maturity by allowing the individuals to take
responsibilities and to make their own decisions.
Concept of counseling
1. Counseling is a relationship between two people
where one person attempts to assist the other to
organize himself better to attain a form of
happiness by adjusting to the situation.
2. The relationship between the counselor and the
client helps to openly discuss the problem faced by
the client. This helps to increase the skills, courage
and self confidence in the client and creates a new
behavior in the client.
3. New methods are explored to identify solutions
for the perceived problem faced by the client.
Sometimes, the client may not find a solution, but
the thought of being able to share the problem with
another person itself can give a satisfaction to the
4. Counseling also helps to develop a set of goals
for future behavior of an individual (Client).
Nature of counseling
help someone understand their problems
and concerns from a psychological standpoint
process thoughts and feelings from past
experiences that impact the present
understand how life context and external
stressors impact current functioning
connect with their personal strengths and intuition
develop a plan for healing / change
assist with developing more effective methods of
coping and managing life on a daily basis
help someone learn to use effective strategies to
prevent return to unhealthy behaviors or
ineffective coping strategies
When counseling is successful, a person should
feel better able to face life's challenges using more
healthy and effective coping mechanisms.
Counseling is a Collaborative Process.
Effective counseling is conducted with continuing
input from the client. Once we evaluate presenting
problems, we work with the client and give
prioritizes individual needs and outlines strategies
to meet goals.
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