Blue brain project

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The Blue Brain Project is an attempt to create a synthetic brain by reverse-engineering the mammalian brain down to the molecular level. The aim of the project, founded in May 2005 by the Brain and Mind Institute of the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland, is to study the brain's architectural and functional principles.

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Blue brain project

  1. 1. BLUE BRAIN
  2. 2. CONTENTS: 1.Introduction 2.What is blue brain? 3.What is virtual brain? 4.Why we need virtual brain? 5.Functions of brain 6.Brain simulation 7.Hardware and software requirement 8.Current research work 9.Advantage 10.Disadvantage
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Human Brain—The most valuable creation of God  The intelligence of a person is lost after his/her death.  The brain translates the information delivered by the impulses , which then enables the person to react.  But we loss the knowledge of a brain when the body is destroyed after the death of person. 3
  4. 4. Is there any solution for this?
  5. 5. WHAT IS BLUE BRAIN? BLUE BRAIN—The world’s first virtual brain.  The IBM now developing a machine can function as human brain. that Today scientists are in research to create an artificial brain that can think, response, take decision, and keep anything in memory.
  6. 6. So, even after the death of a person we will not loose the knowledge, intelligence, personalities, feelings and memories of that man that can be used for the development of the human society. No one has ever understood the complexity of human brain. It is complex than any circuitry in the world. So, question may arise “Is it really possible to create a human brain?” The answer is “Yes”.
  7. 7. WHAT IS VIRTUAL BRAIN? A machine that functions as human Brain. We can just call it as Artificial Brain. It can think like brain, take decisions based on the past experience, and response as the natural brain can.
  8. 8. It is possible by using a super computer, with a huge amount of storage capacity, processing power and an interface between the human brain and this artificial one. Through this interface the data stored in the natural brain can be up loaded into the computer. So the brain and the knowledge, intelligence of anyone can be kept and used for ever, even after the death of the person.
  9. 9. WHY DO WE NEED VIRTUAL BRAIN? Today we are developed because of our intelligence. Intelligence is the in born quality that can not be created. Some people have this quality, so that they can think up to such an extent where other can not reach. To upload the contents of human brain. To keep a person’s intelligence/skill alive. To remember the things without any effort.
  10. 10.  The nervous system is quite like magic because we can’t see it, but its working through electric impulses through your body. To understand this system, one has to know the three simple functions that it puts into action; sensory input, integration &motor output.
  11. 11. FUNCTIONING OF HUMAN BRAIN Sensory Input :Receiving input such as sound, image, etc through sensory cell . Interpretation. Interpretation of the received input by the brain by defining states of neurons in the brain.
  12. 12. Motor Output. Receiving of electric responses from the brain to perform any action .
  13. 13. BRAIN SIMULATION How to implement this entire natural thing by using artificial things? Natural Brain Simulated Brain INPUT: -by neurons -by sensory cells INPUT: -artificial neurons system with silicon chip -electric impluse from the sensory cells INTERPRETATION -by different states of neurons in brain INTERPRETATION -by a set of bits in the set of register
  14. 14. OUTPUT -through the natural neurons OUTPUT -through the silicon chip PROCESSING -through arithmetic and logical calculations PROCESSING -through arithmetic and logical calculation and artificial intelligence
  15. 15. MEMORY MEMORY
  16. 16. UPLOADING HUMAN BRAIN The uploading is possible by the use of small robots known as the nanorobots. These robots are small enough to travel through out our circulatory system.
  17. 17. Nanorobots could also carefully scan the structure of our brain, providing a complete readout of the connection. This information, when entered into a computer, could then continue to function as us.  This concept appears to be very difficult and complex. For this we have to first know how the human brain actually works.
  18. 18. Thus the data stored in the entire brain will be uploaded into the computer.
  19. 19. RESEARCH WORK IBM developing the “Blue brain” . IBM, in partnership with scientists at Switzerland’s Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne’s(EPFL) Brain and Mind Institute will begin simulating the brain’s biological systems.
  20. 20. The EPFL Blue Gene was the 8th fastest supercomputer in the world.
  21. 21. Software & Hardware Requirement 22.8 TFLOPS peak processing speed. 8,096 CPUs at 700 MHz (downgraded to handle massive parallel processing). 256MB to 512MB memory per processor. Linux and C++ software.
  22. 22. 100 kilowatts power consumption. Very powerful Nanorobots to act as the interface between the natural brain and the computer. Program to convert the electric impulses from the brain to input signal, which is to be received by the computer and vica versa.
  23. 23. ADVANTAGES  Intelligence of a person is not lost even after his death.  Things can be remembered easily without much effort.  Allowing deaf to hear via nerve simulation and also helpful for many psychological disease.
  24. 24. Decision can be made without the presence of a person. The activity of different animals can be understood.
  25. 25. DISADVANTAGES We become dependent upon the computer. Others may use technical knowledge against us. Computer viruses will pose an increasingly critical threat. Another fear is found today with respect to human cloning
  26. 26. We will be able to turn ourselves into computers
  27. 27. REFERENCES www.google.com/bluebrain www.research.ibm.com/bluegene www.bluebrain.epfl.ch

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