Type 2 Diabetes Learn the Warning Signs
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Type 2 Diabetes Learn the Warning Signs

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What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes strikes people of all ages, and early symptoms are subtle. In fact, about one out of three people with type 2 diabetes don't know they have it. This chronic condition thwarts the body's ability to use the carbohydrates in food for energy. The result is elevated blood sugar. Over time, this excess sugar raises the risk for heart disease, loss of vision, nerve and organ damage, and other serious conditions.

Read this slideshow to understand the risk involved and how to manage it.

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Type 2 Diabetes Learn the Warning Signs Type 2 Diabetes Learn the Warning Signs Presentation Transcript

  • Type 2 Diabetes: Learn the Warning Sign Compiled by Dawn Ho Http://DawnHo.net1
  • 2 What is Type 2 Diabetes?Type 2 diabetes strikes people of all ages, and earlysymptoms are subtle. In fact, about one out of threepeople with type 2 diabetes dont know they have it. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 3What is Type 2 Diabetes? This chronic condition thwarts the bodys ability to use the carbohydrates in food for energy. The result is elevated blood sugar. Over time, this excess sugar raises the risk for heart disease, loss of vision, nerve and organ damage, and other serious conditions. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 4 Diabetes Warning Sign: ThirstPeople with type 2 diabetes frequently have nosymptoms. When symptoms do appear, one of thefirst may be an increase in thirst. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 5Diabetes Warning Sign: ThirstThis is often accompanied by additionalproblems, including dry mouth, increasedappetite, frequent urination -- sometimes asoften as every hour -- and unusual weightloss or gain. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 6 Diabetes Warning Sign: HeadacheAs blood sugar levels become more abnormal,additional symptoms may include headaches, blurredvision, and fatigue. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 7Diabetes Warning Sign:Infection In most cases, type 2 diabetes is not discovered until it takes a noticeable toll on health. One red flag is troubling infections, such as: Cuts or sores that are slow to heal Frequent yeast infections or urinary tract infections Itchy skin, especially in the groin area Http://DawnHo.net
  • 8Diabetes Warning Sign: SexualdysfunctionSexual dysfunction is common among people withdiabetes. Diabetes can cause damage to bloodvessels and nerve endings in the genitals, leading to aloss of feeling and making orgasm difficult.
  • 9Diabetes Warning Sign: Sexualdysfunction Other complications can include vaginal dryness and impotence in men. Its estimated between 35% and 70% of men with diabetes will have at least some degree of impotence in their lifetime. And about 1 in 3 women with diabetes will experience some form of sexual dysfunction. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 10Risk Factors You Can Control Some health habits and medical conditions related to your lifestyle can increase the odds of developing type 2 diabetes, including: Being overweight, especially at the waist A sedentary lifestyle Smoking Http://DawnHo.net
  • 11Risk Factors You Can ControlA diet high in red meat, processed meat, high-fat dairy products, and sweets Abnormal cholesterol and blood fats, such as HDL "good" cholesterol lower than 35 mg/dL or a triglyceride level over 250 mg/dL
  • 12Risk Factors You CannotControl Race or ethnicity: Indians, followed by Malays and Chinese have a higher than average risk. Family history of diabetes: Having a parent or sibling with diabetes boosts your risk. Age: Being 45 and older increases your risk of type 2 diabetes.The more risk factors you have, the greater yourodds of developing type 2 diabetes. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 13Risk Factors for Women Having gestational diabetes when youre pregnant puts you at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes later on. Women who give birth to a baby weighing over 9 pounds are also at risk. Having a history of polycystic ovary syndrome can also cause insulin resistance that can lead to diabetes. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 14How Does Insulin Work?In a healthy person, insulin helps turn food into energy-- in an efficient manner. The stomach breaks downcarbohydrates from food into sugars, includingglucose. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 15How Does Insulin Work? Glucose then enters the bloodstream, which stimulates the pancreas to release insulin in just the right amount. Insulin,a hormone, allows glucose to enter cells throughout the body, where it is used as fuel. Excess glucose is stored in the liver. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 16 Type 2 Diabetes: Metabolism MishapsIn type 2 diabetes, the cells cannot absorb glucoseproperly. That means glucose levels in the bloodbecome elevated.
  • 17Type 2 Diabetes: MetabolismMishaps If youve developed a condition called insulin resistance, the body makes excess insulin, but the muscle, liver, and fat cells do not use or respond properly to the insulin. With long-standing uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, the pancreas will reduce the amount of insulin it produces. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 18Managing Diabetes: Diet Fortunately, controlling blood sugar levels by changing diet can also cut your risk of complications. People with type 2 diabetes should carefully monitor carbohydrate consumption, as well as total fat and protein intake, and reduce calories. Ask your doctor for a referral to a registered dietician to help you with healthy choices and an eating plan that will work for you. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 19 Managing Diabetes: ExerciseRoutine exercise, such as strength training or walking,improves the bodys use of insulin and can lowerblood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
  • 20Managing Diabetes: ExerciseBeing active also helps reduce body fat,lower blood pressure, and protect againstheart disease. People with type 2 diabetesshould try to get 30 minutes of moderateexercise on most days of the week. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 21 Managing Diabetes: Stress ReductionStress can cause blood pressure to rise. It can alsoincrease glucose levels in your blood as part of your"fight or flight" response Http://DawnHo.net
  • 22Managing Diabetes: StressReductionInstead of letting stress take its toll, trypracticing relaxation techniques such asdeep breathing, meditation, or visualization.Sometimes talking to a friend, familymember, counsellor, or member of theclergy can help. If youre still battling stress,reach out to your doctor. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 23 Managing Diabetes: Oral Medication When people with type 2 diabetes are unable to control blood sugar sufficiently with diet and exercise, medication may be added. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 24 Managing Diabetes: InsulinYour doctor may prescribe insulin early on in yourtreatment and in combination with pills. Insulin is alsoused in people with type 2 diabetes who develop"beta-cell failure." Http://DawnHo.net
  • 25Managing Diabetes: InsulinThis means the cells in the pancreas nolonger produce insulin in response to highblood sugar levels. In this case, insulintherapy -- injections or an insulin pump --must become part of the daily routine. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 26Long-Term Damage: ArteriesPeople with diabetes are likely to develop plaque intheir arteries, reducing blood flow and increasing riskof clots. This hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis)raises the risk of heart attack and stroke. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 27Long-Term Damage: ArteriesOver time, untreated type 2 diabetes candamage many of the bodys systems. Abouttwo out of three people with diabetes die ofheart disease. Having diabetes also puts youat a two to four times higher risk for stroke. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 28Long-Term Damage: KidneysThe longer you have diabetes, the greaterthe risk of developing chronic kidneydisease. Diabetes is the leading cause ofkidney failure, accounting for 44% of newcases in 2008. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 29Long-Term Damage: Kidneys Controlling risk factors such as uncontrolled diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol reduces your risk of developing this complication. Annual screening for kidney disease and medications, which slow the development and progression of kidney disease, are used to reduce your risk of kidney failure. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 30Long-Term Damage: EyesHigh blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vesselsthat bring oxygen and nutrients to the retina, a criticalpart of the eye. This is known as diabetic retinopathy,and it can cause progressive, irreversible vision loss. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 31 Long-Term Damage: EyesIt is the leading cause of new cases of blindness inpeople between the ages of 20 and 74. Pools ofblood, or haemorrhages, on the retina of an eye arevisible in this image. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 32Long-Term Damage: NervePainOver time, uncontrolled diabetes andelevated blood sugars create a very real riskfor nerve damage. Symptoms can includetingling, numbness, pain, and a pins andneedles sensation -- often in thefingers, hands, toes, or feet. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 33Long-Term Damage: FeetDiabetic nerve damage can make it difficult to feelyour feet and detect injury. At the same time,hardening of the arteries results in poor blood flow tothe feet. Foot sores and gangrene can occur, evenfrom small injury. In severe cases, infections can gounchecked and result in an amputation. Http://DawnHo.net
  • 34 Preventing Type 2 DiabetesOne of the most astonishing things about type 2diabetes is that such a life-altering condition is oftenpreventable. To lower your risk, follow the sameguidelines for warding off heart disease: Eat a healthy diet. Exercise for 30 minutes, five days a week. Maintain a healthy weight. Talk to your doctor about being screened for pre- diabetes. In people with pre-diabetes, lifestyle changes and medication can help prevent the progression to type 2 diabetes.
  • 35Visit Http://DawnHo.net Sign up for weekly newsletter for health tips and guides. Register for non-invasive health screening. Share information with your community.Remember to be socially responsible. Lifehas an expiry date, take good care of yourhealth today! Http://DawnHo.net