PRODUCT AND PROCESS
LAYOUT
PRODUCT LAYOUT
• Arranged in one line depending upon the sequence of operations.
• Materials move sequentially.
• Output o...
Lathe Grinder
DrillerAssemblyPaint shop
SUITABLITY• Mass production
of standardized
products
• Simple and
repetitive
manufacturing
process
• Operation time
for di...
PROCESS LAYOUT
Machines of a similar type are arranged together at one place.
The work, which has to be done, is allocated...
SUITABLITY
ADVANTAGES
DISADVANTAGES
• Products are not
standardized
• Quantity produced
is small
• There are frequent
chan...
Product and Process Layout
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Product and Process Layout

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Explains the concept and benefits of product and process layout.

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Product and Process Layout

  1. 1. PRODUCT AND PROCESS LAYOUT
  2. 2. PRODUCT LAYOUT • Arranged in one line depending upon the sequence of operations. • Materials move sequentially. • Output of one machine becoming input of the next. a) All the machine tools or other items of equipment's must be placed at the point demanded by the sequence of operations b) There should no points where one line crossed another line. c) Materials may be fed where they are required for assembly but not necessarily at one point. d) All the operations including assembly, testing packing must be included in the line PRINCIPLES OF GROUPING OF MACHINES
  3. 3. Lathe Grinder DrillerAssemblyPaint shop
  4. 4. SUITABLITY• Mass production of standardized products • Simple and repetitive manufacturing process • Operation time for different process is more or less equal • Continuous supply of materials ADVANTAGES • Smooth and uninterrupted operations • Low cost of material handling, due to absence of backtracking • Optimum use of floor space DISADVANTAGES • Breakdown of one machine will hamper the whole production process • Lesser flexibility as specially laid out for particular product.
  5. 5. PROCESS LAYOUT Machines of a similar type are arranged together at one place. The work, which has to be done, is allocated to the machines according to loading schedules with the object of ensuring that each machine is fully loaded. PRINCIPLES OF GROUPING OF MACHINES a) The distance between departments should be as short as possible for avoiding long distance movement of materials b) The departments should be in sequence of operations c) The arrangement should be convenient for inspection and supervision
  6. 6. SUITABLITY ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES • Products are not standardized • Quantity produced is small • There are frequent changes in design and style of product • Job shop type of work is done • Machines are very expensive • High degree of machine utilization. • Change in output design and volume can be more easily • Breakdown of one machine does not result in complete work stoppage. • Material handling costs are high due to backtracking • More skilled labor is required resulting in higher cost

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