Problem-Based Learning by Zlaikha

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Problem-Based Learning by Zlaikha

  1. 1. Problem-Based Learning Creating opportunities for inquiry, investigation, research, and resolution.
  2. 2. PBL was developed in Canada, in the late 1960s by Howard Barrows
  3. 3. What is Problem-Based Learning? • An instructional method which focuses on the investigation and resolution of messy, “real world” problems as a context for students to learn critical thinking and problem solving skills • “Students work individually and/or in groups to solve challenging problems that are authentic, curriculum-based, and often interdisciplinary”
  4. 4. Benefits of PBL • Makes learning relevant to the real world (and answers the dreaded question…) • Moves learning from a passive activity to an active activity -- learning becomes the act of discovery • Increases motivation -- students are more engaged, interested, and energetic learners as they make a personal investment in the outcome of their inquiry
  5. 5. Present the Problem • Figure out how students will meet the problem • Hook the students through the problem format • Give students a role in the problem • Allow students to define the real problem for themselves
  6. 6. Generate Solutions • Learners begin to recommend solutions based on the information they have gathered • Students’ goal is to develop best solution according to problem conditions • Responsible thinkers are able to justify solution(s) with supportive evidence
  7. 7. 6. Performance Assessment • Goal is for teacher to assess LEARNING • Ongoing assessments throughout process are ideal -good for assessing both individual and group accountability • Teachers embed instruction to help students explore important information related to the problem • Teacher typically assesses culminating performance via a rubric -- on content, presentation skills, teamwork, and fit of solution.
  8. 8. Advantage Improve the ability to think and know a lot of science
  9. 9. Disadvantage • When student do not have the interest or do not have confidence that the problem is difficult to be learned at the break, then they will fell reluctant to try it
  10. 10. ‫سلم‬ written by Zulaikha (‫زوليخ‬ )

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